Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of partially dehulled cotton seeds (Gossypium spp.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.2 100 % - 1.5 85.2 -94.9 238 2.3
Crude protein 36.7 40.7 % - 3.5 27.5 -50.7 280 3.8 30.4 -55.2 257
Crude fibre 17.1 19 % - 2.1 4.7 -20 251 2.3 5.1 -23.4 218
Crude fat 2.6 2.8 % - 1.2 0.04 -4.9 183 1.4 0.04 -5.5 180
Ash 6.4 7.1 % - 0.6 3.5 -8 165 0.7 3.9 -8.7 177
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % - 0.06 0.01 -0.2 9 0.07 0.01 -0.3 10
NDF 32.2 35.8 % - 4.7 21.7 -45 31 5.2 23.2 -48.6 40
ADF 22.7 25.1 % - 2.8 13.6 -26.4 33 3.1 14.6 -28.5 43
Lignin 7.1 7.9 % - 1.5 3.8 -9.7 27 1.6 4.2 -10.7 32
Water insoluble cell walls 36.2 40.1 % - 34.7 -39.7 3 38.2 -42.9 3
Starch 5.1 5.6 % - 4.5 -5.8 4 5 -6.4 4
Starch, enzymatic method 1.7 1.9 % -
Total sugars 1.9 2.1 % - 1.4 -2.4 2 1.6 -2.6 2
Gross energy (kcal) 4390 4860 kcal/kg - 180 4210 -4790 9 180 4670 -5160 10
Gross energy (MJ) 18.4 20.4 MJ/kg - 0.7 17.6 -20.1 9 0.7 19.5 -21.6 10
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.6 2.9 g/kg - 0.8 1 -4.3 54 0.9 1.1 -4.8 57
Phosphorus 11.1 12.3 g/kg - 1.9 4.1 -15.2 57 2.1 4.5 -16.6 61
Phytate phosphorus 7.7 8.6 g/kg 70 % P 1 1
Magnesium 6.1 6.8 g/kg - 1.3 5 -10.4 12 1.5 5.5 -11.3 13
Potassium 15.6 17.3 g/kg - 3.1 6.1 -18.7 12 3.5 6.6 -20.1 13
Sodium 0.19 0.21 g/kg - 0.06 -0.33 2 0.06 -0.36 2
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 3.3 3.7 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 185 205 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 392 435 mEq/kg -
Manganese 23 26 mg/kg - 1 20 -30 3
Zinc 54 60 mg/kg - 1 46 -79 3
Copper 11 12 mg/kg - 1 11 -12 2
Iron 524 581 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 3 3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.3 0.5-1.2 9
C16:0 palmitic acid 5.1 5.7 g/kg 22.7 % FA 0.8 21.7-24.2 14
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.3 0.3-1 9
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.9 % FA 0.4 1.5-3 14
C18:1 oleic acid 3.8 4.2 g/kg 16.7 % FA 1.5 14.7-20.8 14
C18:2 linoleic acid 12.9 14.3 g/kg 57.3 % FA 3.6 46.1-60 14
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.7 % FA 1.4 0.05-4.4 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.07 0.08 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 2.3 2.5 % 88 % fat 2 86-90 10
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.4 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 20.5 22.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 21.7 24 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 4.1 4.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 7.9 8.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 41.9 46.5 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 46.2 51.2 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 24.4 27.1 mg/kg -
Choline 2734 3032 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.89 0.98 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.83 0.92 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 125 138 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 168 187 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 141 156 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.342 0.379 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2460 2730 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1560 1730 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1460 1620 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10 11.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.3 7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 5.9 6.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 71.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 3.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.91 1.01 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.86 0.95 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 110 122 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 156 173 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 155 172 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.84 0.93 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.78 0.86 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 144 160 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 186 207 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 121 134 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.94 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.82 0.91 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.75 0.84 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.78 0.87 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 139 155 g/kg - 40 75 -227 13
PDIN INRA 2007 257 285 g/kg - 32 229 -328 13
PDIE INRA 2007 180 200 g/kg - 39 116 -264 13
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2400 2670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.8 10.9 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.1 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 72.6 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 72.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.2 % 62-88.2 3
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 86 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 64 % 1
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 13 30-79 22
Immediately degradable N (a) - 29 % 13-39 3
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 59-64 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.065 h-1 0.064-0.086 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 6 42-57 10
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 % 8 20-40 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 51 % 6 37-51 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.055 h-1 0.023 0.018-0.086 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 70.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.1 7.8 g/kg 64 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.4 1.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.6 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 846 938 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 855 948 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 162 180 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 141 157 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.6 4 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.3 1.4 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 59.8 66.3 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.01 3.34 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.51 1.67 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.42 1.57 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.63 1.81 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.07 1.18 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 38 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 43 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6 6.6 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 243 270 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 20 22 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2900 3220 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2660 2940 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1570 1740 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3090 3430 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2790 3100 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1680 1860 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.2 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.1 12.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 7.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.9 14.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.7 13 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 66.2 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 70.5 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 68.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 73 %
N digestibility growing pig - 80.6 %
N digestibility adult pig - 83.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 32.3 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2.9 3.2 g/kg 26 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 4.3 4.8 g/kg 39 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1870 2070 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1840 2040 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 7.8 8.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P cockerel 2.8 3.1 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 2.8 3.1 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76.2 %
Energy digestibility horse - 73.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.63 0.69 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 279 309 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2630 2920 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2280 2530 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 12.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.6 10.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 60 %
N digestibility rabbit - 79.2 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2920 3240 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.2 13.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 66.7 %
N digestibility salmonids - 87 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.9 16.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.9 12.6 -17.1 19 2.1 10.3 -19.3 20 0.4 3.1-4.6 21
Threonine 11.9 13.2 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.4 10.6 -16.2 17 1.5 11.6 -17.9 17 0.3 2.8-4.3 18
Methionine 5.3 5.9 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.7 4.4 -7.4 17 0.8 5 -8.2 18 0.2 1.1-2 19
Cystine 6.2 6.9 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.9 5.4 -8.7 15 1 5 -9.6 16 0.2 1.3-2.3 17
Methionine + cystine 11.6 12.8 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.2 10.6 -13.3 12 1.3 10.1 -15 13 0.2 2.4-3.3 14
Tryptophan 4.8 5.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.8 3.7 -5.6 11 0.9 3 -6.3 12
Isoleucine 11.7 13 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.6 9 -14.4 16 1.8 10.3 -16.3 17 0.4 2.5-3.8 18
Valine 16.4 18.1 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 2.6 12.3 -21 15 2.9 13.9 -23.3 16 0.4 3.5-5 17
Leucine 21 23.3 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 2.6 18.4 -26.4 17 2.9 20.1 -29.1 17 0.6 4.6-7 18
Phenylalanine 19.1 21.2 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 2.9 15.2 -24.4 16 3.2 16.1 -27.6 17 0.4 4-5.7 18
Tyrosine 10.4 11.5 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 6.2 6.8 -23.4 15 6.9 7.4 -26.2 16 1.2 2-5.3 17
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 29.5 32.7 g/kg 8 g/16g N 9.2 23.4 -47.6 11 10.2 25.6 -53.8 12 1.3 6.8-10.7 13
Histidine 11 12.2 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1.3 8.1 -12.8 14 1.5 9.3 -14.3 14 0.2 2.3-3.2 15
Arginine 40.5 44.9 g/kg 11 g/16g N 5 37.5 -51.6 16 5.4 40.8 -58.4 16 0.8 9.5-12.6 17
Alanine 15.6 17.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.9 12.9 -18.9 17 2.1 14.1 -21 17 0.4 3.4-4.9 17
Aspartic acid 34 37.7 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 5.4 24.1 -44.2 15 5.9 26.6 -50 15 0.8 6.4-9.8 15
Glutamic acid 69.3 76.9 g/kg 18.9 g/16g N 11.1 60.8 -90.9 17 12.3 61.7 -102 18 1 16.4-20.8 18
Glycine 15.1 16.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.6 12.5 -18.6 17 1.7 14.1 -20.5 17 0.5 3-4.9 18
Serine 15.9 17.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 3.8 14.2 -25.9 17 4.2 12.6 -29 19 0.6 3.6-5.9 19
Proline 13.5 15 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 3.9 12.1 -27.6 11 1 3.1-6.6 11
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 10.6 11.7 g/kg 71 % 1.7 7.9 -14.3 11 1.9 8.7 -16.2 11 7 63-84 11
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 9.2 10.2 g/kg 77 % 1.4 8.1 -11.9 11 1.5 8.6 -13.5 11 7 70-88 11
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.4 g/kg 74 % 0.9 3.1 -6.6 11 1 3.4 -7.3 11 11 61-90 11
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 5 g/kg 72 % 0.3 4.1 -5.1 11 0.4 4.5 -5.6 11 6 57-81 11
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 8.4 9.4 g/kg 73 % 1 1 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4.2 g/kg 79 % 0.5 2.7 -4.7 11 0.6 3.1 -5.3 11 7 65-88 11
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 10.3 g/kg 80 % 1.5 7.5 -12.6 11 1.7 8 -14.3 11 6 72-89 11
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.2 14.6 g/kg 81 % 2.2 11.6 -18.1 11 2.4 12.3 -20.1 11 5 74-89 11
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.2 19 g/kg 82 % 2.5 14.2 -23 11 2.8 15.1 -26 11 6 75-90 11
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 16.7 18.5 g/kg 87 % 2.7 12.5 -22.7 11 3 13.8 -25.7 11 4 82-93 11
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 9.5 g/kg 83 % 5.2 6.3 -20.2 11 5.8 6.7 -22.8 11 5 71-90 11
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 25.3 28 g/kg 86 % 1 1 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 10.3 g/kg 84 % 1.1 7.4 -10.8 11 1.3 7.8 -12.2 11 5 75-92 11
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 37.4 41.5 g/kg 92 % 4.7 36.6 -49.9 11 5.2 38.9 -56.4 11 3 88-97 11
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 12.4 13.8 g/kg 80 % 2.4 9.7 -17.1 11 2.7 10.3 -19 11 7 72-90 11
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 28.2 31.3 g/kg 83 % 6.4 17.4 -40.2 11 7.1 19.2 -45.5 11 5 72-91 11
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 61.1 67.7 g/kg 88 % 9.7 58.7 -83.7 11 10.8 62.6 -93.8 11 4 82-95 11
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 11.4 12.6 g/kg 75 % 10.7 -13.1 4 11.4 -14.4 4 70-82 4
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 13.1 14.5 g/kg 82 % 3.8 11.2 -20.5 11 4.2 11.9 -23 11 6 75-93 11
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 11.3 12.5 g/kg 84 % 79-93 3
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.7 9.6 g/kg 58 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.8 8.7 g/kg 66 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 77 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.9 g/kg 71 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 9.5 g/kg 74 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.1 g/kg 77 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.1 8.9 g/kg 69 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.6 12.9 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.9 16.5 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.3 16.9 g/kg 80 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.9 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.3 25.8 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9.2 g/kg 75 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.8 38.6 g/kg 86 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 12.1 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.5 28.3 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 57.5 63.8 g/kg 83 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.7 g/kg 70 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.6 12.9 g/kg 73 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 10 11.1 g/kg 74 %
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