Millet, proso

Grain of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.). Other names: common millet, broomtail millet, hog millet, white millet, broomcorn millet.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.6 100 % - 1.3 88 -91.5 17 1.1
Crude protein 12.6 13.9 % - 1.6 9.3 -15.6 17 1.8 10.6 -17.1 41
Crude fibre 6.6 7.3 % - 1.5 4.4 -9.7 10 1.6 4.6 -10.7 26
Crude fat 5.2 5.7 % - 2.5 4 -10.1 17 2.7 3.4 -11.1 33
Ash 3.5 3.9 % - 1 2.5 -8.1 17 1.1 2.8 -8.9 33
NDF 20.8 22.9 % -
ADF 10.9 12 % - 1.3 9.3 -12.6 7 1.5 10.3 -13.9 7
Lignin 2.1 2.3 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 29.1 32.2 % -
Starch 58.2 64.2 % - 1.9 2 60.2 -67.2 16
Total sugars 1.7 1.9 % - 1
Gross energy (kcal) 4180 4610 kcal/kg - 40 4100 -4190 7 30 4520 -4620 7
Gross energy (MJ) 17.5 19.3 MJ/kg - 0.2 17.2 -17.5 7 0.1 18.9 -19.3 7
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.4 0.4 g/kg - 0.5 0.1 -1.5 8 0.5 0.2 -1.7 9
Phosphorus 2.7 3 g/kg - 0.2 2.5 -3 8 0.2 2.6 -3.3 10
Phytate phosphorus 1.8 1.9 g/kg 65 % P 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Fatty acids 4.7 5.1 g/kg 90 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.06 1.16 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.05 1.16 per kg -
PDIA Systali 23 25 g/kg -
PDI Systali 74 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 5 5 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.281 0.31 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2810 3100 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1860 2050 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1850 2040 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.8 13 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 81.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 79 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 88 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 59 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 9.7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.08 1.19 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.08 1.19 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 20 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 73 80 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 5 6 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.01 1.12 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1 1.1 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 28 30 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 77 85 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 1 1 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.03 1.13 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.01 1.11 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 21 23 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 78 86 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 78 86 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2780 3070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.6 12.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 80.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 81 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 63 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 29 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 93 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 67 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 33 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.215 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 62 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 50 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 26 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.05 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 75.2 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.2 0.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3250 3580 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3150 3480 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2490 2750 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3370 3720 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3260 3600 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2550 2810 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.6 15 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.2 14.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.4 11.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.1 15.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.7 15.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.7 11.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 77.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 80.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 80.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 83 %
N digestibility growing pig - 79 %
N digestibility adult pig - 84.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 61.7 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3390 3740 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3300 3640 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.2 15.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.8 15.3 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 81 %
Energy digestibility horse - 77.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.07 1.18 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 89 98 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3010 3320 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2890 3190 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.6 13.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.1 13.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 72 %
N digestibility rabbit - 69.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.5 2.2 -3.5 11 0.6 1.3-2.9 12
Threonine 4.8 5.3 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Methionine 4.4 4.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.07
Cystine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 7.3 8.1 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N
Tryptophan 2.3 2.5 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1.4-1.9 4
Isoleucine 5.6 6.2 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.9 4.2 -7.1 11 0.5 3.2-4.8 12
Valine 6.8 7.5 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1 6.7 -7.6 3 1.1 4.7 -8.4 11 0.6 3.6-5.6 12
Leucine 16.8 18.5 g/kg 13.3 g/16g N 3.6 12.5 -22 11
Phenylalanine 6.2 6.8 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.3 5.6 -9.1 11 0.4 4.3-5.6 12
Tyrosine 3.9 4.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 0.9 3.3 -6.3 11 0.8 2.3-4.8 11
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 10.1 11.1 g/kg 8 g/16g N 7.6-8.1 3
Histidine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.5 2.3 -3.9 11 0.4 1.8-3 12
Arginine 4.7 5.2 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Alanine 12.3 13.6 g/kg 9.8 g/16g N 3.5 9.7 -19 11 1.5 7.4-11.4 11
Aspartic acid 10 11.1 g/kg 8 g/16g N 1.1 8.8 -12 11 1.5 5.7-9.7 11
Glutamic acid 26.8 29.5 g/kg 21.3 g/16g N 4.2 21.9 -35 11
Glycine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.5 3.3 -4.7 11 0.7 2.1-3.9 11
Serine 6 6.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2.1 4.4 -10 11 1 3.5-6 11
Proline 7.4 8.2 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.8 g/kg 87 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.2 g/kg 79 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 83 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.3 g/kg 73 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 86 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 5.2 g/kg 83 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.1 g/kg 81 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.8 15.2 g/kg 82 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 79 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9.1 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.5 g/kg 80 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10 11 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9.1 g/kg 82 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 22 24.2 g/kg 82 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.2 g/kg 80 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.3 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.2 g/kg 76 %
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