Feather meal

Animal byproduct obtained by hydrolysing, drying and grinding poultry feathers. Note: it is recommended to check the regulatory status of this product before using it for livestock feeding.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.9 100 % - 4.4 79.6 -96.4 131 3.9
Crude protein 78.8 85.7 % - 6 60.6 -90.3 144 6.1 69.7 -98.1 151
Crude fibre 1.3 1.4 % - 2 0.3 -10.1 22 2.2 0.3 -10.6 22
Crude fat, hydrolysis 8.5 9.2 % - 2.1 3.7 -13.1 71 2.3 3.9 -13.8 71
Insoluble ash 0.3 0.3 % - 0.03 0.2 -0.3 6 0.03 0.2 -0.3 6
NDF 6.7 7.3 % - 1 1
ADF 5.1 5.5 % - 2.6 1.9 -10 8 2.8 2 -10.6 8
Starch 0 0 % - 1 1
Total sugars 0.3 0.3 % - 0.2 -0.5 4 0.2 -0.6 4
Gross energy (kcal) 5170 5630 kcal/kg - 240 4900 -6070 22 200 5330 -6420 26
Gross energy (MJ) 21.7 23.6 MJ/kg - 1 20.5 -25.4 22 0.9 22.3 -26.9 26
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 12.2 13.2 g/kg - 5 2.2 -21.7 26 5.4 2.2 -22.6 28
Phosphorus 8.2 8.9 g/kg - 4.2 1.5 -24.7 26 4.6 1.6 -25.6 28
Magnesium 0.8 0.8 g/kg - 1.1 0.3 -4 11 1.2 0.3 -4.5 11
Potassium 1.4 1.5 g/kg - 0.4 0.7 -2 15 0.4 0.8 -2.4 12
Sodium 0.98 1.07 g/kg - 0.32 0.2 -1.8 15 0.35 0.89 -2.26 12
Chlorine 1.9 2.1 g/kg - 0.5 0.6 -2.3 12 0.6 0.7 -2.4 9
Sulfur 16.7 18.2 g/kg - 0.8 15.9 -18 6 0.6 17.4 -19 6
Electrolyte balance 23 25 mEq/kg -
Manganese 15 16 mg/kg - 5 7 -19 10 6 7 -21 8
Zinc 122 133 mg/kg - 19 96 -143 10 20 106 -157 8
Copper 9 10 mg/kg - 2 6 -13 10 2 7 -14 7
Iron 493 536 mg/kg - 186 222 -758 10 202 246 -833 7
Selenium 0.7 0.8 mg/kg - 0.05 0.6 -0.7 5 0.05 0.7 -0.8 5
Molybdenum 0.9 1 mg/kg - 1 1
Iodine 0.6 0.6 mg/kg - 0.07 0.5 -0.6 5 0.07 0.5 -0.7 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 2 % FA 0.2 1.8-2.2 5
C16:0 palmitic acid 14.6 15.9 g/kg 34.8 % FA 0.2 34.5-35 5
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 2.6 2.9 g/kg 6.2 % FA 0.2 6-6.4 5
C18:0 stearic acid 5.8 6.3 g/kg 13.8 % FA 0.1 13.7-14 5
C18:1 oleic acid 16.8 18.3 g/kg 39.9 % FA 0.2 39.7-40.1 5
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.4 1.5 g/kg 3.3 % FA 0.3 3-3.7 5
Fatty acids 4.2 4.6 g/kg 50 % fat 0.4 49-50 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 7 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 80 87 µg/kg -
Niacin 21 23 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 9 10 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.08 0.09 mg/kg -
Choline 883 960 mg/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3880 4220 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3510 3810 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2150 2340 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3880 4220 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3490 3800 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2130 2320 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.2 17.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.7 16 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9 9.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.2 17.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.6 15.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.9 9.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 75 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 75 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 75.3 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 75 %
N digestibility growing pig - 72.1 % 71.1-73 2
N digestibility adult pig - 72.1 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 77 % 76.2-77.9 4
Crude fat digestibility pig - 69.9 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2730 2970 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2730 2970 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.4 12.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.4 12.4 MJ/kg -
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 4480 4870 kcal/kg - 3250 -5340 3 3420 -5650 3
DE salmonids (MJ) 18.7 20.4 MJ/kg - 13.6 -22.4 3 14.3 -23.7 3
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 86.5 % 57.4-88 3
N digestibility salmonids - 86.9 % 58-87 3
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.7 18.2 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 3.6 9.8 -25.1 28 3.8 10.5 -28.5 36 0.4 1.2-3.2 40
Threonine 36.7 39.9 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 5.3 26.1 -51 25 5.6 28 -56.7 36 0.6 3.3-7 39
Methionine 5.3 5.8 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1.5 3 -9.8 26 1.6 0.4 -10.7 36 0.1 0.4-1.1 39
Cystine 35.2 38.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 7.1 27.5 -50 21 7.7 6.6 -51.6 30 0.5 3.4-5.7 33
Methionine + cystine 40.3 43.8 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 8.1 33.4 -55.7 21 8.7 7 -58.3 30 0.6 4-6.4 33
Tryptophan 4.7 5.1 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 7.3 4 -6.2 8 7.9 4.4 -27.4 8 0.1 0.5-0.8 11
Isoleucine 38.9 42.4 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 4.2 33.1 -49 22 4.4 37.6 -54.5 33 0.5 3.5-6.8 36
Valine 57.6 62.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 10.5 41.4 -77 24 11.3 45.3 -85.7 35 1.2 4.8-10.6 38
Leucine 62.9 68.5 g/kg 8 g/16g N 4.8 55.6 -78.7 24 4.9 64.2 -85.5 35 0.6 6.9-9.5 38
Phenylalanine 37.3 40.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 2.7 33.3 -46.1 21 2.7 38.4 -49.1 32 0.4 3.5-5.5 35
Tyrosine 21.8 23.7 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 2.6 16.7 -27.3 15 2.8 18.4 -29.4 24 0.9 2.1-6.8 28
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 58.3 63.4 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 3.8 52.2 -68.4 12 3.8 56.9 -74.3 21 0.8 6.4-10.3 25
Histidine 6.6 7.2 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 2.6 2.6 -13.6 23 2.8 2.8 -14.9 34 0.3 0.3-1.7 37
Arginine 53.5 58.2 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 7.3 36.5 -77 23 7.7 39.2 -85.7 34 0.9 4.6-10.6 37
Alanine 37.2 40.4 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 5.1 32.9 -57.9 20 5.4 35.7 -63.4 30 0.6 3.8-6.8 32
Aspartic acid 52.5 57.1 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 3.2 47.8 -60.7 20 3.1 52.6 -65.6 28 0.2 6-7.2 30
Glutamic acid 82.5 89.7 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N 11.1 69.3 -101 19 11.8 73.3 -112 29 1.1 8.3-12.2 31
Glycine 58.1 63.2 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 5 50.7 -70.9 20 5.1 53.7 -77.6 31 0.7 5.9-8.4 34
Serine 88.1 95.8 g/kg 11.2 g/16g N 11.9 68.1 -107 20 12.7 73.9 -117 30 1.3 8-13.5 32
Proline 75.4 82 g/kg 9.6 g/16g N 5.4 68.8 -95.8 17 5.4 75.2 -101 27 0.7 8.1-11.6 29
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 10.9 11.8 g/kg 65 % 10.3 -12 2 11 -12.8 2 62-71 4
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 28.6 31.1 g/kg 78 % 26.4 -30.7 2 28.2 -32.8 2 72-80 4
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.1 g/kg 71 % 60-81 4
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 24.7 26.9 g/kg 70 % 66-74 3
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 28.3 30.8 g/kg 70 % 65-75 3
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.7 g/kg 72 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 33.6 36.6 g/kg 86 % 30.7 -35.4 2 32.7 -37.8 2 85-88 4
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 47.7 51.8 g/kg 83 % 81-83 4
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 52.2 56.8 g/kg 83 % 55.8 -59.3 2 82-84 4
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 31.9 34.7 g/kg 86 % 84-86 4
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 16.5 18 g/kg 76 % 69-80 4
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 47.7 51.9 g/kg 82 % 80-83 3
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.1 g/kg 71 % 65-78 4
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 44.9 48.8 g/kg 84 % 35.4 -47.9 2 37.8 -51.1 2 83-88 4
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 29.4 32 g/kg 79 % 77-81 4
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 33.3 36.2 g/kg 63 % 57-69 4
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 59.9 65.1 g/kg 73 % 59.4 -69.4 2 63.4 -74.2 2 68-76 4
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 47.2 51.3 g/kg 81 % 80-83 4
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 71.8 78.1 g/kg 82 % 65.3 -77.2 2 69.7 -82.4 2 78-83 4
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 58.3 63.4 g/kg 77 % 54.3 -67 2 57.9 -71.6 2 75-79 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.4 10.2 g/kg 56 % 52-60 3
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 20 21.8 g/kg 55 % 48-60 3
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.5 g/kg 62 % 46-71 3
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 18.7 g/kg 49 % 45-52 3
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.4 22.1 g/kg 51 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 28.6 31.2 g/kg 74 % 71-76 3
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 39.8 43.3 g/kg 69 % 63-73 3
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 43.6 47.4 g/kg 69 % 66-71 3
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 27.5 29.9 g/kg 74 % 69-78 3
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.1 14.3 g/kg 60 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 40 43.5 g/kg 69 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.1 g/kg 58 % 54-61 3
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 37.1 40.4 g/kg 69 % 66-72 3
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.7 26.8 g/kg 66 % 61-70 3
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 19.4 21 g/kg 37 % 30-42 3
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 50 54.4 g/kg 61 % 56-64 3
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 40.2 43.7 g/kg 69 % 69-70 2
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 57.5 62.5 g/kg 65 % 64-66 3
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 45.6 49.6 g/kg 60 % 60-61 2
CSVXLSXXML