Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 50% protein + oil

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), without reintroduction of the hulls. This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. It should contain about 50% (as fed) of protein + oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88 100 % - 1.5 86.3 -95.9 1100 1.4
Crude protein 48.5 55.1 % - 1.5 43.8 -52 2043 1.6 48.9 -58.3 1213
Crude fibre 3.9 4.4 % - 0.6 1.6 -5 275 0.6 1.6 -5.7 244
Crude fat 1.6 1.8 % - 0.5 0.5 -3.4 1012 0.5 0.5 -3.8 992
Ash 6.3 7.2 % - 0.5 5.5 -8.1 212 0.5 6.1 -9.2 186
Insoluble ash 0.06 0.07 % - 0.05 0.01 -0.1 8 0.05 0.01 -0.2 8
NDF 9.2 10.5 % - 1.5 6 -10.3 13 1.7 6.2 -12.1 19
ADF 5 5.7 % - 1.1 3.2 -5.1 8 1.2 3.6 -8.1 11
Lignin 0.4 0.4 % - 0.3 0.1 -1 23 0.3 0.1 -1.2 25
Water insoluble cell walls 15.2 17.3 % - 1 17.1 -17.6 2
Starch 5.5 6.2 % - 1.3 3.4 -8.9 45 1.5 3.4 -9.9 40
Total sugars 9.5 10.8 % - 0.9 7.5 -11 30 1 8.6 -12.4 29
Gross energy (kcal) 4150 4720 kcal/kg - 80 4060 -4570 19 80 4590 -4980 20
Gross energy (MJ) 17.4 19.8 MJ/kg - 0.3 17 -19.1 19 0.3 19.2 -20.8 20
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.9 g/kg - 0.6 1.8 -5.3 361 0.7 2 -6 359
Phosphorus 6.2 7.1 g/kg - 0.5 5 -8.3 361 0.6 5.7 -8.9 362
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.2 g/kg 60 % P 45-60 4
Magnesium 2.8 3.2 g/kg - 0.3 2.6 -3.4 7 0.3 3 -3.9 7
Potassium 21.2 24.1 g/kg - 0.8 20.7 -24 11
Sodium 0.11 0.12 g/kg - 0.16 0 -0.54 25 0.18 0.01 -0.61 24
Chlorine 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.9 0.4 -2.8 7 1 0.4 -3.2 7
Sulfur 4.2 4.8 g/kg - 0.2 3.9 -4.5 6 0.3 4.4 -5.1 6
Dietary cation-anion difference 260 295 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 522 593 mEq/kg -
Manganese 39 44 mg/kg - 11 36 -66 9 12 25 -75 10
Zinc 50 57 mg/kg - 9 41 -61 8 11 45 -77 9
Copper 15 17 mg/kg - 1 14 -17 8 1 15 -19 8
Iron 177 201 mg/kg - 38 50 -460 9
Selenium 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.4 -0.4 2 0.4 -0.5 2
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 3 3 mg/kg - 0.5 3 -4 5 0.5 3 -4 5
Iodine 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.2 1.4 g/kg 10.5 % FA 1.2 -1.3 2 1.4 -1.5 2
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA 3.2-4.8 2
C18:1 oleic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 21.7 % FA 17.9-27.4 2
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.2 7.1 g/kg 53.1 % FA 40.5-54.7 2
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 22 25 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 14 16 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.7 0.8 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Choline 2720 3092 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 20 20 IU/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.13 1.28 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.15 1.3 per kg -
PDIA Systali 161 183 g/kg -
PDI Systali 209 237 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 230 261 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.223 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2970 3370 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1990 2260 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2020 2290 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.4 14.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.3 9.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.4 9.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 90 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 90.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 65 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.15 1.31 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.17 1.33 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 135 153 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 185 211 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 253 288 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.09 1.24 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.09 1.24 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 195 222 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 242 275 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 197 224 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.2 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.04 1.18 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 192 218 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 356 405 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 243 277 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2830 3220 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.9 13.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.3 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.9 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 80.2 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 96 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.4 5 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.9 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3640 4130 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3320 3770 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2060 2340 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3820 4340 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3470 3940 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2180 2480 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15.2 17.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.9 15.8 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.6 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16 18.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.5 16.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.1 10.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 87.6 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 92 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 88.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 93 %
N digestibility growing pig - 90.1 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 92.4 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 89.8 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 31 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.3 g/kg 32 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2400 2730 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2360 2680 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 10 11.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.9 11.2 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 1.4 1.6 g/kg 22 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 86 %
Energy digestibility horse - 83 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.85 0.97 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 404 459 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3620 4110 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3150 3580 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.1 17.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.2 15 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 87.1 %
N digestibility rabbit - 80 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3110 3540 kcal/kg - 3360 -3840 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 13 14.8 MJ/kg - 14.1 -16.1 4
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 75 % 72-80.8 4
N digestibility salmonids - 95 % 77.1-95.9 4
Digestible P salmonids 1 1.1 g/kg 16 % 0.4 -2.1 3 0.5 -2.5 3 5-33 3
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 30.2 34.3 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.5 25.6 -34.4 163 1.7 27.2 -38.2 135 0.3 5.2-7 162
Threonine 18.4 20.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1.4 16.2 -23.6 91 1.5 18.5 -25.9 66 0.3 3.4-4.6 91
Methionine 6.9 7.8 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.6 4.8 -8.2 116 0.7 5.1 -8.9 89 0.1 1-1.6 114
Cystine 7.7 8.7 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.7 4.2 -8.2 93 0.8 4.4 -9.4 66 0.1 0.8-1.7 92
Methionine + cystine 14.6 16.6 g/kg 3 g/16g N 0.9 11.4 -15.4 92 1 12.7 -17.1 64 0.2 2.4-3.1 90
Tryptophan 6.8 7.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 5.3 -7.1 53 0.5 5.9 -7.8 27 0.07 1.1-1.4 52
Isoleucine 22.1 25.1 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.7 18.5 -25.4 77 1.9 20.2 -28.4 53 0.2 3.8-5.1 80
Valine 23.4 26.6 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.9 18.5 -29.1 87 2.1 21.1 -32.1 61 0.3 4.1-5.8 88
Leucine 37.1 42.2 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 2.2 29.6 -42.6 83 2.5 33.8 -46.7 58 0.4 6.5-8.7 85
Phenylalanine 24.5 27.9 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.6 19.9 -28.5 88 1.8 22.7 -31.3 63 0.2 4.4-5.7 90
Tyrosine 17.1 19.4 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.8 14.5 -21.6 69 2 15.8 -23.4 50 0.3 2.9-4.4 72
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 41.6 47.3 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 2.4 34.4 -45.7 49 2.7 39.2 -50.9 28 0.4 7.7-9.2 50
Histidine 12.9 14.7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 11.4 -15.6 77 1.1 13.1 -17.7 52 0.2 2.4-3.2 79
Arginine 35.5 40.3 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 2.7 31.5 -44.9 86 3 32.9 -48.9 62 0.4 6-9.1 89
Alanine 21 23.9 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.9 18 -27.6 86 2.2 20.3 -31.2 61 0.3 3.8-5.8 88
Aspartic acid 54.8 62.3 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 4 23.2 -72.8 85 4.5 50.9 -75.9 60 0.6 9-14.1 86
Glutamic acid 86.8 98.6 g/kg 17.9 g/16g N 6.6 71.9 -105 84 7.4 80.9 -119 59 1 15-21.7 86
Glycine 20.2 23 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.1 16.9 -23.8 86 1.2 19.3 -25.8 60 0.2 3.8-4.9 88
Serine 22.3 25.4 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 2.1 20 -30.5 88 2.4 22.5 -34.9 63 0.4 4.2-6.1 90
Proline 24.1 27.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 2.1 20.5 -30.6 43 2.4 24.5 -35 17 0.3 4.5-6.2 44
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 27.7 31.5 g/kg 92 % 24.4 -32.4 4 27.7 -33.8 4 84-94 4
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 16.3 18.5 g/kg 89 % 13.7 -21.5 4 15.6 -22.4 4 75-91 4
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 6.4 7.2 g/kg 92 % 5 -6.4 4 87-96 4
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.8 g/kg 89 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 13.2 15 g/kg 91 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 7 g/kg 91 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 20.2 23 g/kg 91 % 18.3 -23.8 4 20.7 -24.8 4 81-94 4
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 21.1 23.9 g/kg 90 % 18.7 -26.9 4 21.3 -28 4 80-94 4
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 33.8 38.4 g/kg 91 % 29.9 -38.5 4 33.9 -40.1 4 82-94 4
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 22.7 25.8 g/kg 92 % 19.7 -25.1 4 22.4 -26.2 4 80-95 4
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 15.8 18 g/kg 93 % 15.1 -19 3 17.1 -19.8 3 89-95 3
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 38.5 43.8 g/kg 93 % 35.8 -40.2 2 40.5 -45 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 11.9 13.6 g/kg 92 % 86-95 4
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 33.8 38.4 g/kg 95 % 31.4 -39.1 4 35.6 -40.8 4 89-97 4
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 18.6 21.1 g/kg 88 % 16.8 -21.2 4 19 -22.1 4 81-93 4
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 50.1 56.9 g/kg 91 % 44.9 -64.3 4 51 -67.1 4
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 80.5 91.5 g/kg 93 % 72.9 -94.7 4 81.4 -107 4 85-95 4
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 18.1 20.6 g/kg 89 % 15.8 -18.8 4
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 20.3 23.1 g/kg 91 % 18.3 -26.5 4 20.8 -27.6 4 79-92 4
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 22.1 25.1 g/kg 92 % 22 -25 4 24.9 -26.4 4 82-95 4
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 26.6 30.2 g/kg 88 % 2 87-92 8
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.3 17.3 g/kg 83 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 7 g/kg 90 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.6 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 12 13.6 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.9 g/kg 89 % 88-94 3
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.2 21.9 g/kg 87 % 2 86-93 8
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.1 22.9 g/kg 86 % 2 86-92 8
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 32.3 36.7 g/kg 87 % 2 85-92 8
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.3 24.3 g/kg 87 % 3 86-94 8
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 15 17.1 g/kg 88 % 86-89 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 36.3 41.3 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.3 12.8 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 31.9 36.3 g/kg 90 % 2 89-94 8
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.1 20.6 g/kg 86 % 2 85-92 7
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 46.1 52.4 g/kg 84 % 2 83-89 7
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 77.2 87.8 g/kg 89 % 2 87-93 7
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 17 19.3 g/kg 84 % 2 84-90 8
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.2 21.8 g/kg 86 % 3 84-92 8
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 20.7 23.6 g/kg 86 % 2 86-91 7
Origin USA, processed in France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 6.73 7.65 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 7.77 8.84 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 493 561 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0097 0.011 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 5.75 6.53 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 2.78 3.16 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML