Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter

Dehydrated aerial part of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), containing between 19% and 22% protein (in dry matter).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.8 100 % - 1.1 85.8 -96.1 279 1.8
Crude protein 18.3 20.1 % - 0.7 17.5 -20 316 0.7 19 -21.9 266
Crude fibre 23 25.4 % - 3.2 13.7 -33.4 339 3.5 15.3 -35.7 258
Crude fat 2.7 3 % - 0.5 1.4 -4.3 198 0.6 1.6 -4.9 205
Ash 11.9 13.1 % - 1.3 8.1 -16.8 182 1.4 9 -18 135
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 0.4 0.3 -1.3 23 0.4 0.3 -1.5 19
NDF 38.1 41.9 % - 5 27.1 -54 239 5.5 30.3 -54.7 208
ADF 26.8 29.5 % - 3.8 8.6 -41.2 239 4.1 19.7 -41.3 209
Lignin 7.1 7.9 % - 1.5 3.3 -14.3 192 1.6 4.9 -13 172
Water insoluble cell walls 39.5 43.5 % - 1 1
Starch 2.8 3.1 % - 1.3 0.5 -4.5 9 1.4 0.6 -4.9 10
Starch, enzymatic method 0.09 0.1 % -
Total sugars 3.2 3.5 % - 1.8 1.7 -6.1 5 1.9 1.9 -6.8 5
Gross energy (kcal) 4020 4420 kcal/kg - 1 60 4340 -4530 7
Gross energy (MJ) 16.8 18.5 MJ/kg - 1 0.3 18.2 -19 7
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 22.8 25.1 g/kg - 4.8 8.9 -41 390 5.3 10 -45.2 375
Phosphorus 2.5 2.7 g/kg - 0.4 1.5 -3.7 321 0.5 1.6 -3.9 307
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.1 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 0.5 1.4 -4 52 0.5 1.6 -4.3 52
Potassium 24.6 27.1 g/kg - 3.3 13 -32 52 3.6 18.9 -35.6 43
Sodium 0.39 0.43 g/kg - 0.35 0.09 -1.79 32 0.38 0.1 -1.4 23
Chlorine 5.7 6.3 g/kg - 1.6 3 -9.3 30 1.7 4.6 -10.6 15
Sulfur 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 3.1 0.2 -8.8 8 3.4 0.2 -9.9 9
Dietary cation-anion difference 313 345 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 488 537 mEq/kg -
Manganese 32 35 mg/kg - 12 21 -43 7 13 22 -60 9
Zinc 30 33 mg/kg - 13 18 -64 33 14 19 -70 31
Copper 6 6 mg/kg - 2 2 -10 31 3 2 -11 31
Iron 313 345 mg/kg - 258 157 -1051 20 284 174 -1159 21
Selenium 0.2 0.3 mg/kg - 0.08 0.1 -0.3 11 0.09 0.04 -0.3 12
Cobalt 0.9 0.9 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.7 0.1-1.9 7
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.5 % FA 1.1 0.4-3.1 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.3 2.5 g/kg 16.6 % FA 3 13.3-21.3 8
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1.2 0.2-3.8 8
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 2.8 % FA 1.1 1.3-4.8 8
C18:1 oleic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 7.6 % FA 2.8 3.4-11.7 8
C18:2 linoleic acid 4 4.4 g/kg 29.3 % FA 7.4 17.6-40 8
C18:3 linolenic acid 4.9 5.4 g/kg 35.8 % FA 8.3 25.7-51.4 8
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.04 % FA 1
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.3 0.4-1.1 8
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0-0.4 8
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.04 % FA 0.07 0-0.2 8
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.07 % FA 0-0.2 3
C22:0 behenic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.9 % FA 0.7 0.3-2.3 8
C22:1 erucic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.09 % FA 0.1 0-0.4 8
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.07 % FA 0.2 0-0.5 8
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0.01 % FA 0.03 0-0.09 8
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 1 % FA 0.9 0-2.8 8
Fatty acids 1.4 1.5 g/kg 50 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 55.2 60.8 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 123 135 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin K 20 22 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3.1 3.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 12.3 13.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 286 315 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 23.62 26 µg/kg -
Niacin 40.9 45 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 30.6 33.7 mg/kg -
Folic acid 1.5 1.7 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Choline 1422 1565 mg/kg -
Xanthophylls 302 332 mg/kg - 81 30 -445 139 89 111 -483 48
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.72 0.8 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.66 0.72 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 54 60 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 97 107 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 30 33 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.343 0.378 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2050 2260 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1270 1400 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1150 1270 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.5 9.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 5.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 64.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.75 0.82 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.68 0.75 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 49 54 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 93 103 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 35 39 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.68 0.75 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.61 0.67 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 62 68 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 104 115 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 21 23 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.69 0.76 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.69 0.75 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.62 0.68 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.61 0.67 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 61 67 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 119 131 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 100 110 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2010 2210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.3 9.2 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.4 9.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 66.2 % 6.8 53.9-71.6 5
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 63.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 71 % 5.8 63.8-79.4 5
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 75 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 65.3 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 57 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.09 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 50-71 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 25-39 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 47 % 37-57 3
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1 0.035-0.119 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 65.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.8 2 g/kg 74 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.8 7.5 g/kg 30 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 694 764 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 679 748 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 75 83 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 39 43 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.4 3.7 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.1 1.2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 48.6 53.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.26 2.48 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.01 1.11 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.95 1.04 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.08 1.19 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.57 0.62 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 38 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 43 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 4.9 5.4 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 152 168 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 5 5 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1860 2040 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1730 1900 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 990 1090 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1990 2200 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1810 1990 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1050 1160 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg - 1
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.2 8 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.1 4.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.2 4.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 8.3 9.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9 9.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.2 9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.6 8.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.8 5.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.4 4.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46.2 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 49.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 51.5 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 55 %
N digestibility growing pig - 39.3 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 43.8 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 30.6 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.7 0.8 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.1 1.2 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1150 1260 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1120 1230 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.8 5.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 2.1 2.3 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 2.1 2.3 g/kg 85 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 65.3 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 60.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.6 0.66 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 111 122 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1950 2140 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 1810 1990 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8 8.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.1 9 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.6 8.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.4 8.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 48.4 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 61.2 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2270 2500 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 9.5 10.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 56.5 %
N digestibility salmonids - 84.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.5 9.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.6 8.4 -10.5 11 0.3 4.5-5.4 12
Threonine 7.1 7.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Cystine 2.2 2.5 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.5 5 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N
Tryptophan 2.6 2.9 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.2 1.1-1.5 5
Isoleucine 7.4 8.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.1 6.7 -8.2 4 1.2 7.4 -10.4 5 0.6 3.6-5.2 5
Valine 11 12.1 g/kg 6 g/16g N 2.1 9.2 -14.3 5 2.3 9.9 -15.9 6 1 5.1-7.5 6
Leucine 13.2 14.6 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 12.6 -16.6 4 13.9 -17.8 4 6.8-8.6 4
Phenylalanine 8.5 9.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 8.2 -9.6 2 8.8 -10.7 3 4.5-5.4 3
Tyrosine 5.8 6.3 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 6.2 -7.5 3 3.1-3.5 3
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 14.3 15.7 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 1
Histidine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.9 2.3 -4.6 5 0.5 1.1-2.3 5
Arginine 7.7 8.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 6.6 -9.6 3 7.5 -10.1 4 3.5-5.1 4
Alanine 9.2 10.2 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 9 -10.4 4 1.1 9.8 -12.6 5 0.6 4.8-6.4 5
Aspartic acid 18.5 20.3 g/kg 10.1 g/16g N 2 15.5 -22.3 5 2.2 18 -23.4 6 1.3 8.5-11.5 6
Glutamic acid 17.1 18.8 g/kg 9.4 g/16g N 2.4 15.4 -19.4 4 2.6 17.3 -23.6 5 1.3 8.4-11.9 5
Glycine 8.1 8.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 4.1-4.5 2
Serine 7.5 8.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 8.3 -9.4 2
Proline 7.6 8.3 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 7 -10.2 3 7.8 -10.7 3 3.8-5.3 3
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.7 g/kg 61 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.1 g/kg 66 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 76 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 0.9 g/kg 35 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.8 g/kg 55 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 46 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 5.8 g/kg 71 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.3 g/kg 68 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.7 10.7 g/kg 73 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.8 g/kg 73 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 69 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 11.2 g/kg 71 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2 g/kg 61 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.6 g/kg 78 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 7.1 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 14.3 15.7 g/kg 77 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 12.1 13.4 g/kg 71 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.8 g/kg 53 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.4 g/kg 65 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.3 g/kg 64 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.2 g/kg 67 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.6 5.1 g/kg 65 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.7 g/kg 68 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.5 g/kg 62 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.2 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 63 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 66 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 7.9 g/kg 65 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 9.3 g/kg 64 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6 g/kg 64 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 65 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.2 10.1 g/kg 64 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 64 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 63 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 6.8 g/kg 67 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.8 13 g/kg 64 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.1 12.2 g/kg 65 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 5.9 g/kg 66 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.3 g/kg 64 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 65 %
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