Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of dehulled or partially dehulled sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.5 100 % - 1.7 86.9 -94.7 2405 1.5
Crude protein 36.6 40.5 % - 1.4 32 -50.5 2573 1.5 36 -54.8 2465
Crude fibre 17.9 19.7 % - 1.7 14.1 -26.8 2453 1.9 15.5 -30 2357
Crude fat 1.2 1.4 % - 0.4 0.1 -4.5 2117 0.5 0.1 -5 2098
Ash 6.5 7.2 % - 0.5 5.4 -8.2 601 0.5 6.1 -9.1 580
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % - 0.1 0.03 -0.3 9 0.1 0.03 -0.3 8
NDF 31.5 34.9 % - 5 21.1 -47.4 75 5.5 22.3 -49.1 92
ADF 21.1 23.3 % - 3.7 15 -32.5 74 4.1 12 -33.2 91
Lignin 6.8 7.5 % - 1.4 4 -11.4 91 1.6 2.8 -11 110
Water insoluble cell walls 27.9 30.8 % - 11.1 24 -54.7 5
Starch 3.5 3.9 % - 2 0.9 -5.9 20 2.2 1 -8.2 20
Total sugars 6.7 7.4 % - 1.1 4.7 -7.6 9 1.2 5.3 -9.1 13
Gross energy (kcal) 4190 4630 kcal/kg - 130 4020 -4870 21 140 4500 -5200 37
Gross energy (MJ) 17.5 19.4 MJ/kg - 0.6 16.8 -20.4 21 0.6 18.8 -21.8 37
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 4 4.4 g/kg - 0.8 2.2 -6.4 211 0.9 2.5 -7.2 206
Phosphorus 10.4 11.5 g/kg - 1.8 8 -15.7 239 2 9 -17.6 231
Phytate phosphorus 8.8 9.8 g/kg 85 % P 1 1
Magnesium 5 5.6 g/kg - 1 3.5 -6.4 8 1.1 3.8 -7.2 8
Potassium 15.1 16.6 g/kg - 1.8 10.4 -17.4 23 2 11.5 -19.2 15
Sodium 0.08 0.08 g/kg - 0.15 0 -0.53 33 0.16 0 -0.6 13
Chlorine 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.2 0.8 -1.6 25 0.3 0.9 -1.8 9
Sulfur 4.4 4.9 g/kg - 0.1 4.3 -4.7 7
Dietary cation-anion difference 77 85 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 355 392 mEq/kg -
Manganese 40 44 mg/kg - 9 19 -122 15 10 21 -49 9
Zinc 85 94 mg/kg - 8 56 -110 15
Copper 31 34 mg/kg - 5 8 -77 29 6 9 -42 23
Iron 401 443 mg/kg - 648 117 -1870 7 1
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 6.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 4.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 1.9 2.1 g/kg 20.3 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 6 6.7 g/kg 64.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Fatty acids 0.9 1 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 11 12 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 13 15 mg/kg -
Niacin 235 260 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 40 44 mg/kg -
Choline 2561 2830 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg - 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.78 0.86 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.71 0.79 per kg -
PDIA Systali 79 87 g/kg -
PDI Systali 123 136 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 195 216 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.29 0.321 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2200 2430 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1370 1520 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1260 1390 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.2 10.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.7 6.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.3 5.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 67.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 67.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 59 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.8 0.89 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.74 0.82 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 68 75 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 114 126 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 205 227 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.74 0.81 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.66 0.73 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 96 106 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 139 154 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 178 197 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.76 0.84 per kg - 0.77 -0.93 4
UFV INRA 2007 0.69 0.76 per kg - 0.68 -0.87 4
PDIA INRA 2007 83 92 g/kg - 12 14 65 -103 8
PDIN INRA 2007 240 266 g/kg - 14 15 236 -279 8
PDIE INRA 2007 128 142 g/kg - 13 14 115 -156 8
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2180 2410 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.1 10.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.2 % 65.1-74.2 4
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 68.7 % 64.8-74.1 4
N digestibility ruminants - 76.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 61.2 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 % 7 59-82 11
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 5-38 4
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.069-0.23 3
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 8 52-76 6
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 34 % 6 24-38 5
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 44 % 6 35-51 5
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.085 h-1 0.048 0.042-0.172 5
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 58.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.9 7.6 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.2 2.4 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2690 2970 kcal/kg - 330 2290 -3310 9 370 2510 -3600 10
ME growing pig (kcal) 2450 2710 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1440 1600 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2920 3230 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2630 2910 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1560 1730 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.2 12.4 MJ/kg - 1.4 9.6 -13.9 9 1.5 10.5 -15.1 10
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6 6.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 12.2 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11 12.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.5 7.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 64.2 % 8.3 53.3-76.6 10
Energy digestibility adult pig - 69.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 66.7 % 59-74.5 2
OM digestibility adult pig - 72 %
N digestibility growing pig - 77.8 % 3.4 75.8-88.1 11
N digestibility adult pig - 81.6 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 82 % 3 79-88.1 7
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 2 2.2 g/kg 19 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1570 1740 kcal/kg - 1 300 1590 -2610 10
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1560 1720 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 6.6 7.3 MJ/kg - 1 1.2 6.7 -10.9 10
AMEn broiler (MJ) 6.5 7.2 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 1.8 2 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 76 %
Energy digestibility horse - 73.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.79 0.88 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 277 306 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2640 2920 kcal/kg - 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2290 2530 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11 12.2 MJ/kg - 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 9.6 10.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 63.1 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 79.9 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 13 14.4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1.2 9.2 -23.6 131 1.3 11.5 -18.2 108 0.3 2.8-4.4 126
Threonine 13.2 14.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1.2 9.4 -17.3 60 1.3 12.7 -18.4 46 0.2 3.1-4.2 61
Methionine 8.2 9.1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.8 5.1 -10.9 61 0.9 7.1 -11.6 45 0.1 1.8-2.6 60
Cystine 6.2 6.8 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1 3.4 -9.1 59 1.1 5.2 -10 43 0.2 1.3-2.2 58
Methionine + cystine 14.4 15.9 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.7 8.5 -19.7 59 1.9 11.7 -21.6 43 0.3 3-4.8 58
Tryptophan 4.6 5.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.8 3.6 -6.7 27 0.9 4 -6.8 11 0.1 1-1.5 27
Isoleucine 15 16.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.7 9.6 -20.2 57 1.8 13.7 -21.9 42 0.2 3.6-4.6 58
Valine 18 19.9 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 2.1 11.3 -23.7 59 2.3 15.8 -25.8 44 0.3 4.2-5.7 60
Leucine 22.5 24.8 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 2.5 15.1 -30.2 57 2.7 20.6 -32.8 42 0.3 5.4-6.8 58
Phenylalanine 16.1 17.8 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.8 10.8 -22 57 2 14.5 -23.9 42 0.2 3.7-4.8 58
Tyrosine 8.5 9.4 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.4 5.7 -12.7 41 1.5 6.3 -12.7 26 0.3 1.7-3.2 43
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 24.6 27.2 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 2.6 18.8 -34.3 40 2.9 20.8 -33.9 24 0.5 5.5-8 40
Histidine 8.8 9.7 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 1 5.9 -11.8 52 1.1 8.5 -12.8 37 0.2 2.1-3 53
Arginine 30.1 33.2 g/kg 8.2 g/16g N 3.5 18 -42.3 49 3.9 27.6 -46 34 0.5 7.3-10.1 51
Alanine 15.7 17.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.9 11 -20.2 49 2.1 13.9 -21.9 35 0.3 3.7-5 51
Aspartic acid 32.3 35.7 g/kg 8.8 g/16g N 3.7 21.6 -43.8 51 4 29.9 -47.6 36 0.4 7.8-9.7 52
Glutamic acid 70.5 77.9 g/kg 19.2 g/16g N 9.8 43 -101 49 10.8 62 -110 34 1.2 17-22.4 50
Glycine 20.7 22.8 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 2.3 14.8 -27.6 55 2.6 19.4 -29.4 40 0.3 5-6.7 57
Serine 15.2 16.8 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.5 10.7 -19.9 54 1.6 14.1 -21.6 39 0.2 3.6-4.6 55
Proline 15.3 16.9 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.8 9.8 -20.5 35 2 14.6 -22.5 20 0.3 3.6-4.9 36
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 10.7 11.8 g/kg 82 % 10.3 -13.7 3 11.4 -14.9 3 4 77-89 7
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.7 11.8 g/kg 81 % 10.7 -11.7 3 11.7 -13.1 3 4 76-89 7
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.3 g/kg 92 % 3 86-96 7
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.6 g/kg 82 % 4.7 -5.1 3 5.2 -5.7 3 2 79-86 7
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 12.6 13.9 g/kg 87 % 12.4 -13 3 13.6 -14.3 3 2 86-91 6
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.3 g/kg 84 % 83-86 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 12.7 14 g/kg 85 % 4 79-93 7
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 15 16.5 g/kg 83 % 13.9 -16.9 3 15.2 -19 3 5 76-92 7
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 19.2 21.2 g/kg 85 % 19.1 -19.5 3 20.9 -21.9 3 4 79-92 7
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 14.1 15.5 g/kg 87 % 5 80-94 7
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.4 g/kg 89 % 7.5 -9.6 3 8.3 -10.8 3 3 83-93 7
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 21.6 23.9 g/kg 88 % 4 84-94 6
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.4 8.1 g/kg 84 % 4 81-91 7
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 28 31 g/kg 93 % 27.6 -33.8 3 30.5 -37 3 1 92-97 7
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 12.8 14.2 g/kg 82 % 12.3 -13.1 3 13.4 -14.5 3 5 76-91 7
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 27.1 29.9 g/kg 84 % 26.8 -27.8 3 29.3 -31.3 3 4 78-91 7
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 63.6 70.3 g/kg 90 % 3 87-96 7
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 15.2 16.8 g/kg 73 % 14.5 -16.4 3 15.9 -18.4 3 4 70-81 7
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 12.4 13.7 g/kg 82 % 4 79-89 7
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 13.3 14.7 g/kg 87 % 12.7 -15 3 13.9 -16.9 3 5 82-92 5
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.7 11.8 g/kg 82 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10 11.1 g/kg 76 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.4 g/kg 92 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 5 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.3 g/kg 84 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.3 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.8 14.1 g/kg 85 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 15 16.6 g/kg 83 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.9 20.8 g/kg 84 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 14 15.5 g/kg 87 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 8.1 g/kg 86 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.3 23.6 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.5 g/kg 77 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 27.4 30.2 g/kg 91 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 13 14.4 g/kg 83 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 25.9 28.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 61.3 67.8 g/kg 87 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.7 16.2 g/kg 71 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.8 13.1 g/kg 78 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 14.3 15.9 g/kg 94 % 1
Origin Ukraine, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.46 3.82 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.19 2.42 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 517 572 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0051 0.0056 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 5.4 5.96 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 3.03 3.35 m²yr/kg -
Origin Ukraine, ex port of delivery (Sète, France)
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 4.08 4.51 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.19 2.42 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 558 617 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0061 0.0067 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 5.47 6.04 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 3.03 3.35 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, low dehulling (32% CP), ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.4 2.66 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.17 2.39 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 244 269 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0046 0.0051 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.83 4.24 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.98 2.18 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, high dehulling (36% CP), ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 3.22 3.56 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 2.93 3.24 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 330 365 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0062 0.0069 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 5.2 5.75 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 2.68 2.96 m²yr/kg -
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