Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of whole sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.3 100 % - 1.8 85.7 -97.2 385 2.8
Crude protein 23.9 25.8 % - 2.3 15.9 -29.9 397 2.5 17 -33.9 385
Crude fibre 25.4 27.5 % - 3.8 14.9 -37.9 365 4 15.7 -42.1 353
Crude fat 14.6 15.8 % - 2.9 5 -23.8 228 3.2 5.4 -25.8 220
Ash 5.2 5.6 % - 0.7 3.2 -6.8 157 0.7 3.6 -7.6 157
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 0.9 0.09 -0.7 3 1 0.06 -2.3 5
NDF 41 44.4 % - 5.5 29.6 -43.2 16 5.9 25.3 -50.9 15
ADF 29.1 31.5 % - 4.6 13.3 -31 16 4.9 14.3 -33.1 15
Lignin 9.8 10.6 % - 2.5 3.5 -13.8 16 2.7 3.8 -15.8 15
Water insoluble cell walls 44 47.7 % - 5.5 30.2 -44.8 9 5.9 33.3 -50.3 9
Starch 3.6 3.9 % - 1.7 2.4 -6.2 5 1.8 2.6 -6.8 5
Starch, enzymatic method 0.2 0.2 % - 1 1
Total sugars 5.8 6.3 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4900 5310 kcal/kg - 240 4770 -5060 10 240 4820 -5640 15
Gross energy (MJ) 20.5 22.2 MJ/kg - 1 20 -21.2 10 1 20.2 -23.6 15
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.6 3.9 g/kg - 1.7 1.7 -7.3 14 1.8 1.8 -7.9 17
Phosphorus 8.3 9 g/kg - 2.4 2.3 -10.6 24 2.6 2.5 -15 28
Phytate phosphorus 7.1 7.6 g/kg 85 % P
Magnesium 4.1 4.5 g/kg - 0.8 3 -4.5 4 0.8 2.8 -4.9 7
Potassium 12.2 13.2 g/kg - 9.6 -12.7 4
Sodium 0.12 0.13 g/kg - 0.07 0.01 -0.19 5 0.08 0.01 -0.2 5
Chlorine 1.3 1.4 g/kg -
Sulfur 3 3.3 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 91 99 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 281 305 mEq/kg -
Manganese 30 32 mg/kg - 1 32 -32 2
Zinc 72 78 mg/kg - 1 64 -94 4
Copper 25 28 mg/kg - 1 24 -34 4
Iron 272 294 mg/kg - 1 0.3 -461 3
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.7 0.8 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.01 % FA 0-0.02 3
C14:0 myristic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 7 7.6 g/kg 6.4 % FA 0.4 5.9-7.2 11
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.6 4
C18:0 stearic acid 4.7 5.1 g/kg 4.3 % FA 0.8 2.8-5.4 11
C18:1 oleic acid 22.2 24 g/kg 20.2 % FA 3.3 15.3-28 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 71.4 77.3 g/kg 65.2 % FA 4.7 59.3-73.6 18
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.3 0-1 11
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.6 0.2-1.7 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0-0.6 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Fatty acids 11 11.9 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 12.3 13.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 34.8 37.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3.3 3.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 13.3 14.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 205 222 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 10.3 11.1 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Biotin 1.3 1.4 mg/kg -
Choline 2565 2778 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.84 0.91 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.75 0.81 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 48 52 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 90 98 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 102 111 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.362 0.392 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2400 2600 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1480 1600 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1320 1430 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.6 10.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.8 6.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.1 5.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 59.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 59.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 51 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.87 0.94 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.79 0.85 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 41 45 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 85 92 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 108 117 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.78 0.85 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.69 0.74 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 59 64 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 100 108 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 91 99 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.8 0.87 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.76 0.83 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.66 0.71 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.71 0.77 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 52 56 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 154 166 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 82 89 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2350 2540 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.4 10.2 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.8 10.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 60.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 61.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 84 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 58.7 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 5-38 4
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 21 23-79 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.069-0.23 3
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 22 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 46 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.105 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 5.5 5.9 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 803 870 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 773 837 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 56 61 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 128 139 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 1.7 1.8 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.9 1 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 64.2 69.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.01 3.26 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.59 1.72 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.5 1.62 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.62 1.76 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.05 1.13 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 22 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 26 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 5.7 6.2 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 159 172 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 13 14 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2650 2870 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2480 2690 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1770 1920 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2960 3200 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2740 2970 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1910 2070 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.1 12 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.1 12 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.4 11.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.4 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.4 13.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.4 13.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.5 12.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.5 12.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8 8.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 54 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 60.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 57.3 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 64.4 %
