Whey powder, sweet

Dried byproduct of the manufacturing of pressed cheese. Whey is the liquid that separates from the curd.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 97.1 100 % - 0.9 94.5 -98.8 137 1.3
Crude protein 10.9 11.3 % - 2.6 6.7 -17.5 185 2.7 6.9 -18.3 134
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0 -0.2 4 0 -0.1 2
Crude fat 1.6 1.7 % - 0.5 0 -3.4 27 0.5 0 -2 26
Ash 9.7 10 % - 2.4 3.3 -14.2 146 2.5 4.1 -14.1 117
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.5 % -
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % - 1 1
Total sugars 64.3 66.2 % - 45.9 -72.9 2
Lactose 64.3 66.2 % - 5.8 37.8 -75.9 94 5.9 51.5 -78.3 79
Gross energy (kcal) 3660 3770 kcal/kg - 160 3210 -4330 6 160 3420 -3870 6
Gross energy (MJ) 15.3 15.8 MJ/kg - 0.7 13.4 -18.1 6 0.7 14.3 -16.2 6
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 11.2 11.5 g/kg - 3.3 2.7 -20.1 63 3.4 3.3 -20.9 57
Phosphorus 8.4 8.7 g/kg - 1.3 3.8 -11.1 66 1.3 4.6 -11.5 64
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 1.5 1.5 g/kg - 1
Potassium 20.4 21 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 6.84 7.05 g/kg - 1.44 2.1 -9.93 63 1.48 2.17 -10.14 59
Chlorine 16.3 16.8 g/kg - 5.2 1.5 -33.8 59 5.3 1.5 -35.1 53
Sulfur 4.7 4.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 67 69 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 361 372 mEq/kg -
Manganese 0.6 0.6 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 20 20 mg/kg - 1
Copper 2 2 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 10 10 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 5 5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 1.3 1.3 g/kg 9.5 % FA
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0.6 0.6 g/kg 3.9 % FA 1
C12:0 lauric acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 3.3 % FA 1
C14:0 myristic acid 1.7 1.7 g/kg 10.8 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.6 4.7 g/kg 29.3 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 2.7 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 2 2.1 g/kg 12.8 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 3.4 3.5 g/kg 21.7 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 4 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1 % FA 1
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.06 0.06 g/kg 0.4 % FA 1
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.1 % FA 1
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.8 % FA 1
Fatty acids 1.6 1.6 g/kg 95 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.3 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 51.9 53.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 22.1 22.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 58.4 60.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 23.7 24.41 µg/kg -
Niacin 12.6 13 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 56.2 57.9 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 15 15.4 mg/kg -
Choline 2250 2317 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.04 1.08 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.07 1.1 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 13 14 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 75 77 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -14 -14 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.037 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2710 2790 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1840 1890 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1880 1940 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.4 11.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.7 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.9 8.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 92.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 87 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.06 1.09 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.09 1.12 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 11 11 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 73 76 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -13 -14 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.01 1.04 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.03 1.06 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 18 18 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 78 81 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -18 -18 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.07 1.11 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.07 1.11 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.1 1.13 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.1 1.13 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 6 6 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 65 67 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 81 83 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2800 2890 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 12.1 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 12.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 73 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 90 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 10 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 66.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7 7.2 g/kg 83 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.1 6.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1074 1106 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1203 1239 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 76 78 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -17 -18 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.9 6.1 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.9 1.9 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 80.4 82.8 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.55 3.65 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.82 1.87 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.72 1.77 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.97 2.03 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.33 1.37 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 5 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 6 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.6 7.8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 142 146 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -5 -5 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3560 3660 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3450 3550 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2770 2860 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3560 3660 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3440 3550 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2750 2830 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.6 15 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.9 15.3 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.4 14.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.1 14.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.6 12 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.5 11.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.9 15.3 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.6 15 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.4 14.8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.1 14.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.5 11.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.3 11.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 97.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 97.1 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 98.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 98.9 %
N digestibility growing pig - 95 %
N digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 88 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 7.6 7.8 g/kg 90 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 7.6 7.8 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1980 2040 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1980 2040 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.3 8.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.2 8.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.2 8.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.3 8.5 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 7.1 7.4 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 7.1 7.4 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3270 3370 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3180 3270 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.7 14.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.3 13.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 89.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 59 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1850 1900 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.5 12.8 MJ/kg - 11.6 -12.6 2 12.3 -13.4 2
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.7 8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 82.6 % 71.5-93.7 2
N digestibility salmonids - 84.3 % 72.5-96 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.2 8.4 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 2 4.2 -13 48 2 4.4 -13.3 14 0.6 4.8-9.2 48
Threonine 6.1 6.2 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.4 3.5 -10.2 48 1.4 3.7 -10.5 14 0.6 3.7-6.7 48
Methionine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.6 0.7 -3.3 47 0.6 0.7 -3.5 13 0.3 0.8-2.7 47
Cystine 1.9 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.6 0.8 -3.3 45 0.7 0.8 -3.4 11 0.3 0.9-2.2 45
Methionine + cystine 3.6 3.7 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1 1.5 -5.3 45 1.1 1.6 -5.4 11 0.4 1.8-4.3 45
Tryptophan 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.1 1.3-1.9 39
Isoleucine 5.7 5.9 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 1.3 3.5 -8.5 48 1.3 3.7 -9 14 0.6 3.8-7.5 48
Valine 5.4 5.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.3 3.2 -8.6 48 1.4 3.3 -9.1 14 0.5 3.6-6.4 48
Leucine 8.9 9.2 g/kg 8.2 g/16g N 2.5 4.4 -14.4 48 2.5 4.6 -14.8 14 0.8 5-10 48
Phenylalanine 3.1 3.1 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.9 1.8 -5.8 48 0.9 1.9 -5.6 14 0.4 2.1-4.9 48
Tyrosine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.7 1.1 -3.7 19 1.1 -2 3 0.4 1.3-2.9 19
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 4.7 4.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.2 2.9 -7.8 19 3 -5.7 3 0.6 3.3-6 19
Histidine 2.1 2.2 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 0.6 1.3 -3 40 0.6 1.4 -3.1 6 0.2 1.5-2.5 40
Arginine 2.3 2.4 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 0.8 1.4 -4.1 48 0.8 1.5 -4.3 14 0.4 1.5-3.3 48
Alanine 4.5 4.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.4 2.7 -8.5 46 1.4 2.8 -8.7 12 0.5 3.1-5.3 46
Aspartic acid 9.6 9.9 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 2.6 5.2 -15.8 47 2.6 5.4 -16.2 13 0.8 5.9-10.6 47
Glutamic acid 16.5 16.9 g/kg 15.1 g/16g N 3.5 11.3 -26.1 47 3.6 11.8 -26.1 13 1.3 12.9-22.1 47
Glycine 2 2.1 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 0.5 1.5 -3.2 47 0.5 1.6 -3.3 13 0.1 1.4-2.2 47
Serine 4.7 4.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.1 3 -7.7 47 1.2 3.1 -7.9 13 0.4 3.4-5.7 47
Proline 3.9 4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 7.5 g/kg 89 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.3 g/kg 85 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.5 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.8 g/kg 88 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.3 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.4 g/kg 87 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.2 g/kg 88 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 4.9 g/kg 87 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.1 8.4 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 2.8 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.5 g/kg 90 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.4 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2 g/kg 91 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.1 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 3.9 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 8.8 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 15 15.5 g/kg 91 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.6 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 3.9 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.5 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.7 7.9 g/kg 94 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 5.5 g/kg 88 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.6 g/kg 97 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.7 g/kg 86 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.3 g/kg 91 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.4 g/kg 90 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 5.3 g/kg 90 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5 g/kg 90 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.3 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 2.8 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.5 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.3 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 1.9 g/kg 89 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.1 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.3 g/kg 93 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 8.8 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 14.5 14.9 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.9 g/kg 90 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.2 g/kg 88 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.5 g/kg 86 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 24.25 24.98 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.11 2.17 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1816 1870 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0101 0.0104 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 39.73 40.91 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML