Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of dehulled or partially dehulled sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 93.8 100 % - 2.3 89.5 -96.5 124 2
Crude protein 33.7 35.9 % - 2.3 30.1 -40.9 125 2.4 32 -44.1 124
Crude fibre 18.5 19.7 % - 3.5 9 -29.5 117 3.7 9.9 -31.4 115
Crude fat 8.8 9.4 % - 2.5 4.6 -23.4 97 2.7 4.9 -25.3 98
Ash 6.2 6.6 % - 0.8 3.9 -8.1 63 0.8 4.2 -9.1 66
NDF 32.7 34.8 % - 23.4 -42.1 3 26.2 -45.3 3
ADF 21.8 23.3 % - 16.5 -34.6 3 18.5 -37.2 3
Lignin 7 7.5 % - 1
Water insoluble cell walls 28.8 30.7 % -
Starch 3.5 3.7 % - 1 3.1 -7.7 2
Total sugars 6.9 7.4 % - 1.5 4.6 -7.8 5 1.6 4.9 -8.3 6
Gross energy (kcal) 4690 5000 kcal/kg - 220 4710 -5270 5
Gross energy (MJ) 19.6 20.9 MJ/kg - 0.9 19.7 -22 5
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.9 4.2 g/kg - 1.3 2.7 -5.7 5 1.4 3 -6.4 5
Phosphorus 9.9 10.6 g/kg - 1.7 7.5 -11.9 7 1.9 8.1 -13 7
Phytate phosphorus 8.4 9 g/kg 85 % P
Magnesium 4.9 5.2 g/kg -
Potassium 14.4 15.4 g/kg -
Sulfur 3.1 3.3 g/kg -
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.2 4.4 g/kg 6.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 2.8 3 g/kg 4.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 13.4 14.3 g/kg 20.3 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 42.9 45.7 g/kg 64.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Fatty acids 6.6 7 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 11 12 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 4 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 14 15 mg/kg -
Niacin 244 260 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 41 44 mg/kg -
Choline 2655 2830 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.92 0.98 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.85 0.91 per kg -
PDIA Systali 72 77 g/kg -
PDI Systali 118 126 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 170 182 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.301 0.321 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2560 2730 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1610 1720 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1500 1600 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.7 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.8 7.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.3 6.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 67.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 68.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 59 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.94 1.01 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.88 0.94 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 62 66 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 110 117 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 179 191 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.87 0.92 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.79 0.84 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 88 94 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 133 141 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 155 165 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.88 0.94 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.86 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 76 82 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 221 235 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 118 125 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2510 2670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.6 %
N digestibility ruminants - 75.5 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 61.2 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 34 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 44 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.6 7 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.2 2.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3010 3210 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2790 2980 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1830 1950 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3260 3470 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2990 3180 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1950 2080 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.6 13.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.7 12.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.7 8.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.6 14.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.5 13.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.2 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 64.2 % 64-67 2
Energy digestibility adult pig - 69.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 66.7 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 72 %
N digestibility growing pig - 77.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 82.1 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 82 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 67.1 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.9 2 g/kg 19 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1740 1860 kcal/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1650 1760 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 7.3 7.8 MJ/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.9 7.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P broiler 1.7 1.8 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 74 %
Energy digestibility horse - 71.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.89 0.95 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 249 265 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2900 3090 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2580 2750 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.1 13 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.8 11.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 61.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 80 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 12.1 12.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 11.9 -14.7 2 3.1-3.8 2
Threonine 12.2 13 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine 7.6 8.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Cystine 5.7 6.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 13.2 14.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 4.3 4.6 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 13.8 14.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Valine 16.5 17.6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1 1 1
Leucine 20.6 21.9 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine 14.8 15.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tyrosine 7.8 8.4 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 22.6 24.1 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Histidine 8.1 8.6 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Arginine 27.3 29.2 g/kg 8.1 g/16g N 1 1 1
Alanine 14.4 15.4 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 1 1
Aspartic acid 29.5 31.4 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glutamic acid 64 68.2 g/kg 19 g/16g N 1 1 1
Glycine 19 20.3 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 1 1 1
Serine 14 14.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Proline 14 14.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.6 g/kg 82 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 9.9 10.6 g/kg 81 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 6.9 7.4 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5 g/kg 82 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.3 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 3.9 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.6 12.4 g/kg 85 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.7 14.6 g/kg 83 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.5 18.7 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 12.9 13.7 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7 7.5 g/kg 89 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 21.2 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.2 g/kg 84 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 25.5 27.2 g/kg 93 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11.8 12.6 g/kg 82 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 24.7 26.3 g/kg 84 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 57.7 61.5 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 13.9 14.9 g/kg 73 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 11.5 12.2 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 12.2 13 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.6 g/kg 82 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.2 9.9 g/kg 76 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.4 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 69 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 11.6 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 3.8 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.6 12.3 g/kg 84 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.8 14.8 g/kg 84 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.3 18.4 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.9 13.7 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.3 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.7 21 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.3 6.7 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.6 26.2 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.3 13.1 g/kg 85 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 23.9 25.4 g/kg 81 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 56.3 60 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 14.8 g/kg 73 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 11.5 g/kg 77 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 13.2 14 g/kg 94 %
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