Choline

Choline is an organic compound, constitutive of lecithin, and precursor of acetylcholine. Choline and its metabolites are needed for the structural integrity of cell membranes, for signaling roles and for synthesis pathways. Choline is found in a wide range of plant and animal products.

Values

Feed Perimeter As fed SD Range On DM SD Range Unit Other SD Range Unit Count Count Count
Alfalfa protein concentrate 1190 1291 mg/kg - 1
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter 1421 1565 mg/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter 1422 1565 mg/kg -
Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 22-25% dry matter 1414 1565 mg/kg -
Ammonium ferric citrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Bakery byproduct 1209 1333 mg/kg -
Bananas, immature, dried 196 218 mg/kg -
Barley 1014 1162 mg/kg -
Beet pulp, dried 795 894 mg/kg -
Blood meal 687 735 mg/kg -
Brewers grains, dried 1628 1791 mg/kg -
Brewers yeast, dried 3316 3574 mg/kg -
Ca Al Fe phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium carbonate 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium chloride anhydrous 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium chloride dihydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium iodate anhydrous 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium iodate hexahydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium iodide 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium magnesium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium selenite 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium sulfate anhydrous 0 0 mg/kg -
Calcium sulfate dihydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Canola meal, oil < 5% 6666 7374 mg/kg -
Chickpea, kabuli type 939 1076 mg/kg -
Chicory pulp, dehydrated 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt carbonate FG 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt glucoheptonate 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt oxide FG 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt selenite 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt sulfate heptahydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Cod liver oil 0 0 mg/kg -
Common bean 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper acetate 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper carbonate 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper chloride dihydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper chloride tribasic 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper citrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper lysine 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper methionine 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper oxide 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper proteinate 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper sulfate 0 0 mg/kg -
Copra meal, oil 5-20% 1084 1184 mg/kg -
Copra meal, oil < 5% 1071 1184 mg/kg -
Copra oil 3 3 mg/kg -
Corn gluten feed 1481 1687 mg/kg -
Corn gluten meal 363 399 mg/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20% 2816 3032 mg/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre < 15% 2795 3032 mg/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20% 2734 3032 mg/kg -
Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15% 2748 3032 mg/kg -
Cowpea seed 965 1076 mg/kg -
Diammonium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 mg/kg -
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Diiodosalicylic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Disodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 mg/kg -
Disodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
DL-methionine 0 0 mg/kg -
Dolomite limestone 0 0 mg/kg -
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide 0 0 mg/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers 965 1114 mg/kg -
Faba bean, coloured flowers, extruded 965 1114 mg/kg -
Faba bean, white flowers 958 1114 mg/kg -
Feather meal 883 960 mg/kg -
Ferric chloride 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferric citrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferric phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferric polyphosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferric pyrophosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferrous carbonate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferrous chloride 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish meal, protein 62% 4218 886 2800-5350 4571 954 3111-6032 mg/kg - 9 9
Fish meal, protein 65% 3812 733 2800-5250 4138 791 3111-5515 mg/kg - 9 9
Fish meal, protein 70% 4702 5099 mg/kg - 1 1
Fish oil, anchovy 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish oil, capelin 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish oil, herring 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish oil, menhaden 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish oil, rockfish 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish oil, salmon 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish oil, sardine 0 0 mg/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, defatted 4144 4301 mg/kg -
Fish solubles, condensed, fat 4534 4753 mg/kg -
Grass, dehydrated 1453 1615 mg/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil 5-20% 1848 2009 mg/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9% 1791 2009 mg/kg -
Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 9% 1755 1965 mg/kg -
L-lysine HCl 0 0 mg/kg -
L-threonine 0 0 mg/kg -
L-tryptophan 0 0 mg/kg -
L-valine 0 0 mg/kg -
Lard 497 497 mg/kg -
Lentils 964 1091 mg/kg -
Limestone 0 0 mg/kg -
Lupin, blue 2733 3035 mg/kg -
Magnesium acetate 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium carbonate RG 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium citrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium hydroxide 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium lactate 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium oxide 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium oxide, granular 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium oxide, powder 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 mg/kg -
Magnesium sulfate monohydrate RG 0 0 mg/kg -
Maize 532 617 mg/kg -
Maize distillers grains and solubles, oil < 6 %, dried 2222 2517 mg/kg -
Maize distillers grains with solubles, ethanol production, dried 2256 2517 mg/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil 5-14% 1148 1283 mg/kg -
Maize flour byproduct, protein 8-18%, oil <5% 1142 1283 mg/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10% 215 245 mg/kg -
Maize flour, crude fibre < 2% 215 245 mg/kg -
Maize starch 4 5 mg/kg -
Maize, extruded 532 617 mg/kg -
Maize, flaked 532 617 mg/kg -
Manganese carbonate 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese chloride dihydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese chloride tetrahydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese methionine 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO-Mn2O3 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese oxide MnO2 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese proteinate 0 0 mg/kg -
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Mealworm larvae, dried 4367 4615 4390-4840 mg/kg - 2
Methionine Hydroxy Analog MHA 0 0 mg/kg -
Milk powder, skimmed 1375 1451 mg/kg -
Milk powder, whole 1174 1223 mg/kg -
Molasses, sugarcane 541 749 mg/kg -
Molybdenum metal 0 0 mg/kg -
Molybdenum trioxide 0 0 mg/kg -
Monoammonium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Monocalcium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Monodicalcium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous 0 0 mg/kg -
Monosodium phosphate anhydrous FG 0 0 mg/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Monosodium phosphate hydrate FG 0 0 mg/kg -
Oat groats 571 666 mg/kg -
Oats 975 1113 mg/kg -
Oats, flaked 975 1113 mg/kg -
Palm oil 0 0 mg/kg -
Pea 598 685 mg/kg -
Pea, extruded 598 685 mg/kg -
Pentacalcium orthoperiodate 0 0 mg/kg -
Phosphate, defluorinated 0 0 mg/kg -
Potassium iodide 0 0 mg/kg -
Potato tuber, dried 826 927 mg/kg -
Poultry fat 1224 1224 mg/kg -
Processed animal proteins, pig 2066 2174 mg/kg -
Rapeseed meal, oil < 5% 6562 7374 mg/kg -
Rapeseed oil 2 2 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1121 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1131 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil < 5%, crude fibre > 20% 1155 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 11-20% 1135 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre 5-11% 1130 1261 mg/kg -
Rice bran, oil > 5%, crude fibre > 20% 1153 1261 mg/kg -
Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1106 1261 mg/kg -
Rice shorts, oil > 5%, crude fibre < 5% 1131 1261 mg/kg -
Rice, polished, broken 976 1114 mg/kg -
Rye 304 351 mg/kg -
Seashells, ground 0 0 mg/kg -
Selenium methionine 0 0 mg/kg -
Selenium yeast 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium bicarbonate 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium chloride 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium iodide 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium molybdate dihydrate 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium selenate 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium selenite 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium sulfate 0 0 mg/kg -
Sodium-calcium-magnesium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Sorghum 636 725 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil 2792 3182 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, extruded 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil 2720 3092 mg/kg -
Soybean oil 2 2 mg/kg -
Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90% 1909 2058 mg/kg -
Soybean, whole, extruded 2152 2405 mg/kg -
Soybean, whole, flaked 2152 2405 mg/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted 2129 2405 mg/kg -
Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded 2182 2405 mg/kg -
Sunflower hulls 2528 2778 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled 2654 2830 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled 2565 2778 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled 2559 2830 mg/kg -
Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled 2471 2778 mg/kg -
Sunflower oil 2 2 mg/kg -
Sunflower seed, whole 551 594 mg/kg -
Tallow 798 798 mg/kg -
Tricalcium phosphate 0 0 mg/kg -
Triticale 445 513 mg/kg -
Urea 0 0 mg/kg -
Wheat bran 744 856 mg/kg -
Wheat bran from starch production 749 856 mg/kg -
Wheat bran, durum 741 856 mg/kg -
Wheat feed flour 1528 1743 mg/kg -
Wheat feed flour, durum 1517 1743 mg/kg -
Wheat flour "Gruau D", durum 104 120 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings (average) 753 856 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, durum 746 856 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 20-30% 753 856 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch 30-40% 752 856 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch < 20% 754 856 mg/kg -
Wheat middlings, starch > 40% 752 856 mg/kg -
Wheat, soft 921 1060 mg/kg -
Whey powder, acid 2250 2318 mg/kg -
Whey powder, sweet 2250 2317 mg/kg -
Zinc carbonate FG 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc carbonate RG 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc chloride 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc lysine 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc metal 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc methionine 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc oxide 0 0 mg/kg -
Zinc sulfate heptahydrate RG 0 0 mg/kg -