Whey powder, sweet

Dried byproduct of the manufacturing of pressed cheese. Whey is the liquid that separates from the curd.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 97 100 % - 2.4 88.7 -98.8 188 2
Crude protein 10.9 11.2 % - 2.5 6.7 -17.5 143 2.6 6.9 -18.3 92
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0 -0.2 4 0 -0.1 2
Crude fat, hydrolysis 1.4 1.5 % - 0.8 0.1 -3.9 86 0.8 0.1 -3.5 61
Ash 9.3 9.6 % - 2.5 3.3 -14.2 104 2.6 4.1 -14.1 75
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Lactose 64 66 % - 5 37.8 -75.9 60 5.1 52.9 -78.3 45
Gross energy (kcal) 3660 3780 kcal/kg - 160 3210 -4330 6 160 3420 -3870 6
Gross energy (MJ) 15.3 15.8 MJ/kg - 0.7 13.4 -18.1 6 0.7 14.3 -16.2 6
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 10.4 10.7 g/kg - 2.3 0.2 -33.9 49 2.4 3.3 -17.8 41
Phosphorus 8 8.3 g/kg - 1.2 0.3 -14.8 52 1.2 4.6 -11.4 48
Magnesium 1.5 1.5 g/kg - 1
Potassium 20.4 21 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 6.73 6.93 g/kg - 1.43 3.6 -9.93 47 1.47 4.21 -10.14 43
Chlorine 15.5 15.9 g/kg - 4.3 1.5 -26.9 43 4.4 1.5 -28.7 37
Sulfur 4.7 4.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 85 88 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 379 391 mEq/kg -
Manganese 0.6 0.6 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 20 20 mg/kg - 1
Copper 2 2 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 10 10 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 5 5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 1.3 1.3 g/kg 9.5 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 1.4 1.4 g/kg 10.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 4.4 4.5 g/kg 32.1 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.3 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.3 1.3 g/kg 9.6 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 3.4 3.5 g/kg 24.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2.5 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.9 % FA
Fatty acids 1.4 1.4 g/kg 95 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.04 1.08 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.07 1.1 per kg -
PDIA Systali 7 7 g/kg -
PDI Systali 68 71 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -9 -9 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.037 0.038 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2710 2800 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1840 1900 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1890 1940 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.4 11.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.7 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.9 8.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 92.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 87.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 93 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 89 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 0 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.06 1.09 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.09 1.12 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 4 4 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 67 69 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -8 -8 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.02 1.05 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.03 1.07 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 11 11 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 72 74 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -12 -13 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.07 1.11 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.1 1.13 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 63 64 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 75 78 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2810 2890 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 12.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 73 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 95 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 100 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 95 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 64.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.7 6.9 g/kg 83 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 5.7 5.9 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3480 3590 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3370 3480 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2740 2820 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3480 3590 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3370 3470 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2710 2790 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.6 15 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.1 14.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.5 11.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.6 15 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.1 14.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11.3 11.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 95 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 95 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 98.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 99 %
N digestibility growing pig - 95 %
N digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 7.2 7.5 g/kg 90 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1970 2030 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1970 2030 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.2 8.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.2 8.5 MJ/kg -
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2980 3070 kcal/kg - 2770 -3010 2 2930 -3200 2
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.5 12.8 MJ/kg - 11.6 -12.6 2 12.3 -13.4 2
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 82.6 % 71.5-93.7 2
N digestibility salmonids - 84.3 % 72.5-96 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 8.1 8.4 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 2 4.2 -13 48 2 4.4 -13.3 14 0.6 4.8-9.2 48
Threonine 6 6.2 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.4 3.5 -10.2 48 1.4 3.7 -10.5 14 0.6 3.7-6.7 48
Methionine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.6 0.7 -3.3 47 0.6 0.7 -3.5 13 0.3 0.8-2.7 47
Cystine 1.9 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.6 0.8 -3.3 45 0.7 0.8 -3.4 11 0.3 0.9-2.2 45
Methionine + cystine 3.5 3.7 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1 1.5 -5.3 45 1.1 1.6 -5.4 11 0.4 1.8-4.3 45
Tryptophan 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.1 1.3-1.9 39
Isoleucine 5.7 5.9 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 1.3 3.5 -8.5 48 1.3 3.7 -9 14 0.6 3.8-7.5 48
Valine 5.4 5.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.3 3.2 -8.6 48 1.4 3.3 -9.1 14 0.5 3.6-6.4 48
Leucine 8.9 9.1 g/kg 8.2 g/16g N 2.5 4.4 -14.4 48 2.5 4.6 -14.8 14 0.8 5-10 48
Phenylalanine 3 3.1 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 0.9 1.8 -5.8 48 0.9 1.9 -5.6 14 0.4 2.1-4.9 48
Tyrosine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.7 1.1 -3.7 19 1.1 -2 3 0.4 1.3-2.9 19
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 4.6 4.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.2 2.9 -7.8 19 3 -5.7 3 0.6 3.3-6 19
Histidine 2.1 2.2 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 0.6 1.3 -3 40 0.6 1.4 -3.1 6 0.2 1.5-2.5 40
Arginine 2.3 2.4 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 0.8 1.4 -4.1 48 0.8 1.5 -4.3 14 0.4 1.5-3.3 48
Alanine 4.4 4.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.4 2.7 -8.5 46 1.4 2.8 -8.7 12 0.5 3.1-5.3 46
Aspartic acid 9.5 9.8 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 2.6 5.2 -15.8 47 2.6 5.4 -16.2 13 0.8 5.9-10.6 47
Glutamic acid 16.3 16.8 g/kg 15 g/16g N 3.5 11.3 -26.1 47 3.6 11.8 -26.1 13 1.3 12.9-22.1 47
Glycine 2 2.1 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N 0.5 1.5 -3.2 47 0.5 1.6 -3.3 13 0.1 1.4-2.2 47
Serine 4.6 4.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.1 3 -7.7 47 1.2 3.1 -7.9 13 0.4 3.4-5.7 47
Proline 3.9 4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 7.4 g/kg 89 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.3 g/kg 85 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.5 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.7 g/kg 88 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.2 3.3 g/kg 90 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.4 g/kg 87 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.2 g/kg 88 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 4.8 g/kg 87 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 8 8.3 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 2.8 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.5 g/kg 90 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.3 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2 g/kg 91 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.1 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 3.9 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 8.5 8.8 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 14.9 15.4 g/kg 91 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.5 1.6 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 3.9 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.5 g/kg 87 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 7.9 g/kg 94 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 5.5 g/kg 88 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.6 g/kg 97 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.7 g/kg 86 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.3 g/kg 91 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.4 g/kg 90 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.3 g/kg 90 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5 g/kg 90 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.2 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 2.8 g/kg 90 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.5 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.3 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 1.9 g/kg 89 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.1 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.3 g/kg 93 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.5 8.7 g/kg 89 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 14.4 14.8 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 1.9 g/kg 90 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.2 g/kg 88 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.4 g/kg 86 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 23.57 24.3 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2 2.06 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 1805 1861 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0126 0.013 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 2.44 2.52 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.84 0.86 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML