Choline

Choline is an organic compound, constitutive of lecithin, and precursor of acetylcholine. Choline and its metabolites are needed for the structural integrity of cell membranes, for signaling roles and for synthesis pathways. Choline is found in a wide range of plant and animal products.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 1190 1291 mg/kg - 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 1420 1565 mg/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 1421 1565 mg/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 1414 1565 mg/kg -
Bakery byproduct 1209 1333 mg/kg -
Barley 1014 1162 mg/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 794 894 mg/kg -
Blood meal 687 735 mg/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 1627 1791 mg/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 3316 3574 mg/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 1084 1184 mg/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 1072 1184 mg/kg -
Corn gluten feed 1481 1687 mg/kg -
Corn gluten meal 363 399 mg/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 2795 3032 mg/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 2749 3032 mg/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 1662 1920 mg/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 1662 1920 mg/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 1650 1920 mg/kg -
Feather meal 883 960 mg/kg -
Fish meal, protein 62% 4218 886 2800-5350 4571 954 3111-6032 mg/kg - 9 9
Fish meal, protein 65% 3812 733 2800-5250 4138 791 3111-5515 mg/kg - 9 9
Fish meal, protein 70% 4702 5099 mg/kg - 1 1
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 4144 4301 mg/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 1453 1615 mg/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 1848 2009 mg/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 1791 2009 mg/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 1755 1965 mg/kg -
Lupin, blue 2741 3035 mg/kg -
Maize 532 617 mg/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 2222 2517 mg/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 2254 2517 mg/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 1148 1283 mg/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 1142 1283 mg/kg -
Maize, extruded 532 617 mg/kg -
Maize, flaked 532 617 mg/kg -
Mealworm larvae, dried 4373 4615 4390-4840 mg/kg - 2
Milk powder, skimmed 1375 1451 mg/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane 542 749 mg/kg -
Oat groats 571 666 mg/kg -
Oats 975 1113 mg/kg -
Oats, flaked 975 1113 mg/kg -
Pea 598 685 mg/kg -
Pea, extruded 598 685 mg/kg -
Potato tuber, dried 826 927 mg/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 6563 7374 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1101 1240 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1112 1240 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 1136 1240 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1135 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1130 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 1153 1261 mg/kg -
Rice, broken 975 1114 mg/kg -
Rye 413 476 mg/kg -
Sorghum 637 725 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 2792 3182 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 2720 3092 mg/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 2152 2405 mg/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 2130 2405 mg/kg -
Sunflower hulls 2520 2778 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 2655 2830 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 2565 2778 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 2561 2830 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 2470 2778 mg/kg -
Triticale 445 513 mg/kg -
Wheat bran 735 845 mg/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 739 845 mg/kg -
Wheat feed flour 1528 1743 mg/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 1517 1743 mg/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 1507 1743 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 1173 1333 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 1174 1333 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 1172 1333 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 1173 1330 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 1172 1333 mg/kg -
Wheat, soft 921 1060 mg/kg -
Whey powder, acid 1931 1990 mg/kg -