Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 19-22% dry matter

Dehydrated aerial part of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), containing between 19% and 22% protein (in dry matter).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.8 100 % - 2 85.8 -96.1 273 1.8
Crude protein 18.2 20.1 % - 0.7 17.5 -20 311 0.7 19 -21.9 261
Crude fibre 23.7 26.1 % - 3.2 13.7 -33.4 334 3.5 15.3 -35.7 253
Crude fat 2.7 3 % - 0.5 1.4 -4.3 197 0.6 1.6 -4.9 204
Ash 11.9 13.1 % - 1.3 8.1 -16.8 177 1.4 9 -18 130
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 0.4 0.3 -1.3 23 0.4 0.3 -1.5 19
NDF 38.7 42.6 % - 5 27.1 -54 238 5.5 30.3 -54.7 207
ADF 27.5 30.2 % - 3.8 8.6 -41.2 238 4.1 19.7 -41.3 208
Lignin 7.3 8 % - 1.5 3.3 -14.3 192 1.6 4.9 -13 172
Water insoluble cell walls 40 44.1 % - 1 1
Starch 2.8 3.1 % - 1.3 0.5 -4.5 9 1.4 0.6 -4.9 10
Total sugars 3.2 3.5 % - 1.8 1.7 -6.1 5 1.9 1.9 -6.8 5
Gross energy (kcal) 4020 4430 kcal/kg - 1 60 4340 -4530 7
Gross energy (MJ) 16.8 18.5 MJ/kg - 1 0.3 18.2 -19 7
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 22.7 25 g/kg - 4.8 8.9 -41 390 5.3 10 -45.2 375
Phosphorus 2.5 2.7 g/kg - 0.4 1.5 -3.7 321 0.5 1.6 -3.9 307
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.1 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 0.5 1.4 -4 52 0.5 1.6 -4.3 52
Potassium 24.6 27.1 g/kg - 3.3 13 -32 52 3.6 18.9 -35.6 43
Sodium 0.39 0.43 g/kg - 0.35 0.09 -1.79 32 0.38 0.1 -1.4 23
Chlorine 5.7 6.3 g/kg - 1.6 3 -9.3 30 1.7 4.6 -10.6 15
Sulfur 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 3.1 0.2 -8.8 8 3.4 0.2 -9.9 9
Dietary cation-anion difference 313 344 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 488 537 mEq/kg -
Manganese 32 35 mg/kg - 12 21 -43 7 13 22 -60 9
Zinc 30 33 mg/kg - 13 18 -64 33 14 19 -70 31
Copper 6 6 mg/kg - 2 2 -10 31 3 2 -11 31
Iron 313 345 mg/kg - 258 157 -1051 20 284 174 -1159 21
Selenium 0.2 0.3 mg/kg - 0.08 0.1 -0.3 11 0.09 0.04 -0.3 12
Cobalt 0.9 0.9 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 1 2 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 0.5-2.6 5
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.5 3.8 g/kg 25.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.4 % FA 0.7 0.2-1.9 5
C18:0 stearic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 3.8 % FA 1.1 1.9-4.8 5
C18:1 oleic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 4.4 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 19.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 5 5.5 g/kg 37 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 3.6 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.5 0-1.2 5
Fatty acids 1.4 1.5 g/kg 50 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 55.2 60.8 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 123 135 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin K 20 22 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 12 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 286 315 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 24 26 µg/kg -
Niacin 41 45 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 31 34 mg/kg -
Folic acid 2 2 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Choline 1421 1565 mg/kg -
Xanthophylls 301 332 mg/kg - 81 30 -445 139 89 111 -483 48
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.71 0.79 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.64 0.71 per kg -
PDIA Systali 54 60 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 97 107 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 30 33 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.343 0.378 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2030 2230 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1260 1380 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1130 1250 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.5 9.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.3 5.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 64.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 61.3 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.74 0.81 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.67 0.74 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 49 54 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 93 102 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 35 39 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.67 0.74 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.59 0.65 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 62 68 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 104 115 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 21 23 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.69 0.75 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.61 0.67 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 60 67 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 119 131 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 99 109 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1990 2190 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 8.3 9.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 65.5 % 6.8 53.9-71.6 5
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 62.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70.9 % 5.8 63.8-79.4 5
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 75 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 65 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 57 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.09 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 50-71 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 25-39 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 47 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 65.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.8 2 g/kg 74 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.8 7.5 g/kg 30 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1880 2070 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1760 1930 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1000 1100 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2150 2370 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1960 2160 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1140 1260 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.2 4.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 9 9.9 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 8.2 9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.8 5.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 46.9 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 53.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 52.2 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 59 %
N digestibility growing pig - 38.3 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 47.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 30.2 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1130 1250 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.7 5.2 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 2.1 2.3 g/kg 85 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 65 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 60.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.59 0.65 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 111 122 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1910 2110 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 1780 1960 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8 8.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.4 8.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 47.6 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 60.7 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.5 9.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.6 8.4 -10.5 11 0.3 4.5-5.4 12
Threonine 7.1 7.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Cystine 2.2 2.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.5 5 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N
Tryptophan 2.6 2.9 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.2 1.1-1.5 5
Isoleucine 7.4 8.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.1 6.7 -8.2 4 1.2 7.4 -10.4 5 0.6 3.6-5.2 5
Valine 11 12.1 g/kg 6 g/16g N 2.1 9.2 -14.3 5 2.3 9.9 -15.9 6 1 5.1-7.5 6
Leucine 13.2 14.6 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 12.6 -16.6 4 13.9 -17.8 4 6.8-8.6 4
Phenylalanine 8.5 9.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 8.2 -9.6 2 8.8 -10.7 3 4.5-5.4 3
Tyrosine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 6.2 -7.5 3 3.1-3.5 3
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 14.3 15.7 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 1
Histidine 2.9 3.2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.9 2.3 -4.6 5 0.5 1.1-2.3 5
Arginine 7.7 8.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 6.6 -9.6 3 7.5 -10.1 4 3.5-5.1 4
Alanine 9.2 10.2 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1 9 -10.4 4 1.1 9.8 -12.6 5 0.6 4.8-6.4 5
Aspartic acid 18.5 20.3 g/kg 10.1 g/16g N 2 15.5 -22.3 5 2.2 18 -23.4 6 1.3 8.5-11.5 6
Glutamic acid 17.1 18.8 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 2.4 15.4 -19.4 4 2.6 17.3 -23.6 5 1.3 8.4-11.9 5
Glycine 8.1 8.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.1-4.5 2
Serine 7.5 8.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 8.3 -9.4 2
Proline 7.6 8.3 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 7 -10.2 3 7.8 -10.7 3 3.8-5.3 3
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.7 g/kg 61 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.1 g/kg 66 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 76 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.8 g/kg 71 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.3 g/kg 68 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.7 10.7 g/kg 73 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.8 g/kg 73 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 69 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 11.2 g/kg 71 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2 g/kg 61 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.6 g/kg 78 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 6.5 7.1 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 14.3 15.7 g/kg 77 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 12.1 13.3 g/kg 71 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.3 4.8 g/kg 53 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.4 g/kg 65 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.2 g/kg 67 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.6 5.1 g/kg 65 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.7 g/kg 68 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.5 g/kg 62 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.2 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.8 g/kg 63 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 66 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.2 7.9 g/kg 65 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 9.3 g/kg 64 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6 g/kg 64 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 65 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.2 10.1 g/kg 64 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 64 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 63 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 6.8 g/kg 67 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.8 13 g/kg 64 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.1 12.2 g/kg 65 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 5.9 g/kg 66 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.3 g/kg 64 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 65 %
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