Maize, high moisture

Humid maize grain (Zea mays L.). This product contains 60-70% dry matter. Other name: humid corn (USA).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 67 100 % - 4.5 48.6 -79 413 9.5
Crude protein 6.2 9.2 % - 0.8 3.7 -9.4 220 1.1 6.3 -11.9 226
Crude fibre 1.8 2.6 % - 0.6 0.9 -5.9 162 0.8 1.4 -8.8 190
Crude fat 2.6 3.9 % - 0.6 0.4 -4.1 153 0.8 0.5 -5.8 181
Ash 1 1.6 % - 0.2 0.6 -1.9 223 0.3 1 -4.2 251
Insoluble ash 0.04 0.06 % -
NDF 8.3 12.4 % - 11.8 -17.6 4
ADF 2.1 3.1 % - 1.9 -2.4 3 2.7 -4.8 4
Lignin 0.4 0.6 % - 0.2 0.06 -0.7 14 0.3 0.1 -1 14
Water insoluble cell walls 6.5 9.6 % -
Starch 49.4 73.7 % - 4 35.9 -58.9 326 3.4 60.7 -79.8 358
Starch, enzymatic method 45.9 68.6 % - 1
Total sugars 1.3 2 % - 0.3 0.2 -1.4 12
Gross energy (kcal) 2970 4440 kcal/kg - 210 2680 -3220 7
Gross energy (MJ) 12.4 18.6 MJ/kg - 0.9 11.2 -13.5 7
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 0.6 0.02 -2.3 14 0.9 0.03 -3.5 14
Phosphorus 2.1 3.1 g/kg - 0.7 1.2 -3.7 15 1 1.9 -5.8 15
Phytate phosphorus 1.6 2.3 g/kg 75 % P
Magnesium 0.8 1.2 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 2.5 3.8 g/kg -
Sodium 0.03 0.04 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.4 0.6 g/kg -
Sulfur 0.8 1.3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 2 3 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 55 82 mEq/kg -
Manganese 7 10 mg/kg -
Zinc 16 24 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 2 3 mg/kg -
Iron 27 40 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.08 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.04 0.05 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.3 0.5 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.07 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.05 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0.1-0.4 18
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.4 3.5 g/kg 10.5 % FA 0.8 8.6-13.6 202
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.6 g/kg 1.8 % FA 0.2 1.3-2.7 201
C18:1 oleic acid 5.9 8.8 g/kg 26.1 % FA 3 20-35.4 202
C18:2 linoleic acid 13.4 20 g/kg 59.5 % FA 3.4 49.4-67.6 208
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.3 % FA 0.3 0.3-1.9 202
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.2 0.1-1.2 186
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 2.3 3.4 % 86 % fat 4 81-91 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.86 1.28 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.88 1.32 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 16 24 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 53 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -24 -36 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.133 0.199 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2220 3320 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1510 2260 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1550 2320 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.2 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.1 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 68 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 9.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.87 1.3 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.9 1.34 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 14 21 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 53 79 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -24 -36 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.83 1.24 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.85 1.27 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 19 29 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 54 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -24 -35 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.81 1.21 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.84 1.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.82 1.22 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.86 1.28 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 16 24 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 41 62 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 47 71 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2220 3310 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.3 13.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 68.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 55 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 41 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 57 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 44 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.038 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 73 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.6 2.3 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 842 1257 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 937 1399 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 47 71 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -12 -19 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3 4.5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.2 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 59.5 88.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.58 3.85 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.35 2.01 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.27 1.9 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.45 2.16 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.99 1.48 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 25 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 28 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6 8.9 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 111 165 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -8 -12 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2600 3890 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2540 3790 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2030 3040 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2710 4050 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2630 3930 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2090 3120 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.9 16.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.6 15.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.5 12.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.4 16.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11 16.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.8 13.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 87.7 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 90.3 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 93.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 80.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 90.9 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 86 % 4.7 71.6-91.5 17
Crude fat digestibility pig - 57.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.6 0.9 g/kg 28 % 17-37 4
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.9 1.3 g/kg 42 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2440 3650 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2390 3570 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.2 15.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10 15 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.5 0.7 g/kg 24 % P
Available P broiler 0.5 0.7 g/kg 24 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 89.7 %
Energy digestibility horse - 86.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.86 1.29 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 43 64 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2480 3700 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2410 3600 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 10.4 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.1 15.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 83.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.2 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1510 2260 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 6.3 9.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 51 %
N digestibility salmonids - 78.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.9 2.8 g/kg 3 g/16g N 0.2 1 -2.1 76 1
Threonine 2.3 3.4 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 2.2 -2.7 2 3.3 -3.7 2
Methionine 1.3 1.9 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1.1 -1.4 2 1.7 -2 2
Cystine 1.5 2.3 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 2.8 4.2 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 0.4 0.6 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Isoleucine 2.3 3.4 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
Valine 3.1 4.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N
Leucine 7.6 11.4 g/kg 12.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 3 4.5 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 2.6 3.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 5.6 8.4 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 1.8 2.7 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 2.9 4.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 4.6 6.9 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 4 6 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 11.5 17.2 g/kg 18.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 2.3 3.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 3.1 4.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 5.7 8.5 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 2.2 g/kg 80 % 7 64-87 20
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.8 g/kg 83 % 7 60-91 20
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.8 g/kg 91 % 5 73-96 19
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 2 g/kg 88 % 6 73-94 16
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 3.8 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.3 0.5 g/kg 80 % 7 76-99 10
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2 3 g/kg 88 % 5 75-93 20
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 4 g/kg 87 % 5 74-94 20
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 10.6 g/kg 93 % 5 80-96 20
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 4.1 g/kg 91 % 4 80-95 19
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 3.5 g/kg 90 % 5 79-94 17
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 7.6 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 2.4 g/kg 89 % 5 75-94 19
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3.9 g/kg 91 % 4 78-95 20
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 6.1 g/kg 89 % 4 79-95 18
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 5.2 g/kg 87 % 6 72-94 18
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 10.7 15.9 g/kg 93 % 3 84-96 18
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.9 g/kg 82 % 9 58-93 16
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 4.1 g/kg 89 % 5 74-96 18
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 5 7.5 g/kg 89 % 5 79-97 9
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2.5 g/kg 90 % 6 71-99 16
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.8 g/kg 83 % 7 69-93 16
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.8 g/kg 94 % 3 88-100 16
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 2 g/kg 86 % 6 75-94 16
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 3.8 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.3 0.5 g/kg 85 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 3.2 g/kg 93 % 5 79-100 16
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 4.2 g/kg 90 % 5 76-99 16
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 10.7 g/kg 94 % 3 86-97 16
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 4.2 g/kg 93 % 5 83-100 16
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 3.4 g/kg 88 % 4 82-95 12
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 7.6 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 2.4 g/kg 90 % 3 86-97 16
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 4 g/kg 93 % 3 86-96 16
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 6.4 g/kg 93 % 3 85-97 15
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 5.3 g/kg 89 % 6 78-97 15
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11 16.4 g/kg 95 % 3 90-100 15
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 3 g/kg 86 % 5 77-90 9
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 4.2 g/kg 91 % 6 79-100 16
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 7.7 g/kg 91 % 3 84-96 13
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.62 3.91 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.43 3.63 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 316 472 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0108 0.0162 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 47.71 71.23 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0001 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML