Pea, extruded

Extruded seeds of pea (Pisum sativum L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.2 100 % - 2.2 86.6 -94.8 27
Crude protein 20.3 23.3 % - 1.3 18.6 -25.4 22 1.4 21.2 -27.3 25
Crude fibre 5.6 6.4 % - 0.5 4.6 -6 19 0.5 4.9 -6.7 20
Crude fat 1.2 1.4 % - 0.3 0.6 -1.6 19 0.3 0.7 -1.9 20
Ash 3.1 3.5 % - 0.3 3 -3.8 20 0.3 3.3 -4.3 22
Insoluble ash 0.06 0.07 % -
NDF 12.7 14.6 % -
ADF 6.4 7.3 % -
Lignin 0.4 0.5 % - 0.2 -0.4 2 0.2 -0.5 2
Water insoluble cell walls 13.1 15 % -
Starch 44.7 51.3 % - 2.1 40.5 -52 23 2 48 -56.2 21
Starch, enzymatic method 37.7 43.2 % - 1
Total sugars 4.2 4.8 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 3810 4370 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16 18.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1 1.2 g/kg -
Phosphorus 3.8 4.4 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 1.7 2 g/kg 45 % P 0.9 0.9 -4.1 33 1 0.8 -4.8 47 12 20-69 35
Magnesium 1.1 1.3 g/kg -
Potassium 9.9 11.4 g/kg -
Sodium 0.04 0.04 g/kg -
Chlorine 1 1.1 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.9 2.2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 110 126 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 227 261 mEq/kg -
Manganese 13 15 mg/kg -
Zinc 34 39 mg/kg -
Copper 7 8 mg/kg -
Iron 94 108 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.01 0.01 mg/kg - 0.01 -0.01 2 0.01 -0.01 2
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0.08 -0.09 4 0.1 -0.1 4
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.09 -0.5 5 0.2 0.1 -0.6 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.1 0.3-0.6 6
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.4 1.6 g/kg 14.3 % FA 0.3 0.8 -2.4 29 0.4 0.9 -2.7 25 2.3 9.9-28.5 90
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.09 0.2 -0.7 30 0.1 0.2 -0.7 26 3.4 1.2-26.4 90
C18:1 oleic acid 2.5 2.8 g/kg 24.8 % FA 0.7 2 -5.5 28 0.8 2.6 -6.3 25 4.9 12.8-36.3 88
C18:2 linoleic acid 4.7 5.4 g/kg 47.3 % FA 0.8 4.1 -8 29 0.9 4.7 -8.3 27 5.9 20.9-60.9 89
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 8.8 % FA 0.2 0.7 -1.6 23 0.2 0.9 -1.9 19 2 5.4-13.9 84
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.6 % FA 0.7-3.3 3
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.5-0.6 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.3-0.3 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.2-0.3 2
Fatty acids 1 1.1 g/kg 82 % fat 4 78-89 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 4.2 4.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4.5 5.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1.8 2.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.1 4.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 25 28.6 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 14.3 16.4 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.8 1 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 15.7 18 mg/kg -
Choline 598 685 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 130 150 IU/kg - 60 10 -290 26 70 10 -340 27
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.07 1.23 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 61 70 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 112 128 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 51 58 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.118 0.135 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2750 3160 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1850 2120 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1890 2160 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.8 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 9.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 70 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 80 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.07 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.09 1.25 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 54 62 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 106 122 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 55 63 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.02 1.17 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.03 1.18 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 72 83 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 121 139 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 42 49 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.02 1.17 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.06 1.22 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.02 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 71 82 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 147 169 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 122 140 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2720 3120 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.4 13.1 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.6 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 89.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 68 % 65-71 3
Immediately degradable N (a) - 15 % 13-18 3
Potentially degradable N (b) - 74 % 71-75 3
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.163 h-1 0.15-0.18 3
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 87 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 70 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 30 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.074 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 82 % 80-84 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 48 % 37-54 3
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 46 % 41-53 3
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.177 h-1 0.14-0.25 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.8 3.2 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.6 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1021 1171 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1122 1286 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 124 142 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 38 44 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 6.3 7.2 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 73.9 84.8 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.38 3.88 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.76 2.02 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.67 1.91 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.9 2.18 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.31 1.5 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 29 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 35 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.2 8.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 177 203 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 4 5 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3370 3860 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3220 3690 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2350 2690 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3490 4000 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3300 3780 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2410 2770 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.1 16.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.8 11.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.6 16.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.8 15.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.1 11.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 88.4 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 90.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 93.2 %
N digestibility growing pig - 83.1 %
N digestibility adult pig - 86.5 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 80 % 3.6 64.9-88.3 56
Crude fat digestibility pig - 10.9 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.8 2.1 g/kg 47 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.7 3.1 g/kg 71 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2510 2880 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2450 2810 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.5 12 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10.2 11.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1 1.1 g/kg 26 % P
Available P broiler 1 1.1 g/kg 26 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 85.6 %
Energy digestibility horse - 82.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.93 1.07 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 157 180 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3030 3480 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2820 3230 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.7 14.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.8 13.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.5 %
N digestibility rabbit - 85.3 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2630 3010 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 11 12.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 68.9 %
N digestibility salmonids - 87.9 %
Digestible P salmonids 1.6 1.9 g/kg 43 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.8 17 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 14.7 -16 2 16.7 -18 2
Threonine 7.8 8.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 7.7 -8.5 2 8.8 -9.5 2
Methionine 2 2.3 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2 -2.3 2 2.2 -2.6 2 0.8-1.1 2
Cystine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.8 5.4 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 2.3-2.5 2
Tryptophan 1.8 2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 2 -2.3 2 0.8-1 2
Isoleucine 8.5 9.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 8.5 -9.3 2 9.6 -10.4 2
Valine 9.6 11 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 9.2 -11.1 2 10.5 -12.4 2
Leucine 14.5 16.6 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 14.4 -16 2 16.4 -18 2
Phenylalanine 9.6 11 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 4.2-4.8 2
Tyrosine 6.3 7.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 15.9 18.3 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N
Histidine 5.1 5.9 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 2.4-2.9 2
Arginine 17.3 19.9 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N
Alanine 9 10.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.1-4.6 2
Aspartic acid 23.7 27.2 g/kg 11.7 g/16g N 22.7 -27.2 2 25.8 -30.6 2
Glutamic acid 33.2 38.1 g/kg 16.3 g/16g N 16.3-16.8 2
Glycine 9 10.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.2-5 2
Serine 9.5 10.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 4.6-4.9 2
Proline 8.5 9.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 15.7 g/kg 93 % 92-93 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7 8 g/kg 90 % 89-90 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2 g/kg 86 % 84-88 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.8 g/kg 88 % 87-89 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.7 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 1.8 g/kg 89 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.9 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 9.8 g/kg 89 % 87-90 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 15.4 g/kg 92 % 92-92 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9 10.3 g/kg 93 % 93-94 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.8 g/kg 94 % 94-94 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.9 17.1 g/kg 94 % 94-94 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.5 g/kg 94 % 93-94 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 16.3 18.7 g/kg 94 % 93-95 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 87 % 86-89 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 21.6 24.8 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 31.3 35.9 g/kg 94 % 94-95 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.1 9.2 g/kg 89 % 87-92 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 10 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 92 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.8 g/kg 81 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.9 g/kg 78 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2 g/kg 85 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.3 g/kg 74 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.3 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.7 g/kg 81 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 8.1 g/kg 82 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 9 g/kg 82 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.9 g/kg 83 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 9.2 g/kg 84 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 6 g/kg 82 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.3 15.2 g/kg 83 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.7 g/kg 81 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.6 16.8 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 8.4 g/kg 82 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 18.4 21.1 g/kg 78 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 28.4 32.5 g/kg 85 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.1 8.1 g/kg 79 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.7 g/kg 80 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.9 g/kg 82 %
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