Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14%

Byproduct of the processing of cereal grains of undetermined species. This product contains more than 14% (as fed) of crude fibre.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.7 100 % - 1.4 85.8 -93.6 117 2.1
Crude protein 10 11.1 % - 1.3 6.4 -16.9 184 1.4 7.2 -18.9 117
Crude fibre 16.3 18.2 % - 2 14 -23.9 183 2.3 15.3 -25.8 116
Crude fat 5.5 6.1 % - 2.2 2 -13.4 152 2.5 2.3 -14.3 105
Ash 7.1 7.9 % - 1.6 3 -13.6 145 1.8 3.4 -15.1 97
Insoluble ash 2.7 3 % - 1.6 0.3 -5.5 9 1.7 0.3 -6.1 8
NDF 50.3 56.1 % - 10.8 37.9 -70.8 8 12 41.5 -77.4 7
ADF 27.7 30.9 % - 5.9 20.1 -36.2 6 6.5 22.7 -39.6 5
Lignin 4.9 5.4 % - 1.8 1.9 -11.1 130 2 2.1 -11.6 128
Water insoluble cell walls 49.5 55.1 % -
Starch 22.1 24.6 % - 5.1 7.7 -34.2 160 5.7 8.4 -38.6 94
Starch, enzymatic method 18.7 20.8 % -
Total sugars 7 7.8 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4050 4510 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17 18.9 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 7.7 8.6 g/kg - 4.2 1.1 -19.9 154 4.7 1.2 -21.7 153
Phosphorus 2.7 3 g/kg - 0.6 0.6 -5.4 156 0.7 0.7 -6 154
Phytate phosphorus 2.2 2.4 g/kg 80 % P
Magnesium 1 1.1 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 8 8.9 g/kg - 7.3 -8.9 2 7.9 -10 2
Sodium 0.32 0.36 g/kg - 0.33 0.02 -1.2 49 0.37 0.02 -1.33 49
Chlorine 1.6 1.7 g/kg - 1.1 -2 2 1.3 -2.2 2
Sulfur 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 71 79 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 176 196 mEq/kg -
Manganese 95 106 mg/kg -
Zinc 91 101 mg/kg -
Copper 7 8 mg/kg -
Iron 150 167 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.07 0.08 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.9 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.08 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0-0.3 4
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.8 8.7 g/kg 17.8 % FA 0.9 15.5-18.3 9
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.07 0.7-0.9 8
C18:1 oleic acid 6.7 7.4 g/kg 15.2 % FA 2.7 11.3-20.4 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 24.7 27.5 g/kg 56.4 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.9 % FA 1 5.4-8.5 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-1.9 3
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 4.4 4.9 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.62 0.69 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.53 0.59 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 23 26 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 64 71 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -3 -3 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.259 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1800 2010 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1090 1210 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 940 1050 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.9 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.1 4.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 3.4 3.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 55.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 53.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.64 0.71 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.56 0.62 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 20 23 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 62 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -2 -2 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.58 0.64 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.48 0.54 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 27 30 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 67 75 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -6 -7 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.56 0.63 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.61 0.69 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.47 0.52 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.53 0.59 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 24 27 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 66 73 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 59 66 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1820 2030 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.6 8.5 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 57.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 54.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 53.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 87 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 35 % 15 13-55 7
Potentially degradable N (b) - 54 % 15 41-78 7
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1 0.09 0.083-0.307 7
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 78 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 22 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.205 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 44 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.065 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2 2.3 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.2 4.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 614 685 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 577 643 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 33 37 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 14 16 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2 2.2 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.8 0.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 57.3 63.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.54 2.83 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.22 1.36 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.15 1.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.3 1.45 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.77 0.86 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 24 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 28 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 4.3 4.8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 104 116 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -0.6 -0.7 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1360 1520 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1300 1450 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1060 1180 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1730 1920 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1640 1820 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1220 1360 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.5 6.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.4 6.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.4 5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.4 4.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.9 7.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.9 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 33.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 42.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 38.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 47.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 46.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 68.3 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 29.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 52.1 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.7 0.8 g/kg 25 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.3 1.5 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1370 1520 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1290 1430 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.8 6.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.5 6.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.4 6 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.7 0.8 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.7 0.8 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 59.5 %
Energy digestibility horse - 57.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.75 0.84 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 41 46 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2120 2360 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2050 2290 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.9 9.9 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.9 9.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.6 9.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.6 9.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 52.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 48.4 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2150 2390 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 9 10 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 53 %
N digestibility salmonids - 80.4 %
Digestible P salmonids 1.3 1.4 g/kg 48 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Threonine 2.7 3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Methionine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cystine 2 2.2 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1 1.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.1 3.4 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Valine 4.5 5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Leucine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 4.4 4.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Tyrosine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.7 8.6 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N
Histidine 2.7 3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Arginine 4.1 4.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Alanine 3.6 4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 4.6 5.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 20.1 22.4 g/kg 20.1 g/16g N
Glycine 4.7 5.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Serine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Proline 6.6 7.4 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 31 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.8 g/kg 27 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.7 g/kg 47 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 0.9 g/kg 40 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 43 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 0.6 g/kg 52 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.5 g/kg 44 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 42 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.3 g/kg 44 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 53 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 56 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.7 g/kg 55 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 51 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 65 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.3 g/kg 32 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 40 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 15.3 g/kg 68 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 22 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2 g/kg 42 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.8 g/kg 65 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.5 g/kg 71 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 61 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.2 g/kg 73 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 66 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.6 g/kg 69 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.7 g/kg 67 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 70 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.2 g/kg 64 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 5 g/kg 67 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 67 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 60 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.5 g/kg 64 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2 g/kg 65 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 74 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 68 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 69 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 17.5 g/kg 78 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 59 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 62 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 61 %
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