Rice shorts, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 5%

Byproduct of the processing of rice grain (Oryza sativa L.), consisting in fragments of endosperm and germs.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.7 100 % - 2.5 85 -91.7 10 4.1
Crude protein 10.1 11.5 % - 2.5 6.4 -12.8 10 2.9 7.3 -15 10
Crude fibre 3.4 3.8 % - 1.1 1.7 -4.8 12 1.2 1.9 -5.2 8
Crude fat 3.1 3.5 % - 1.4 0.9 -4.4 10 1.6 1 -5.1 10
Ash 2.2 2.5 % - 0.9 1.4 -4 6 1 1.5 -4.4 11
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.5 % - 0.2 0.3 -0.9 7 0.3 0.3 -0.9 7
NDF 14.6 16.7 % - 2.3
ADF 5.1 5.8 % - 0.7
Lignin 2.1 2.4 % - 0.2
Water insoluble cell walls 16.9 19.3 % -
Starch 52.6 59.9 % - 10.7 37.3 -67.8 9
Starch, enzymatic method 51 58.1 % -
Total sugars 2.7 3.1 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4000 4560 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.7 19.1 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.5 0.6 g/kg - 0.3 0.3 -1.1 7 0.3 0.3 -1.2 7
Phosphorus 6.7 7.6 g/kg - 2.7 2.7 -9.7 7 3.1 3 -11.1 7
Phytate phosphorus 5.7 6.5 g/kg 85 % P
Magnesium 3.6 4.1 g/kg - 1.1 1.6 -4.5 6 1.2 1.8 -5.3 6
Potassium 6.4 7.3 g/kg - 1.9 3.1 -8.5 6 2.2 3.6 -9.8 6
Sodium 0.18 0.21 g/kg -
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.7 2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 44 50 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 152 174 mEq/kg -
Zinc 54 62 mg/kg -
Copper 8 9 mg/kg -
Iron 109 124 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.04 % FA 0.02-0.06 4
C14:0 myristic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.3 0-0.9 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 4 4.6 g/kg 18.8 % FA 2.6 14.7-23.9 40
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.1 0-0.3 6
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 2.1 % FA 0.5 0.9-3.7 40
C18:1 oleic acid 8.6 9.8 g/kg 39.9 % FA 3.3 28.9-45 40
C18:2 linoleic acid 7.7 8.8 g/kg 35.8 % FA 3.5 30-41 41
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.5 1-3.7 40
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.3 0-0.9 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.5-0.7 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.03-0.7 3
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.06 0.06 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1-0.4 3
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
Fatty acids 2.2 2.5 % 70 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 48.2 54.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 26.9 30.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2.7 3.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 39.8 45.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 333 379 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 72.3 82.5 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 1106 1261 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.95 1.08 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.93 1.06 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 42 47 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 87 99 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -31 -35 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.238 0.271 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2550 2910 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1670 1900 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1630 1860 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.4 11.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.8 7.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.6 7.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 77.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 75.1 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 75 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 62 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.97 1.1 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.95 1.08 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 37 42 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 84 96 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -29 -33 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.91 1.03 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.88 1 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 48 54 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 91 103 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -35 -39 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.91 1.03 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.93 1.06 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.87 1 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.91 1.03 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 49 56 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 74 84 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 93 106 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2560 2920 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.7 12.2 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 79 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 76.5 %
N digestibility ruminants - 62.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 57 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 49 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 11 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 76 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.06 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 73 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 19 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 81 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.12 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 65 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 70.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.3 4.9 g/kg 64 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.3 0.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 933 1064 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 992 1131 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 78 88 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -24 -27 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.5 5.1 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.9 2.2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 72.3 82.4 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.17 3.62 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.63 1.85 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.54 1.75 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.76 2 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.18 1.35 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 48 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 55 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.6 7.5 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 144 164 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -7 -8 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3250 3700 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3150 3590 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2420 2750 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3350 3810 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3220 3670 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2480 2830 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.6 15.5 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11 12.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.2 15 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.7 12.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.1 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.6 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14 16 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.9 13.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.6 13.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.5 15.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.1 10.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.4 11.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 81.3 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 83.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 84.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 86.4 %
N digestibility growing pig - 84.4 %
N digestibility adult pig - 90.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 52.5 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.8 0.9 g/kg 12 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1.2 1.4 g/kg 18 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2760 3150 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2690 3070 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.6 13.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.6 13.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.3 12.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.3 12.9 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.7 1.9 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.7 1.9 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83.6 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.04 1.19 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 72 82 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3110 3550 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3020 3440 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13 14.8 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13 14.8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.6 14.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.6 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 77.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 68 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2080 2370 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 8.7 9.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 52.1 %
N digestibility salmonids - 80.8 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.2 4.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Threonine 3.7 4.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 2 -4.3 2 2.2 -5 2
Methionine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.5 -2.8 2 1.7 -3.3 2 1.9-2.4 2
Cystine 1.5 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine 3.8 4.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1 1
Tryptophan 2.1 2.4 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N
Isoleucine 5.2 5.9 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 4.9 -7.5 2 5.4 -8.8 2
Valine 5.7 6.6 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 4.4 -6.9 2 4.9 -8.1 2 5.6-5.8 2
Leucine 7.4 8.4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 6.1 -8.4 2 6.7 -9.9 2 7.1-7.6 2
Phenylalanine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 3.8 -6 2 4.2 -7 2 4.8-5 2
Tyrosine 4 4.5 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.8 10.1 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N 8 -11.9 2 8.8 -14 2
Histidine 2.4 2.8 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.2 -2.8 2 1.3 -3.3 2
Arginine 7.3 8.4 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N
Alanine 6 6.9 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 4.5 -6.6 2 5 -7.7 2
Aspartic acid 9 10.3 g/kg 8.9 g/16g N 6.9 -10.2 2 7.6 -12 2
Glutamic acid 15.1 17.2 g/kg 14.9 g/16g N 12.9 -19.2 2 14.2 -22.5 2
Glycine 4.9 5.6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 2.5 -6.3 2 2.8 -7.4 2 3.2-5.3 2
Serine 4.7 5.3 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 3.3 -5.6 2 3.6 -6.6 2 4.1-4.7 2
Proline 5 5.7 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 2.7 -6.6 2 3 -7.7 2 3.4-5.5 2
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 77 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3 g/kg 70 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 82 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.3 g/kg 75 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.4 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 79 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.5 g/kg 77 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.4 5 g/kg 76 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.5 g/kg 78 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.3 g/kg 79 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 85 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 8.2 g/kg 81 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.4 g/kg 85 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6.4 7.3 g/kg 87 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.3 g/kg 77 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.8 7.8 g/kg 75 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 12.7 14.5 g/kg 84 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 68 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4 g/kg 76 % 1
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 63 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.9 g/kg 81 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.2 g/kg 77 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.2 g/kg 85 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 73 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.4 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 2 g/kg 80 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.8 g/kg 82 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.6 5.3 g/kg 81 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.9 g/kg 83 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.6 g/kg 83 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.7 g/kg 81 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 8.3 g/kg 82 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2 2.2 g/kg 80 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 7 g/kg 84 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.6 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7 7.9 g/kg 77 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 12.8 14.6 g/kg 85 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.4 g/kg 78 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 79 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.6 g/kg 81 %
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