Bakery byproduct

Byproduct of bread manufacture, consisting of bread and other bakery products unfit for human consumption.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.7 100 % - 6.5 69.1 -97.6 362 5.9
Crude protein 11.3 12.5 % - 1.9 3.6 -18.3 373 2 1.4 -25.8 361
Crude fibre 0.7 0.8 % - 0.5 0 -2.7 169 0.5 0 -2.7 165
Crude fat 5 5.5 % - 3.4 0.2 -16 127 3.7 0.2 -17 117
Ash 2.5 2.8 % - 0.9 0.9 -14.7 343 0.9 1 -15.9 336
NDF 6.3 7 % - 4.7 3.4 -15.2 4 5.2 4.5 -17.9 7
ADF 1.2 1.3 % - 1.8 1.1 -5.5 4
Lignin 0.5 0.5 % - 0.8 -1.2 4 0.8 -2.2 7
Water insoluble cell walls 5.8 6.3 % - 1 1
Starch 51.7 57 % - 8.6 32 -71.8 311 9.1 40.5 -88.7 296
Total sugars 13 14.3 % - 5.2 0.6 -28 218 5.7 1.2 -30.9 211
Gross energy (kcal) 4140 4570 kcal/kg - 4100 -4280 3
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.1 MJ/kg - 17.2 -17.9 3
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.9 0.3 -5 40 1 0.3 -5.4 37
Phosphorus 5.6 6.2 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 4.5 5 g/kg 80 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 0.3 0.4 g/kg - 0.3 -0.4 2
Potassium 7.4 8.2 g/kg -
Sodium 8.84 9.74 g/kg - 9.41 0.51 -56.3 113 10.37 0.54 -61.06 109
Chlorine 9.4 10.4 g/kg - 2.7 1.6 -18.4 81 2.9 1.7 -19.5 80
Sulfur 1.7 1.9 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 203 224 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 309 341 mEq/kg -
Manganese 9 10 mg/kg - 8 -10 3
Zinc 15 16 mg/kg - 11 -18 3
Copper 4 4 mg/kg - 3 -4 3
Iron 53 59 mg/kg - 38 -68 3
Selenium 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 3 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.1 7.8 g/kg 17.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 6 6.6 g/kg 15.2 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 22.4 24.6 g/kg 56.4 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.3 2.6 g/kg 5.9 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.3 % FA
Fatty acids 4 4.4 g/kg 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 25 28 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 17 18 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 9 9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 106 116 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 19 21 mg/kg -
Folic acid 1 1 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Choline 1209 1333 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 2 mL/g
Phytase activity 2670 2940 IU/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.23 1.35 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.27 1.4 per kg -
PDIA Systali 25 28 g/kg -
PDI Systali 81 90 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -16 -18 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.262 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 3160 3480 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2160 2380 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2230 2460 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 13.2 14.6 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 9 10 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.3 10.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 91.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 88.9 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 74 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 62 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.25 1.37 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.29 1.42 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 22 24 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 80 88 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -15 -17 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.19 1.31 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.22 1.34 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 31 34 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 85 94 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -21 -23 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.2 1.32 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.22 1.34 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 26 29 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 74 81 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 91 101 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3130 3450 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.1 14.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 72.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 87 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 76 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 64 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 44 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 38 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.065 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.2 4.7 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3890 4290 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3780 4170 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 2890 3180 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3910 4320 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3790 4170 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2920 3210 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.3 17.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.8 17.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.4 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.8 17.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 12.2 13.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 93.9 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 94.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 96 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 97 %
N digestibility growing pig - 87.8 %
N digestibility adult pig - 89.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 95.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 66.6 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.4 1.6 g/kg 25 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.8 3.1 g/kg 50 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3270 3600 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3160 3490 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13.7 15.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.2 14.6 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 89 %
Energy digestibility horse - 85.4 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.11 1.23 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 88 97 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3430 3780 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3320 3660 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.4 15.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.9 15.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 82.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 71.5 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1850 2040 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 44.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 89.3 %
Digestible P salmonids 2.7 3 g/kg 48 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.9 4.2 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.6 1.2 -5.7 16 0.6 2.3 -4.6 11
Threonine 3.2 3.6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 0.6 1.9 -5.9 11 0.6 2.8 -4.9 7 0.2 2.6-3.2 11
Methionine 1.6 1.8 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.3 0.9 -2.7 12 0.3 1.4 -2.5 8 0.2 1.2-1.8 12
Cystine 2.3 2.5 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.6 1.3 -3.6 12 0.6 1.8 -3.8 8 0.3 1.7-2.8 12
Methionine + cystine 3.9 4.3 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.9 2.2 -6.2 11 1 3.2 -6.3 7 0.4 3-4.5 11
Tryptophan 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.7 0.7 -2.7 8 0.9 -1.8 4 0.2 0.9-1.5 8
Isoleucine 3.5 3.9 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.2 2.2 -5.6 7 3.5 -5.6 3 0.3 3.1-3.9 7
Valine 5.1 5.6 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.8 2.7 -8.2 7 4.6 -6.9 3 0.3 3.9-5.1 7
Leucine 7.4 8.1 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 2.5 4.4 -11.3 7 7.3 -11.7 3 1.2 6.2-9.7 7
Phenylalanine 4.8 5.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.4 2.8 -7 7 4.2 -6.8 3 0.3 3.8-4.6 7
Tyrosine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1.6 -4.7 7 0.3 2.3-3.2 7
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.4 9.2 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 2.5 4.4 -11.7 6 0.6 6.4-7.8 6
Histidine 3.1 3.4 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1.2 -4.3 7 2.3 -3.5 3
Arginine 5.3 5.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2.6 2.4 -10.6 7 4.6 -6.7 3 0.8 3.5-5.8 7
Alanine 4.3 4.8 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 2.1 2.1 -8.5 7 4.5 -6.8 3 0.9 3-5.8 7
Aspartic acid 5.9 6.5 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 2.8 3.1 -11.8 7 6 -8.5 3 0.7 4.5-6.6 7
Glutamic acid 22.8 25.1 g/kg 20.2 g/16g N 6.9 17.5 -34.2 7 20.1 -36 3 3.1 17.8-26.5 7
Glycine 5.4 5.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2.1 2.3 -8.8 7 4.2 -6.2 3 0.5 3.3-4.8 7
Serine 7.4 8.1 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 1.7 2.9 -7.7 7
Proline 7.5 8.3 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 2.3 6.2 -11.8 7 7.1 -13.2 3 0.9 6.1-9 7
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.6 g/kg 61 % 1 1 48-74 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 72 % 1 1 62-82 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 82 % 1 1 77-88 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 1.9 g/kg 77 % 1 1 69-84 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.4 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 83 % 1 1 83-83 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.1 g/kg 79 % 1 1 71-87 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.3 g/kg 78 % 1 1 70-86 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.9 g/kg 84 % 1 1 78-90 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.5 g/kg 84 % 1 1 78-90 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3 g/kg 77 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.5 g/kg 81 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.7 g/kg 80 % 1 1 73-87 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4.9 5.4 g/kg 91 % 1 1 91-92 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 79 % 1 1 73-84 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.6 g/kg 70 % 1 1 62-79 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 22 g/kg 87 % 1 1 82-93 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.2 g/kg 88 % 1 1 87-89 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.6 g/kg 81 % 1 1 76-86 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 70 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 81 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.9 g/kg 77 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.4 g/kg 79 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 79 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.2 g/kg 76 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6 6.6 g/kg 81 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.5 7.2 g/kg 78 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.5 g/kg 74 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.6 g/kg 79 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.6 g/kg 75 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.7 g/kg 72 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 20 22.1 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.2 g/kg 71 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 78 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.7 g/kg 81 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 1.69 1.86 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 0 0 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 104 114 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0004 0.0004 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 0.02 0.02 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0 0 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML