Copra meal, oil < 5%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained after extraction from the dried kernels (copra) of the coconut fruit (Cocos nucifera L.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. Other names: copra oil meal, coconut meal, coconut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.5 100 % - 2.2 84.1 -95.5 69 3.4
Crude protein 21.1 23.4 % - 1.7 16.1 -24.7 69 1.8 16.9 -28.4 75
Crude fibre 12.3 13.6 % - 3.5 7 -24.4 64 3.9 7.6 -26.1 69
Crude fat 3.2 3.6 % - 1.2 0.4 -5 59 1.3 0.4 -5.5 62
Ash 6.4 7.1 % - 0.9 4 -9 62 0.9 4.2 -9.8 66
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 0.4 -0.9 4 0.4 -1.1 4
NDF 48.5 53.6 % - 8.5 44.6 -80.8 12
ADF 24.9 27.5 % - 5.5 24.5 -37.4 10 6 24.1 -43.5 12
Lignin 5.7 6.3 % - 2.1 5.3 -12.1 19 2.3 4.7 -13.2 21
Water insoluble cell walls 38.9 42.9 % - 42.7 -51.4 3
Starch 0.3 0.3 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 1.4 1.6 % - 1
Total sugars 10 11 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4060 4480 kcal/kg - 250 3880 -4630 10 250 4310 -5060 12
Gross energy (MJ) 17 18.8 MJ/kg - 1 16.3 -19.4 10 1.1 18 -21.2 12
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.4 0.4 -1.7 14 0.4 0.5 -1.9 14
Phosphorus 5.2 5.8 g/kg - 1.2 2.2 -6.2 18 1.3 2.4 -7.3 19
Phytate phosphorus 2.6 2.9 g/kg 50 % P 45-56 2
Magnesium 3 3.3 g/kg - 0.2 2.7 -3 6 0.2 2.9 -3.5 6
Potassium 19.8 21.9 g/kg - 2 16.9 -22.1 7 2.2 18.8 -24.5 7
Sodium 0.74 0.81 g/kg - 0.52 -0.9 2 0.61 -1.02 2
Chlorine 6.1 6.7 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.7 3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 201 222 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 368 407 mEq/kg -
Manganese 67 74 mg/kg - 25 43 -110 4 28 51 -122 5
Zinc 58 64 mg/kg - 15 49 -89 5
Copper 31 34 mg/kg - 22 -37 4 25 -43 4
Iron 1006 1112 mg/kg - 171 -2943 4 200 -3195 4
Cobalt 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 1 1
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 3.9 4.3 g/kg 13.1 % FA
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 3.7 4.1 g/kg 12.7 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 13.2 14.5 g/kg 45.2 % FA 45.1-45.2 3
C14:0 myristic acid 5.5 6.1 g/kg 19 % FA 18.6-19.4 3
C16:0 palmitic acid 3 3.3 g/kg 10.2 % FA 9.9-10.5 3
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 3.2 % FA 3.2-3.3 3
C18:1 oleic acid 2.2 2.5 g/kg 7.6 % FA 7.5-7.7 3
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.8 % FA 1.8-1.9 3
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1-0.1 3
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1-0.1 2
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 2.9 3.2 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 7.6 8.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.7 0.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3.4 3.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.3 4.8 mg/kg -
Niacin 27.5 30.4 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 6.4 7.1 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Choline 1071 1184 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.91 1.01 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.88 0.97 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 90 99 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 137 152 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 24 26 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.322 0.355 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2480 2750 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1600 1770 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1550 1710 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.1 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.5 7.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.2 6.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 75.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 74 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 53 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.93 1.03 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.91 1 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 82 91 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 131 145 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 30 33 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.87 0.96 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.83 0.92 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 103 114 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 149 165 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 11 12 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.88 0.97 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.94 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.84 0.93 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.81 0.89 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 104 115 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 158 175 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 152 167 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2450 2700 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.2 11.3 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 75.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 75.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 50 % 30-70 4
Immediately degradable N (a) - 19 % 15-22 2
Potentially degradable N (b) - 79 % 78-81 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.04 h-1 0.03-0.049 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 55 % 48-69 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 33 % 30-36 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 64 % 58-70 2
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.031 h-1 0.021-0.04 2
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 72.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.5 3.9 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 880 973 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 918 1015 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 136 151 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 19 22 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4 4.4 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 60.7 67 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.82 3.12 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.38 1.53 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.3 1.44 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.5 1.66 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.95 1.05 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 47 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 54 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.2 6.9 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 196 217 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 2 3 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3060 3380 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 2860 3170 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1750 1940 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3190 3530 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2920 3230 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1860 2050 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.2 10.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.8 14.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.5 9.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12 13.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.3 5.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.3 8.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.2 11.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.4 14.8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.2 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.9 6.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 75.4 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 78.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 78.2 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 81.3 %
N digestibility growing pig - 71.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 75.5 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 32.5 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.8 g/kg 31 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.4 2.7 g/kg 47 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1410 1550 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1370 1520 kcal/kg - 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.9 6.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg - 1
Available P cockerel 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 69.9 %
Energy digestibility horse - 67.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.73 0.81 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 146 162 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2370 2620 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2220 2450 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 9.9 11 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 9.9 11 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 58.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 57.3 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2370 2620 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 9.9 11 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 58.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 85.1 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 5.5 6.1 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N
Threonine 6.7 7.4 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 2.8 3.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 6.4 7.1 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 9.9 11 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 13 14.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 8.6 9.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 4.3 4.7 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 12.9 14.2 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 4.2 4.6 g/kg 2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 22.4 24.7 g/kg 10.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 8.4 9.2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 16.3 18.1 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 39.1 43.3 g/kg 18.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 8.7 9.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Serine 9.4 10.4 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 7.2 7.9 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.4 g/kg 56 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 4.9 g/kg 67 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.8 g/kg 88 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 63 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.7 g/kg 76 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.2 g/kg 69 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.5 g/kg 77 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 7.7 8.6 g/kg 78 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 10 11 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.9 g/kg 83 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.4 g/kg 71 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 11.2 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 19.5 21.5 g/kg 87 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.9 g/kg 64 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 11.1 12.3 g/kg 68 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 30.1 33.3 g/kg 77 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.2 g/kg 54 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.8 g/kg 66 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.3 g/kg 66 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.6 g/kg 60 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.6 g/kg 62 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 68 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 62 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 67 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.9 g/kg 69 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.6 g/kg 69 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 9.9 g/kg 69 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.5 g/kg 68 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 65 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 9.5 g/kg 67 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 62 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.9 17.6 g/kg 71 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.2 g/kg 67 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 10.1 11.2 g/kg 62 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.1 27.7 g/kg 64 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.2 g/kg 64 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.5 g/kg 62 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 57 %
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