Sunflower oil

Oil extracted from sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 99.3 100 % - 1 91.3 -100 111 1.4
Crude protein 0 0 % -
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 99 99.7 % - 1.1 98.3 -100 37 0.4 98.7 -100 35
Ash 0.05 0.05 % - 1
Insoluble ash 0 0 % -
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 9310 9380 kcal/kg - 1
Gross energy (MJ) 39 39.3 MJ/kg - 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0 0 g/kg -
Phosphorus 0 0 g/kg - 1 1
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 0 0 g/kg -
Potassium 0 0 g/kg -
Sodium 0 0 g/kg -
Chlorine 0 0 g/kg -
Sulfur 0 0 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 0 0 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 0 0 mEq/kg -
Manganese 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Zinc 0 0 mg/kg -
Copper 0.04 0.04 mg/kg -
Iron 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Selenium 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0 0 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0 0 mg/kg -
Iodine 0 0 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.01 % FA 1 0-0.02 3
C14:0 myristic acid 0.7 0.7 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.2 0.5 -1.2 5 0.2 0.5 -1.2 6 0.04 0-0.1 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 63.6 64.1 g/kg 6.4 % FA 3.7 62.1 -70.7 8 3.7 62.3 -72 9 0.4 5.9-7.2 11
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 1.8 1.8 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.5 -5.6 2 0.5 -5.6 2 0-0.6 4
C18:0 stearic acid 42.6 42.9 g/kg 4.3 % FA 4.2 38.2 -54.3 8 4.2 38.3 -54.4 9 0.8 2.8-5.4 11
C18:1 oleic acid 200 202 g/kg 20.2 % FA 23 153 -216 8 23.1 153 -224 9 3.3 15.3-28 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 645 650 g/kg 65.2 % FA 40.7 609 -734 8 40.4 609 -736 9 4.7 59.3-73.6 18
C18:3 linolenic acid 3 3.1 g/kg 0.3 % FA 2.9 1.1 -10.3 7 2.9 1.1 -10.3 8 0.3 0-1 11
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 4.4 4.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA 6.4 2.3 -16.9 5 6.4 2.3 -16.9 5 0.6 0.2-1.7 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 1.9 1.9 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 3 3 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0-0.6 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 2 2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Fatty acids 99 99.7 % 100 % fat 1 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 583 587 mg/kg - 410 -11200 2 415 -11336 2
Vitamin K 0.05 0.05 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 0 0 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 2 2 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 3.59 3.61 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 3.91 3.94 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.244 0.246 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 8700 8770 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 6310 6360 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 6880 6930 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 36.4 36.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 26.4 26.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 28.8 29.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 99.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 3.55 3.58 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 3.87 3.89 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 3.44 3.46 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 3.72 3.75 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 2.71 2.73 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 2.71 2.73 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 2.76 2.78 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 2.76 2.78 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 7080 7130 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 29.6 29.8 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 29.6 29.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88 %
N digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 0 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 90 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0 0 g/kg 0 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 3423 3448 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 4013 4043 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 -17 -17 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 15 15 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 0 0 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0 0 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 192 193 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 8 8.06 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 5.93 5.97 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 5.67 5.71 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 4.9 4.94 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 3.63 3.66 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 19.1 19.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 151 152 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -24 -24 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 8190 8250 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 8150 8210 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 7050 7100 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 8190 8250 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 8140 8200 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 7050 7100 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 34.3 34.5 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 34.1 34.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 29.5 29.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 34.3 34.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 34.1 34.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 29.5 29.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 88 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 88 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 0 %
N digestibility adult pig - 0 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 0 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 9030 9100 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 8940 9000 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 37.8 38.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 37.4 37.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Available P broiler 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 88 %
Energy digestibility horse - 88 %
Horse Forage Unit 2.94 2.96 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 0 0 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 8380 8440 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 8340 8400 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 35.1 35.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 34.9 35.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 90 %
N digestibility rabbit - 0 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 8940 9000 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 37.4 37.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 96 %
N digestibility salmonids - 0 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Threonine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cystine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Tryptophan 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Isoleucine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Valine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Leucine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Tyrosine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Histidine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Arginine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Alanine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Glycine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Serine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Proline 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Origin France, no dehulling, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 11.23 11.31 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 10.33 10.41 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1132 1140 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0198 0.02 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 85.61 86.24 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0011 0.0012 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, low dehulling (32% CP), ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 9.95 10.02 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 9.72 9.79 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 994 1001 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0188 0.0189 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 81.25 81.86 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0011 0.0011 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, high dehulling (36% CP), ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 9.74 9.82 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 9.62 9.69 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 985 992 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0186 0.0187 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 80.51 81.1 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0011 0.0011 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML