Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 46% protein + oil

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), with partial reintroduction of the hulls. This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. It should contain about 46% (as fed) of protein + oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.7 100 % - 1.6 85.1 -93.5 801 1.5
Crude protein 43.5 49.6 % - 1.6 40 -49 840 1.7 44.1 -54.9 816
Crude fibre 6.3 7.1 % - 0.8 5 -9.9 622 0.9 4.9 -11.2 588
Crude fat 1.7 1.9 % - 0.5 0.5 -3.8 615 0.6 0.6 -4.6 602
Ash 6.5 7.4 % - 0.6 5.4 -9 202 0.7 5.8 -10 214
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.3 % - 0.3 0.03 -0.7 5 0.3 0.03 -0.8 5
NDF 13 14.8 % - 2 9.7 -18.8 21 2.3 10.9 -20.7 38
ADF 7.8 8.8 % - 2 6.9 -13.9 17 2.2 7.6 -15.2 38
Lignin 0.7 0.8 % - 0.4 0.3 -1 6 0.5 0.3 -2.1 25
Water insoluble cell walls 18.9 21.5 % -
Starch 6 6.8 % - 1.1 4.5 -8.6 20 1.3 5.2 -9.7 20
Total sugars 9.3 10.6 % - 1 7.3 -10.7 16 1.2 8.3 -12.6 20
Gross energy (kcal) 4090 4660 kcal/kg - 140 4060 -4330 10 150 4250 -4980 15
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg - 0.6 17 -18.1 10 0.6 17.8 -20.8 15
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.9 g/kg - 1 1.5 -6.5 57 1.1 1.7 -7.4 61
Phosphorus 6.2 7.1 g/kg - 0.6 5.5 -8.1 55 0.6 6.2 -9.1 60
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.3 g/kg 60 % P 1 1
Magnesium 2.9 3.3 g/kg - 0.2 2.6 -3 6 0.3 2.4 -3.4 10
Potassium 21.5 24.5 g/kg - 1.1 19.7 -22.6 13 1.3 22.4 -27 17
Sodium 0.08 0.09 g/kg - 0.07 0 -0.35 23 0.08 0 -0.2 26
Chlorine 0.4 0.5 g/kg - 0.2 0.2 -0.8 9 0.2 0.4 -0.9 7
Electrolyte balance 543 619 mEq/kg -
Manganese 32 36 mg/kg - 11 23 -53 9
Zinc 36 41 mg/kg - 8 28 -48 5
Copper 14 16 mg/kg - 1 12 -18 4
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 10.5 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2.8 3.1 g/kg 21.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.7 7.7 g/kg 53.1 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.9 1.1 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Fatty acids 1.3 1.4 g/kg 75 % fat 1 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 7 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 40 45 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 15 17 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Choline 2792 3182 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 40 40 IU/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.11 1.26 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.12 1.28 per kg -
PDIA Systali 143 162 g/kg -
PDI Systali 191 218 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 197 224 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.222 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2910 3310 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1950 2220 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1970 2250 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.2 13.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.2 9.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 89.2 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 65 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.13 1.28 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.15 1.31 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 119 136 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 170 194 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 217 248 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.07 1.22 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.07 1.22 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 173 198 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 220 251 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 167 190 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.03 1.18 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.02 1.17 per kg - 0.05 1.16 -1.31 8
PDIA INRA 2007 170 194 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 317 362 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 222 253 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2780 3170 kcal/kg - 110 2750 -3110 4 120 3110 -3460 8
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 13.3 MJ/kg - 0.5 11.5 -13 4 0.5 13 -14.5 8
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.6 % 3.3 86-97 8
N digestibility ruminants - 80.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 56-73 4
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 % 8-20 4
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 73-89 4
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.078-0.129 4
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 % 56-73 3
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 23-27 3
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1 0.06-0.147 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 64.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.4 5 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.9 2.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3460 3950 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3180 3620 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 1970 2250 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3680 4200 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3350 3820 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2110 2410 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.5 16.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.3 15.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.4 17.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14 16 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.8 10.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 84.6 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90.1 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85.6 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 91 %
N digestibility growing pig - 86.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 89.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 87.1 % 1.9 84.7-90 7
Crude fat digestibility pig - 30.4 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2260 2580 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2220 2530 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.5 10.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.3 10.6 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 1.4 1.6 g/kg 22 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.82 0.94 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 356 405 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3330 3800 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2890 3300 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.9 15.9 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.1 13.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81.4 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 83.7 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 27.1 30.8 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.5 23.6 -30.4 52 1.7 27 -34.4 44 0.3 5.6-6.6 52
Threonine 16.8 19.2 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.3 14.9 -21.5 48 1.5 16.6 -24.7 41 0.2 3.4-4.5 49
Methionine 6.2 7.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.8 4.9 -8.2 43 0.9 5.5 -9.1 37 0.2 1.1-1.8 45
Cystine 6.8 7.7 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.6 5.1 -7.2 34 0.6 5.6 -8.3 27 0.1 1.1-1.6 35
Methionine + cystine 13 14.8 g/kg 3 g/16g N 0.9 10.4 -14.7 33 1.1 11.9 -16.4 25 0.2 2.5-3.3 33
Tryptophan 5.9 6.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 5.2 -6.5 19 0.4 5.9 -7.2 12 0.05 1.3-1.4 20
Isoleucine 19.9 22.7 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.5 17.2 -23.1 30 1.7 19.7 -27.2 24 0.4 4.2-6.1 32
Valine 21 23.9 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.6 17 -25.7 47 1.8 19.5 -28.6 41 0.3 4.2-5.5 49
Leucine 33.1 37.8 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1.8 27.4 -36.2 34 2 31.4 -39.8 28 0.4 6.4-8.6 36
Phenylalanine 22 25.1 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.4 18.9 -25 47 1.5 21.6 -28.2 41 0.2 4.5-5.5 49
Tyrosine 15.3 17.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.5 13.7 -18.3 23 1.7 15.5 -20.9 18 0.3 3.1-4.3 24
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 37.3 42.5 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 2.3 33.6 -42.5 21 2.6 37.8 -48.1 15 0.4 7.7-9.6 21
Histidine 11.7 13.3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.9 10.4 -13.7 29 1 11.6 -15.2 23 0.2 2.3-3.1 31
Arginine 31.8 36.2 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 2.5 27.4 -37.8 47 2.8 30.4 -42.1 41 0.4 6-8.2 49
Alanine 18.9 21.6 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.9 15.9 -23.7 45 2.1 17.7 -26.2 38 0.4 3.6-5.3 46
Aspartic acid 48.9 55.8 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 3.6 40.9 -60.3 46 4.1 46.8 -69.2 39 0.6 10-12.9 47
Glutamic acid 77.4 88.2 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 7.4 63.1 -103 47 8.4 72.1 -117 40 1.4 14.4-23.3 48
Glycine 18.3 20.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.4 15.1 -22.5 45 1.6 16.8 -25.8 38 0.2 3.4-4.8 46
Serine 20.9 23.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.6 19.1 -25.1 45 1.8 21.2 -28.8 38 0.3 4.4-5.5 46
Proline 21.7 24.7 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.9 20.4 -24.5 12 2.1 22.7 -27.7 5 0.3 4.5-5.7 13
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 24.2 27.6 g/kg 89 % 24 -25 3 27.3 -29.3 4 1 87-91 7
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 14.5 16.5 g/kg 86 % 14.2 -14.9 3 15.9 -18.7 4 2 83-89 7
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.5 g/kg 91 % 2 89-95 6
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.6 g/kg 86 % 3 81-88 7
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.5 13.1 g/kg 88 % 85-90 4
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 6 g/kg 89 % 1 88-91 5
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 17.8 20.3 g/kg 89 % 19.8 -23 4 2 87-92 7
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 18.4 21 g/kg 88 % 18.3 -20.5 3 20.4 -23.2 4 2 86-92 7
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 29.5 33.6 g/kg 89 % 28.5 -29.6 2 32.6 -35.8 3 2 87-93 6
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 19.8 22.6 g/kg 90 % 19.3 -21.6 3 21.5 -24.4 4 2 88-94 7
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 14 15.9 g/kg 91 % 15.7 -18.8 4 3 86-94 7
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 33.8 38.6 g/kg 91 % 2 88-94 5
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 10.6 12 g/kg 90 % 10 -11.4 2 11.2 -13.5 3 2 88-94 6
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 29.8 34 g/kg 94 % 28.8 -31.9 3 32.6 -37.1 4 2 91-98 7
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 16.2 18.4 g/kg 85 % 15.5 -17.5 3 17.7 -19.9 4 2 83-90 7
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 43.6 49.7 g/kg 89 % 46.8 -53.9 3 2 86-92 6
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 69.2 78.9 g/kg 89 % 54.9 -93.1 3 62.7 -105 4 2 87-93 7
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 15.3 17.5 g/kg 84 % 2 83-90 7
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 18.5 21.1 g/kg 89 % 16.6 -20.7 3 18.5 -24.2 4 2 87-93 7
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 19.4 22.1 g/kg 90 % 18.4 -20.4 2 21 -25.2 3 88-91 3
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.8 27.1 g/kg 88 % 1 1 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15.9 g/kg 83 % 1 1 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.4 g/kg 90 % 1 1 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.8 g/kg 75 % 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 12.1 g/kg 82 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 6 g/kg 89 % 1 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.4 19.8 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 18 20.5 g/kg 86 % 1 1 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 28.8 32.9 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.1 21.8 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.5 15.4 g/kg 88 % 1 1 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 32.6 37.2 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.2 11.6 g/kg 87 % 1 1 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 28.6 32.6 g/kg 90 % 1 1 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.3 18.6 g/kg 86 % 1 1 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 41.1 46.8 g/kg 84 % 1 1 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 68.9 78.5 g/kg 89 % 1 1 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.4 17.5 g/kg 84 % 1 1 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.9 20.5 g/kg 86 % 1 1 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 18.7 21.3 g/kg 86 % 1 1 1
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