Copra meal, oil < 5%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained after extraction from the dried kernels (copra) of the coconut fruit (Cocos nucifera L.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. Other names: copra oil meal, coconut meal, coconut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.5 100 % - 3.7 84.1 -95.5 68 3.3
Crude protein 21.1 23.3 % - 1.6 16.1 -24.7 68 1.7 16.9 -28.1 73
Crude fibre 12.4 13.6 % - 3.6 7 -24.4 64 3.9 7.6 -26.1 68
Crude fat 3.3 3.6 % - 1.2 0.4 -5 59 1.3 0.4 -5.5 61
Ash 6.4 7.1 % - 0.8 4 -9 61 0.9 4.2 -9.8 64
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 0.4 -0.9 4 0.4 -1.1 4
NDF 48.5 53.6 % - 6 44.6 -65.8 11
ADF 24.9 27.5 % - 4.6 24.5 -36.2 9 5.1 24.1 -41.3 11
Lignin 5.7 6.3 % - 2.1 5.3 -12.1 18 2.4 4.7 -13.2 20
Water insoluble cell walls 38.9 43 % - 42.7 -51.4 3
Starch 0.3 0.3 % -
Total sugars 10 11 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4060 4480 kcal/kg - 250 3880 -4630 10 250 4310 -5060 12
Gross energy (MJ) 17 18.8 MJ/kg - 1 16.3 -19.4 10 1.1 18 -21.2 12
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.4 0.4 -1.7 14 0.4 0.5 -1.9 14
Phosphorus 5.2 5.8 g/kg - 1.2 2.2 -6.2 18 1.3 2.4 -7.3 19
Phytate phosphorus 2.6 2.9 g/kg 50 % P
Magnesium 3 3.3 g/kg - 0.2 2.7 -3 6 0.2 2.9 -3.5 6
Potassium 19.8 21.9 g/kg - 2 16.9 -22.1 7 2.2 18.8 -24.5 7
Sodium 0.74 0.81 g/kg - 0.52 -0.9 2 0.61 -1.02 2
Chlorine 6.1 6.7 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.7 3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 201 222 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 369 407 mEq/kg -
Manganese 67 74 mg/kg - 25 43 -110 4 28 51 -122 5
Zinc 58 64 mg/kg - 15 49 -89 5
Copper 31 34 mg/kg - 22 -37 4 25 -43 4
Iron 1007 1112 mg/kg - 171 -2943 4 200 -3195 4
Cobalt 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 3.9 4.3 g/kg 13.1 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 13.6 15.1 g/kg 46.4 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 5.2 5.7 g/kg 17.7 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 8.9 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 1.9 2.1 g/kg 6.5 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.5 % FA
Fatty acids 2.9 3.2 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 8 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.7 0.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 5 mg/kg -
Niacin 28 30 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 6 7 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Choline 1072 1184 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.88 0.97 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.84 0.93 per kg -
PDIA Systali 90 99 g/kg -
PDI Systali 136 151 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 24 27 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.284 0.314 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2420 2670 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1550 1710 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1480 1640 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.1 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.5 7.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.2 6.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 73.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 72.1 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 52 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 57 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 7.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.9 1 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.87 0.96 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 82 91 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 130 144 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 31 34 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.84 0.93 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.79 0.88 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 103 114 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 148 164 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 11 12 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.94 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.81 0.89 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 104 115 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 158 175 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 150 166 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2390 2640 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 75 % 69.9-76.3 4
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 73.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 74.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 50 % 42-70 3
Immediately degradable N (a) - 19 % 15-22 2
Potentially degradable N (b) - 79 % 78-81 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.04 h-1 0.03-0.049 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 48-69 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 33 % 30-36 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 64 % 58-70 2
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.031 h-1 0.021-0.04 2
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 72.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.5 3.9 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2190 2420 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 2020 2240 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1270 1400 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2450 2700 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2220 2450 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1410 1560 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.2 10.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.5 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.3 5.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.2 11.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.9 6.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 54 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 60.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 57.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 64 %
N digestibility growing pig - 71.7 %
N digestibility adult pig - 78.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 32.9 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.8 g/kg 31 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 70 %
Energy digestibility horse - 67.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.73 0.81 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 146 161 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2370 2620 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2220 2450 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 9.9 11 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 58.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 57.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 5.5 6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N
Threonine 6.7 7.4 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 2.8 3.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 6.4 7.1 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 9.9 10.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 12.9 14.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 8.6 9.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 4.3 4.7 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 12.8 14.2 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 4.2 4.6 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 22.3 24.6 g/kg 10.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 8.3 9.2 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 16.3 18 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 39 43.1 g/kg 18.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 8.7 9.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Serine 9.4 10.4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 7.2 7.9 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.6 g/kg 60 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.6 g/kg 62 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 68 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 62 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 67 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.9 g/kg 69 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.5 g/kg 69 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.9 9.9 g/kg 69 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 68 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 65 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 9.5 g/kg 67 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 62 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.8 17.5 g/kg 71 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.2 g/kg 67 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 11.1 g/kg 62 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 24.9 27.6 g/kg 64 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.2 g/kg 64 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 62 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 57 %
CSVXLSXXML