Sunflower seed, whole

Whole sunflower seed (Helianthus annuus L.). Other name: full fat sunflower seed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.8 100 % - 1.6 89.5 -95.8 218 1.4
Crude protein 14.8 16 % - 1.2 12.1 -20.9 289 1.3 12.9 -22.3 200
Crude fibre 16 17.3 % - 1.8 11.2 -25.6 451 1.9 11.9 -22.6 395
Crude fat 44.6 48 % - 2.4 37.7 -50 389 2.5 41 -53.7 329
Ash 3.1 3.4 % - 0.5 2.4 -4.7 139 0.5 2.5 -5.2 116
Insoluble ash 0.04 0.04 % - 0.03 0.01 -0.1 10 0.03 0.01 -0.1 10
NDF 29 31.2 % - 3 21.6 -31.7 15 3.2 22.5 -33.7 16
ADF 19.2 20.7 % - 1.7 15.4 -20.5 16 1.8 16 -21.8 18
Lignin 6 6.5 % - 0.8 4.1 -7.8 132 0.8 4.4 -8.6 132
Water insoluble cell walls 23.7 25.5 % - 5.1 13.3 -28.4 14 5.5 14 -29.9 14
Starch 1.2 1.3 % - 0.4 0.8 -1.6 8 0.5 0.2 -1.7 9
Total sugars 2.5 2.7 % - 0.3 2.3 -3.7 8 0.3 2.4 -3.3 8
Gross energy (kcal) 6360 6850 kcal/kg - 280 5890 -6880 6 290 6340 -7160 7
Gross energy (MJ) 26.6 28.7 MJ/kg - 1.2 24.7 -28.8 6 1.2 26.5 -30 7
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.5 2.7 g/kg - 1 1 -5.8 31 1.1 1.1 -6.2 32
Phosphorus 5.3 5.7 g/kg - 0.8 3.3 -6.9 40 0.8 3.5 -7.4 40
Phytate phosphorus 4.5 4.8 g/kg 85 % P
Magnesium 2.7 2.9 g/kg - 0.3 2.1 -3.1 13 0.3 2.4 -3.4 12
Potassium 7.7 8.3 g/kg - 1.2 5.8 -10.3 16 1.3 6.3 -11.2 12
Sodium 0.05 0.06 g/kg - 0.07 0 -0.23 16 0.08 0 -0.24 12
Chlorine 0.7 0.7 g/kg - 0.2 0.07 -1.1 10
Sulfur 2 2.1 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 59 63 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 181 196 mEq/kg -
Manganese 17 18 mg/kg - 14 -19 4
Zinc 48 52 mg/kg - 45 -53 4
Copper 16 17 mg/kg - 13 -18 4
Iron 59 64 mg/kg - 47 -78 4
Selenium 0.6 0.6 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 26.7 28.7 g/kg 6.3 % FA 1.5 24.9 -28.9 5 1.5 27.1 -31.1 5 0.4 5.9-7 8
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 1.7 1.8 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 18.2 19.6 g/kg 4.3 % FA 2.8 14.9 -22.3 5 3.1 16.5 -24 5 1 2.4-5.1 8
C18:1 oleic acid 85.9 92.6 g/kg 20.3 % FA 5.3 13.7-27.8 8
C18:2 linoleic acid 275 296 g/kg 64.9 % FA 15.6 243 -288 5 16.5 263 -309 5 5.2 56.8-72.9 11
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.3 1.2 -1.8 5 0.3 1.3 -1.9 5 0.1 0-0.4 7
Fatty acids 42.3 45.6 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin B1 thiamin 19 20 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1 1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 6 6 mg/kg -
Niacin 41 44 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.6 1.72 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.59 1.71 per kg -
PDIA Systali 21 23 g/kg -
PDI Systali 64 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 42 45 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.227 0.245 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 4260 4590 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2810 3030 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2800 3020 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 17.8 19.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.8 12.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.7 12.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 71.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 76.1 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 66 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.64 1.77 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.65 1.77 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 19 21 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 63 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 42 46 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.52 1.63 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.49 1.6 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 25 27 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 67 72 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 38 41 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.46 1.57 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.41 1.52 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 14 16 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 90 96 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 32 35 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 4010 4320 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 16.8 18.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 72.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 77.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 68 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 63.6 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 89 % 29-90 2
Immediately degradable N (a) - 77 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 13 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.605 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 70 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 60 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 18 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1 0.056-0.097 2
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.8 4.1 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.4 1.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.9 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4480 4820 kcal/kg - 440 3830 -5010 5 470 4020 -5470 6
ME growing pig (kcal) 4350 4690 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3660 3950 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4680 5040 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4520 4870 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3740 4030 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 18.7 20.2 MJ/kg - 1.8 16 -21 5 2 16.8 -22.9 6
ME growing pig (MJ) 18.2 19.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 15.3 16.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 19.6 21.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 18.9 20.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 15.6 16.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 70.4 % 7 61.7-81.4 6
Energy digestibility adult pig - 73.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 68.7 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 73 %
N digestibility growing pig - 78.6 % 2.9 75.5-82.4 5
N digestibility adult pig - 86.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 % 82.8-91.7 4
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 4360 4700 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 4530 4880 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 4110 4430 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 4280 4610 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 18.3 19.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 19 20.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 17.2 18.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 17.9 19.3 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 71 %
Energy digestibility horse - 68.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.25 1.35 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 106 114 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5070 5460 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 4920 5300 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 21.2 22.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 20.6 22.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 73.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 6.1 6.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.7 5.5 -8.3 13 0.4 3.2-4.7 15
Threonine 5.6 6.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Methionine 3.4 3.6 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.3 3 -4 11 0.3 3.3 -4.3 10 0.4 1.6-2.6 11
Cystine 2.6 2.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.3 1.6-2.3 10
Methionine + cystine 6 6.4 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.5 5.9 -7.6 9 0.5 3.2-4.9 9
Tryptophan 2 2.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1.3-1.7 3
Isoleucine 5.9 6.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.3 3.5-4.3 7
Valine 6.8 7.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.4 4-5 7
Leucine 8.7 9.4 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 0.5 5.2-6.5 7
Phenylalanine 6.3 6.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.2 4.1-4.6 7
Tyrosine 3.7 4 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 2 3.6 -8.5 5 3.9 -8.8 4 0.8 1.6-4 6
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 10 10.8 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 0.8 6.2-8.6 6
Histidine 3.7 4 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.9 3.5 -6.2 6 1 3.8 -6.4 5 0.3 2.1-2.9 7
Arginine 10.8 11.6 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 1.4 6.8-10 7
Alanine 6.5 7 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 4.1-5.9 4
Aspartic acid 11.9 12.8 g/kg 8 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 24.6 26.5 g/kg 16.6 g/16g N
Glycine 8.5 9.1 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 0.3 5.1-5.7 5
Serine 6.4 6.9 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.3 3.6-4.5 5
Proline 6.1 6.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 3.9-4.9 4
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.98 4.29 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 5.06 5.46 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 529 570 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0106 0.0114 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 9.17 9.88 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 4.75 5.12 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 4.22 4.55 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 5.07 5.46 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 541 583 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0107 0.0115 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 9.18 9.89 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 4.75 5.12 m²yr/kg -
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