Wheat bran

Byproduct of wheat flour production obtained by the milling of wheat grains (Triticum aestivum L., also known as Triticum aestivum L. subsp. aestivum). It consists principally of fragments of the outer skins and of particles of grain from which the greater part of the endosperm has been removed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 86.9 100 % - 1.9 82.1 -97.1 4411 1.8
Crude protein 15.3 17.6 % - 0.9 11 -19.6 5090 1 12.1 -21.4 4406
Crude fibre 9.2 10.6 % - 1.1 6 -13 4745 1.3 6.8 -15.1 4094
Crude fat 3.3 3.8 % - 0.4 2 -5 740 0.5 2.3 -5.7 706
Ash 4.9 5.6 % - 0.5 3 -7 1879 0.5 3.4 -7.9 1503
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.2 % - 0.2 0 -0.2 34 0.3 0.01 -1.6 34
NDF 39.8 45.8 % - 4.4 24.4 -52.5 661 5.1 22.8 -59.6 756
ADF 11.8 13.6 % - 1.4 7 -16.4 648 1.6 8.1 -18.7 758
Lignin 3.4 3.9 % - 0.6 1.8 -4.7 348 0.6 1.9 -5.2 447
Water insoluble cell walls 39 44.9 % - 4.9 27.3 -46.5 20 5.6 30.6 -52.7 19
Starch 19.3 22.3 % - 3.9 10.3 -37.7 4564 4.5 11.6 -40.4 3879
Total sugars 6.9 7.9 % - 1.3 2.9 -8.6 138 1.5 3.3 -9.8 137
Gross energy (kcal) 3930 4520 kcal/kg - 80 3680 -4150 32 70 4310 -4660 69
Gross energy (MJ) 16.4 18.9 MJ/kg - 0.3 15.4 -17.4 32 0.3 18 -19.5 69
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.4 0.2 -3 712 0.5 0.2 -3.5 702
Phosphorus 9.6 11 g/kg - 1.3 4.6 -11.4 102 1.5 5.2 -13.2 77
Phytate phosphorus 7.7 8.8 g/kg 80 % P 5.6 -14 4 50-86 3
Magnesium 3.6 4.2 g/kg - 0.8 1.9 -5.9 41 0.9 2.2 -6.7 55
Potassium 11.8 13.5 g/kg - 1.9 8.1 -17.6 65 2.2 8.9 -20 74
Sodium 0.07 0.08 g/kg - 0.06 0 -0.27 104 0.07 0 -0.4 117
Chlorine 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 0.2 0.4 -1.2 32 0.2 0.5 -1.4 40
Sulfur 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 0.5 1.6 -2.6 6 0.5 1.6 -2.9 16
Dietary cation-anion difference 165 190 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 282 324 mEq/kg -
Manganese 111 128 mg/kg - 30 58 -165 30 35 30 -188 44
Zinc 76 87 mg/kg - 24 11 -127 23 28 13 -145 37
Copper 11 13 mg/kg - 3 9 -16 26 4 2 -19 36
Iron 143 165 mg/kg - 62 72 -209 23 71 58 -433 26
Selenium 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.1 0.3 -0.7 6 0.2 0.3 -0.8 6
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 1 2 mg/kg - 0.7 1 -3 15
Iodine 0 0 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.6 5.3 g/kg 17.8 % FA 0.4 3.7 -4.8 5
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 4 4.6 g/kg 15.2 % FA 0.5 3.8 -5.2 5 0.6 4.2 -5.8 5 1.5 14.1-18.2 5
C18:2 linoleic acid 14.7 16.9 g/kg 56.4 % FA 1.4 14 -17.5 5 1.5 15.6 -19.3 5
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.5 1.8 g/kg 5.9 % FA 0.2 1.3 -1.9 5 0.3 1.5 -2.1 5 0.5 5.7-6.8 5
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1
Fatty acids 2.6 3 g/kg 80 % fat 3 75-84 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.5 0.6 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 18 21 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin K 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 8 9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 10 11 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 192 221 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 28 32 mg/kg -
Folic acid 1 2 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Choline 735 845 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Phytase activity 1760 2030 IU/kg - 1 1100 -3340 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.79 0.91 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.74 0.85 per kg -
PDIA Systali 33 37 g/kg -
PDI Systali 78 89 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 30 34 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.269 0.31 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2200 2530 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1390 1600 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1310 1500 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.2 10.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.8 6.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.5 6.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 69.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 67.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 73 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.81 0.93 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.77 0.88 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 29 33 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 75 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 32 37 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.75 0.86 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.69 0.8 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 38 44 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 83 95 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 24 27 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.78 0.9 per kg - 0.05 0.05 0.89 -1.06 7
