Pea, extruded

Extruded seeds of pea (Pisum sativum L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.2 100 % - 2.2 86.6 -94.8 27
Crude protein 20.4 23.3 % - 1.3 18.6 -25.4 22 1.4 21.2 -27.3 25
Crude fibre 5.6 6.4 % - 0.5 4.6 -6 19 0.5 4.9 -6.7 20
Crude fat 1.2 1.4 % - 0.3 0.6 -1.6 19 0.3 0.7 -1.9 20
Ash 3 3.5 % - 0.3 3 -3.8 20 0.3 3.3 -4.3 22
Insoluble ash 0.06 0.07 % -
NDF 12.7 14.6 % -
ADF 6.4 7.3 % -
Lignin 0.4 0.5 % - 0.2 -0.4 2 0.2 -0.5 2
Water insoluble cell walls 13.1 15 % -
Starch 48.3 55.4 % - 2.1 40.5 -52 23 2 48 -56.2 21
Total sugars 4.2 4.8 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 3810 4370 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16 18.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.1 1.2 g/kg -
Phosphorus 3.8 4.4 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 1.7 2 g/kg 45 % P
Magnesium 1.1 1.3 g/kg -
Potassium 9.9 11.4 g/kg -
Sodium 0.04 0.05 g/kg -
Chlorine 1 1.1 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.9 2.2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 110 126 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 227 261 mEq/kg -
Manganese 15 17 mg/kg -
Zinc 34 39 mg/kg -
Copper 7 8 mg/kg -
Iron 94 108 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 13.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 3.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2.5 2.9 g/kg 26.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 4.6 5.2 g/kg 47.2 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.8 1 g/kg 8.7 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 3.3 % FA
Fatty acids 1 1.1 g/kg 82 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 25 29 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 14 16 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.8 1 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 16 18 mg/kg -
Choline 598 685 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.09 1.25 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.11 1.28 per kg -
PDIA Systali 56 65 g/kg -
PDI Systali 108 123 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 55 63 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.154 0.177 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2820 3240 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1910 2190 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1960 2250 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.8 13.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8 9.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 90.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 88.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 72 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 73 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.1 1.26 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.13 1.3 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 49 56 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 102 117 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 59 68 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.07 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 67 77 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 117 134 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 47 53 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.21 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.06 1.22 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 60 68 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 143 163 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 112 129 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2780 3190 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.6 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 74 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 40 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 52 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 87 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 70 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 30 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.074 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 78 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 70 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 23 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.031 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.8 3.2 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.6 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 87 %
Energy digestibility horse - 83.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.95 1.09 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 158 181 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.8 17 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 14.7 -16 2 16.7 -18 2
Threonine 7.8 8.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 7.7 -8.5 2 8.8 -9.5 2
Methionine 2 2.3 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2 -2.3 2 2.2 -2.6 2 0.8-1.1 2
Cystine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 2.3-2.5 2
Tryptophan 1.8 2.1 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1.8 -2 2 2 -2.3 2 0.8-1 2
Isoleucine 8.6 9.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 8.5 -9.3 2 9.6 -10.4 2
Valine 9.6 11.1 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 9.2 -11.1 2 10.5 -12.4 2
Leucine 14.5 16.7 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 14.4 -16 2 16.4 -18 2
Phenylalanine 9.6 11 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 4.2-4.8 2
Tyrosine 6.3 7.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 16 18.3 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N
Histidine 5.1 5.9 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 2.4-2.9 2
Arginine 17.4 19.9 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N
Alanine 9 10.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.1-4.6 2
Aspartic acid 23.7 27.2 g/kg 11.7 g/16g N 22.7 -27.2 2 25.8 -30.6 2
Glutamic acid 33.3 38.1 g/kg 16.3 g/16g N 16.3-16.8 2
Glycine 9 10.4 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.2-5 2
Serine 9.5 10.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 4.6-4.9 2
Proline 8.5 9.7 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 15.8 g/kg 93 % 92-93 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7 8 g/kg 90 % 89-90 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 2 g/kg 86 % 84-88 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.8 g/kg 88 % 87-89 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.8 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 1.8 g/kg 89 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.9 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 9.8 g/kg 89 % 87-90 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 15.4 g/kg 92 % 92-92 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9 10.3 g/kg 93 % 93-94 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.9 g/kg 94 % 94-94 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 15 17.2 g/kg 94 % 94-94 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.5 g/kg 94 % 93-94 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 16.3 18.7 g/kg 94 % 93-95 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 87 % 86-89 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 21.7 24.9 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 31.3 35.9 g/kg 94 % 94-95 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.1 9.3 g/kg 89 % 87-92 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 10 g/kg 91 % 91-92 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 9 g/kg 92 % 1
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