Soybean meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 93.2 100 % - 2.1 85.2 -97.7 601 3.1
Crude protein 43.8 47 % - 2.4 35.7 -52.1 645 2.3 38.4 -53.1 583
Crude fibre 6 6.4 % - 1 2.7 -10.3 449 1.1 2.9 -11.1 444
Crude fat 8.9 9.5 % - 2.3 5.2 -19.6 296 2.5 5.8 -21.3 292
Ash 6.1 6.6 % - 0.5 5 -8.2 201 0.5 5.6 -8.8 201
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 1 1
NDF 12.7 13.6 % - 4.3 8.4 -20.5 5 4.6 9.8 -21.7 6
ADF 7.4 8 % - 1.9 4.9 -10.8 6 2 5.8 -11.7 7
Lignin 0.7 0.8 % - 0.5 0.1 -1.6 5 0.6 0.1 -1.8 7
Water insoluble cell walls 19 20.4 % - 1 1
Starch 4.7 5 % - 2.5 0.9 -7.9 13 2.7 1 -8.9 13
Starch, enzymatic method 0.7 0.8 % -
Total sugars 8.7 9.3 % - 8.1 -8.9 3 8.8 -9.7 3
Gross energy (kcal) 4710 5050 kcal/kg - 140 4410 -4850 4 110 4830 -5130 6
Gross energy (MJ) 19.7 21.1 MJ/kg - 0.6 18.5 -20.3 4 0.4 20.2 -21.5 6
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.7 g/kg - 1 1.1 -4.7 15 1.1 1.3 -5.2 18
Phosphorus 6.5 6.9 g/kg - 0.6 5.4 -7.6 20 0.7 6 -8.2 24
Phytate phosphorus 3.9 4.2 g/kg 60 % P 1 1
Magnesium 2.7 2.9 g/kg - 0.4 2.4 -3.2 3 0.4 2.6 -3.5 5
Potassium 20.9 22.4 g/kg - 2.5 14.3 -24 21 2.6 15.2 -24.6 23
Sodium 0.1 0.11 g/kg - 0.07 0 -0.2 4 0.08 0 -0.22 5
Chlorine 0.3 0.3 g/kg -
Sulfur 3 3.2 g/kg - 2.4 -3.4 2 2.6 -3.8 2
Dietary cation-anion difference 346 371 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 532 571 mEq/kg -
Manganese 35 37 mg/kg - 1 32 -42 2
Zinc 48 52 mg/kg - 1 34 -69 2
Copper 17 18 mg/kg - 1 13 -23 2
Iron 261 280 mg/kg - 129 -465 3
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0.01 5
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.3 0-1.1 14
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.5 8 g/kg 11.2 % FA 2.2 9.6-20.8 22
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.07 0.08 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 0-0.2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 2.5 2.7 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.4 3.2-4.8 22
C18:1 oleic acid 15.4 16.5 g/kg 23.1 % FA 1.6 19.8-27.3 23
C18:2 linoleic acid 36 38.7 g/kg 54 % FA 2.9 42.9-58.2 22
C18:3 linolenic acid 4.8 5.2 g/kg 7.2 % FA 0.9 4.8-8.7 22
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0.1-0.4 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.04 0.1-0.2 6
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.3 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 6.7 7.2 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 20 20 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.27 1.36 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.28 1.38 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 143 154 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 194 208 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 195 209 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.236 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3340 3580 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2230 2400 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2260 2420 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14 15.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.4 10.1 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.5 10.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 65 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 67 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.3 1.39 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.32 1.41 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 120 129 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 173 185 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 216 232 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.22 1.31 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.22 1.31 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 174 187 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 223 239 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 165 177 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.19 1.27 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.18 1.27 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.17 1.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.17 1.25 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 172 184 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 320 343 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 220 236 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3190 3420 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.4 14.4 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.3 14.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 79.5 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 47-83 2
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 10 5-47 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 % 11 52-93 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.5 4.9 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.9 2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1180 1266 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1276 1369 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 211 227 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 181 195 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.5 5.9 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.7 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 82.9 89 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.08 4.38 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.24 2.41 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.13 2.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.34 2.51 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.65 1.77 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 34 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 42 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 8.3 9 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 293 314 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 23 25 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4020 4320 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3730 4000 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2450 2630 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4250 4560 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3910 4190 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2600 2790 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.8 18.1 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.8 18 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.6 16.7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.6 16.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.3 11 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 17.8 19.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 17.8 19.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 16.3 17.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 16.3 17.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.9 11.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.9 11.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85.4 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 86.3 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 91.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 87.3 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 90.4 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 87.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.8 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2.1 2.2 g/kg 32 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 3.1 3.3 g/kg 48 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2840 3050 kcal/kg - 2770 -2990 2 3020 -3300 2
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2720 2920 kcal/kg - 2460 -2810 2 2560 -3100 3
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.9 12.7 MJ/kg - 11.6 -12.5 2 12.6 -13.8 2
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.9 12.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.4 12.2 MJ/kg - 10.3 -11.7 2 10.7 -13 3
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.4 12.2 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.4 1.5 g/kg 22 % P
Available P broiler 1.4 1.5 g/kg 22 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 82.3 %
Energy digestibility horse - 79.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.95 1.02 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 357 383 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3770 4040 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3320 3560 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.8 16.9 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.8 16.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.9 14.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.9 14.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 80 %
N digestibility rabbit - 85.1 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3530 3790 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 14.8 15.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 75 % 66-75 4
N digestibility salmonids - 87.3 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 27.2 29.2 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 2.4 15.6 -32.9 97 2.5 21.4 -34.7 89 0.4 4.9-6.9 77
Threonine 17.1 18.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.5 11 -21.1 27 1.5 16.3 -22.4 23 0.2 3.5-4.4 23
Methionine 6.3 6.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.8 4.5 -8.2 48 0.8 5.3 -8.7 24 0.2 1-1.7 34
Cystine 6.7 7.2 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 4.7 -8 27 1 5.1 -8.8 22 0.2 1.1-1.8 22
Methionine + cystine 13 13.9 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1.3 9.7 -14.9 21 1.4 10.4 -16.3 16 0.2 2.2-3.3 16
Tryptophan 5.9 6.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 4 -7.2 13 1.1 4.2 -7.6 13 0.2 0.8-1.5 13
Isoleucine 20.1 21.6 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.4 14 -23.4 27 1.4 19.9 -25.2 23 0.3 4.1-5.1 23
Valine 21.1 22.6 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.5 16.3 -24.5 16 1.6 21.2 -25.8 12 0.3 4.2-5.3 12
Leucine 33.3 35.7 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 2 26.3 -39.5 28 2 33.4 -41.7 24 0.2 7.2-8.1 24
Phenylalanine 22.1 23.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.6 19.4 -26.7 26 1.6 21.7 -28.1 22 0.2 4.8-5.4 22
Tyrosine 15.5 16.6 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.3 14.1 -20.4 18 1.3 16.1 -21.4 16 0.2 3.5-4.2 16
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 37.6 40.3 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 2.1 33.5 -42.7 14 2.1 39.4 -47.6 12 0.2 8.4-9.1 12
Histidine 11.8 12.7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 9.5 -14.4 25 1 11.3 -15.1 21 0.1 2.4-3 21
Arginine 32 34.3 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 3.2 25.2 -44.7 26 3.3 27.6 -42.7 22 0.4 6.4-8.3 22
Alanine 19.1 20.5 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.2 16.1 -21.4 25 1.2 18.3 -23.5 21 0.2 3.8-4.4 21
Aspartic acid 49.1 52.7 g/kg 11.2 g/16g N 4.6 44 -61.7 15 4.8 49.4 -65.4 11 0.7 10.4-12.8 11
Glutamic acid 77.7 83.4 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 5.9 68.1 -94 25 6 75.2 -98.7 21 1 15.2-19.4 21
Glycine 18.6 19.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.9 17.4 -22.2 24 0.9 18.8 -22.7 20 0.1 4-4.4 20
Serine 21.5 23.1 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 2.8 17.6 -27.3 23 3 19 -28.7 18 0.6 3.8-5.6 18
Proline 21.9 23.5 g/kg 5 g/16g N 2.4 17.6 -31.7 25 2.6 21.5 -33.6 21 0.4 4.4-6.6 21
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 24.5 26.3 g/kg 90 % 1 1 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 14.9 15.9 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.2 g/kg 92 % 1 1 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.2 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.4 g/kg 89 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.6 g/kg 89 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 18.1 19.4 g/kg 90 % 1 1 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 18.7 20 g/kg 88 % 1 1 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 29.8 32 g/kg 90 % 1 1 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 20.1 21.6 g/kg 91 % 1 1 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.2 15.2 g/kg 92 % 1 1 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 34.3 36.8 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 10.7 11.5 g/kg 91 % 1 1 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 30.1 32.3 g/kg 94 % 1 1 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 16.5 17.7 g/kg 86 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 44.1 47.3 g/kg 90 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 70.2 75.3 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 15.8 17 g/kg 85 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 19.2 20.6 g/kg 89 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 18.5 19.8 g/kg 84 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 24 25.7 g/kg 88 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.2 15.2 g/kg 83 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.1 g/kg 90 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.4 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.7 11.5 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.6 g/kg 89 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.5 18.8 g/kg 87 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.1 19.5 g/kg 86 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 28.9 31.1 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.2 20.6 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.6 14.6 g/kg 88 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 32.8 35.2 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.3 11 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 28.8 30.9 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.5 17.7 g/kg 86 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 41.3 44.3 g/kg 84 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 69.2 74.2 g/kg 89 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.6 16.7 g/kg 84 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.5 19.8 g/kg 86 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 18.8 20.2 g/kg 86 %
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