N digestibility growing pig - 71.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 79 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 72 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.7 g/kg 19 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.4 2.6 g/kg 29 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2440 2650 kcal/kg - 130 2150 -2490 5 130 2330 -2680 5
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2290 2480 kcal/kg - 2080 -2410 4 2280 -2600 4
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10.2 11.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.9 7.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.6 10.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.3 6.8 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.4 1.5 g/kg 17 % P
Available P broiler 1.4 1.5 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 67.4 %
Energy digestibility horse - 65 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.9 0.97 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 151 164 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2640 2850 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2410 2610 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 11.9 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 11.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.1 10.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.1 10.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 53.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 76 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3120 3370 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 13 14.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 63.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 85.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.9 9.7 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1.1 7.3 -9.7 5 1.2 7.7 -10.7 7 0.4 2.6-3.8 7
Threonine 8.8 9.5 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.8 8.4 -9.5 3 0.8 8.7 -10.6 5
Methionine 5.4 5.8 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.8 3.4 -6.5 11 0.8 3.6 -6.9 13 0.3 1.3-2.6 13
Cystine 4.1 4.4 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1.6-2 4
Methionine + cystine 9.5 10.2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 9.6 -12.1 4 3.4-4.5 4
Tryptophan 3.1 3.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 9.7 10.5 g/kg 4 g/16g N 8.7 -10.3 2 9.4 -11.8 4
Valine 11.4 12.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 12.3 -14.5 4 4.4-5.2 4
Leucine 14.4 15.6 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1.9 13.4 -16.3 3 2 14.4 -19.2 5 0.3 5.3-6.1 5
Phenylalanine 10.4 11.3 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.4 9.6 -11.7 3 1.5 10.3 -14.2 5 0.2 4-4.5 5
Tyrosine 5.7 6.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 2.1-3.4 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 16.1 17.4 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 17.4 -21.3 4 6.2-7.5 4
Histidine 5.8 6.3 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.5 5.6 -6.3 3 0.5 6 -7.4 5 0.1 2.2-2.4 5
Arginine 18.7 20.3 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 2.3 17.6 -21.5 3 2.4 18.8 -25.1 5 0.2 7.5-8 5
Alanine 10.3 11.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 9.5 -11 3 1 10.1 -12.2 5
Aspartic acid 20.3 22 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N 8-9 4
Glutamic acid 43.5 47.1 g/kg 18.2 g/16g N 6 41.3 -48 3 6.4 44.3 -61 5 1 16.8-19.3 5
Glycine 13.5 14.6 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 1.1 14.5 -16.8 5 0.4 5.2-6 5
Serine 10 10.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.6 9.7 -10.9 3 0.7 10.4 -12.2 5 0.3 3.6-4.3 5
Proline 9.9 10.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.1 9.4 -11 3 1.2 10.1 -13 5
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.4 g/kg 76 % 6.8 -7.5 2 7.3 -8 2 7 67-86 11
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 6.4 7 g/kg 73 % 7 62-82 11
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5 g/kg 86 % 5 77-92 11
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.2 g/kg 72 % 11 49-82 11
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.2 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.5 g/kg 75 % 6 69-85 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.2 g/kg 78 % 7.2 -8.7 2 7.7 -9.2 2 6 68-88 11
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 9.4 g/kg 76 % 6 66-85 11
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.4 12.4 g/kg 79 % 10.9 -12.5 2 11.7 -13.3 2 6 72-89 11
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 9.3 g/kg 82 % 8.1 -9.3 2 8.7 -9.9 2 6 72-92 11
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.3 g/kg 86 % 7 76-98 11
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 14.5 g/kg 84 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.1 g/kg 81 % 5 71-86 11
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 17.1 18.5 g/kg 91 % 15.8 -17.8 2 16.9 -19 2 3 87-96 11
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.4 g/kg 76 % 6 65-84 11
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 15.7 17 g/kg 77 % 7 63-85 11
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 37.2 40.3 g/kg 85 % 5 77-93 11
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 8.8 9.5 g/kg 65 % 8 54-74 11
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 7.4 8 g/kg 73 % 8 56-83 11
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.1 g/kg 76 % 14 51-90 9
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 7.9 g/kg 82 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.7 7.2 g/kg 76 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.4 g/kg 92 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.2 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 8.6 g/kg 84 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.8 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 8.9 g/kg 85 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.3 g/kg 83 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.1 g/kg 84 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.1 9.8 g/kg 87 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.3 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15.1 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 4.8 g/kg 77 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 17 18.5 g/kg 91 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 9.3 g/kg 83 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 16.2 17.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 37.9 41 g/kg 87 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.6 10.4 g/kg 71 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.8 8.5 g/kg 78 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10.1 g/kg 94 %
CSVXLSXXML