Fish meal, protein 65%

Fish product or fishery byproduct obtained by processing whole or parts of fish. This type of fish meal contains 63-68% protein (as fed). Note: it is recommended to check the regulatory status of this product before using it for livestock feeding.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.1 100 % - 1.8 83.1 -98.9 1811 2.8
Crude protein 65.2 70.7 % - 3.3 61.1 -68.9 161 3.3 57.4 -76.3 103
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.5 0 -1.9 25 0.5 0 -2.1 31
Crude fat 9.2 10 % - 1.5 1.9 -15.2 1014 1.6 2.1 -16.6 1000
Ash 16.8 18.2 % - 2.8 6.7 -27.9 1702 3 7.3 -33.8 1702
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.5 % - 1.1 0.02 -5.3 118 1.1 0.02 -5.7 116
NDF 5.3 5.8 % - 2.4 2.6 3.1 -9 5
ADF 0.5 0.5 % - 1 0.5 0 -1.6 7
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.1 0.2 0 -0.3 6
Water insoluble cell walls 4.5 4.9 % -
Starch 0 0 % - 0 -1.7 2 1
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 4510 4890 kcal/kg - 210 4370 -4970 19 210 4670 -5460 26
Gross energy (MJ) 18.9 20.5 MJ/kg - 0.9 18.3 -20.8 19 0.9 19.5 -22.9 26
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 41.3 44.8 g/kg - 10.8 11.8 -80.1 1046 11.7 12.9 -83.8 1034
Phosphorus 26.4 28.6 g/kg - 3.9 15.3 -43.4 1109 4.2 16.3 -46.3 1027
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 2.2 2.4 g/kg - 0.6 0.7 -4 21 0.6 0.8 -4.3 27
Potassium 7.9 8.5 g/kg - 2 3.3 -15.7 81 2.2 4.7 -14.5 76
Sodium 10.57 11.47 g/kg - 2.92 3.2 -19.8 365 3.16 3.77 -20.91 335
Chlorine 16.4 17.8 g/kg - 6.1 1.4 -34 713 6.6 1.5 -37.4 660
Sulfur 7.1 7.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -247 -268 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 200 217 mEq/kg -
Manganese 18 19 mg/kg - 10 3 -37 29 10 3 -41 24
Zinc 99 107 mg/kg - 18 56 -381 33 19 74 -147 24
Copper 11 12 mg/kg - 21 3 -108 28 23 3 -115 22
Iron 352 382 mg/kg - 157 81 -715 51 171 90 -758 43
Selenium 0.4 0.4 mg/kg - 0.4 -0.5 3 0.4 -0.5 3
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 1 0.09 -3 7 2 0.1 -4 7
Molybdenum 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.2 -0.5 2 0.2 -0.5 2
Iodine 2 2 mg/kg - 1 -3 3 1 -4 3
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.09 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 -0.1 2 0.1-0.2 2
C14:0 myristic acid 4.1 4.4 g/kg 6 % FA 1.6 3.7 -4.1 3 1.7 4 -7.5 5 2.3 2.8-11.2 15
C16:0 palmitic acid 12 13 g/kg 17.8 % FA 2.5 11.4 -12.3 3 2.7 12.5 -19.1 5 4.7 10.3-28.2 15
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 4.8 5.3 g/kg 7.2 % FA 2.1 4.2 -8.5 5 2.3 4.2-12.3 15
C18:0 stearic acid 2.4 2.6 g/kg 3.6 % FA 1.6 0.6-6.4 15
C18:1 oleic acid 8.2 9 g/kg 12.3 % FA 3.9 5.5-20.2 15
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.4 1.5 g/kg 2.1 % FA 0.4 1.3 -1.5 3 0.5 0.5 -1.6 5 1.3 0.7-4.5 6
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 -1.6 2 1.5-2.2 2
C18:4 stearidonic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.7 -1.4 2 1-1.9 2
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.2 -0.3 2 0.3-0.4 2
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 4.5 4.8 g/kg 6.6 % FA 4.7 0.6-12.9 9
C20:4 arachidonic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 2.4 % FA 1.3 -2 2 2-2.8 2
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 6 6.6 g/kg 9 % FA 4 -8.8 2 5.9-12.1 2
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1 -0.2 2 0.2-0.4 2
C22:1 erucic acid 5.2 5.6 g/kg 7.7 % FA 6 0.4-16.9 8
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 1.8 1.9 g/kg 2.6 % FA 1.3 -2.5 2 1.9-3.4 2
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 4.4 4.8 g/kg 6.6 % FA 2.6 -6.8 2 3.9-9.3 2
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 6.7 7.3 g/kg 73 % fat 69-77 4
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 2 2.2 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 5.2 5.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 7.2 7.9 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.2 4.6 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B12 311 338 µg/kg -
Niacin 117 127 mg/kg - 1 1
Pantothenic acid 12 13 mg/kg - 1 1
Folic acid 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 3812 4138 mg/kg - 733 2800 -5250 9 791 3111 -5515 9
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.28 1.38 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.31 1.42 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 277 300 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 319 346 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 247 269 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.395 0.429 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3320 3600 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2250 2440 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2300 2490 kcal/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 46 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.3 1.41 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.34 1.45 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 258 280 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 302 328 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 266 289 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.23 1.33 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.24 1.35 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 302 327 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 342 372 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 220 239 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.11 1.2 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.09 1.18 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 302 328 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 473 513 g/kg - 1 509 -557 2
