Chickpea, kabuli type

Seeds of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from kabuli varieties. Kabuli (also called garbanzo) chickpeas are tan-coated and are grown primarily in the Mediterranean area and in South America. They contain less crude fibre than the smaller and dark-coated desi types grown in the Indian subcontinent.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.3 100 % - 3.2 83.3 -93 281 3
Crude protein 18.6 21.3 % - 1.6 15.8 -23.9 276 1.8 18 -26.7 289
Crude fibre 3.4 3.9 % - 0.5 2 -5 101 0.6 2.2 -5.5 106
Crude fat 5.5 6.3 % - 0.8 4.2 -7.1 52 0.9 4.7 -8 61
Ash 2.9 3.3 % - 0.3 2.2 -3.8 110 0.3 2.5 -4.2 123
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.2 % - 0.1 0.02 -0.5 13 0.1 0.02 -0.5 13
NDF 9.9 11.3 % - 2.5 6.9 -15.6 86 2.8 7.7 -19.7 93
ADF 3.9 4.5 % - 0.7 2.9 -6.2 80 0.8 3.3 -6.9 88
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.2 0.02 -0.7 73 0.2 0.02 -0.8 73
Water insoluble cell walls 10.2 11.7 % - 0.6 9.1 -11.8 52 0.7 10.4 -13.3 53
Starch 43.8 50.2 % - 2.2 39.3 -48.1 80 2.3 44.1 -54.3 80
Total sugars 5.2 6 % - 1.7 2.3 -7.6 19 1.9 2.4 -8.7 20
Gross energy (kcal) 4080 4670 kcal/kg - 120 3940 -4470 6 100 4360 -4870 15
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.6 MJ/kg - 0.5 16.5 -18.7 6 0.4 18.3 -20.4 15
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.3 0.3 -1.8 22 0.3 0.3 -2 31
Phosphorus 4.1 4.7 g/kg - 0.8 2.6 -5.3 24 0.9 2.8 -6.3 33
Phytate phosphorus 2 2.3 g/kg 50 % P
Magnesium 1.3 1.5 g/kg - 0.2 1 -1.5 18 0.2 1.1 -1.8 27
Potassium 9.7 11.1 g/kg - 1.7 7.2 -11.5 22 1.9 8 -14.3 31
Sodium 0.34 0.38 g/kg - 0.27 0.18 -0.97 17 0.31 0.1 -1.1 26
Chlorine 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 1.8 2.1 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 113 130 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 228 261 mEq/kg -
Manganese 29 34 mg/kg - 9 16 -38 7 10 18 -43 7
Zinc 31 36 mg/kg - 8 16 -44 25 9 19 -50 25
Copper 6 7 mg/kg - 2 2 -12 25 2 2 -13 25
Iron 85 97 mg/kg - 58 49 -336 25 67 55 -395 25
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 11.9 13.6 g/kg 25.5 % FA 1 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.8 1 g/kg 1.8 % FA 1 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 24.8 28.4 g/kg 53.3 % FA 1 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.1 7 g/kg 13.1 % FA 1 1 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 5.5 % FA 1 1 1
Fatty acids 4.7 5.3 g/kg 85 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 1 1.1 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin K 2.6 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1 1 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5 6 mg/kg - 1 1
Niacin 16 18 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 13 15 mg/kg -
Folic acid 3 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 48 54 mg/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.2 1.38 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.24 1.42 per kg -
PDIA Systali 36 42 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 88 100 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 54 61 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.192 0.22 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3110 3560 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2120 2430 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2190 2510 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.9 10.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.2 10.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 91.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 90 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 79 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.22 1.4 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.27 1.45 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 30 35 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 84 96 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 57 65 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.16 1.33 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.19 1.37 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 45 52 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 95 109 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 47 53 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.16 1.33 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 1.18 1.35 per kg - 1 1
PDIA INRA 2007 39 45 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 122 139 g/kg - 127 -151 4
PDIE INRA 2007 91 104 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3040 3490 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.7 14.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 92.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 77.4 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 91 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 % 16 57-95 5
Immediately degradable N (a) - 31 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 65 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.17 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 46 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.095 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 30 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 68 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 75.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3 3.4 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3530 4050 kcal/kg - 150 3330 -3870 5 150 3690 -4220 13
ME growing pig (kcal) 3390 3890 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2550 2920 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3670 4200 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3500 4010 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2630 3010 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.9 MJ/kg - 0.6 13.9 -16.2 5 0.6 15.5 -17.6 13
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.2 16.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.7 12.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.4 17.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.7 16.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11 12.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 86.6 % 4.1 73.3-89.4 13
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 88.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 92 %
N digestibility growing pig - 79 % 4.1 75.1-86.9 11
N digestibility adult pig - 83.4 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 67.2 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3090 3530 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3030 3470 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.9 14.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.7 14.5 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.97 1.11 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 145 166 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3250 3730 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3060 3510 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.6 15.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.8 14.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 82.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 12.6 14.4 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1.2 12.1 -17.1 29 1.3 13.3 -19.5 36 0.4 5.9-7.5 36
Threonine 6.6 7.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.9 5.5 -10.6 25 1 6.2 -11.6 33 0.3 2.8-4.1 33
Methionine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.6 1.2 -4 27 0.7 1.6 -4.4 34 0.3 0.7-1.7 34
Cystine 2.2 2.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.9 1.3 -4.3 18 1.1 1.4 -4.9 25 0.4 0.7-1.9 25
Methionine + cystine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.4 2.7 -7.3 19 1.5 3 -8.1 26 0.6 1.5-3.4 26
Tryptophan 1.7 2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 0.4 1.2 -2.4 7 0.4 1.4 -2.7 7 0.2 0.6-1 7
Isoleucine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.4 6.8 -10.5 27 1.6 5.7 -11.6 34 0.6 2.6-4.7 34
Valine 7.5 8.6 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.3 7.2 -11.1 27 1.5 6.5 -12.7 34 0.5 2.9-5 34
Leucine 13.7 15.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1.4 12.8 -18.7 28 1.6 14.4 -21.1 35 0.4 6.5-8.1 35
Phenylalanine 10.2 11.7 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.3 9 -15.3 26 1.5 9.9 -16.8 33 0.4 4.8-6.1 33
Tyrosine 4.3 4.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.5 2.6 -8.9 26 1.7 2.9 -9.8 33 0.7 1.4-4.6 33
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 14.5 16.6 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 2.5 11.6 -23 27 2.9 13.3 -25.3 34 0.9 6.5-10.6 34
Histidine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.8 3.8 -8.1 26 0.9 4.2 -8.9 33 0.3 2-3.1 33
Arginine 15.4 17.6 g/kg 8.3 g/16g N 3.6 11.5 -26.6 26 4.1 13.1 -29.6 33 1.2 6.6-11.3 33
Alanine 7.1 8.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1.3 5.9 -10.4 22 1.5 6.5 -11.5 21 0.6 3-5.1 21
Aspartic acid 20.9 24 g/kg 11.2 g/16g N 2.2 19.3 -28 22 2.5 22 -31.1 21 0.9 10.2-13.2 21
Glutamic acid 33.1 37.9 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 4.7 28.5 -49.6 22 5.4 32.4 -54.5 21 2.1 14.6-21 21
Glycine 6.5 7.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.2 5.8 -10.2 22 1.4 6.7 -11.2 21 0.4 3.2-4.3 21
Serine 9 10.4 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.2 8 -12.9 21 1.4 9.2 -14.2 21 0.3 4.6-5.7 21
Proline 7.8 8.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1 7 -10.3 20 1.2 7.8 -11.6 19 0.6 3.4-5.8 19
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.7 11.1 g/kg 77 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.5 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.1 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 78 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.8 g/kg 70 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.3 g/kg 73 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.8 11.3 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.8 8.9 g/kg 76 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 12.5 g/kg 75 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.1 15 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 6 g/kg 74 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 18 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 26.2 30 g/kg 79 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.7 g/kg 77 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.8 g/kg 75 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 7.1 g/kg 80 %
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