UFV INRA 2007 0.72 0.83 per kg - 0.06 0.06 0.82 -1.02 7
PDIA INRA 2007 34 40 g/kg - 9 10 32 -64 8
PDIN INRA 2007 98 112 g/kg - 10 11 95 -130 8
PDIE INRA 2007 79 91 g/kg - 8
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2200 2530 kcal/kg - 230 260 2060 -3040 14
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.2 10.6 MJ/kg - 1 1.1 8.6 -12.7 14
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.6 % 5.1 66.4-81.3 17
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 68.7 % 4.7 64.5-77.4 14
N digestibility ruminants - 67 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 % 6 65-87 17
Immediately degradable N (a) - 35 % 15 13-55 7
Potentially degradable N (b) - 54 % 15 41-78 7
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.165 h-1 0.09 0.083-0.307 7
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 78 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 22 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.205 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 61 % 3 57-65 7
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 36 % 8 23-43 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 42 % 14 34-64 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1 0.016 0.067-0.108 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 72.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.2 8.3 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2220 2550 kcal/kg - 280 1920 -2900 14 320 2140 -3300 18
ME growing pig (kcal) 2100 2420 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 1480 1700 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2450 2820 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2290 2640 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1610 1850 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.3 10.7 MJ/kg - 1.2 8 -12.1 14 1.3 9 -13.8 18
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.8 10.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.2 7.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.3 11.8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.6 11 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.7 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 56.5 % 7 46.5-71 17
Energy digestibility adult pig - 62.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 60.3 % 5.6 54-73 9
OM digestibility adult pig - 66 %
N digestibility growing pig - 64.5 % 6.9 59.9-84.9 13
N digestibility adult pig - 73.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 68.5 % 6.7 61.9-82.1 11
Crude fat digestibility pig - 38.9 % 14.5 12-59 11
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2.4 2.8 g/kg 25 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 4.8 5.5 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1650 1900 kcal/kg - 340 1250 -1840 6 390 1270 -2530 16
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1570 1810 kcal/kg - 1670 -1870 3
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.9 8 MJ/kg - 1.4 5.2 -7.7 6 1.6 5.3 -10.6 16
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.6 7.6 MJ/kg - 7 -7.8 3
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 69 %
Energy digestibility horse - 66.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.77 0.88 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 103 119 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2710 3110 kcal/kg - 250 2560 -3280 11
ME rabbit (kcal) 2610 3000 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.3 13 MJ/kg - 1 10.7 -13.7 11
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.9 12.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 68.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 48.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 6.1 7 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.8 3.5 -8.8 80 1 4.1 -9.8 70 0.4 2.9-4.9 80
Threonine 4.9 5.6 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.7 3.6 -6.7 38 0.8 4.2 -7.4 29 0.2 2.9-3.8 38
Methionine 2.3 2.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.4 1.7 -3.6 62 0.4 2 -4 53 0.2 1.1-1.8 62
Cystine 3.2 3.7 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 0.3 2.1 -4 52 0.4 2.8 -4.6 44 0.3 1.5-2.6 53
Methionine + cystine 5.6 6.4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.5 4.2 -6.9 49 0.6 5.2 -7.7 42 0.2 3-4.1 50
Tryptophan 2 2.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.4 1.4 -3 21 0.5 1.7 -3.3 14 0.2 1.1-1.7 22
Isoleucine 4.9 5.6 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.8 4 -7 38 0.9 4.5 -7.7 31 0.2 2.6-3.6 40
Valine 6.9 7.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.8 5.5 -9.4 36 0.9 6.7 -10.2 28 0.3 3.8-5.4 37
Leucine 9.3 10.7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1.1 7.8 -12 36 1.2 9.1 -13.3 29 0.4 5.4-7.1 38
Phenylalanine 6.1 7 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.8 5 -8.1 36 0.9 5.7 -9 29 0.3 3.5-4.5 38
Tyrosine 4 4.6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 0.4 3 -4.9 26 0.5 3.6 -5.5 20 0.3 2.1-3 28
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 10.1 11.6 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 0.7 8.6 -11.8 20 0.8 10.4 -13.1 15 0.3 5.9-7.2 22
Histidine 4.1 4.7 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 0.5 3.3 -5.2 35 0.6 3.9 -5.8 28 0.3 2.1-3.1 37
Arginine 9.7 11.1 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 1.8 5.6 -14.4 34 2.1 6.5 -16 27 0.6 4.6-7.9 35
Alanine 6.8 7.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.8 4.6 -8.9 34 1 5.4 -9.8 28 0.3 3.8-5.3 35
Aspartic acid 10.1 11.6 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 1.8 6.6 -14.9 34 2 7.7 -16.6 26 0.5 5.4-7.9 34
Glutamic acid 30.8 35.5 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N 2.9 24.9 -36.7 33 3.4 28.7 -40 27 2.1 16.6-26.4 33
Glycine 7.4 8.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1 4.6 -9.8 35 1.1 5.4 -10.7 27 0.5 3.8-6.1 36
Serine 6.6 7.6 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.9 5.3 -8.6 36 1 6.2 -9.5 28 0.2 3.9-4.9 36
Proline 10.2 11.7 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 1 8 -12.2 23 1.1 9.4 -13.3 18 0.6 5.5-7.7 24
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.8 g/kg 68 % 192 4 -438 5 221 4.5 -500 5 8 61-86 12
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.7 g/kg 65 % 189 3.7 -428 5 7 61-80 12
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2.1 g/kg 76 % 222 1.7 -502 5 255 1.9 -573 5 5 72-88 12
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.7 g/kg 72 % 4 69-83 10
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.7 g/kg 74 % 3.8 -4.5 4 4.3 -5.1 4 5 72-84 10
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.7 g/kg 76 % 3 74-84 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4.2 g/kg 74 % 211 3.1 -480 5 243 3.5 -548 5 5 69-85 12
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.7 g/kg 72 % 5 65-82 12
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 7 8.1 g/kg 75 % 228 6.9 -523 5 263 7.8 -596 5 5 70-86 12
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.5 g/kg 79 % 278 4.8 -633 5 320 5.4 -722 5 5 74-88 12
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.7 g/kg 80 % 209 3 -475 5 240 3.4 -542 5 4 74-86 12
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 8 9.2 g/kg 79 % 7.8 -8.7 4 8.8 -9.8 4 4 74-86 10
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.7 g/kg 79 % 233 3 -529 5 268 3.3 -603 5 4 76-89 12
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 8.1 9.4 g/kg 84 % 219 7.8 -502 5 252 8.8 -573 5 5 77-94 12
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 5.1 g/kg 66 % 140 4.4 -320 5 161 4.9 -365 5 7 58-82 12
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 8.2 g/kg 71 % 156 6.9 -360 5 179 7.8 -410 5 7 65-86 12
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 26.5 30.5 g/kg 86 % 261 29.9 -615 5 4 77-92 12
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.5 g/kg 65 % 4.7 -5.8 4 5.3 -6.6 4 8 60-88 11
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.6 g/kg 74 % 174 4.4 -397 5 200 5 -453 5 5 70-87 12
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 8.2 9.4 g/kg 81 % 179 6.9 -412 5 206 7.9 -470 5 11 56-92 8
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 5.4 g/kg 77 % 46-79 2
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 71 % 54-73 2
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.2 g/kg 80 % 54-82 2
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.8 g/kg 75 % 65-76 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.9 g/kg 77 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.8 g/kg 76 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.4 g/kg 79 % 54-81 2
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.9 g/kg 75 % 47-76 2
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 8.3 g/kg 77 % 56-79 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.7 5.5 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 72 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.8 g/kg 76 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.5 g/kg 74 % 54-78 2
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.8 g/kg 79 % 54-83 2
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.8 g/kg 74 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.7 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 26.6 30.6 g/kg 86 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 6.1 g/kg 72 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.7 g/kg 75 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 9 g/kg 77 % 1
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 0.65 0.75 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0.48 0.55 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 74 85 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0018 0.0021 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.68 0.78 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.23 0.26 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML