Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre 15-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of partially dehulled cotton seeds (Gossypium spp.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.1 100 % - 2.5 85.2 -94.9 234 2.3
Crude protein 36.4 40.4 % - 3.5 27.5 -50.7 276 3.8 30.4 -55.2 252
Crude fibre 17.2 19 % - 2.1 4.7 -20 248 2.3 5.1 -23.4 215
Crude fat 2.6 2.9 % - 1.2 0.2 -4.9 179 1.3 0.2 -5.5 175
Ash 6.4 7.1 % - 0.6 3.5 -8 161 0.7 3.9 -8.7 172
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % - 0.06 0.01 -0.2 9 0.07 0.01 -0.3 10
NDF 32.3 35.8 % - 4.9 21.7 -45 28 5.4 23.2 -48.6 36
ADF 22.7 25.2 % - 2.8 13.6 -26.4 30 3.1 14.6 -28.5 39
Lignin 7.1 7.9 % - 1.4 3.8 -9.7 27 1.6 4.2 -10.7 31
Water insoluble cell walls 36.2 40.2 % - 34.7 -39.7 3 38.2 -42.9 3
Starch 5.1 5.6 % - 4.5 -5.8 4 5 -6.4 4
Total sugars 1.9 2.1 % - 1.4 -2.4 2 1.6 -2.6 2
Gross energy (kcal) 4380 4860 kcal/kg - 180 4210 -4790 9 180 4670 -5160 10
Gross energy (MJ) 18.4 20.4 MJ/kg - 0.7 17.6 -20.1 9 0.7 19.5 -21.6 10
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.6 2.9 g/kg - 0.8 1 -4.3 51 0.9 1.1 -4.8 54
Phosphorus 11.1 12.3 g/kg - 1.5 7.6 -15.2 54 1.6 7.9 -16.6 58
Phytate phosphorus 7.7 8.6 g/kg 70 % P 1 1
Magnesium 6.1 6.8 g/kg - 1.3 5 -10.4 12 1.5 5.5 -11.3 13
Potassium 15.6 17.3 g/kg - 3.1 6.1 -18.7 12 3.5 6.6 -20.1 13
Sodium 0.19 0.21 g/kg - 0.06 -0.33 2 0.06 -0.36 2
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 3.3 3.7 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 185 205 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 392 435 mEq/kg -
Manganese 23 26 mg/kg - 1 20 -30 3
Zinc 54 60 mg/kg - 1 46 -79 3
Copper 11 12 mg/kg - 1 11 -12 2
Selenium 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 3 3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 5.4 6 g/kg 23.2 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.7 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 2.1 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 3.9 4.4 g/kg 16.9 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 13 14.4 g/kg 55.8 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Fatty acids 2.3 2.6 g/kg 88 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.86 0.95 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.8 0.88 per kg -
PDIA Systali 124 137 g/kg -
PDI Systali 167 185 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 140 155 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.342 0.379 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2400 2660 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1510 1670 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1400 1550 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10 11.1 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.3 7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.9 6.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 69.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 69.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 52 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 3.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 7.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.88 0.98 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.83 0.92 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 109 121 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 154 171 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 154 171 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.81 0.9 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.74 0.82 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 143 158 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 184 205 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 120 133 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.82 0.91 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.75 0.84 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 138 153 g/kg - 40 75 -227 13
PDIN INRA 2007 255 283 g/kg - 32 229 -328 13
PDIE INRA 2007 178 197 g/kg - 39 116 -264 13
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2350 2610 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.8 10.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 76.8 % 73.7-88.2 2
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 86 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 64 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 13 30-79 22
Immediately degradable N (a) - 29 % 12 25-58 6
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 11 41-69 6
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.065 h-1 0.038 0.041-0.141 6
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 6 42-57 10
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 % 8 20-40 6
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 51 % 6 37-51 6
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.055 h-1 0.023 0.018-0.086 6
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 71.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.1 7.9 g/kg 64 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.4 1.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.6 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2900 3220 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2650 2940 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1570 1740 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3090 3430 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2790 3100 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1680 1870 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 11.1 12.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 7.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.9 14.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.7 13 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 66.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 70.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 68.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 73 %
N digestibility growing pig - 80.3 %
N digestibility adult pig - 83.4 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 33.7 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2.9 3.2 g/kg 26 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1860 2070 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1830 2040 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg - 1 1
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76 %
Energy digestibility horse - 73.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.63 0.69 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 276 306 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2620 2910 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2280 2530 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 12.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.5 10.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 59.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 79.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.8 16.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.9 13.3 -17.1 16 2.1 10.3 -19.3 17 0.3 3.1-4.6 18
Threonine 11.8 13.1 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.1 10.6 -14.1 14 1.2 11.6 -15.9 14 0.2 2.8-3.6 15
Methionine 5.3 5.9 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.6 4.4 -6.4 14 0.6 5 -7.2 15 0.1 1.1-1.6 16
Cystine 6.2 6.8 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.7 5.4 -6.9 12 0.8 5 -7.8 13 0.1 1.3-1.8 14
Methionine + cystine 11.5 12.7 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 10.8 -11.7 5 1.1 10.1 -13.2 6 0.2 2.8-3.3 6
Tryptophan 4.7 5.2 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.9 4.2 -5.6 8 1 3 -6.3 9
Isoleucine 11.6 12.8 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.5 9 -14.4 13 1.7 10.3 -16.3 14 0.3 2.5-3.7 15
Valine 16.2 17.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 2.8 12.3 -21 12 3 13.9 -23.3 13 0.3 3.5-4.7 14
Leucine 20.8 23.1 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 2.4 18.4 -25.6 14 2.6 20.1 -29 14 0.5 4.6-6.4 15
Phenylalanine 18.9 21 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 2.9 16.6 -24.4 13 3.2 16.1 -27.6 14 0.3 4.4-5.7 15
Tyrosine 10.3 11.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 6.3 6.8 -23.4 12 6.9 7.4 -26.2 13 1.2 2-5.3 14
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 29.2 32.4 g/kg 8 g/16g N 3.5 23.4 -30.4 4 3.9 25.6 -34.6 5 0.6 6.8-8.3 5
Histidine 10.9 12.1 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1.4 8.1 -12.8 11 1.5 9.3 -14.3 11 0.3 2.3-3.2 12
Arginine 40.1 44.5 g/kg 11 g/16g N 5.3 37.5 -51.6 13 5.8 40.8 -58.4 13 0.7 9.5-11.9 14
Alanine 15.5 17.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2 12.9 -18.9 14 2.1 14.1 -21 14 0.4 3.4-4.9 14
Aspartic acid 33.7 37.4 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 4.5 31.5 -44.2 12 4.9 34.5 -50 12 0.5 8.3-9.8 12
Glutamic acid 68.7 76.2 g/kg 18.9 g/16g N 11.9 60.8 -90.9 14 13.1 61.7 -102 15 1.1 16.4-20.8 15
Glycine 15 16.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.4 12.5 -17.8 14 1.5 14.1 -19.7 14 0.4 3-4.4 15
Serine 15.8 17.5 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 4 14.2 -25.9 14 4.5 12.6 -29 16 0.7 3.6-5.9 16
Proline 13.4 14.9 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 2 12.1 -19.2 8 0.2 3.1-3.7 8
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 10.8 12 g/kg 73 % 1.4 10 -14.3 8 1.5 11.3 -16.2 8 7 63-84 8
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 10.3 g/kg 79 % 1.3 8.7 -11.9 8 1.4 9.9 -13.5 8 7 71-88 8
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4 g/kg 69 % 0.6 3.1 -4.8 8 0.6 3.4 -5.4 8 6 61-80 8
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.1 g/kg 74 % 0.3 4.1 -5 8 0.4 4.5 -5.6 8 5 67-81 8
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 8.2 9.1 g/kg 71 % 1 1 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4 g/kg 76 % 0.6 2.7 -4.7 8 0.6 3.1 -5.3 8 6 65-84 8
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 10.3 g/kg 80 % 1.4 9.1 -12.6 8 1.5 10.2 -14.3 8 6 72-89 8
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 13.2 14.6 g/kg 81 % 2.2 12.1 -18.1 8 2.4 13.6 -20.1 8 6 75-89 8
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.2 19.1 g/kg 83 % 2.1 16.6 -23 8 2.3 18.9 -26 8 7 76-90 8
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 16.8 18.6 g/kg 89 % 2 16.2 -22.7 8 2.2 18.4 -25.7 8 4 84-93 8
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 9.6 g/kg 83 % 4 80-90 8
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 25.4 28.1 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.5 g/kg 86 % 0.8 8.3 -10.8 8 0.9 9.4 -12.2 8 4 81-92 8
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 37.5 41.6 g/kg 93 % 2 90-97 8
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 12.5 13.9 g/kg 81 % 2.5 10.5 -17.1 8 2.7 11.9 -19 8 7 72-90 8
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 28.5 31.6 g/kg 84 % 4.6 28.1 -40.2 8 4 79-91 8
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 61.6 68.4 g/kg 90 % 3 87-95 8
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 11.1 12.3 g/kg 74 % 1 1 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 13.2 14.7 g/kg 84 % 3.5 12.2 -20.5 8 3.9 13.8 -23 8 5 79-93 8
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.6 9.5 g/kg 58 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 77 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.9 g/kg 71 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 9.4 g/kg 74 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 77 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.9 g/kg 69 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.5 12.7 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.8 16.4 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.1 16.8 g/kg 80 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 8.8 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.1 25.6 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9.1 g/kg 75 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.5 38.2 g/kg 86 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.8 12 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.3 28.1 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 57 63.2 g/kg 83 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 11.6 g/kg 70 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.5 12.8 g/kg 73 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 11 g/kg 74 %
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