PDIE INRA 2007 331 359 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3000 3260 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.6 13.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 95.3 % 93-97.7 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 95.9 %
N digestibility ruminants - 81 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 % 8 31-54 10
Immediately degradable N (a) - 30 % 8 17-48 16
Potentially degradable N (b) - 41 % 24 15-120 16
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.061 h-1 0.062 0.006-0.21 16
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 47 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 % 8-29 4
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 36 % 21-57 4
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.126 h-1 0.05-0.21 4
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 23.7 25.8 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 22.7 24.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1106 1200 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1190 1292 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 324 352 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 253 275 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.4 5.8 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.9 2.1 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 65 70.6 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.04 4.39 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.23 2.42 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.11 2.29 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.32 2.51 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.64 1.78 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 48 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 51 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.8 8.5 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 438 475 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 34 37 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3830 4160 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3460 3760 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2240 2430 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3830 4160 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3460 3750 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2230 2420 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16 17.4 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16 17.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.5 15.7 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.5 15.7 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.4 10.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.4 10.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16 17.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16 17.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.5 15.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.5 15.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 85 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85 %
N digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 89 % 6.3 79.6-96.3 10
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 20.3 22.1 g/kg 77 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 20.3 22.1 g/kg 77 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3180 3460 kcal/kg - 3080 -3870 4 3380 -4410 4
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3180 3460 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13.3 14.5 MJ/kg - 12.9 -16.2 4 14.1 -18.5 4
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13.3 14.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.3 14.5 MJ/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.3 14.5 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 22.4 24.3 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 22.4 24.3 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 4260 4620 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3680 3990 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 17.8 19.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 15.4 16.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 94.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 74.8 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3890 4220 kcal/kg - 360 3250 -4470 7 390 3630 -4720 7
DE salmonids (MJ) 16.3 17.7 MJ/kg - 1.5 13.6 -18.7 7 1.6 15.2 -19.8 7
DE salmonids (MJ) 16.3 17.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 86.3 % 8.1 71.8-93 7
N digestibility salmonids - 90.2 %
Digestible P salmonids 12.5 13.5 g/kg 47 % 8.2 -22.8 3 8.6 -24 3 29-67 3
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 48.9 53.1 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 5.5 26.8 -59.9 150 5.9 35.7 -69 133 0.8 4.2-9.7 149
Threonine 27 29.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 3 17.1 -34.4 128 3.2 18.6 -39 118 0.4 2.7-5.3 135
Methionine 17.7 19.2 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 3.1 8.5 -22.8 108 3.4 0.4 -24.8 100 0.4 1.3-3.4 116
Cystine 5.6 6.1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1.1 3.9 -9 80 1.2 1.2 -10 70 0.1 0.5-1.4 85
Methionine + cystine 23.3 25.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 4 17.7 -30.7 81 4.3 1.6 -33 70 0.4 2.1-4.5 86
Tryptophan 6.5 7.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2.5 3.8 -9.2 43 2.7 3.7 -20.9 32 0.2 0.6-1.3 47
Isoleucine 27 29.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 3.8 17.1 -35.4 128 4.1 14 -39.2 120 0.5 2.3-5.3 137
Valine 32.4 35.2 g/kg 5 g/16g N 3.3 21 -41 127 3.5 22.8 -44.7 116 0.4 3.3-6.3 133
Leucine 46.7 50.7 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 4.5 32 -55.6 128 4.8 34.8 -61.2 117 0.5 5-8.6 134
Phenylalanine 25.4 27.6 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 2.5 17.1 -31.4 126 2.7 18.6 -34.8 117 0.3 2.7-4.7 134
Tyrosine 19.8 21.5 g/kg 3 g/16g N 2.7 14 -25.1 105 2.9 10.4 -27.1 96 0.4 1.7-3.7 112
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 45.2 49.1 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 4.4 37.9 -55.2 105 4.6 32.4 -61.3 95 0.5 5.6-8.2 111
Histidine 16.3 17.7 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 4.7 5.9 -27.7 74 5.1 10.1 -30.6 65 0.7 0.9-4.3 82
Arginine 40.5 43.9 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 6.3 24.1 -62.9 121 6.8 19.5 -68.1 111 0.9 3.2-9.1 128
Alanine 40.9 44.4 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 3.1 26.7 -49 125 3.3 29 -53.7 111 0.4 4.2-7.8 129
Aspartic acid 59.3 64.3 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 7.3 40.8 -77.7 125 7.9 44.3 -84.3 111 1 6.4-11.5 129
Glutamic acid 81.8 88.8 g/kg 12.6 g/16g N 7.6 54.8 -102 125 8 59.5 -113 111 1 8.6-15.8 129
Glycine 43.3 47 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 5.3 25.4 -83.6 123 5.7 27.6 -70.1 111 1.1 4-12.9 128
Serine 25.3 27.5 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 3.1 17.1 -43.1 124 3.4 12.4 -38 111 0.5 2.1-6.8 129
Proline 28.1 30.5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 3.5 19.3 -51.1 54 3.7 21 -42.5 42 0.8 3-8 59
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 45.6 49.6 g/kg 93 % 5.3 42.3 -53.8 5 5.7 45.6 -58.8 5 4 85-98 10
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 24.7 26.8 g/kg 92 % 5.4 14.5 -28.2 6 5.9 15.7 -31.2 6 7 79-99 10
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 16.4 17.8 g/kg 93 % 1.1 15.8 -18.4 5 1.2 17 -20 5 4 87-98 10
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.2 g/kg 86 % 1 3.3 -6 6 1.1 3.6 -6.5 6 7 76-96 10
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 21.2 23.1 g/kg 91 % 4 86-97 10
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.3 g/kg 89 % 8 79-97 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 25.1 27.2 g/kg 93 % 5.3 14.9 -28.8 6 5.7 16.1 -31.5 6 4 86-98 10
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 29.8 32.4 g/kg 92 % 2.1 28.7 -33.3 5 2.2 30.8 -36.3 5 5 83-98 10
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 43.6 47.4 g/kg 94 % 3.1 42.7 -49.4 5 3.2 45.8 -53.9 5 4 85-98 10
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 23.4 25.4 g/kg 92 % 1.8 22.9 -26.9 5 1.9 24.5 -29.4 5 4 85-98 10
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 18.3 19.8 g/kg 92 % 4 11.8 -22 6 4.3 12.9 -24.1 6 5 84-98 10
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 41.7 45.3 g/kg 92 % 3.7 45.1 -53.4 5 5 85-98 10
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 14.5 15.7 g/kg 89 % 6.9 10.6 -24.6 5 7.5 11.5 -27.5 5 5 82-95 10
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 38.1 41.4 g/kg 94 % 3.1 32.6 -39.8 5 3.3 35.2 -43.4 5 4 87-99 10
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 37.8 41 g/kg 92 % 3.3 33.9 -41.3 5 3.5 36.5 -45.1 5 5 84-99 10
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 52.2 56.6 g/kg 88 % 3.8 50.8 -58.6 5 4 54.7 -64 5 8 71-96 10
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 76.5 83.1 g/kg 94 % 14.8 47.5 -85.2 6 16 51.7 -93 6 5 85-99 10
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 38.6 41.9 g/kg 89 % 6.4 35.6 -48.3 5 6.9 38.3 -54.1 5 7 78-98 10
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 23 25 g/kg 91 % 2 22.7 -28.1 5 2.1 24.5 -30.1 5 7 77-98 10
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 26.1 28.3 g/kg 93 % 4.6 16.6 -28.7 6 5 18.1 -32.2 6 6 83-100 9
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 43.3 47 g/kg 89 % 87-92 4
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.9 26 g/kg 89 % 83-96 4
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 17 g/kg 89 % 85-93 4
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 74 % 69-84 4
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.8 21.5 g/kg 85 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.3 g/kg 90 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.7 25.7 g/kg 88 % 85-90 4
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 28 30.4 g/kg 86 % 84-92 4
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 41.6 45.2 g/kg 89 % 87-94 4
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.3 24.2 g/kg 88 % 86-91 4
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 18.7 g/kg 87 % 83-93 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 39.5 42.9 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.4 15.6 g/kg 89 % 85-93 4
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 36.2 39.2 g/kg 89 % 88-91 4
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 36.2 39.3 g/kg 88 % 84-95 4
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 47.5 51.5 g/kg 80 % 75-90 4
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 71.8 78 g/kg 88 % 84-92 4
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 33.4 36.3 g/kg 77 % 76-78 2
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.2 23 g/kg 84 % 77-91 4
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 23.9 25.9 g/kg 85 % 78-88 3
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