Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of dehulled or partially dehulled sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 93.8 100 % - 1.4 89.5 -96.5 126 2
Crude protein 33.7 36 % - 2.4 30.1 -41.4 127 2.5 32 -44.4 126
Crude fibre 18.4 19.7 % - 3.6 9 -29.5 118 3.8 9.9 -31.4 116
Crude fat 8.9 9.5 % - 2.5 4.6 -23.4 99 2.7 4.9 -25.3 100
Ash 6.2 6.6 % - 0.8 3.9 -8.1 64 0.8 4.2 -9.1 67
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % -
NDF 32.6 34.8 % - 19.4 -42.1 4 21.6 -45.3 4
ADF 21.8 23.3 % - 13 -34.6 4 14.5 -37.2 4
Lignin 7 7.5 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 28.8 30.7 % -
Starch 5.1 5.4 % - 1 3.1 -7.7 2
Starch, enzymatic method 1.1 1.2 % -
Total sugars 6.9 7.4 % - 1.5 4.6 -7.8 5 1.6 4.9 -8.3 6
Gross energy (kcal) 4700 5010 kcal/kg - 220 4710 -5270 5
Gross energy (MJ) 19.7 21 MJ/kg - 0.9 19.7 -22 5
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.9 4.2 g/kg - 1.2 2.7 -5.7 6 1.3 3 -6.4 6
Phosphorus 9.9 10.6 g/kg - 1.7 7.5 -11.9 8 1.8 8.1 -13 8
Phytate phosphorus 8.4 9 g/kg 85 % P
Magnesium 4.8 5.2 g/kg -
Potassium 14.4 15.4 g/kg -
Sodium 0.08 0.08 g/kg -
Chlorine 1.3 1.4 g/kg -
Sulfur 3.1 3.3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 143 153 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 337 359 mEq/kg -
Manganese 42 45 mg/kg -
Zinc 88 94 mg/kg -
Copper 30 32 mg/kg -
Iron 465 496 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.01 % FA 0-0.02 3
C14:0 myristic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.3 4.6 g/kg 6.4 % FA 0.4 5.9-7.2 11
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.6 4
C18:0 stearic acid 2.9 3.1 g/kg 4.3 % FA 0.8 2.8-5.4 11
C18:1 oleic acid 13.5 14.4 g/kg 20.2 % FA 3.3 15.3-28 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 43.4 46.3 g/kg 65.2 % FA 4.7 59.3-73.6 18
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.3 0-1 11
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.6 0.2-1.7 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0-0.6 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Fatty acids 6.7 7.1 % 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 11.2 11.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3.1 3.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3.5 3.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 13.8 14.7 mg/kg -
Niacin 244 260 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 40.9 43.7 mg/kg -
Choline 2654 2830 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.91 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.85 0.91 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 72 77 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 118 126 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 171 183 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.301 0.321 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2560 2730 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1610 1720 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1490 1590 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.7 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.8 7.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.3 6.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 67.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 68.1 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 59 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.94 1 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.88 0.94 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 62 66 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 109 117 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 180 192 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.86 0.92 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.79 0.84 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 88 94 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 132 141 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 156 166 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.88 0.94 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.88 0.93 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.86 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.85 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 78 83 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 222 236 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 119 126 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2500 2670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.2 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 75.5 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 63.6 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 5-38 4
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 21 23-79 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.069-0.23 3
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 34 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 44 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.5 7 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.2 2.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 875 934 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 876 934 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 98 104 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 185 198 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.8 3 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.2 1.3 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 66.8 71.2 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.25 3.47 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.69 1.81 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.6 1.71 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.78 1.9 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.18 1.26 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 22 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 26 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.2 6.6 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 189 202 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 24 25 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3020 3220 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2800 2980 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1850 1970 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3260 3480 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2990 3190 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1970 2100 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.6 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.7 12.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.7 8.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.7 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.5 13.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.2 8.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 64.3 % 64-67 2
Energy digestibility adult pig - 69.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 66.8 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 72.3 %
N digestibility growing pig - 77.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 82.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 82 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 67.3 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.9 2 g/kg 19 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.8 3 g/kg 29 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2430 2590 kcal/kg - 1 2290 -2720 4
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2340 2500 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.2 10.9 MJ/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.8 10.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P cockerel 1.7 1.8 g/kg 17 % P
Available P broiler 1.7 1.8 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 73.9 %
Energy digestibility horse - 71.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.9 0.96 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 249 266 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2910 3100 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2580 2750 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.2 13 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.8 11.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 61.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 80 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3130 3330 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 13.1 14 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 66.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 86.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 12.1 12.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 11.9 -14.7 2 3.1-3.8 2
Threonine 12.2 13 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 7.6 8.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 5.7 6.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 13.3 14.2 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 4.3 4.6 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 13.8 14.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 16.5 17.6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 20.6 22 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 14.8 15.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 7.8 8.4 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 22.7 24.2 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 8.1 8.6 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 27.4 29.2 g/kg 8.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 14.5 15.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 29.5 31.5 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 64.1 68.4 g/kg 19 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 19 20.3 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 14 14.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 14 15 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.6 g/kg 82 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 9.9 10.6 g/kg 81 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.4 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5 g/kg 82 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.4 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 3.8 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.7 12.4 g/kg 85 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 14.6 g/kg 83 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.6 18.7 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 12.9 13.8 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.5 g/kg 89 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 21.2 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.2 g/kg 84 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 25.6 27.3 g/kg 93 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.8 12.6 g/kg 82 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 24.7 26.4 g/kg 84 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 57.9 61.7 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 14 14.9 g/kg 73 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 11.5 12.2 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 12.3 13.1 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.6 g/kg 82 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 9.9 g/kg 76 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.4 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 69 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 11.6 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 3.8 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.6 12.4 g/kg 84 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 14.8 g/kg 84 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.3 18.5 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.9 13.8 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.3 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.7 21 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.7 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.7 26.3 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.3 13.1 g/kg 85 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 23.9 25.5 g/kg 81 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 56.4 60.2 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 14.8 g/kg 73 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 11.5 g/kg 77 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 13.2 14.1 g/kg 94 %
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