Cottonseed meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 15%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of dehulled cotton seeds (Gossypium spp.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.7 100 % - 1.7 86 -95.3 264 2.7
Crude protein 42.6 47 % - 3.6 29.6 -55.8 267 3.9 34.3 -60.3 287
Crude fibre 11.7 12.9 % - 2.5 5.5 -15 232 2.7 3.6 -16.6 246
Crude fat 2.5 2.7 % - 1.4 0.1 -5 163 1.5 0.1 -6 185
Ash 6.6 7.3 % - 0.7 5.1 -8.5 201 0.7 5.1 -9.4 228
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.2 % - 0.1 0.02 -0.5 16 0.2 0.02 -0.5 19
NDF 24.3 26.8 % - 5.4 12.7 -39.1 67 6 13.8 -46.4 77
ADF 16.1 17.8 % - 3.4 7.4 -23.6 66 3.7 8 -26.6 73
Lignin 5.5 6 % - 1.1 3.3 -8.6 48 1.3 3.2 -9.8 54
Water insoluble cell walls 27.5 30.4 % - 5.5 19.7 -41.7 21 6 21.3 -45.6 23
Starch 2.9 3.2 % - 1.4 1.8 -6.1 11 1.5 2 -6.9 11
Starch, enzymatic method 1.7 1.9 % - 1
Total sugars 4.8 5.2 % - 0.8 3.7 -5.2 7 0.8 4.1 -6.9 8
Gross energy (kcal) 4430 4890 kcal/kg - 240 3930 -4820 45 240 4380 -5310 51
Gross energy (MJ) 18.5 20.5 MJ/kg - 1 16.4 -20.2 45 1 18.3 -22.2 51
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.1 2.3 g/kg - 0.8 1.2 -7.5 71 0.9 1.3 -8.1 86
Phosphorus 11.5 12.7 g/kg - 2.9 3.8 -15.5 71 3.2 3.2 -17.2 88
Phytate phosphorus 8 8.9 g/kg 70 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 5.2 5.7 g/kg - 1.5 2 -7.2 30 1.7 2.1 -7.8 43
Potassium 14.1 15.5 g/kg - 3.4 12.9 -18.9 30 3.8 2.8 -20.8 43
Sodium 0.63 0.7 g/kg - 0.76 0.29 -2.97 8 0.84 0.26 -3.2 18
Chlorine 0.6 0.6 g/kg - 0.2 0.3 -0.8 12
Sulfur 3.3 3.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 169 187 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 373 411 mEq/kg -
Manganese 23 25 mg/kg - 14 5 -81 11 15 6 -85 21
Zinc 48 52 mg/kg - 34 44 -151 11 38 19 -159 21
Copper 90 99 mg/kg - 86 7 -198 21
Iron 527 581 mg/kg - 1572 75 -7165 8 1734 81 -7526 18
Selenium 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Cobalt 2 3 mg/kg - 4 0.4 -10 5 5 0.4 -11 5
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 1 1
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.3 0.5-1.2 9
C16:0 palmitic acid 5 5.5 g/kg 22.7 % FA 0.8 21.7-24.2 14
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.3 0.3-1 9
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 1.9 % FA 0.4 1.5-3 14
C18:1 oleic acid 3.7 4 g/kg 16.7 % FA 1.5 14.7-20.8 14
C18:2 linoleic acid 12.5 13.8 g/kg 57.3 % FA 3.6 46.1-60 14
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.7 % FA 1.4 0.05-4.4 9
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.3 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 2.2 2.4 g/kg 88 % fat 2 86-90 10
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.5 0.5 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 20.6 22.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 21.8 24 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 4.1 4.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 8 8.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 42.1 46.5 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 46.4 51.2 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 24.6 27.1 mg/kg -
Choline 2748 3032 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.98 1.08 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.95 1.04 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 152 167 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 197 217 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 175 193 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.289 0.319 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2680 2960 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1730 1910 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1670 1840 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.8 11.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.9 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.5 7.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 76.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.3 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.6 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 3.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.6 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.01 1.11 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.98 1.08 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 134 148 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 181 200 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 191 211 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.94 1.03 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.89 0.98 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 175 193 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 219 241 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 151 166 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.93 1.03 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.89 0.99 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.88 0.97 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.83 0.92 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 169 187 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 306 338 g/kg - 277 -338 4
PDIE INRA 2007 212 234 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2600 2870 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.9 12 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.5 11.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.1 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 78.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.4 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 64 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 % 58-73 4
Immediately degradable N (a) - 29 % 13-39 3
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 59-64 2
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.065 h-1 0.064-0.086 2
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 59 % 6 55-71 5
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 27 % 6 26-41 5
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 64 % 6 52-69 5
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.06 h-1 0.01 0.044-0.067 5
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 70.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 7.4 8.1 g/kg 64 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.1 1.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.6 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.2 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 931 1027 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 963 1063 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 198 218 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 171 188 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4 4.4 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.4 1.5 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 64.9 71.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.31 3.65 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.7 1.87 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.6 1.77 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.84 2.03 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.24 1.37 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 38 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 43 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.6 7.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 275 304 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 24 27 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3240 3580 kcal/kg - 310 2350 -3400 10 340 2630 -3700 10
ME growing pig (kcal) 2940 3250 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1780 1960 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3400 3750 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3060 3370 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1870 2070 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.6 15 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.6 15 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.3 13.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.3 13.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.5 8.2 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 7.4 8.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.2 15.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.2 15.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.8 14.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.8 14.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 73.2 % 6.7 56-77.3 9
Energy digestibility adult pig - 76.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 74.6 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 78.3 %
N digestibility growing pig - 94 %
N digestibility adult pig - 96.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 77 % 7 66.8-90 8
Crude fat digestibility pig - 37 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 3 3.3 g/kg 26 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 4.5 4.9 g/kg 39 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2080 2300 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2060 2270 kcal/kg - 1820 -2830 3 2080 -3170 4
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.7 9.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 8.7 9.6 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.6 9.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8.6 9.5 MJ/kg - 8 -11.8 2 8.9 -13.3 3
Available P cockerel 2.9 3.2 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 2.9 3.2 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 80.6 %
Energy digestibility horse - 77.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.69 0.76 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 339 374 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3070 3390 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2670 2950 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.8 14.2 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.8 14.2 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.2 12.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.2 12.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 69.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 77.9 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3090 3410 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 8.9 9.8 MJ/kg - 9.5 -10.2 2
DE salmonids (MJ) 12.9 14.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 48.5 % 48-49 2
N digestibility salmonids - 78.3 % 75-81.5 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.9 18.7 g/kg 4 g/16g N 2.6 11.2 -24.4 70 2.8 12.1 -26.4 70 0.4 3.2-5.3 70
Threonine 13.4 14.8 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.7 10.5 -19.1 64 1.9 11.3 -20.6 66 0.3 2.5-3.7 66
Methionine 6 6.6 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.9 3.6 -8.8 63 1 4.1 -9.5 63 0.2 0.7-1.8 63
Cystine 7.4 8.2 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 1.1 4.6 -8.5 30 1.2 5.1 -11 31 0.2 1.1-2.3 31
Methionine + cystine 13.4 14.8 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 1.7 9 -15.1 18 1.9 9.9 -16.8 18 0.4 2.1-3.6 18
Tryptophan 5.5 6.1 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 3 -6.9 26 1.1 3.3 -7.5 27 0.2 0.7-1.5 27
Isoleucine 13.4 14.8 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.7 10 -19.4 64 1.9 11.2 -20.9 65 0.3 2.5-4 65
Valine 19.3 21.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 2.1 14 -25.2 64 2.3 15.6 -27.3 66 0.4 3.7-5.2 66
Leucine 24.2 26.7 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 2.9 19 -32.5 65 3.1 20.8 -35.7 67 0.4 4.8-6.6 67
Phenylalanine 22.1 24.3 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 2.5 18 -30.6 63 2.8 19.7 -33.6 64 0.3 4.6-6.3 64
Tyrosine 11.9 13.1 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 2.4 9 -19.7 37 2.6 9.9 -21.6 38 0.4 2.2-4.2 38
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 33.9 37.4 g/kg 8 g/16g N 5.1 27 -45.8 24 5.6 29.6 -50.3 25 0.7 7.5-9.9 25
Histidine 12.3 13.5 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 1.9 9.6 -17.4 43 2 10.5 -18.8 45 0.3 2.3-3.6 45
Arginine 47 51.8 g/kg 11 g/16g N 6.7 33 -67.9 61 7.4 35.7 -73.4 63 0.9 9.3-14.8 63
Alanine 18.4 20.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2.2 13.7 -23.6 61 2.4 15 -25.8 63 0.4 3.2-5.3 63
Aspartic acid 39.2 43.2 g/kg 9.2 g/16g N 5.6 30.8 -61.5 59 6.1 32.3 -69.4 61 0.9 8-14.8 61
Glutamic acid 80.6 88.9 g/kg 18.9 g/16g N 9.4 69.8 -110 60 10.2 77.1 -119 61 1.2 16.8-22.7 61
Glycine 17.3 19.1 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 2.2 13.6 -26.7 58 2.4 14.7 -30.8 60 0.3 3.4-5.5 60
Serine 18.3 20.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2.7 13.1 -26.8 58 2.9 14.2 -29.7 60 0.5 3.3-5.9 60
Proline 15.2 16.7 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 3.6 11.8 -25.7 25 4 12.8 -27.8 27 0.5 3-4.9 27
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 12 13.3 g/kg 71 % 3.4 8.6 -22.2 16 3.8 9.6 -24.1 16 9 56-91 20
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.3 11.3 g/kg 76 % 2.6 6.7 -16.7 17 2.8 7.4 -18.2 17 10 57-93 22
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.1 g/kg 77 % 0.7 3.1 -6.1 17 0.7 3.4 -6.6 17 14 33-92 22
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 5.7 6.2 g/kg 76 % 1.2 3.3 -7.8 17 1.3 3.7 -8.4 17 10 61-95 22
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 10.3 11.3 g/kg 77 % 12 52-93 8
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 5 g/kg 82 % 1 2.6 -6.4 16 1.1 2.9 -6.9 16 9 61-95 17
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 10.4 11.5 g/kg 78 % 2.1 7.5 -15 17 2.3 8.4 -17.3 17 9 56-94 22
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 15.4 17 g/kg 80 % 2.6 10.9 -20.6 17 2.8 12.2 -22.4 17 8 61-94 22
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 19.3 21.3 g/kg 80 % 4.3 13.7 -29.3 17 4.7 15.3 -33.8 17 8 64-95 22
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 19.1 21 g/kg 86 % 3.1 14.5 -26.6 17 3.4 16.2 -28.9 17 6 73-96 22
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 10 11 g/kg 84 % 3.4 7.8 -18.2 17 3.7 8.6 -20 17 8 67-96 21
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 29.1 32 g/kg 86 % 22.3 -36.9 3 24.9 -42.5 3 8 71-96 7
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 10.2 11.2 g/kg 83 % 2.6 7.2 -15.7 16 2.9 8 -17.1 16 8 60-96 21
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 43.3 47.8 g/kg 92 % 8.1 34.2 -62.6 17 8.9 38.2 -67.7 17 4 80-98 22
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 14.2 15.7 g/kg 77 % 3.3 8.4 -19.4 17 3.6 9.4 -21.1 17 10 58-96 22
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 32.4 35.7 g/kg 83 % 7.5 23.5 -50.3 17 8.3 26.3 -58 17 7 65-95 22
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 70.7 78 g/kg 88 % 12.5 57.3 -99.4 17 13.7 64.1 -108 17 5 76-96 22
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 13.9 15.3 g/kg 80 % 4.8 9.2 -22.7 14 5.3 10.3 -26.2 14 12 63-100 19
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 15 16.5 g/kg 82 % 3.7 10.7 -21.6 17 4.1 11.9 -24.8 17 8 67-95 20
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 13.2 14.5 g/kg 87 % 4.9 12.5 -25.7 12 5.4 13.7 -27.8 12 11 66-100 17
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.8 10.8 g/kg 58 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.9 9.8 g/kg 66 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.6 5.1 g/kg 77 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 5.8 g/kg 71 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.9 g/kg 74 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.7 g/kg 77 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.3 10.2 g/kg 69 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.7 15.1 g/kg 71 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 18.9 g/kg 71 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.7 19.5 g/kg 80 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.1 10.1 g/kg 77 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 26.8 29.6 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.2 10.2 g/kg 75 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 40.4 44.6 g/kg 86 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.9 14.2 g/kg 70 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 29.4 32.4 g/kg 75 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 66.9 73.8 g/kg 83 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.1 13.4 g/kg 70 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.3 14.7 g/kg 73 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 11.2 12.4 g/kg 74 %
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