Sunflower meal, oil 5-20%, non dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of whole sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.3 100 % - 3.2 85.7 -97.2 378 2.8
Crude protein 23.8 25.8 % - 2.3 15.9 -29.9 391 2.5 17 -33 378
Crude fibre 25.4 27.6 % - 3.8 14.9 -37.9 359 4 15.7 -42.1 346
Crude fat 14.6 15.8 % - 2.8 5 -23.3 224 3 5.4 -25.6 216
Ash 5.2 5.6 % - 0.7 3.2 -6.8 151 0.7 3.6 -7.4 150
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 0.9 0.09 -0.7 3 1 0.06 -2.3 5
NDF 41.1 44.5 % - 5.1 29.6 -43.2 14 5.5 25.3 -46.3 12
ADF 29.2 31.6 % - 4.7 13.3 -31 14 5.1 14.3 -33.1 12
Lignin 9.8 10.6 % - 2.6 3.5 -13.8 16 2.8 3.8 -15.8 14
Water insoluble cell walls 44.1 47.8 % - 5.5 30.2 -44.8 9 5.9 33.3 -50.3 9
Starch 3.6 3.9 % - 1.7 2.4 -6.2 5 1.8 2.6 -6.8 5
Total sugars 5.8 6.3 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4900 5310 kcal/kg - 230 4770 -5060 8 230 4820 -5450 12
Gross energy (MJ) 20.5 22.2 MJ/kg - 1 20 -21.2 8 0.9 20.2 -22.8 12
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.6 3.9 g/kg - 1.5 1.7 -6.7 13 1.6 1.8 -7.8 16
Phosphorus 8.3 9 g/kg - 2.2 3.7 -10.6 22 2.4 4.1 -15 26
Phytate phosphorus 7 7.6 g/kg 85 % P
Magnesium 4.1 4.4 g/kg - 0.8 3 -4.5 4 0.8 2.8 -4.9 7
Potassium 12.1 13.2 g/kg - 9.6 -12.7 4
Sodium 0.12 0.13 g/kg - 0.07 0.01 -0.19 5 0.08 0.01 -0.2 5
Sulfur 3 3.3 g/kg - 1 1
Manganese 30 32 mg/kg - 1 32 -32 2
Zinc 72 78 mg/kg - 1 64 -94 4
Copper 25 28 mg/kg - 1 24 -34 4
Iron 272 294 mg/kg - 1 0.3 -461 3
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.7 0.8 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 6.9 7.5 g/kg 6.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 4.7 5.1 g/kg 4.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 22.3 24.1 g/kg 20.3 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 71.2 77.1 g/kg 64.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Fatty acids 11 11.9 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 12 13 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 35 38 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 13 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 205 222 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 10 11 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Biotin 1 1 mg/kg -
Choline 2565 2778 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.79 0.86 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.69 0.75 per kg -
PDIA Systali 48 52 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 89 96 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 104 112 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.362 0.392 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2280 2470 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1390 1510 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1220 1320 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.6 10.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.8 6.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.1 5.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 56.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 57.3 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 51 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.82 0.89 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.73 0.79 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 41 45 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 84 91 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 110 119 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.74 0.8 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.63 0.68 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 59 63 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 99 107 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 93 101 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.76 0.83 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.66 0.71 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 51 55 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 153 166 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 79 86 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2250 2430 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.4 10.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 57.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 58.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 84 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 56.6 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.156-0.167 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 22 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 46 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.105 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 77.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 5.5 5.9 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2640 2860 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2480 2680 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1770 1920 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2950 3200 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2740 2970 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1910 2060 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.1 12 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.4 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.4 13.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.5 12.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8 8.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 53.9 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 60.2 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 57.2 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 64 %
N digestibility growing pig - 71.1 %
N digestibility adult pig - 79 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 72 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.7 g/kg 19 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1640 1780 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1490 1620 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.9 7.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.3 6.8 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 1.4 1.5 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 67 %
Energy digestibility horse - 65 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.9 0.97 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 151 163 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2630 2850 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2410 2610 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 11.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.1 10.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 53.7 %
N digestibility rabbit - 75.9 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.9 9.7 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 5.1 7.3 -23 6 5.5 7.7 -24.7 8 2.5 2.6-10.4 8
Threonine 8.7 9.5 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.8 8.4 -9.5 3 0.8 8.7 -10.6 5
Methionine 5.4 5.8 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 0.8 3.4 -6.5 11 0.8 3.6 -6.9 13 0.3 1.3-2.6 13
Cystine 4.1 4.4 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1.6-2 4
Methionine + cystine 9.4 10.2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1 9.6 -11.2 2
Tryptophan 3.1 3.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 9.6 10.4 g/kg 4 g/16g N 8.7 -10.3 2 9.4 -11.8 4
Valine 11.4 12.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 12.3 -14.5 4 4.4-5.2 4
Leucine 14.4 15.5 g/kg 6 g/16g N 1.9 13.4 -16.3 3 2 14.4 -19.2 5 0.3 5.3-6.1 5
Phenylalanine 10.4 11.2 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.4 9.6 -11.7 3 1.5 10.3 -14.2 5 0.2 4-4.5 5
Tyrosine 5.7 6.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 2.1-3.4 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 16 17.4 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1
Histidine 5.8 6.3 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.5 5.6 -6.3 3 0.5 6 -7.4 5
Arginine 18.7 20.2 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 2.3 17.6 -21.5 3 2.4 18.8 -25.1 5 0.2 7.5-8 5
Alanine 10.3 11.1 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 9.5 -11 3 1 10.1 -12.2 5
Aspartic acid 20.3 21.9 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N 8-9 4
Glutamic acid 43.4 47 g/kg 18.2 g/16g N 6 41.3 -48 3 6.4 44.3 -61 5 1 16.8-19.3 5
Glycine 13.5 14.6 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 1.1 14.5 -16.8 5 0.4 5.2-6 5
Serine 10 10.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.6 9.7 -10.9 3 0.7 10.4 -12.2 5 0.3 3.6-4.3 5
Proline 9.9 10.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.1 9.4 -11 3 1.2 10.1 -13 5
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 7.1 7.7 g/kg 80 % 6.8 -7.5 2 7.3 -8 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 7.7 g/kg 82 % 6.7 -7.5 2 7.2 -8 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.3 g/kg 92 % 89-95 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 81 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 8.2 8.9 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 85 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.3 8.9 g/kg 86 % 7.2 -8.7 2 7.7 -9.2 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.4 g/kg 84 % 9.2 -11 2 9.9 -11.7 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 12.5 13.5 g/kg 87 % 10.9 -12.5 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 10.1 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.6 g/kg 92 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14.5 15.7 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.4 g/kg 86 % 4.8 -5.3 2 5.2 -5.7 2 85-87 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 17.7 19.2 g/kg 95 % 15.8 -17.8 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 9.2 g/kg 83 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 17.2 18.6 g/kg 85 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 39.6 42.9 g/kg 91 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 9.7 10.6 g/kg 72 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 8.2 8.9 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 9.3 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 7.9 g/kg 82 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.2 g/kg 76 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.3 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3 g/kg 69 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.7 8.4 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.8 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.1 8.8 g/kg 84 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.6 10.4 g/kg 84 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.1 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 9.8 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.3 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15.1 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 4.9 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.8 18.2 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.7 9.5 g/kg 85 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 16.4 17.8 g/kg 81 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 38.2 41.4 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.8 10.7 g/kg 73 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.7 8.3 g/kg 77 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10 g/kg 94 %
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