Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), with partial reintroduction of the hulls. This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. It should contain about 48% (as fed) of protein + oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88 100 % - 0.7 80.1 -96.3 9654 1.1
Crude protein 46.2 52.6 % - 1.1 41 -49 14070 1.1 43.8 -58.4 9722
Crude fibre 6 6.8 % - 0.6 5 -9.4 3826 0.7 4.8 -10.7 3328
Crude fat 1.5 1.8 % - 0.5 0.3 -4.8 8602 0.5 0.3 -5.5 7801
Ash 6.2 7.1 % - 0.6 4.9 -10 3134 0.6 5.7 -11.2 2899
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 0.4 0 -2.1 79 0.5 0 -2.4 72
NDF 12.5 14.2 % - 2.5 6.8 -17.3 162 2.9 6.6 -19.5 269
ADF 7.4 8.4 % - 2 6.5 -13 120 2.3 3.4 -14.8 238
Lignin 0.6 0.6 % - 0.3 0.09 -1.6 120 0.4 0.1 -1.8 213
Water insoluble cell walls 18.5 21 % - 1.3 13.2 -21.1 28 1.5 18.4 -25.2 31
Starch 5 5.7 % - 1.2 0.2 -8.7 368 1.4 0.2 -11.4 367
Starch, enzymatic method 1.6 1.9 % - 1 1.4 -2.7 4
Total sugars 8.1 9.2 % - 0.9 6.3 -10.8 201 1 7.2 -13.7 211
Gross energy (kcal) 4140 4710 kcal/kg - 140 3790 -4640 71 150 4060 -5390 136
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.7 MJ/kg - 0.6 15.9 -19.4 71 0.6 17 -22.6 136
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.8 g/kg - 0.8 1.4 -6.9 1800 0.9 1.6 -7.9 1729
Phosphorus 6.2 7.1 g/kg - 0.5 4.8 -7.3 123 0.6 4.4 -8.1 47
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.2 g/kg 60 % P 1.4 2.2 -6.6 4 1.6 2.4 -6.9 6 28-69 4
Magnesium 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 0.4 2.2 -3.8 21 0.4 2.5 -4.1 21
Potassium 20.9 23.8 g/kg - 1.3 14.8 -25.7 112 1.4 20.9 -28.6 76
Sodium 0.14 0.16 g/kg - 0.22 0 -1.3 348 0.25 0 -1.49 275
Chlorine 0.3 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0 -0.8 172 0.2 0.1 -0.9 95
Sulfur 4 4.5 g/kg - 0.2 3.9 -4.4 4 0.2 4.3 -4.9 5
Dietary cation-anion difference 286 325 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 534 607 mEq/kg -
Manganese 39 45 mg/kg - 11 23 -78 68 13 25 -88 66
Zinc 55 62 mg/kg - 34 27 -271 47 39 29 -303 43
Copper 17 19 mg/kg - 7 6 -54 47 7 7 -61 44
Iron 241 274 mg/kg - 146 12 -537 25 166 13 -617 18
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0 -0.4 4
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.01 -0.5 5 0.2 0.01 -0.6 5
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg - 3 -6 3 3 -7 3
Iodine 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0.01 5
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 0.3 0-1.1 14
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 11.2 % FA 0.7 -1.9 4 2.2 9.6-20.8 22
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.01 -0.05 2 0.08 0-0.2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.2 -0.8 4 0.4 3.2-4.8 22
C18:1 oleic acid 2.7 3 g/kg 23.1 % FA 1.6 19.8-27.3 23
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.3 7.1 g/kg 54 % FA 2.9 42.9-58.2 22
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.8 1 g/kg 7.2 % FA 1 0.9 4.8-8.7 22
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1 0.09 0.1-0.4 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 0.04 0.1-0.2 6
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.3 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 % 75 % fat 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 4.3 4.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5.9 6.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2.9 3.3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5.9 6.7 mg/kg -
Niacin 38.8 44.1 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 15.9 18.1 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 20 20 IU/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.11 1.27 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.13 1.28 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 152 172 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 200 227 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 215 244 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.223 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2930 3330 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1960 2230 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1980 2250 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12.3 14 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 65 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 67 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.13 1.29 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.15 1.31 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 127 144 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 178 202 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 237 270 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.22 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.22 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 184 210 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 231 262 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 183 208 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.18 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.17 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 181 206 g/kg - 26 176 -207 2 30 124 -235 17
PDIN INRA 2007 338 384 g/kg - 21 322 -401 17
PDIE INRA 2007 233 264 g/kg - 24 225 -252 2 27 186 -286 17
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2800 3180 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 13.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.3 % 86-91.8 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.2 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 10 45-93 39
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 17 40-98 14
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 10 5-47 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 % 11 52-93 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1 0.047 0.017-0.151 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.3 4.9 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.9 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1037 1178 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1122 1275 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 226 257 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 191 217 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.7 6.5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 71.7 81.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.64 4.14 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.93 2.19 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.82 2.07 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.07 2.35 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.45 1.64 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 34 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 42 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.3 8.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 287 326 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 28 32 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3520 4000 kcal/kg - 240 3060 -4440 25 270 3500 -4940 34
ME growing pig (kcal) 3220 3660 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1980 2250 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3740 4250 kcal/kg - 4220 -4320 2
ME adult pig (kcal) 3390 3850 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2120 2410 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.8 MJ/kg - 1 12.8 -18.6 25 1.1 14.6 -20.7 34
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.7 16.8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.7 17.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.7 17.8 MJ/kg - 17.7 -18.1 2
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.2 16.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.2 16.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.9 10.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.9 10.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 % 4.7 72.5-97.7 28
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90.4 % 89.4-91.2 2
OM digestibility growing pig - 85.9 % 4.4 80.9-97.6 13
OM digestibility adult pig - 91.3 % 1
N digestibility growing pig - 86.7 % 3.9 78.8-94.2 24
N digestibility adult pig - 89.6 % 1
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 87.5 % 3.2 81-91.4 14
Crude fat digestibility pig - 26 % 14.7 24-84.7 16
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.3 g/kg 32 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 3 3.4 g/kg 48 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2300 2610 kcal/kg - 290 2030 -2570 8 330 2180 -3950 24
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2260 2560 kcal/kg - 2030 -2330 3 2260 -2650 4
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.6 10.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.6 10.9 MJ/kg - 1.3 8.5 -10.5 6 1.5 9.1 -16.5 21
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.5 10.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.4 10.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.4 1.6 g/kg 22 % P
Available P broiler 1.4 1.6 g/kg 22 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84.7 %
Energy digestibility horse - 81.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.84 0.95 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 381 433 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3440 3910 kcal/kg - 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2990 3390 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.4 16.4 MJ/kg - 1
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.4 16.4 MJ/kg - 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.5 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.5 14.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 83.1 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 82.8 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3110 3530 kcal/kg - 2880 -3250 4 3170 -3550 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 13 14.8 MJ/kg - 12.1 -13.6 4 13.3 -14.8 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 13 14.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 75 % 66-75 4
N digestibility salmonids - 86.1 % 8.4 74.6-94 5
Digestible P salmonids 1.6 1.8 g/kg 26 % 1 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 28.8 32.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.4 24 -31.7 294 1.6 26.9 -35.9 101 0.2 5.3-7 212
Threonine 17.7 20.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.9 15.9 -21 171 1 16.9 -22.9 53 0.1 3.3-4.5 156
Methionine 6.6 7.5 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 4.5 -6.9 168 0.5 5.2 -7.7 52 0.06 1-1.5 155
Cystine 7.3 8.2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.5 5.1 -8.6 163 0.6 6.1 -9.5 44 0.08 1.2-1.9 147
Methionine + cystine 13.9 15.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 10.2 -17 162 1.2 12.2 -18.5 44 0.1 2.3-3.6 147
Tryptophan 6.4 7.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 5.7 -7 123 0.4 6.3 -7.8 33 0.04 1.2-1.5 123
Isoleucine 21.1 24 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.5 17.1 -24.5 172 1.6 18.3 -27.2 55 0.2 3.6-5.2 158
Valine 22.3 25.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.3 19 -26.6 171 1.5 22 -29.5 53 0.2 4.4-5.6 156
Leucine 35.3 40.2 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1.6 30.1 -39.1 169 1.8 33.7 -43.4 53 0.2 7.1-8.3 156
Phenylalanine 23.4 26.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.1 20.4 -26 169 1.2 23.1 -28.9 53 0.1 4.5-5.6 156
Tyrosine 16.3 18.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.4 14.6 -18.9 122 1.5 15.2 -21 20 0.1 3.1-4.1 117
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 39.6 45.1 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 2.2 36.2 -44.6 119 2.5 40.1 -49.5 17 0.2 7.8-9.7 114
Histidine 12.4 14.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.7 9.9 -14 173 0.8 11.9 -15.5 55 0.1 2.3-3 158
Arginine 33.8 38.4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1.9 28.6 -38.5 169 2.1 32.2 -42.4 54 0.3 6.2-8.3 154
Alanine 20.1 22.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.7 17.6 -25.4 167 1.9 19.5 -28.6 48 0.2 3.7-5.6 151
Aspartic acid 52.2 59.3 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 2.9 44.3 -58.4 146 3.3 49.9 -62.9 48 0.4 9.6-12.8 139
Glutamic acid 82.5 93.8 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 4.2 72.2 -94.4 162 4.8 77.6 -97.9 44 0.5 15.2-18.9 147
Glycine 19.4 22 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.8 17.6 -22.6 166 0.9 19.4 -25.1 47 0.1 3.8-4.8 150
Serine 21.7 24.7 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.7 19.2 -27.9 162 2 19.3 -30.4 45 0.2 3.9-6 148
Proline 23 26.1 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.5 19.4 -26.7 155 1.7 22 -29.1 40 0.2 4.4-5.7 142
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 25.8 29.4 g/kg 90 % 1.7 23.1 -27.6 8 1.9 25.4 -30.9 8 3 84-93 14
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 15.3 17.4 g/kg 87 % 0.8 14.2 -16.8 8 0.9 15.6 -18.6 8 3 80-91 14
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.9 g/kg 91 % 0.5 4.9 -6.1 7 0.6 5.6 -6.9 7 3 86-96 13
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 7.1 g/kg 86 % 0.8 4.9 -6.6 7 0.9 5.3 -7.5 7 5 78-93 13
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 12.3 14 g/kg 89 % 1.2 10 -12.7 7 1.4 11 -14.4 7 3 83-93 12
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.5 g/kg 89 % 3 86-94 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 18.9 21.5 g/kg 89 % 0.8 18.7 -20.8 8 0.8 21.2 -23.3 8 3 82-92 14
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 19.7 22.4 g/kg 88 % 1.7 17.7 -21.9 8 1.9 19.5 -24.6 8 4 80-92 14
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 31.5 35.8 g/kg 89 % 1.5 28.7 -32.8 8 1.7 32.3 -36.9 8 3 81-92 14
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 21.2 24 g/kg 90 % 1.1 18.1 -21.6 8 3 82-93 14
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.9 16.9 g/kg 91 % 0.5 14.5 -16.2 8 0.6 16.5 -18.2 8 3 85-94 13
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 36 40.9 g/kg 91 % 1.4 33.4 -37.5 8 1.5 37.6 -41.9 8 2 85-93 12
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 12.7 g/kg 91 % 0.5 10.3 -11.8 8 0.5 11.7 -13.3 8 3 84-93 13
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 31.8 36.1 g/kg 94 % 0.8 31.2 -34.1 8 0.9 35.3 -38.2 8 2 90-95 14
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 17.3 19.6 g/kg 86 % 0.9 15.2 -17.8 8 1 17.2 -19.7 8 4 79-90 14
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.7 53.1 g/kg 89 % 2.7 41.7 -50.3 8 3 46.9 -55.8 8 3 82-94 14
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 74.2 84.3 g/kg 90 % 5.2 66.7 -83.8 8 5.9 75.1 -93.9 8 4 82-94 14
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 16.4 18.6 g/kg 84 % 1.2 14.1 -17.3 8 1.3 15.5 -19.2 8 4 76-90 14
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 19.3 22 g/kg 89 % 1.3 18.7 -22.3 8 1.4 21.2 -24.8 8 3 82-93 14
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 20.6 23.5 g/kg 90 % 1.9 17.9 -23.3 8 2.2 19.7 -26.1 8 4 81-95 13
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 25.3 28.8 g/kg 88 % 1 80-95 4
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.7 16.7 g/kg 83 % 1 70-93 4
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.9 6.8 g/kg 90 % 1 79-96 4
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 6.2 g/kg 75 % 1 64-92 4
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.4 12.9 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.5 g/kg 89 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.4 20.9 g/kg 87 % 1 76-94 4
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.2 21.8 g/kg 86 % 1 72-97 4
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 30.7 34.9 g/kg 87 % 1 76-95 4
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.3 23.1 g/kg 87 % 1 77-95 4
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.3 16.3 g/kg 88 % 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.7 39.4 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 12.2 g/kg 87 % 1 81-92 4
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 30.4 34.6 g/kg 90 % 1 83-94 4
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.3 19.7 g/kg 86 % 1 75-98 4
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 43.8 49.8 g/kg 84 % 1 75-89 4
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 73.5 83.5 g/kg 89 % 1 72-93 4
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.3 18.5 g/kg 84 % 1 80-92 4
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.7 21.2 g/kg 86 % 1 76-92 4
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 19.8 22.5 g/kg 86 % 1 73-94 4
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, average deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 7.08 8.04 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 13.64 15.51 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1282 1457 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0055 0.0063 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 20.23 22.99 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0005 0.0006 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, average deforestation, ex port of delivery (Brest, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.63 9.81 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 13.64 15.51 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1385 1574 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0081 0.0093 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 25.93 29.47 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0006 0.0006 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, not associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 6.22 7.07 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.71 12.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 480 545 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0038 0.0044 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 13.5 15.34 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0005 0.0005 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, not associated to deforestation, ex port of delivery (Brest, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 7.78 8.84 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.71 12.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 582 661 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0064 0.0073 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 19.2 21.82 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0005 0.0006 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in France, associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 9.26 10.52 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 14.91 16.94 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1690 1920 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0081 0.0092 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 27.33 31.05 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0006 0.0006 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in France, average deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.67 9.85 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 12.89 14.65 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1138 1294 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0069 0.0078 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 22.7 25.8 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0005 0.0006 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in France, not associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 8.03 9.13 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.71 12.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 541 615 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0056 0.0064 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 17.69 20.1 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0005 0.0005 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, associated to deforestation, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 7.45 8.46 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 14.91 16.94 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1628 1850 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0063 0.0071 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 23.13 26.29 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0006 0.0006 m²yr/kg -
Origin Brazil, processed in Brazil, associated to deforestation, ex port of delivery (Brest, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 9 10.23 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 14.91 16.94 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1731 1967 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0089 0.0101 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 28.83 32.77 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0006 0.0007 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML