Whey powder, acid

Dried byproduct of the manufacturing of soft or fresh cheese. Whey is the liquid that separates from the curd.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 97 100 % - 2.4 92.6 -98.9 139 2
Crude protein 8.8 9.1 % - 1.6 6.5 -14.1 164 1.6 6.6 -14.4 129
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.1 0 -0.3 5 0 -0.3 4
Crude fat, hydrolysis 1.9 2 % - 0.9 0 -4.5 166 0.9 0 -4.9 144
Ash 11.4 11.7 % - 1.1 7.4 -13.7 180 1.2 7.7 -14.5 147
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % - 1 0 -6.8 2
Lactose 62.9 64.8 % - 3.6 47.1 -75.9 236 3.6 54.6 -77.9 224
Gross energy (kcal) 3570 3680 kcal/kg - 120 3460 -3760 7
Gross energy (MJ) 14.9 15.4 MJ/kg - 0.5 14.5 -15.7 7
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 14.4 14.8 g/kg - 2.6 8.3 -20.3 63 2.7 8.4 -21.3 56
Phosphorus 9.9 10.2 g/kg - 1.3 6.5 -14.3 53 1.4 6.6 -14.6 46
Magnesium 1.5 1.5 g/kg -
Potassium 20.8 21.4 g/kg -
Sodium 7.32 7.55 g/kg - 1.03 4.8 -18.5 185 1.06 4.96 -11.02 176
Chlorine 19.1 19.7 g/kg - 6.9 1.5 -45.7 232 7.1 1.6 -46.9 223
Sulfur 4.7 4.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 20 20 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 313 323 mEq/kg -
Manganese 3 3 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 63 65 mg/kg - 1
Copper 2 2 mg/kg -
Iron 9 9 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 5 5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 1.6 1.7 g/kg 9 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 9 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 5.3 5.4 g/kg 29.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.9 0.9 g/kg 5.1 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 2.1 2.2 g/kg 11.7 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 4 4.1 g/kg 22.3 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 3.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.6 % FA
Fatty acids 1.8 1.9 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 0.5 0.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 27 28 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 23 24 µg/kg -
Niacin 10 10 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 84 86 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 15 15 mg/kg -
Choline 1931 1990 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.01 1.04 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.04 1.07 per kg -
PDIA Systali 6 6 g/kg -
PDI Systali 66 68 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -26 -27 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.037 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2630 2710 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1780 1840 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1820 1880 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11 11.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.5 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.6 7.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 92.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 87.1 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 93 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.02 1.06 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.05 1.08 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 3 3 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 65 67 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -26 -27 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.98 1.01 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1 1.03 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 9 9 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 69 71 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -29 -30 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.09 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.11 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 51 52 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 73 75 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2740 2830 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.5 11.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 70.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 67.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 8.2 8.5 g/kg 83 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 7.9 8.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3390 3490 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3290 3400 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2690 2770 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3390 3490 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3290 3390 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2660 2750 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.2 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.8 14.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.3 11.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.2 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.8 14.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.2 11.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 95 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 95 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 98.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 99 %
N digestibility growing pig - 95 %
N digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 8.9 9.2 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1920 1970 kcal/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1920 1970 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8 8.3 MJ/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8 8.3 MJ/kg -
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3080 3180 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.9 13.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 86.4 %
N digestibility salmonids - 88.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 6.6 6.8 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 1.6 4.2 -9.3 18 4.5 -9.9 3 0.9 5.4-8.3 18
Threonine 4.8 4.9 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 1.1 3.4 -7 18 3.9 -7.2 3 0.7 3.7-6.4 18
Methionine 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 0.6 -1.5 18 0.6 -1.5 3
Cystine 1.6 1.6 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.6 0.5 -2.3 18 0.5 -2.4 3 0.5 0.7-2.3 18
Methionine + cystine 2.8 2.9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.8 1 -3.7 18 1.1 -3.9 3 0.6 1.4-3.7 18
Tryptophan 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.5 0.4 -1.9 18 0.4 -1.8 3 0.4 0.5-2.1 18
Isoleucine 4.5 4.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.8 3 -6.1 18 3.4 -6.2 3 0.5 3.6-5.5 18
Valine 4.2 4.4 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.9 2.5 -5.5 18 2.6 -5.6 3 0.5 3.4-5.3 18
Leucine 6.9 7.1 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 2.1 3 -9.3 18 3.2 -9.5 3 1.7 4.2-9.8 18
Phenylalanine 2.3 2.4 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.5 1.1 -3 18 1.2 -3.2 3 0.4 1.6-3 18
Tyrosine 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.5 1.1 -2.3 7
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 3.5 3.6 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.9 2.9 -4.9 7 0.7 3.9-5.7 7
Histidine 1.7 1.7 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 0.7 1.1 -4.2 18 1.5 -4.5 3 0.4 1.5-3.2 18
Arginine 1.8 1.8 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.5 0.5 -2.4 18 0.5 -2.1 3 0.5 0.7-2.8 18
Alanine 3.6 3.7 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.9 1.9 -5.2 17 2 -5.5 3 0.5 2.6-4.6 17
Aspartic acid 7.6 7.9 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N 1.8 4.7 -10.5 17 4.9 -11.2 3 0.9 6.4-9.4 17
Glutamic acid 12.9 13.2 g/kg 14.6 g/16g N 2.2 9.8 -17.6 17 12.4 -18.7 3 1 12.7-16.2 17
Glycine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.4 1 -2.3 17 1 -2.4 3 0.2 1.3-2.1 17
Serine 3.6 3.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.7 2.7 -5.1 17 3 -5.4 3 0.3 3.4-4.5 17
Proline 3.2 3.3 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 5.9 6 g/kg 89 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.2 g/kg 85 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.4 g/kg 88 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.6 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.1 g/kg 87 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.1 g/kg 88 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 3.8 g/kg 87 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.3 6.5 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.2 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1 g/kg 90 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.2 g/kg 90 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.6 g/kg 91 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 1.6 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.1 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 11.8 12.1 g/kg 91 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 75 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 2.8 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 6.4 g/kg 94 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.3 g/kg 88 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.2 g/kg 97 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.4 g/kg 86 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.6 g/kg 91 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.1 g/kg 90 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.2 g/kg 90 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 3.9 g/kg 90 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 6.4 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.2 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.2 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.6 g/kg 89 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.6 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.4 g/kg 93 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 11.3 11.7 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.5 g/kg 90 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.2 g/kg 88 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 2.8 g/kg 86 %
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