Mealworm larvae, dried

Dried larvae of mealworm (Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus 1758), a beetle insect. Note: it is recommended to check the regulatory status of this product before using it for livestock feeding.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 94.8 100 % - 93.9 -96.3 4
Crude protein 47.3 50 % - 4.9 40.7 -53.7 4 5.1 43 -60.3 27
Crude fibre 4.8 5.1 % - 0.7 0.7 4.4 -6.9 14
Crude fat 35.4 37.4 % - 5.8 25.1 -46.4 26
Ash 3.2 3.4 % - 1.3 2.9 -8.3 4 1.4 1.9 -8.8 28
Insoluble ash 0.2 0.2 % - 1
NDF 11.4 12 % - 7.4 -15 4
ADF 6.1 6.5 % - 6.4 -6.6 2
Lignin 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 6380 6730 kcal/kg - 430 5530 -7460 3 450 5540 -7740 19
Gross energy (MJ) 26.7 28.2 MJ/kg - 1.8 23.1 -31.2 3 1.9 23.2 -32.4 19
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.6 2.7 g/kg - 1.8 1.9 0.3 -6.2 10
Phosphorus 7.4 7.8 g/kg - 3.5 3.7 4.4 -14.2 8
Magnesium 2.2 2.3 g/kg - 2 -2.8 3
Potassium 8.4 8.9 g/kg - 8.5 -9.3 2
Sodium 0.89 0.94 g/kg - 1
Manganese 8 9 mg/kg - 6 -14 4
Zinc 110 116 mg/kg - 83 -136 4
Copper 15 16 mg/kg - 15 -18 4
Iron 54 57 mg/kg - 30 32 26 -110 5
Selenium 0.5 0.5 mg/kg - 0.3 -0.7 2
Iodine 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0 -0.4 2
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 5 5.3 g/kg 3.2 % FA 1 1 1.7 1.8-6.4 6
C16:0 palmitic acid 25.3 26.7 g/kg 16.1 % FA 1 1 7 6.8-28.7 7
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 4.6 4.9 g/kg 2.9 % FA 1 1 1.7 1.5-6.1 6
C18:0 stearic acid 3.9 4.1 g/kg 2.5 % FA 1 1 0.6 1.5-3.2 6
C18:1 oleic acid 57.6 60.8 g/kg 36.6 % FA 1 1 9.2 19.8-43.3 7
C18:2 linoleic acid 38.9 41 g/kg 24.7 % FA 1 1 10 8.5-34.5 7
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1 % FA 1 1 0.7 0.1-1.9 6
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.05 0.05 g/kg 0.03 % FA 1
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
Fatty acids 15.7 16.6 g/kg 80 % fat 1 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 20 21 mg/kg - 10 -33 3
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4 5 mg/kg - 3 -6 2
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 24 25 mg/kg - 12 -41 3
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 11 12 mg/kg - 0 -21 3
Vitamin B12 0.02 0.03 µg/kg - 0 -0.06 3
Niacin 101 106 mg/kg - 106 -107 2
Pantothenic acid 50 53 mg/kg - 37 -69 2
Folic acid 2 3 mg/kg - 0.6 -4 3
Biotin 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 0.8 -0.9 2
Choline 4373 4615 mg/kg - 4390 -4840 2
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 5210 5500 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4890 5160 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 3720 3930 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 5210 5500 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4880 5160 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 3710 3920 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 21.8 23 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 20.5 21.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 15.6 16.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 21.8 23 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 20.4 21.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 15.5 16.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 81.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 81.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 83.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 84 %
N digestibility growing pig - 100 %
N digestibility adult pig - 100 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 79.5 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 4700 4960 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 4330 4570 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 19.7 20.8 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 18.1 19.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 29.6 31.3 g/kg 6.3 g/16g N 10.3 17.5 -34 2 10.9 9.3 -47.1 18 2.4 1.6-10.4 18
Threonine 24.4 25.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 5.6 15.7 -36.3 18 1.3 2.7-7.6 18
Methionine 9.6 10.1 g/kg 2 g/16g N 4 5.1 -9.6 2 4.3 4.8 -18 17 0.9 1-3.9 17
Cystine 36.6 38.6 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 24.7 3.5 -87 17 5.4 0.8-19.2 17
Methionine + cystine 46.1 48.7 g/kg 9.7 g/16g N 1 25.5 9.3 -97 17 5.7 1.6-21.4 17
Tryptophan 8.2 8.6 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 6 6.3 0 -21 16 1.4 0-4.6 16
Isoleucine 28.3 29.8 g/kg 6 g/16g N 9.2 13.9 -49 16 2.2 2.6-11 16
Valine 41.7 44 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 12.1 22.2 -58.6 18 2.8 3.8-12.8 18
Leucine 52.4 55.4 g/kg 11.1 g/16g N 20.6 26.9 -103 18 4.6 4.6-21.5 18
Phenylalanine 20.9 22 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 3.6 13.6 -25 16 0.8 3.1-5.6 16
Tyrosine 29.4 31 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 9.5 24.7 -31.1 2 10 16.9 -50 16 2.2 3.5-11 16
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 50.2 53 g/kg 10.6 g/16g N 11.2 11.8 34 -75 15 2.7 7.1-16.5 15
Histidine 15.1 15.9 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 2.3 10.1 -15.9 2 2.5 10.7 -18.8 17 0.5 2.1-4 17
Arginine 27.4 28.9 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 7 19.7 -42.4 17 1.6 3.8-8.9 17
Alanine 54.8 57.9 g/kg 11.6 g/16g N 16.6 31.5 -90 17 3.8 6.2-20.1 17
Aspartic acid 48.6 51.3 g/kg 10.3 g/16g N 10.3 29.4 -72.3 17 2.3 5.6-15.2 17
Glutamic acid 79.7 84.1 g/kg 16.8 g/16g N 1 16.3 54.1 -110 16 3.9 10.2-23.1 16
Glycine 41 43.3 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N 12.8 20.4 -59 17 2.9 3.9-13.2 17
Serine 34.8 36.7 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 8.9 21.5 -43 2 9.4 22.7 -58.4 17 1.9 4.3-11.1 17
Proline 30.5 32.2 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 5.3 21 -32.5 2 5.6 22.3 -36.7 5 0.7 5.2-7 5
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