Cereal offal, crude fibre > 14%

Byproduct of the processing of cereal grains of undetermined species. This product contains more than 14% (as fed) of crude fibre.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.7 100 % - 2.4 85.8 -93.6 113 2.2
Crude protein 10 11.1 % - 1.3 6.4 -16.9 180 1.5 7.2 -18.9 113
Crude fibre 16.3 18.2 % - 2.1 14 -23.9 179 2.3 15.3 -25.8 112
Crude fat 5.5 6.1 % - 2.2 2 -13.4 150 2.5 2.3 -14.3 103
Ash 7.1 7.9 % - 1.6 3 -13.6 141 1.8 3.4 -15.1 93
Insoluble ash 2.8 3.1 % - 1.6 0.3 -5.5 9 1.7 0.3 -6.1 8
NDF 49.7 55.4 % - 10.8 37.9 -70.8 8 12 41.5 -77.4 7
ADF 27.8 31 % - 5.9 20.1 -36.2 6 6.5 22.7 -39.6 5
Lignin 4.9 5.5 % - 1.8 1.9 -11.1 130 2 2.1 -11.6 128
Water insoluble cell walls 48.9 54.5 % -
Starch 22 24.5 % - 5.1 7.7 -34.2 156 5.7 8.4 -38.6 90
Total sugars 7 7.8 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4050 4510 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 17 18.9 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 7.7 8.6 g/kg - 4.2 1.1 -19.9 154 4.7 1.2 -21.7 153
Phosphorus 2.7 3 g/kg - 0.6 0.6 -5.4 156 0.7 0.7 -6 154
Phytate phosphorus 2.1 2.4 g/kg 80 % P
Magnesium 1 1.1 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 8 8.9 g/kg - 7.3 -8.9 2 7.9 -10 2
Sodium 0.32 0.36 g/kg - 0.33 0.02 -1.2 49 0.37 0.02 -1.33 49
Chlorine 1.6 1.7 g/kg - 1.1 -2 2 1.3 -2.2 2
Sulfur 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 71 79 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 176 196 mEq/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.8 8.7 g/kg 17.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 6.7 7.4 g/kg 15.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 24.7 27.5 g/kg 56.4 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.9 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Fatty acids 4.4 4.9 g/kg 80 % fat
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.56 0.63 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.47 0.52 per kg -
PDIA Systali 23 26 g/kg -
PDI Systali 62 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -0.5 -0.5 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.259 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1660 1850 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 990 1100 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 820 920 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.9 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.1 4.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 3.4 3.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 52.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 49.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 73 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 62 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.58 0.65 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.49 0.55 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 20 23 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 61 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 0.4 0.5 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.52 0.58 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.42 0.47 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 27 30 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 65 73 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -4 -4 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.56 0.63 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.47 0.52 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 24 27 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 66 73 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 56 63 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1690 1880 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 53.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 50.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 50.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 87 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 35 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 78 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 22 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.205 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 44 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.065 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2 2.2 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.3 4.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1370 1520 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 1310 1450 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1060 1180 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1730 1930 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1640 1830 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1230 1370 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.5 6.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.4 5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.2 8.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 6.9 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.1 5.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 33.7 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 42.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 38.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 48 %
N digestibility growing pig - 46.4 %
N digestibility adult pig - 68.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 29.5 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 52.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.7 0.7 g/kg 25 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.3 1.5 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1390 1550 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1310 1460 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.8 6.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.5 6.1 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 59 %
Energy digestibility horse - 57.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.75 0.83 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 41 46 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2120 2360 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2050 2280 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.9 9.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.6 9.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 52.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 49.3 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Digestible P salmonids 1.3 1.4 g/kg 48 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N
Threonine 2.7 3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Methionine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cystine 2 2.2 g/kg 2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1 1.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.1 3.4 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Valine 4.5 5 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Leucine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N
Tyrosine 3.4 3.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7.7 8.6 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N
Histidine 2.7 3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Arginine 4 4.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Alanine 3.6 4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 4.6 5.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 20.1 22.4 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N
Glycine 4.7 5.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Serine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N
Proline 6.6 7.4 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 31 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.8 g/kg 27 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.7 g/kg 47 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 0.9 g/kg 40 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.6 g/kg 43 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.5 0.6 g/kg 52 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 44 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 41 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.3 g/kg 44 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 53 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 56 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.7 g/kg 54 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 51 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 65 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 31 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 40 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 15.2 g/kg 68 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.2 g/kg 22 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.1 g/kg 42 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.5 g/kg 71 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 61 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.2 g/kg 73 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 66 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.6 g/kg 69 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.7 g/kg 67 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 70 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.2 g/kg 64 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 5 g/kg 67 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.2 g/kg 67 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 60 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.5 g/kg 64 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2 g/kg 65 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 74 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 68 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 69 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 17.4 g/kg 78 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 59 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 62 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 61 %
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