Lupin, white, extruded

Extruded seed of white lupin (Lupinus albus L.). White lupin is a white-flowered grain legume cultivated for its seeds for animal feed and human consumption.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.1 100 % -
Crude protein 33.4 37.9 % -
Crude fibre 12 13.7 % -
Crude fat 8.4 9.6 % -
Ash 3.5 4 % -
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.2 % -
NDF 19.3 21.9 % -
ADF 14.5 16.4 % -
Lignin 0.9 1 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 30.2 34.3 % -
Starch 7.1 8.1 % -
Total sugars 5.9 6.8 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4460 5060 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 18.7 21.2 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.7 3 g/kg -
Phosphorus 3.8 4.3 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 2.3 2.6 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 1.4 1.6 g/kg -
Potassium 10.2 11.5 g/kg -
Sodium 0.29 0.33 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.5 0.5 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.5 2.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 106 120 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 260 295 mEq/kg -
Manganese 1154 1310 mg/kg -
Zinc 34 39 mg/kg -
Copper 7 8 mg/kg -
Iron 62 70 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.07 0.09 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.8 5.5 g/kg 6.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 1.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 36.9 41.8 g/kg 48.6 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 14.2 16.1 g/kg 18.7 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 6.6 7.5 g/kg 8.7 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 1 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 3.1 3.5 g/kg 4.1 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 2.3 2.6 g/kg 2.7 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1 % FA
Fatty acids 7.6 8.6 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 7 8 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.05 0.06 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 80 100 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.26 1.43 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.29 1.46 per kg -
PDIA Systali 109 124 g/kg -
PDI Systali 159 180 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 135 154 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.22 0.25 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 3280 3720 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2220 2520 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2270 2570 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 13.7 15.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.3 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.5 10.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 88.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.28 1.46 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.32 1.5 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 92 105 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 144 163 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 149 169 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.21 1.38 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.23 1.39 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 131 149 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 179 204 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 115 131 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.17 1.33 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.16 1.32 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 122 139 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 244 277 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 175 199 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3120 3540 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.1 14.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 79.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 31 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 67 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.07 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 33 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 63 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.073 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.8 3.1 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.5 1.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.3 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.97 1.1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 258 293 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.3 18.5 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N
Threonine 12.4 14.1 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N
Methionine 2.6 3 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N
Cystine 5.5 6.3 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 8.2 9.3 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N
Tryptophan 2.3 2.7 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Isoleucine 15.5 17.6 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Valine 14.4 16.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Leucine 24.3 27.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 13 14.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Tyrosine 15.6 17.7 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 28.6 32.4 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Histidine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N
Arginine 35.9 40.8 g/kg 10.8 g/16g N
Alanine 11.3 12.8 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 35.5 40.3 g/kg 10.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 69.3 78.7 g/kg 20.7 g/16g N
Glycine 13.2 15 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Serine 17.9 20.3 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Proline 14.1 16 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
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