Chickpea, kabuli type

Seeds of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from kabuli varieties. Kabuli (also called garbanzo) chickpeas are tan-coated and are grown primarily in the Mediterranean area and in South America. They contain less crude fibre than the smaller and dark-coated desi types grown in the Indian subcontinent.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.3 100 % - 1.9 83.3 -93 281 3
Crude protein 18.6 21.3 % - 1.6 15.8 -23.9 276 1.8 18 -26.7 291
Crude fibre 3.4 3.9 % - 0.5 2 -5 101 0.6 2.2 -5.5 106
Crude fat 5.5 6.3 % - 0.8 4.2 -7.1 52 0.9 4.7 -8 63
Ash 2.9 3.3 % - 0.3 2.2 -3.8 110 0.3 2.5 -4.2 125
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % - 0.08 0.02 -0.2 12 0.09 0.02 -0.3 12
NDF 9.9 11.3 % - 2.5 6.9 -15.6 86 2.9 5 -19.7 95
ADF 3.9 4.5 % - 0.7 2.9 -6.2 80 0.8 3.3 -6.9 90
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.2 0.02 -0.7 73 0.2 0.02 -0.8 73
Water insoluble cell walls 10.2 11.7 % - 0.6 9.1 -11.8 52 0.7 10.4 -13.3 53
Starch 43.8 50.2 % - 2.3 39.3 -48.1 80 2.5 41.1 -54.3 81
Starch, enzymatic method 30.6 35.1 % - 4.6 27.3 -31.2 6 5.2 30 -46 7
Total sugars 5.2 6 % - 1.7 2.3 -7.6 19 1.9 2.4 -8.7 20
Gross energy (kcal) 4080 4670 kcal/kg - 120 3940 -4470 6 100 4360 -4870 15
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.6 MJ/kg - 0.5 16.5 -18.7 6 0.4 18.3 -20.4 15
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.3 0.3 -1.8 22 0.3 0.3 -2 33
Phosphorus 4.1 4.6 g/kg - 0.8 2.6 -5.3 24 0.9 2.8 -6.3 35
Phytate phosphorus 2 2.3 g/kg 50 % P
Magnesium 1.3 1.5 g/kg - 0.2 1 -1.5 18 0.2 1.1 -1.8 29
Potassium 9.6 11 g/kg - 1.6 7.2 -11.5 22 1.9 8 -14.3 33
Sodium 0.34 0.38 g/kg - 0.27 0.18 -0.97 17 0.31 0.1 -1.1 26
Chlorine 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 1.8 2.1 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 112 128 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 226 259 mEq/kg -
Manganese 29 33 mg/kg - 9 16 -38 7 10 18 -43 9
Zinc 31 36 mg/kg - 8 16 -44 25 9 19 -50 27
Copper 6 7 mg/kg - 2 2 -12 25 2 2 -13 27
Iron 82 94 mg/kg - 57 49 -336 25 65 55 -395 27
Selenium 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C14:0 myristic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.1-0.2 2
C16:0 palmitic acid 6.8 7.8 g/kg 14.6 % FA 1 1 9-25.5 3
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.2-0.3 2
C18:0 stearic acid 0.7 0.9 g/kg 1.6 % FA 1 1 1.4-1.8 3
C18:1 oleic acid 17.5 20.1 g/kg 37.7 % FA 1 1 27.3-53.3 3
C18:2 linoleic acid 18.2 20.8 g/kg 39.1 % FA 1 1 13.1-52.9 3
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.7 2 g/kg 3.7 % FA 1 1 2.7-5.5 3
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.7-0.8 2
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.6 % FA 0.6-0.6 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.07 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.2-0.4 2
Fatty acids 4.7 5.3 % 85 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.6 0.7 1000 IU/kg - 1
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 29.3 33.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4.6 5.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1.5 1.7 mg/kg - 1 0.8 -2.6 2
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.2 4.8 mg/kg - 1 3.8 -5.9 2
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 10.7 12.2 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 8.9 10.2 mg/kg - 1
Folic acid 2.6 3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin C 33.9 38.8 mg/kg - 1 13.4 -64.2 2
Choline 939 1076 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.13 1.3 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.16 1.32 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 36 42 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 86 99 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 56 64 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.192 0.22 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2960 3390 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2000 2290 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2040 2330 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13 14.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.9 10.2 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.2 10.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 87.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 86.2 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 79 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 77 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.15 1.32 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.18 1.35 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 30 35 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 82 94 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 59 68 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.09 1.25 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.11 1.27 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 45 52 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 93 107 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 49 56 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.16 1.33 per kg - 1 1
UFL INRA 2007 1.1 1.26 per kg - 1 1.13 -1.32 2
UFV INRA 2007 1.18 1.35 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 1.1 1.26 per kg - 1 1.09 -1.32 2
PDIA INRA 2007 39 45 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 122 139 g/kg - 127 -151 4
PDIE INRA 2007 88 101 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2920 3340 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.7 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.2 14 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88.9 % 84-92.1 2
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87.6 % 79-91.2 2
N digestibility ruminants - 75.8 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 91 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 88 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 % 16 57-95 5
Immediately degradable N (a) - 31 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 65 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.17 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 79 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 46 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 54 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.095 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 71 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 30 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 68 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 75.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3 3.4 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.8 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1095 1255 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1204 1379 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 88 101 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 54 62 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.2 6 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.5 1.8 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 79.3 90.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.58 4.11 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.92 2.2 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.82 2.08 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.03 2.33 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.42 1.62 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 19 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 24 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.8 8.9 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 168 193 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 3 3 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3530 4050 kcal/kg - 150 3330 -3870 5 150 3690 -4220 13
ME growing pig (kcal) 3390 3890 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2550 2920 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3670 4200 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3500 4010 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2630 3010 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.2 16.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.7 12.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.4 17.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.7 16.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11 12.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 86.6 % 4.1 73.3-89.4 13
Energy digestibility adult pig - 90 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 88.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 92 %
N digestibility growing pig - 79 % 4.1 75.1-86.9 11
N digestibility adult pig - 83.4 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 87 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 67.2 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.9 2.2 g/kg 47 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.9 3.3 g/kg 71 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3080 3530 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3030 3470 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.9 14.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.7 14.5 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.1 1.2 g/kg 26 % P
Available P broiler 1.1 1.2 g/kg 26 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84.2 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.97 1.11 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 145 166 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3250 3730 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3060 3510 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.6 15.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.8 14.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 82.8 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2380 2730 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 10 11.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 58.5 %
N digestibility salmonids - 84.7 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 12.6 14.4 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 1.2 12.1 -17.1 29 1.4 13.3 -19.5 38 0.4 5.8-7.5 38
Threonine 6.6 7.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.9 5.5 -10.6 25 1 6.2 -11.6 35 0.3 2.8-4.2 35
Methionine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.6 1.2 -4 27 0.7 1.6 -4.4 36 0.3 0.7-1.7 36
Cystine 2.2 2.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 0.9 1.3 -4.3 18 1 1.4 -4.9 27 0.4 0.7-1.9 27
Methionine + cystine 4.5 5.2 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1.3 2.7 -7.3 19 1.5 3 -8.1 28 0.6 1.5-3.4 28
Tryptophan 1.7 2 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 0.4 1.2 -2.4 7 0.5 1.3 -2.7 9 0.2 0.6-1 9
Isoleucine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.4 6.8 -10.5 27 1.5 5.7 -11.6 36 0.6 2.6-4.7 36
Valine 7.5 8.6 g/kg 4 g/16g N 1.3 7.2 -11.1 27 1.5 6.5 -12.7 36 0.5 2.9-5 36
Leucine 13.7 15.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1.4 12.8 -18.7 28 1.6 14.4 -21.1 37 0.4 6.4-8.1 37
Phenylalanine 10.2 11.7 g/kg 5.5 g/16g N 1.3 9 -15.3 26 1.4 9.9 -16.8 35 0.4 4.8-6.1 35
Tyrosine 4.3 4.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.5 2.6 -8.9 26 1.7 2.9 -9.8 35 0.7 1.4-4.6 35
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 14.5 16.6 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 2.4 11.6 -23 28 2.8 13.3 -25.3 37 0.9 6.5-10.6 37
Histidine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 2.5 g/16g N 0.8 3.8 -8.1 26 0.9 4.2 -8.9 35 0.3 2-3.1 35
Arginine 15.4 17.6 g/kg 8.3 g/16g N 3.6 11.5 -26.6 26 4.2 13.1 -29.6 35 1.2 6.6-11.3 35
Alanine 7.1 8.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1.3 5.9 -10.4 22 1.4 6.5 -11.5 23 0.5 3-5.1 23
Aspartic acid 20.9 24 g/kg 11.2 g/16g N 2.3 19.3 -28 22 2.6 22 -31.1 23 0.9 10.2-13.2 23
Glutamic acid 33.1 37.9 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 4.7 28.5 -49.6 22 5.3 32.4 -54.5 23 2.1 14.6-21 23
Glycine 6.5 7.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.2 5.8 -10.2 22 1.3 6.7 -11.2 23 0.3 3.2-4.3 23
Serine 9.1 10.4 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.3 8 -12.9 21 1.5 9.2 -14.4 23 0.3 4.6-5.9 23
Proline 7.8 8.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.1 7 -10.3 20 1.3 7.8 -12 21 0.6 3.4-5.8 21
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 11.8 13.6 g/kg 94 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.8 g/kg 77 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.3 g/kg 89 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.3 g/kg 89 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.6 g/kg 89 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 83 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.8 g/kg 82 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.1 7 g/kg 81 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 11.7 13.4 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9.1 10.4 g/kg 89 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.4 g/kg 89 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 12.9 14.8 g/kg 89 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.7 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 14.8 16.9 g/kg 96 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.6 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 18 20.6 g/kg 86 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 29.2 33.4 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 5.8 6.6 g/kg 89 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 7 8 g/kg 77 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.6 g/kg 85 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.7 11.1 g/kg 77 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.8 5.5 g/kg 72 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.1 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 78 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.5 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.8 g/kg 70 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.3 g/kg 73 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.8 11.3 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.8 8.9 g/kg 76 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.6 g/kg 74 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.9 12.5 g/kg 75 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 78 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.1 15 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 6 g/kg 74 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 18 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 26.2 30 g/kg 79 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.7 g/kg 77 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.8 g/kg 75 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 7.1 g/kg 80 %
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