Cottonseed meal, oil 5-20%, crude fibre 15-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of partially dehulled cotton seeds (Gossypium spp.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. 

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.9 100 % - 1.8 88.1 -97.6 74 2.8
Crude protein 34 36.6 % - 3.7 20.5 -41.3 77 3.9 22.5 -45.7 82
Crude fibre 17.9 19.3 % - 1.3 14.8 -20 65 1.4 16.4 -21.5 69
Crude fat 7.5 8.1 % - 2.7 5.1 -19.4 33 3 5.5 -21 38
Ash 5.9 6.3 % - 0.7 4.4 -8.8 69 0.8 4.9 -9.5 75
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.4 % - 0.2 0.05 -0.6 14 0.2 0.06 -1 15
NDF 33.5 36.1 % - 5 26.9 -42.7 17 5.4 28.3 -48.1 20
ADF 23.6 25.4 % - 3.2 16.2 -27.3 16 3.4 17.1 -30.3 16
Lignin 7.4 8 % - 2.6 4.6 -11.5 20 2.8 4.7 -12 20
Water insoluble cell walls 37.6 40.5 % - 1 1
Starch 1.8 1.9 % - 1.2 0.03 -4.1 18 1.3 0.03 -4.3 18
Starch, enzymatic method 1.7 1.8 % -
Total sugars 4.6 5 % - 0.7 3.4 -5.8 41 0.7 3.7 -6.1 41
Gross energy (kcal) 4750 5110 kcal/kg - 140 4350 -4950 14 110 4780 -5220 15
Gross energy (MJ) 19.9 21.4 MJ/kg - 0.6 18.2 -20.7 14 0.4 20 -21.8 15
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2 2.1 g/kg - 0.7 1.6 -3.2 24 0.7 1.7 -5.1 25
Phosphorus 9.7 10.5 g/kg - 2 5.7 -13.9 24 2.1 6.3 -14.7 25
Phytate phosphorus 6.8 7.3 g/kg 70 % P
Magnesium 5.2 5.6 g/kg - 0.7 4.4 -6.9 18 0.7 4.8 -7.3 19
Potassium 14.5 15.6 g/kg - 1.5 12 -18.5 20 1.5 13.2 -19.5 20
Sodium 0.16 0.18 g/kg - 0.08 0.02 -0.28 14 0.08 0.02 -0.3 14
Chlorine 0.5 0.6 g/kg -
Sulfur 3.4 3.7 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 151 163 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 364 392 mEq/kg -
Manganese 24 26 mg/kg -
Zinc 86 93 mg/kg - 1
Copper 20 22 mg/kg - 1
Iron 1453 1565 mg/kg - 1
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0 0.1 -0.1 8
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0 0.1 -0.1 8
Molybdenum 3 3 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 0.09 -0.2 3 0.1 -0.2 3
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.3 0.5-1.2 9
C16:0 palmitic acid 15 16.1 g/kg 22.7 % FA 1.3 11.5 -15.1 8 0.8 21.7-24.2 14
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.3 0.3-1 9
C18:0 stearic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.9 % FA 0.4 1.5-3 14
C18:1 oleic acid 11 11.9 g/kg 16.7 % FA 1.5 14.7-20.8 14
C18:2 linoleic acid 37.7 40.6 g/kg 57.3 % FA 2.7 31.5 -37.8 8 3.6 46.1-60 14
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 0.7 % FA 1.4 0.05-4.4 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 6.6 7.1 % 88 % fat 2 86-90 10
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 21.1 22.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 22.3 24 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 4.2 4.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 8.2 8.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 43.2 46.5 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 47.5 51.2 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 25.2 27.1 mg/kg -
Choline 2816 3032 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.96 1.03 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.9 0.97 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 116 125 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 160 172 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 123 132 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.352 0.379 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2670 2870 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1690 1820 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1580 1700 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.1 12 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.6 7.1 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 69.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 69.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.99 1.06 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.93 1 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 102 110 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 148 160 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 136 146 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.91 0.98 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.84 0.9 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 133 144 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 177 190 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 104 112 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.91 0.98 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.91 0.98 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.84 0.9 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.84 0.91 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 129 139 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 238 257 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 167 180 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2600 2800 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.8 11.7 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.9 11.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.9 % 9.5 57.5-83.6 5
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 71.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 76.2 % 3.5 75.1-82.9 5
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 86 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 64 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 29 % 13-39 3
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 59-64 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.065 h-1 0.064-0.086 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 28 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 51 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.055 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.2 6.7 g/kg 64 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.1 1.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.7 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 913 983 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 921 992 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 147 159 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 130 141 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.4 3.7 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.2 1.3 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 66.7 71.8 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.26 3.51 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.69 1.82 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.6 1.72 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.79 1.93 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.2 1.29 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 38 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 43 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.5 7 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 239 258 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 16 17 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3120 3360 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 2890 3110 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1810 1950 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3320 3580 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3030 3270 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1920 2070 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.1 14.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.1 13 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.6 8.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.9 15 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.7 13.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.1 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 65.7 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 69.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 68.2 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 72.7 %
N digestibility growing pig - 78.4 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 81.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 64.4 % 1
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2.5 2.7 g/kg 26 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 3.8 4.1 g/kg 39 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2130 2290 kcal/kg - 80 1980 -2220 8
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2050 2210 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.9 9.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.6 9.2 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 2.4 2.6 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 2.4 2.6 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 74.3 %
Energy digestibility horse - 71.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.64 0.69 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 253 272 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2800 3010 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2470 2660 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.7 12.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.4 11.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 58.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 79.8 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3140 3380 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 13.1 14.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 66.1 %
N digestibility salmonids - 86.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 14.1 15.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 2 13.9 -17.3 4 2.2 13.2 -18.3 5 0.5 3.8-4.9 5
Threonine 11.2 12.1 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 10.3 -14.1 4 3.1-3.8 4
Methionine 5.1 5.5 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 4.8 -6.8 4 1.4-1.9 4
Cystine 5.6 6.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 5.2 -7.1 4 1.6-1.9 4
Methionine + cystine 10.7 11.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 10 -13.7 4 3-3.8 4
Tryptophan 4.4 4.8 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 10.9 11.7 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 10.7 -13.8 4 3.2-3.6 4
Valine 14.9 16.1 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 15.6 -18.3 4
Leucine 19.6 21.1 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 19.3 -24.8 4 5.8-6.6 4
Phenylalanine 17.7 19.1 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 17.6 -22.2 4
Tyrosine 9.8 10.5 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 10.4 -12 3
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 27.5 29.6 g/kg 8.1 g/16g N
Histidine 10.5 11.3 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 9.4 -15.3 4 2.8-4 4
Arginine 37.4 40.3 g/kg 11 g/16g N 37 -50.4 4
Alanine 14.3 15.4 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 12.9 -17.1 4 3.8-4.7 4
Aspartic acid 31.7 34.1 g/kg 9.3 g/16g N 30.5 -38.5 4 9.1-10.1 4
Glutamic acid 64.1 69 g/kg 18.9 g/16g N 59.1 -79.9 4 17.6-20.9 4
Glycine 14.1 15.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 13.3 -17.7 4 3.9-4.6 4
Serine 14.9 16 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 14.9 -18.7 4
Proline 12.9 13.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 12.8 -16.1 4
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 9.8 10.5 g/kg 69 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.4 g/kg 70 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4 g/kg 67 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.4 g/kg 73 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.4 g/kg 71 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.3 8.9 g/kg 76 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 11.1 11.9 g/kg 74 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 15.3 16.4 g/kg 78 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 14.1 15.2 g/kg 80 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.1 g/kg 77 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 21.7 23.4 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 8 8.7 g/kg 76 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 31.7 34.1 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.3 11.1 g/kg 72 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 23.7 25.5 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 52.5 56.6 g/kg 82 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 9.3 10 g/kg 66 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 11 11.8 g/kg 74 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.3 g/kg 74 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 8.8 g/kg 58 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.4 8 g/kg 66 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 77 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.3 g/kg 71 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 8.5 g/kg 74 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 77 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.1 g/kg 69 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.6 11.4 g/kg 71 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15 g/kg 71 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.2 15.3 g/kg 80 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.1 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.7 23.4 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 8.5 g/kg 75 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 32.2 34.7 g/kg 86 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10 10.8 g/kg 70 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 23.8 25.6 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 53.2 57.3 g/kg 83 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.6 g/kg 70 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 11.7 g/kg 73 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.3 g/kg 74 %
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