Brewers yeast, dried

Dried byproduct of brewery, consisting of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) remaining in the fermentation vats of malt wort after removal of the fermented liquid. It is generally sold in dried form.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.8 100 % - 5 82.2 -98.2 140 4.4
Crude protein 44.2 47.6 % - 4.7 31.2 -54.4 182 4.8 32.4 -56.8 140
Crude fibre 1.9 2.1 % - 1.3 0.06 -6.4 64 1.4 0.06 -5.6 61
Crude fat, hydrolysis 3.8 4 % - 1.2 1.6 -5.8 39 1.3 1.7 -6.4 37
Ash 6.5 7 % - 1.3 3.2 -10.4 112 1.3 3.4 -10.8 110
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 0.2 -0.9 4 0.4 -0.8 2
NDF 8.1 8.8 % - 7.7 0.01 -18.8 8 8.3 0.01 -20.7 8
ADF 2.3 2.5 % - 2.2 0.01 -6.1 7 2.3 0.01 -5.7 7
Lignin 0.7 0.7 % - 0.6 0.01 -1.5 7 0.7 0.01 -1.7 7
Starch 0.9 1 % - 5.1 -16.4 11 5.5 -17.5 9
Total sugars 1.7 1.9 % - 0.3 -2.6 3 0.3 -2.8 3
Gross energy (kcal) 4400 4740 kcal/kg - 3860 -4660 3 4320 -4870 3
Gross energy (MJ) 18.4 19.8 MJ/kg - 16.1 -19.5 3 18.1 -20.4 3
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.8 3 g/kg - 1.3 0.9 -7.4 35 1.4 1 -7.7 34
Phosphorus 12.5 13.5 g/kg - 3.8 5.4 -24.4 39 4 5.8 -26.2 38
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 2.2 2.4 g/kg - 1.7 -2.7 3 1.9 -2.4 2
Potassium 20.5 22 g/kg - 18.8 -22.1 2 1
Sodium 1.68 1.81 g/kg - 1.02 0.43 -3.4 8 1.1 0.45 -3.74 7
Chlorine 3.5 3.7 g/kg - 2.5 -5 3 3.1 -5.4 2
Sulfur 4.2 4.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 235 253 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 500 538 mEq/kg -
Manganese 31 34 mg/kg - 7 -37 3 7 -43 4
Zinc 96 103 mg/kg - 44 45 -146 5 47 49 -154 6
Copper 19 20 mg/kg - 28 0.8 -73 6 30 0.9 -80 6
Iron 87 94 mg/kg - 26 -129 4 27 -141 4
Selenium 0.06 0.06 mg/kg - 0.06 -0.06 2
Cobalt 0.5 0.6 mg/kg - 0.5 -0.5 2
Molybdenum 1 1 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg - 1 -1 2
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Fatty acids 3 3.2 g/kg 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 85 92 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 39 43 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 33 36 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 7 8 µg/kg - 7 -7 2
Niacin 445 480 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 110 119 mg/kg -
Folic acid 10 11 mg/kg -
Biotin 1 1 mg/kg -
Choline 3316 3574 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.09 1.18 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.09 1.17 per kg -
PDIA Systali 81 87 g/kg -
PDI Systali 133 143 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 258 278 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.138 0.148 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2920 3150 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1930 2070 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1910 2060 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.1 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8 8.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 83.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 83.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 80 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.12 1.2 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.11 1.2 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 70 76 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 124 134 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 267 288 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.05 1.13 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.03 1.11 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 98 105 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 149 160 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 240 259 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.13 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.02 1.1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 71 76 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 280 302 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 129 139 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2850 3070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.9 12.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 84 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 64 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 29 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.14 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 81 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 60 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 34 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.095 h-1
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.5 1.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3740 4030 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3420 3690 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2150 2320 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3820 4120 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3450 3720 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2220 2390 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15.6 16.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.3 15.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9 9.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16 17.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.4 15.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 87 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 86 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 88 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 86.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 69 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 80 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2930 3150 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2930 3150 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.2 13.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3170 3420 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 13.3 14.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 72.1 % 62.6-76.8 2
N digestibility salmonids - 81.7 % 63.2-91 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 27.1 29.2 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 3.6 6 -35.7 35 3.8 22.7 -34 11 1.7 1.2-7.6 21
Threonine 19.1 20.6 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2.9 5 -23.3 13 3.1 16.7 -25 5 1.2 1-5.6 15
Methionine 6.6 7.1 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1.4 2.2 -9.3 31 1.5 5.4 -10 7 0.3 0.5-2.2 17
Cystine 2.8 3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1.5 2.6 -6.5 14 1.6 2.9 -6.9 5 0.4 0.5-1.9 14
Methionine + cystine 9.4 10.1 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1 5.2 -12.9 14 1 9.7 -12.3 5 0.5 1.1-3.4 14
Tryptophan 4.6 5 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 1 2.5 -6.5 12 4 -5.7 4 0.3 0.5-1.4 14
Isoleucine 18.9 20.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2.8 4.9 -23 13 2.9 14.7 -22 5 1.1 1-6.1 15
Valine 20.9 22.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2.7 7.3 -24.9 13 2.8 16.9 -23.7 5 1.1 1.5-5.8 15
Leucine 26.3 28.3 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 3.3 9.2 -34.4 13 3.5 22.8 -32 5 1.4 1.8-7.5 15
Phenylalanine 15.3 16.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.6 6.3 -20.8 13 1.7 14.1 -18.6 5 0.8 1.3-4.5 15
Tyrosine 11.8 12.7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 3.2 4.9 -17.3 11 9.7 -14.3 3 0.7 1-3.8 13
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 27.1 29.2 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 6.9 11.2 -38.1 11 23.8 -31.5 3 1.5 2.3-8.3 13
Histidine 9.3 10 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 2.2 3.9 -12.1 13 2.3 6.6 -13 5 0.4 0.8-2.9 15
Arginine 19.6 21.1 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 5.6 9.9 -26.7 13 6 12.8 -29.5 5 0.9 2-5.2 15
Alanine 28.6 30.8 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 7.2 7.3 -33.1 12 15.4 -35.1 4 1.6 1.5-6.9 13
Aspartic acid 35 37.7 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 9.9 10.3 -43.3 12 2.6 2.1-12.2 13
Glutamic acid 63.1 68 g/kg 14.3 g/16g N 20.6 31 -110 12 56.5 -80.2 4 3.4 6.2-20.3 13
Glycine 17 18.3 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 3.4 7.7 -20.6 12 15.4 -20.8 4 0.8 1.5-4.4 13
Serine 18.4 19.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 4.3 6.5 -22.9 12 16.3 -21.7 4 1 1.3-5.3 13
Proline 39.3 42.4 g/kg 8.9 g/16g N 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 20.1 21.6 g/kg 74 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 12.7 13.6 g/kg 66 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5 g/kg 69 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.5 g/kg 49 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.4 g/kg 63 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.7 g/kg 55 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 14.7 g/kg 72 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.9 14.9 g/kg 66 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 19.1 20.6 g/kg 73 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.1 10.9 g/kg 66 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.1 g/kg 64 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 17.7 19 g/kg 65 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.7 g/kg 77 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 15.3 16.5 g/kg 78 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 21 22.7 g/kg 74 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 26.3 28.4 g/kg 75 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 48.3 52.1 g/kg 77 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 11.4 12.3 g/kg 67 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 12.7 13.7 g/kg 69 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.3 26.2 g/kg 90 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.5 16.7 g/kg 81 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6 g/kg 84 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.4 g/kg 80 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.8 8.4 g/kg 83 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.3 g/kg 86 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.1 17.3 g/kg 85 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.6 18.9 g/kg 84 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.3 24.1 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.2 14.2 g/kg 86 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.2 11 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.4 25.2 g/kg 86 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.2 g/kg 82 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 18.6 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 25.1 27.1 g/kg 88 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 29.8 32.1 g/kg 85 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 55.5 59.8 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.4 15.6 g/kg 85 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.1 16.3 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 33.4 36 g/kg 85 %
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