Pea, extruded

Extruded seeds of pea (Pisum sativum L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.2 100 % - 2.2 86.6 -94.8 27
Crude protein 20.4 23.3 % - 1.3 18.6 -25.4 22 1.4 21.2 -27.3 25
Crude fibre 5.6 6.4 % - 0.5 4.6 -6 19 0.5 4.9 -6.7 20
Crude fat 1.2 1.4 % - 0.3 0.6 -1.6 19 0.3 0.7 -1.9 20
Ash 3 3.5 % - 0.3 3 -3.8 20 0.3 3.3 -4.3 22
Insoluble ash 0.06 0.07 % -
NDF 12.7 14.6 % -
ADF 6.4 7.3 % -
Lignin 0.4 0.5 % - 0.2 -0.4 2 0.2 -0.5 2
Water insoluble cell walls 13.1 15 % -
Starch 48.3 55.4 % - 2.1 40.5 -52 23 2 48 -56.2 21
Total sugars 4.2 4.8 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 3810 4370 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16 18.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.1 1.2 g/kg -
Phosphorus 3.8 4.4 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 1.7 2 g/kg 45 % P
Magnesium 1.1 1.3 g/kg -
Potassium 9.9 11.4 g/kg -
Sodium 0.04 0.05 g/kg -
Chlorine 1 1.1 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.9 2.2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 110 126 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 227 261 mEq/kg -
Manganese 15 17 mg/kg -
Zinc 34 39 mg/kg -
Copper 7 8 mg/kg -
Iron 94 108 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 13.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 3.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2.5 2.9 g/kg 26.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 4.6 5.2 g/kg 47.2 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.8 1 g/kg 8.7 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 3.3 % FA
Fatty acids 1 1.1 g/kg 82 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 25 29 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 14 16 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.8 1 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 16 18 mg/kg -
Choline 598 685 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.09 1.25 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.11 1.28 per kg -
PDIA Systali 56 65 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 108 123 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 55 63 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.154 0.177 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2820 3240 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1910 2190 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1960 2250 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.8 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 9.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 90.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 72 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 73 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.1 1.26 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.13 1.3 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 49 56 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 102 117 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 59 68 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 67 77 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 117 134 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 47 53 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.06 1.22 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 60 68 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 143 163 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 112 129 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2780 3190 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.6 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 40 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 52 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 87 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 70 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 30 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.074 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 78 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 70 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 23 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.031 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.8 3.2 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.6 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 87 %
Energy digestibility horse - 83.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.95 1.09 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 158 181 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.8 17 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 14.7 -16 2 16.7 -18 2
Threonine 7.8 8.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 7.7 -8.5 2 8.8 -9.5 2
Methionine 2 2.3 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2 -2.3 2 2.2 -2.6 2 0.8-1.1 2
Cystine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 2.3-2.5 2
Tryptophan 1.8 2.1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1.8 -2 2 2 -2.3 2 0.8-1 2
Isoleucine 8.6 9.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 8.5 -9.3 2 9.6 -10.4 2
Valine 9.6 11.1 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 9.2 -11.1 2 10.5 -12.4 2
Leucine 14.5 16.7 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 14.4 -16 2 16.4 -18 2
Phenylalanine 9.6 11 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 4.2-4.8 2
Tyrosine 6.3 7.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 16 18.3 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N
Histidine 5.1 5.9 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 2.4-2.9 2
Arginine 17.4 19.9 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N
Alanine 9 10.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.1-4.6 2
Aspartic acid 23.7 27.2 g/kg 11.7 g/16g N 22.7 -27.2 2 25.8 -30.6 2
Glutamic acid 33.3 38.1 g/kg 16.3 g/16g N 16.3-16.8 2
Glycine 9 10.4 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.2-5 2
Serine 9.5 10.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 4.6-4.9 2
Proline 8.5 9.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 15.8 g/kg 93 % 92-93 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7 8 g/kg 90 % 89-90 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2 g/kg 86 % 84-88 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.8 g/kg 88 % 87-89 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.8 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 1.8 g/kg 89 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.9 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 9.8 g/kg 89 % 87-90 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 15.4 g/kg 92 % 92-92 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9 10.3 g/kg 93 % 93-94 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.9 g/kg 94 % 94-94 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 15 17.2 g/kg 94 % 94-94 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.5 g/kg 94 % 93-94 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 16.3 18.7 g/kg 94 % 93-95 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 87 % 86-89 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 21.7 24.9 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 31.3 35.9 g/kg 94 % 94-95 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.1 9.3 g/kg 89 % 87-92 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 10 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 92 % 1
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