Lentils

Seeds of lentil (Lens esculenta Moench). Lentil is a major grain legume used around the world as human food.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.4 100 % - 2.7 85.8 -92.1 22 2.5
Crude protein 23.5 26.6 % - 3.4 20.3 -29 23 3.8 10.3 -32.1 30
Crude fibre 4.3 4.9 % - 0.9 2.6 -6.8 20 1 2.9 -7.7 20
Crude fat 1.4 1.6 % - 0.9 0.5 -4.4 15 1 0.5 -5 22
Ash 3.5 3.9 % - 1.3 2.4 -9.3 20 1.5 2.1 -7.9 26
Insoluble ash 1.8 2 % - 0.3 -2.6 3 0.3 -3 3
NDF 13 14.7 % - 6 10.9 -25.3 5 6.8 8.1 -27.4 11
ADF 4.6 5.2 % - 1 3.3 -5.6 5 1.1 3.3 -6.2 10
Lignin 1.4 1.6 % - 1 -1.8 2 1.2 -2 2
Water insoluble cell walls 12.4 14 % -
Starch 40.2 45.4 % - 4.6 35.3 -46.7 16 5.2 29.7 -53.6 20
Total sugars 4.3 4.8 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 3890 4400 kcal/kg - 3610 -3940 2 3970 -4510 3
Gross energy (MJ) 16.3 18.4 MJ/kg - 15.1 -16.5 2 16.6 -18.9 3
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.5 1.8 g/kg - 1.5 0.6 -4.9 6 1.6 0.6 -5.6 11
Phosphorus 4 4.6 g/kg - 1 2.9 -5.8 6 1.1 3.1 -6.6 12
Phytate phosphorus 2.6 3 g/kg 65 % P 1 1
Magnesium 1.1 1.3 g/kg - 0.2 1 -1.5 6
Potassium 9.1 10.3 g/kg - 0.8 8.2 -9.5 2 0.9 9 -11.3 6
Sodium 0.35 0.4 g/kg - 1 1
Manganese 16 18 mg/kg - 1 4 14 -24 5
Zinc 34 38 mg/kg - 1 7 29 -44 5
Copper 13 14 mg/kg - 1 10 8 -32 5
Iron 78 88 mg/kg - 1 22 73 -126 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.1 2.4 g/kg 18 % FA 1 1 17.9-18 2
C18:0 stearic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 1 % FA 1 1 0-2 2
C18:1 oleic acid 2.2 2.5 g/kg 18.6 % FA 1 1 17-20.1 2
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.4 6.1 g/kg 45.8 % FA 1 1 37.6-54 2
C18:3 linolenic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 8.5 % FA 1 1 6.9-10 2
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 g/kg 82 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin B1 thiamin 2 2 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.11 1.26 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.14 1.29 per kg -
PDIA Systali 40 45 g/kg -
PDI Systali 92 104 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 97 109 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.129 0.147 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2890 3270 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1960 2220 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2010 2270 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.1 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.2 9.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 91.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 81 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.13 1.28 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.16 1.32 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 34 38 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 88 100 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 100 113 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.08 1.22 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.1 1.24 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 49 56 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 100 113 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 89 100 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.08 1.22 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.09 1.23 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 33 37 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 147 167 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 88 99 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2840 3220 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.9 13.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.9 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.4 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 86 % 1
Immediately degradable N (a) - 67 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 29 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.115 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 46 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.095 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 56 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 42 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.6 %
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.9 1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3390 3830 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3210 3630 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2330 2630 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3520 3990 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3310 3750 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2400 2720 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.2 16.1 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.4 15.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.7 11 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.7 16.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.9 15.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10 11.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 87.2 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 89 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 92 %
N digestibility growing pig - 93.5 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 97 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 21.1 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel, ground (kcal) 2460 2790 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 2720 3080 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (kcal) 2400 2720 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 2660 3010 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, ground (MJ) 10.3 11.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (MJ) 11.4 12.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, ground (MJ) 10.1 11.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (MJ) 11.1 12.6 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 85 %
Energy digestibility horse - 82.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.96 1.08 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 184 208 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3180 3600 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2940 3330 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.3 15.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.3 13.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 82.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 15.3 17.3 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 2.1 14.9 -16.8 5 2.4 10.8 -19.2 10 0.9 4.3-8 11
Threonine 8.3 9.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.4 6.3 -10.2 8 0.6 2.5-4.5 9
Methionine 2.1 2.4 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1.8 -2.5 3 2.1 -2.8 4 0.2 0.7-1.1 5
Cystine 2.9 3.3 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 2.9 -3.7 4 1-1.5 4
Methionine + cystine 5 5.6 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 1.1 3.5 -5.1 3 1.2 5.1 -8.6 8 0.4 1.7-3 8
Tryptophan 1.8 2 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1 0.2 1.5 -2.1 6 0.2 0.5-1.2 7
Isoleucine 9.8 11 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 3 9.6 -10.2 3 3.4 2.9 -12.9 8 1.4 1.1-6.3 9
Valine 10.7 12.2 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 10.2 -14.2 4 0.6 4-5.4 5
Leucine 17.8 20.2 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 0.9 16.1 -18.4 3 1 17.7 -20.6 8 1.3 6.8-10.9 9
Phenylalanine 11.9 13.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 10.2 -12.7 3 11.2 -14 4 0.8 4.3-6.3 5
Tyrosine 6.7 7.5 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 2.5-3.2 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 18.5 21 g/kg 7.9 g/16g N 0.8 17.7 -20.9 3 0.8 19.5 -21.8 7 0.5 7.2-8.8 8
Histidine 6.2 7 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1.3 5.7 -6.4 3 1.5 3.4 -8.1 8 0.7 1.3-3.8 9
Arginine 17.1 19.3 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 4.1 9.9 -23 8 1.4 3.9-8.8 9
Alanine 9.1 10.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 2 6 -11.7 7 0.7 2.4-4.3 7
Aspartic acid 25.8 29.1 g/kg 10.9 g/16g N 2.2 25.2 -32.1 7 0.7 9.9-11.5 7
Glutamic acid 36 40.7 g/kg 15.3 g/16g N 1.5 38.9 -43.8 7 0.6 14.7-16.3 7
Glycine 9.4 10.6 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.4 10.1 -11.4 7 0.2 3.8-4.4 8
Serine 9.8 11.1 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.9 7.2 -13.1 7 0.7 2.9-5.1 7
Proline 8.5 9.7 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1.5 6.5 -10.8 7 0.5 2.6-4 7
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