Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), with partial reintroduction of the hulls. This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. It should contain about 48% (as fed) of protein + oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88 100 % - 1.2 80.1 -95.5 9179 1.1
Crude protein 46.3 52.6 % - 1 41 -49 13520 1.1 45.1 -58.4 9252
Crude fibre 5.9 6.8 % - 0.6 5 -9.4 3584 0.7 4.8 -10.7 3094
Crude fat 1.6 1.8 % - 0.5 0.4 -4.8 8339 0.5 0.5 -5.5 7534
Ash 6.2 7 % - 0.5 5 -8.9 2910 0.6 5.7 -10.1 2671
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.5 % - 0.3 0.03 -1.2 53 0.4 0.06 -1.3 48
NDF 12.5 14.2 % - 2.5 6.8 -17.3 158 2.9 6.6 -19.5 264
ADF 7.4 8.4 % - 2 6.5 -13 117 2.3 3.4 -14.8 232
Lignin 0.6 0.6 % - 0.3 0.2 -1.6 119 0.4 0.1 -1.8 211
Water insoluble cell walls 18.4 20.9 % - 1.3 13.2 -21.1 28 1.5 18.4 -25.2 30
Starch 5 5.7 % - 1.2 0.2 -8.7 368 1.4 0.2 -11.4 367
Total sugars 8.1 9.2 % - 0.9 6.3 -10.8 201 1 7.2 -13.7 211
Gross energy (kcal) 4140 4710 kcal/kg - 140 3790 -4640 67 150 4060 -5390 131
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.7 MJ/kg - 0.6 15.9 -19.4 67 0.6 17 -22.6 131
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.8 g/kg - 0.8 1.4 -6.9 1799 0.9 1.6 -7.9 1727
Phosphorus 6.2 7 g/kg - 0.4 4.8 -7.3 112 0.4 6.2 -8 44
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.2 g/kg 60 % P 1.4 2.2 -6.6 4 1.6 2.4 -6.9 6 28-69 4
Magnesium 2.7 3.1 g/kg - 0.4 2.2 -3.8 21 0.4 2.5 -4.1 21
Potassium 20.8 23.6 g/kg - 1.5 12.8 -25.7 253 1.7 16.8 -27.7 156
Sodium 0.13 0.14 g/kg - 0.22 0 -1.3 348 0.25 0 -1.49 275
Chlorine 0.3 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0 -0.8 171 0.2 0.1 -0.9 94
Sulfur 4 4.6 g/kg - 0.2 3.9 -4.4 4 0.2 4.3 -4.9 5
Dietary cation-anion difference 280 318 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 531 603 mEq/kg -
Manganese 40 45 mg/kg - 11 23 -78 68 13 25 -88 66
Zinc 54 62 mg/kg - 34 27 -271 47 39 29 -303 43
Copper 17 19 mg/kg - 7 6 -54 47 7 7 -61 44
Iron 245 279 mg/kg - 149 12 -537 24 170 13 -617 17
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0 -0.4 4
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.01 -0.5 5 0.2 0.01 -0.6 5
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg - 3 -6 3 3 -7 3
Iodine 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 1 0.05-0.4 3
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.2 1.4 g/kg 10.5 % FA 0.7 -1.9 4
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.01 -0.05 2 0.05-0.3 3
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.2 -0.8 4 0.5 3.8-5 6
C18:1 oleic acid 2.5 2.9 g/kg 21.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.2 7 g/kg 53.1 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA 1
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 g/kg 75 % fat 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 6 7 mg/kg -
Niacin 39 44 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 16 18 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Choline 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 20 20 IU/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.12 1.28 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.14 1.29 per kg -
PDIA Systali 152 172 g/kg -
PDI Systali 200 227 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 215 244 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.223 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2950 3350 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1970 2240 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2000 2270 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.3 14 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 65 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.14 1.3 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.16 1.32 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 127 145 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 178 202 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 237 269 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.08 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.08 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 184 210 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 231 263 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 183 208 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 181 206 g/kg - 26 176 -207 2 30 124 -235 17
PDIN INRA 2007 338 384 g/kg - 21 322 -401 17
PDIE INRA 2007 233 265 g/kg - 24 225 -252 2 27 186 -286 17
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2820 3200 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.7 % 86-91.8 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.2 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 9 51-93 37
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 % 8 9-28 9
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 7 71-89 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.068 0.05-0.225 9
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 17 40-98 14
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 10 5-47 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 % 11 52-93 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1 0.047 0.017-0.151 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.3 4.9 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.8 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3520 4010 kcal/kg - 240 3060 -4440 25 270 3500 -4940 34
ME growing pig (kcal) 3220 3660 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1980 2250 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3740 4260 kcal/kg - 4220 -4320 2
ME adult pig (kcal) 3390 3860 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2120 2410 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.8 MJ/kg - 1 12.8 -18.6 25 1.1 14.6 -20.7 34
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.7 17.8 MJ/kg - 17.7 -18.1 2
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.2 16.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.9 10.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 % 4.7 72.5-97.7 28
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90.4 % 89.4-91.2 2
OM digestibility growing pig - 85.9 % 4.4 80.9-97.6 13
OM digestibility adult pig - 91 % 1
N digestibility growing pig - 86.7 % 3.9 78.8-94.2 24
N digestibility adult pig - 89.6 % 1
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 87.5 % 3.2 81-91.4 14
Crude fat digestibility pig - 26.2 % 14.7 24-84.7 16
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.3 g/kg 32 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2300 2610 kcal/kg - 310 2030 -2510 6 350 2180 -3950 21
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2260 2570 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.6 10.9 MJ/kg - 1.3 8.5 -10.5 6 1.5 9.1 -16.5 21
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.5 10.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P broiler 1.4 1.5 g/kg 22 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 85 %
Energy digestibility horse - 81.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.84 0.95 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 381 433 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3450 3920 kcal/kg - 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2990 3400 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.4 16.4 MJ/kg - 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.5 14.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 83.2 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 82.8 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3110 3540 kcal/kg - 2880 -3250 4 3170 -3550 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 13 14.8 MJ/kg - 12.1 -13.6 4 13.3 -14.8 4
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 75.1 %
N digestibility salmonids - 86.1 % 8.4 74.6-94 5
N digestibility salmonids, extruded - 96.9 %
Digestible P salmonids 1.6 1.8 g/kg 26 % 1 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 28.8 32.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.5 24 -31.7 252 1.7 26.9 -35.9 83 0.2 5.3-7 194
Threonine 17.7 20.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.9 15.9 -21 164 1 16.9 -22.9 49 0.1 3.3-4.5 152
Methionine 6.6 7.5 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 4.5 -6.9 161 0.5 5.2 -7.7 48 0.06 1-1.5 151
Cystine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.5 5.4 -8.6 156 0.5 6.4 -9.5 40 0.07 1.2-1.9 143
Methionine + cystine 13.9 15.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 0.9 10.4 -17 154 1 12.4 -18.5 40 0.1 2.4-3.6 143
Tryptophan 6.4 7.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 5.7 -7 123 0.4 6.3 -7.8 33 0.04 1.2-1.5 123
Isoleucine 21.1 24 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.5 17.1 -24.5 165 1.6 18.3 -27.2 51 0.2 3.6-5.2 154
Valine 22.3 25.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.3 19 -26.6 164 1.5 22 -29.5 49 0.2 4.5-5.6 152
Leucine 35.3 40.2 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1.6 30.1 -39.1 162 1.8 33.7 -43.4 49 0.2 7.1-8.3 152
Phenylalanine 23.4 26.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.1 20.4 -26 162 1.3 23.1 -28.9 49 0.1 4.5-5.6 152
Tyrosine 16.3 18.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.4 14.6 -18.9 122 1.5 15.2 -21 19 0.1 3.1-4.1 116
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 39.7 45.1 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1.6 36.2 -44.2 108 43.1 -47.1 4 0.2 8.3-9.3 101
Histidine 12.4 14.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.7 9.9 -14 166 0.8 11.9 -15.5 51 0.1 2.3-3 154
Arginine 33.8 38.4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1.9 28.6 -38.5 162 2.1 32.2 -42.4 50 0.3 6.2-8.3 150
Alanine 20.1 22.9 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.8 17.6 -25.4 160 2 19.5 -28.6 44 0.2 3.7-5.6 147
Aspartic acid 52.2 59.3 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 2.8 44.3 -57.5 139 3.2 49.9 -62.9 44 0.4 9.6-12.8 135
Glutamic acid 82.6 93.8 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 4.2 72.2 -94.4 155 4.7 77.6 -97.9 40 0.5 15.2-18.9 143
Glycine 19.4 22 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.9 17.6 -22.6 159 1 19.4 -25.1 43 0.1 3.8-4.8 146
Serine 21.7 24.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.6 19.2 -27.9 155 1.8 20.8 -30.4 41 0.2 4.1-6 144
Proline 23 26.2 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.3 19.4 -26.7 148 1.4 22 -27.7 36 0.2 4.4-5.6 138
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 25.9 29.4 g/kg 90 % 1.7 23.1 -27.6 8 1.9 25.4 -30.9 8 3 84-93 14
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 15.3 17.4 g/kg 87 % 0.8 14.2 -16.8 8 0.9 15.6 -18.6 8 3 80-91 14
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.8 g/kg 91 % 0.5 4.9 -6.1 7 0.6 5.6 -6.9 7 3 86-96 13
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 7.1 g/kg 86 % 0.8 4.9 -6.6 7 0.9 5.3 -7.5 7 5 78-93 13
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 12.3 14 g/kg 89 % 1.2 10 -12.7 7 1.4 11 -14.4 7 3 83-93 12
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.5 g/kg 89 % 3 86-94 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 18.9 21.5 g/kg 89 % 0.8 18.7 -20.8 8 0.8 21.2 -23.3 8 3 82-92 14
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 19.7 22.4 g/kg 88 % 1.7 17.7 -21.9 8 1.9 19.5 -24.6 8 4 80-92 14
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 31.6 35.9 g/kg 89 % 1.5 28.7 -32.8 8 1.7 32.3 -36.9 8 3 81-92 14
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 21.2 24.1 g/kg 91 % 1.1 18.1 -21.6 8 3 82-93 14
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.9 16.9 g/kg 91 % 0.5 14.5 -16.2 8 0.6 16.5 -18.2 8 3 85-94 13
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 36.1 41 g/kg 91 % 1.4 33.4 -37.5 8 1.5 37.6 -41.9 8 2 85-93 12
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 12.7 g/kg 91 % 0.5 10.3 -11.8 8 0.5 11.7 -13.3 8 3 84-93 13
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 31.8 36.1 g/kg 94 % 0.8 31.2 -34.1 8 0.9 35.3 -38.2 8 2 90-95 14
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 17.3 19.6 g/kg 86 % 0.9 15.2 -17.8 8 1 17.2 -19.7 8 4 79-90 14
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.7 53.1 g/kg 90 % 2.7 41.7 -50.3 8 3 46.9 -55.8 8 3 82-94 14
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 74.2 84.4 g/kg 90 % 5.2 66.7 -83.8 8 5.9 75.1 -93.9 8 4 82-94 14
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 16.4 18.6 g/kg 84 % 1.2 14.1 -17.3 8 1.3 15.5 -19.2 8 4 76-90 14
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 19.3 22 g/kg 89 % 1.3 18.7 -22.3 8 1.4 21.2 -24.8 8 3 82-93 14
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 20.7 23.5 g/kg 90 % 1.9 17.9 -23.3 8 2.2 19.7 -26.1 8 4 81-95 13
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 25.3 28.8 g/kg 88 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.7 16.7 g/kg 83 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.9 6.7 g/kg 90 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.2 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.4 12.9 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.5 g/kg 89 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.4 20.9 g/kg 87 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.2 21.8 g/kg 86 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 30.8 34.9 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.4 23.1 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.3 16.3 g/kg 88 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.7 39.4 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 12.2 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 30.4 34.6 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.3 19.7 g/kg 86 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 43.8 49.8 g/kg 84 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 73.5 83.5 g/kg 89 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.3 18.5 g/kg 84 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.6 21.2 g/kg 86 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 19.8 22.5 g/kg 86 %
Origin Brazil, processed in France, not associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.08 9.18 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.71 12.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 549 624 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0058 0.0065 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.8 5.46 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.6 1.81 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 7.42 8.43 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 14.9 16.94 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1628 1850 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0065 0.0074 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.26 4.84 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.48 1.68 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, associated to deforestation, ex port of delivery (Brest, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.97 10.19 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 14.9 16.94 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1730 1966 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0091 0.0103 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.45 5.05 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.48 1.68 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, average deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 7.04 8.01 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 13.64 15.5 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1282 1457 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0058 0.0065 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.38 4.98 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.52 1.73 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, average deforestation, ex port of delivery (Brest, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.59 9.77 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 13.64 15.5 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1383 1572 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0084 0.0095 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.57 5.19 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.52 1.73 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, not associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 6.17 7.02 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.71 12.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 478 543 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.004 0.0046 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.67 5.3 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.62 1.84 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, not associated to deforestation, ex port of delivery (Brest, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 7.72 8.78 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.71 12.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 580 659 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0066 0.0075 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.85 5.51 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.62 1.84 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in France, associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 9.32 10.59 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 14.9 16.94 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1699 1931 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0082 0.0094 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.39 4.99 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.46 1.66 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in France, average deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.72 9.91 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 12.89 14.65 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1147 1303 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0071 0.008 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 4.59 5.22 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.53 1.73 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML