Molasses, sugarcane

Syrupy byproduct of sugar manufacture, obtained from the crystallisation of cane sugar (Saccharum officinarum L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 72.3 100 % - 3.4 65.5 -79.7 658 3.9
Crude protein 4.2 5.7 % - 1.2 0.9 -7.1 204 1.7 1.1 -10 187
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.09 0 -0.2 6 0.1 0 -0.3 6
Crude fat 0.8 1.1 % - 0.9 0 -2.5 17
Ash 10.2 14.1 % - 2.1 4.6 -15.9 203 2.8 5.8 -21.4 184
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.2 % - 0.3 0.01 -0.8 7
NDF 0.2 0.3 % - 0.07 0.1 0.2 -0.5 8
ADF 0.1 0.2 % - 0.1 0.2 0 -0.5 10
Lignin 0.1 0.1 % - 0.07 0.1 0.1 -0.4 9
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 45.8 63.4 % - 4.8 27.3 -65.5 601 6.3 38.8 -86.7 556
Gross energy (kcal) 2570 3550 kcal/kg - 130 2510 -2840 7 140 3510 -3940 8
Gross energy (MJ) 10.7 14.9 MJ/kg - 0.5 10.5 -11.9 7 0.6 14.7 -16.5 8
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 6.6 9.1 g/kg - 1.2 4 -10.5 106 1.6 5.9 -14 115
Phosphorus 0.5 0.7 g/kg - 0.2 0.1 -1 110 0.3 0.1 -1.4 121
Phytate phosphorus 0.05 0.07 g/kg 10 % P
Magnesium 3.1 4.3 g/kg - 0.9 1.7 -4.3 21 1.3 2.3 -6.2 33
Potassium 35.7 49.3 g/kg - 10.8 7 -59.8 200 14.9 9.2 -79.7 199
Sodium 1.79 2.47 g/kg - 0.9 0.27 -4.44 119 1.24 0.39 -6.15 131
Chlorine 15.7 21.7 g/kg - 6 6.2 -39 152 8.2 6.7 -53.2 159
Sulfur 5.2 7.2 g/kg - 2.1 2.9 4.1 -14.1 10
Dietary cation-anion difference 225 311 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 550 761 mEq/kg -
Manganese 53 74 mg/kg - 1 29 22 -121 13
Zinc 13 18 mg/kg - 18 4 -77 14
Copper 5 6 mg/kg - 4 3 -22 3 6 2 -22 14
Iron 125 173 mg/kg - 1 45 123 -277 11
Cobalt 0.9 1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 1 2 mg/kg - 0.4 0.6 1 -3 10
Iodine 4 6 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 1.1 % FA 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.2 3 g/kg 26.8 % FA 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 3.2 % FA 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 1.1 1.5 g/kg 13.9 % FA 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.5 4.8 g/kg 43.4 % FA 1 1
Fatty acids 0.8 1.1 g/kg 100 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.7 1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 3 4 mg/kg -
Niacin 28 38 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 29 40 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.08 0.1 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.5 0.7 mg/kg -
Choline 542 749 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.57 0.79 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.55 0.76 per kg -
PDIA Systali 2 2 g/kg -
PDI Systali 42 58 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -35 -48 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.027 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1550 2150 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1000 1380 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 960 1330 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.5 9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.2 5.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 4 5.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 78.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 71.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.58 0.8 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.56 0.77 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 0.9 1 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 42 58 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -35 -48 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.55 0.76 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.52 0.72 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 2 3 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 43 59 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -36 -50 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.61 0.85 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.6 0.83 per kg - 1 1
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 24 33 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 45 63 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1670 2310 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7 9.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 79.7 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.6 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 44.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 100 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 60.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.4 0.5 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 3.6 5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2180 3020 kcal/kg - 320 2000 -2340 3 440 2720 -3970 6
ME growing pig (kcal) 2140 2960 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 1490 2070 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 2250 3110 kcal/kg - 1
ME adult pig (kcal) 2200 3040 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1550 2140 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 9.1 12.6 MJ/kg - 1.4 8.4 -9.8 3 1.8 11.4 -16.6 6
ME growing pig (MJ) 9 12.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.3 8.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 9.4 13 MJ/kg - 1
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.2 12.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.5 8.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 % 77.1-96 4
Energy digestibility adult pig - 87.6 % 1
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 % 79-88.4 3
OM digestibility adult pig - 87 %
N digestibility growing pig - 40 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 49.6 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2220 3070 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.3 12.9 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 85 %
Energy digestibility horse - 81.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.86 1.19 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 19 26 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2310 3190 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2270 3140 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 9.7 13.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.5 13.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 89.9 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 60 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1 1
Threonine 0.6 0.8 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.4 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 0.6 0.8 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 0.08 0.1 g/kg 0.2 g/16g N
Isoleucine 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 1.3 1.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 0.5 0.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 0.5 0.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 0.8 1.1 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.3 g/16g N 1 1
Arginine 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1
Alanine 2.5 3.5 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 9.2 12.8 g/kg 22.2 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 4.3 5.9 g/kg 10.3 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 0.7 1 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Serine 0.8 1.1 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 0.5 0.7 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.1 0.2 g/kg 93 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.7 g/kg 91 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.2 g/kg 98 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.5 g/kg 92 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.7 g/kg 94 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.08 0.1 g/kg 95 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.3 0.5 g/kg 94 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.7 g/kg 95 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.7 g/kg 93 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.3 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.7 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 1 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.1 0.1 g/kg 84 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.3 g/kg 83 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 3.4 g/kg 98 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.8 12.1 g/kg 95 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 5.5 g/kg 92 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.9 g/kg 92 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 1 g/kg 88 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.6 g/kg 81 %
Origin Pakistan, ex port of delivery (Sète, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.45 4.77 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.91 2.64 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 372 515 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0068 0.0094 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 1.59 2.2 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.35 0.49 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML