Maize, high moisture

Humid maize grain (Zea mays L.). This product contains 60-70% dry matter. Other name: humid corn (USA).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 67 100 % - 7.8 48.6 -79 372 9.6
Crude protein 6.2 9.2 % - 0.8 3.7 -9.4 194 1.1 6.3 -11.9 200
Crude fibre 1.8 2.6 % - 0.6 0.9 -5.9 159 0.8 1.4 -8.8 187
Crude fat 2.6 3.9 % - 0.6 0.4 -4.1 150 0.8 0.5 -5.8 178
Ash 1 1.6 % - 0.2 0.6 -1.9 215 0.3 1 -4.2 243
NDF 8.3 12.4 % - 11.8 -17.6 4
ADF 2.1 3.1 % - 1.9 -2.4 3 2.7 -4.8 4
Lignin 0.4 0.6 % - 0.2 0.06 -0.7 14 0.3 0.1 -1 14
Water insoluble cell walls 6.5 9.6 % -
Starch 49.4 73.7 % - 4 35.9 -58.9 315 3.3 60.7 -78.8 347
Total sugars 1.3 2 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 2970 4440 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 12.4 18.6 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 0.6 0.02 -2.3 14 0.9 0.03 -3.5 14
Phosphorus 2.1 3.1 g/kg - 0.7 1.2 -3.7 15 1 1.9 -5.8 15
Phytate phosphorus 1.6 2.3 g/kg 75 % P
Magnesium 0.8 1.2 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 2.5 3.8 g/kg -
Sodium 0.03 0.04 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.4 0.6 g/kg -
Sulfur 0.8 1.3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 2 3 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 55 82 mEq/kg -
Manganese 7 10 mg/kg -
Zinc 16 24 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 2 3 mg/kg -
Iron 27 40 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.08 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.04 0.05 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.3 0.5 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.07 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.3 3.5 g/kg 10.5 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.6 g/kg 1.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 5.8 8.6 g/kg 26.1 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 13.2 19.7 g/kg 59.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Fatty acids 2.2 3.3 g/kg 85 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.83 1.23 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.84 1.26 per kg -
PDIA Systali 16 24 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 53 78 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -22 -34 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.134 0.199 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2160 3220 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1460 2170 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1480 2210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.2 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 84.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 68 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 9.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.84 1.25 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.86 1.28 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 14 21 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 52 78 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -23 -34 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.8 1.19 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.81 1.21 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 19 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 53 79 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -22 -33 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.81 1.21 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.82 1.22 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 16 24 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 41 62 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 46 69 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2160 3220 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9 13.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 86 %
N digestibility ruminants - 66.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 55 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 41 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 57 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 44 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.038 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 72.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.6 2.3 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2610 3890 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2540 3790 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2030 3040 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2710 4050 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2630 3930 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2090 3120 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.9 16.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.6 15.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.5 12.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.4 16.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11 16.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.8 13.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 87.7 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 90.3 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 94 %
N digestibility growing pig - 80.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 90.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 57.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.6 0.9 g/kg 28 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2450 3650 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2400 3570 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.2 15.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10 15 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 90 %
Energy digestibility horse - 86.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.86 1.29 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 43 64 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2480 3700 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2410 3600 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 10.4 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.1 15.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 83.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.9 2.8 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1
Threonine 2.3 3.4 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 2.2 -2.7 2 3.3 -3.7 2
Methionine 1.3 1.9 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1.1 -1.4 2 1.7 -2 2
Cystine 1.5 2.3 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 2.8 4.2 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 0.4 0.6 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Isoleucine 2.3 3.4 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
Valine 3.1 4.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Leucine 7.7 11.5 g/kg 12.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 3 4.5 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 2.6 3.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 5.6 8.4 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 1.8 2.7 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 2.9 4.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 4.6 6.9 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 4 6 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 11.6 17.3 g/kg 18.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 2.4 3.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 3.1 4.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 5.7 8.5 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.67 3.98 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.35 3.51 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 327 488 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.011 0.0164 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.22 4.81 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.03 1.54 m²yr/kg -
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