Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of whole (non-dehulled) sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.9 100 % - 1.1 85.3 -96.7 3674 1.8
Crude protein 27.3 30.7 % - 1.6 21.5 -32 4230 1.8 23.6 -36 3558
Crude fibre 26.2 29.5 % - 1.9 20 -51.3 4162 2.1 22.5 -55.4 3517
Crude fat 1.9 2.1 % - 0.7 0.3 -10.2 3103 0.8 0.3 -11.3 2845
Ash 6.1 6.8 % - 0.5 4.9 -8.1 1061 0.5 5.5 -8.8 998
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.5 % - 0.5 0.1 -1.9 16 0.5 0.07 -2.1 15
NDF 41.7 46.8 % - 4 25.4 -51.6 602 4.4 26.3 -58.5 603
ADF 29.9 33.6 % - 3 17.4 -38.7 600 3.4 18 -43.9 601
Lignin 10.1 11.4 % - 1.3 7 -13.3 467 1.4 6.8 -15.1 470
Water insoluble cell walls 46.3 52 % - 3.7 37.4 -51.9 32 4.1 40.2 -57.6 31
Starch 3.3 3.7 % - 1 0.1 -5.7 222 1.1 0.1 -6.3 219
Starch, enzymatic method 0.4 0.5 % - 1 0 -1 2
Total sugars 5.3 6 % - 0.8 0.1 -7.2 176 0.9 3.6 -8.2 170
Gross energy (kcal) 4110 4620 kcal/kg - 130 4110 -4430 21 130 4250 -4920 36
Gross energy (MJ) 17.2 19.4 MJ/kg - 0.5 17.2 -18.5 21 0.5 17.8 -20.6 36
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.8 4.3 g/kg - 0.7 1.6 -7.1 754 0.8 1.7 -7.7 747
Phosphorus 9.7 11 g/kg - 1.3 3.5 -14.5 869 1.5 3.9 -16.2 854
Phytate phosphorus 8.3 9.3 g/kg 85 % P 1 6.2 -9.4 3
Magnesium 4.8 5.3 g/kg - 0.9 2.8 -5.8 15 1 3 -6.4 16
Potassium 14.1 15.9 g/kg - 2 8.8 -17 30 2.3 9.7 -18.8 22
Sodium 0.11 0.13 g/kg - 0.23 0 -2.05 167 0.26 0.01 -2.3 152
Chlorine 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.3 0.9 -1.8 23 0.4 1 -2.1 8
Sulfur 3.9 4.4 g/kg - 4.3 -4.5 3
Dietary cation-anion difference 90 101 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 333 374 mEq/kg -
Manganese 34 39 mg/kg - 16 7 -102 36 18 7 -113 26
Zinc 77 86 mg/kg - 8 56 -92 32 9 70 -120 22
Copper 30 34 mg/kg - 6 12 -77 31 6 14 -44 21
Iron 176 198 mg/kg - 65 89 -329 14 73 142 -361 6
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0 -0.9 4 0.2 -1 2
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 0.09 -0.2 2 0.1 -0.2 2
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg - 0.4 -0.9 2 0.4 -1 2
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0 -0.09 2 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0.01 % FA 0-0.02 3
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.08 % FA 0.04 0-0.1 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 6.4 % FA 0.4 5.9-7.2 11
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.6 4
C18:0 stearic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 4.3 % FA 0.8 2.8-5.4 11
C18:1 oleic acid 2.8 3.2 g/kg 20.2 % FA 2.6 -3.5 2 2.9 -3.9 2 3.3 15.3-28 11
C18:2 linoleic acid 9.1 10.2 g/kg 65.2 % FA 9 -9.6 2 9.9 -10.6 2 4.7 59.3-73.6 18
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.3 0-1 11
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.06 0.07 g/kg 0.4 % FA 0.6 0.2-1.7 7
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0-0.6 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
Fatty acids 1.4 1.6 % 75 % fat 74-77 2
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 11.9 13.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 33.5 37.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3.2 3.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 12.8 14.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 198 222 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 9.9 11.1 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Biotin 1.2 1.4 mg/kg -
Choline 2471 2778 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg - 1 0 -60 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.62 0.69 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.53 0.59 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 55 62 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 96 108 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 131 147 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.349 0.392 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1800 2020 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1080 1220 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 930 1040 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.2 4.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 3.5 3.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 57.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 56 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 51 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.64 0.72 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.55 0.62 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 48 53 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 90 101 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 138 155 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.57 0.65 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.48 0.54 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 67 76 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 107 120 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 118 133 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.57 0.64 per kg - 0.11 0.63 -0.93 5
UFL INRA 2007 0.61 0.69 per kg - 0.09 0.55 -0.79 5 0.1 0.6 -0.88 5
UFV INRA 2007 0.47 0.53 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.52 0.58 per kg - 0.1 0.45 -0.72 5 0.12 0.49 -0.81 5
PDIA INRA 2007 60 67 g/kg - 1 21 52 -110 6
PDIN INRA 2007 176 198 g/kg - 1 25 172 -231 6
PDIE INRA 2007 97 109 g/kg - 1 20 102 -153 6
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1810 2040 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.6 8.5 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.1 8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 58.4 % 5.9 52.4-72.5 12
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 57.4 % 6.4 52.4-72.8 9
N digestibility ruminants - 72.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 84 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 55.8 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 % 12 44-90 16
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 5-38 4
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 21 23-79 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.069-0.23 3
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 % 12 46-83 13
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 22 % 13 18-63 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 46 % 14 22-74 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.105 h-1 0.07 0.006-0.255 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 65.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.4 7.2 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.1 2.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 610 685 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 568 639 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 70 79 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 143 161 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 2.2 2.5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1 1.2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 50.6 56.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.49 2.8 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.17 1.32 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.1 1.24 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.27 1.43 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.75 0.84 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 22 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 26 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 4.3 4.8 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 144 162 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 21 23 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2110 2380 kcal/kg - 230 2000 -2440 6 260 1930 -2700 7
ME growing pig (kcal) 1930 2170 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1100 1230 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 2420 2730 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2190 2460 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1250 1410 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.8 9.9 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.6 5.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.1 11.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.1 10.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.2 5.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 51.4 % 5.2 41.1-56.5 7
Energy digestibility adult pig - 58.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 55 % 37.7-55 4
OM digestibility adult pig - 62.5 %
N digestibility growing pig - 69.5 % 4.2 66.6-79.3 8
N digestibility adult pig - 76.3 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 % 1.4 78.2-82.1 6
Crude fat digestibility pig - 3.7 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.9 2.1 g/kg 19 % 16-19 2
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.8 3.1 g/kg 29 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1330 1500 kcal/kg - 1470 -1540 4
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1310 1470 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.6 6.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.5 6.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P cockerel 1.7 1.9 g/kg 17 % P
Available P broiler 1.7 1.9 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 69 %
Energy digestibility horse - 66.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.75 0.84 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 182 205 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2030 2290 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1780 2000 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.5 9.6 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.5 8.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 49.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 76.6 % 75.5-83 3
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2540 2850 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 10.6 11.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 61.7 %
N digestibility salmonids - 86.2 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 10 11.2 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1.1 8.4 -13.8 80 1.2 9.2 -15.2 62 0.3 3-4.7 76
Threonine 10 11.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.8 8.7 -12.1 51 0.9 9.8 -13.6 35 0.2 3.4-4.1 49
Methionine 6.1 6.9 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.6 5.1 -7.6 52 0.6 6.1 -8.3 35 0.1 1.9-2.6 49
Cystine 4.6 5.2 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.7 3.4 -6.7 49 0.8 3.8 -7.4 33 0.2 1.3-2.2 47
Methionine + cystine 10.8 12.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.2 8.5 -14.1 44 1.3 10.3 -15.7 28 0.3 3.3-4.7 42
Tryptophan 3.5 3.9 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.2 3 -4.3 28 0.3 3.2 -4 14 0.1 1.1-1.4 28
Isoleucine 11.1 12.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 9.6 -13.5 51 1.1 11.2 -15.2 36 0.2 3.6-4.9 50
Valine 13.3 14.9 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.4 10.9 -17.5 51 1.6 12.3 -19.4 36 0.3 4.4-5.9 50
Leucine 16.6 18.7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1.4 14.7 -21.3 49 1.6 16.4 -23.4 34 0.3 5.7-7.1 48
Phenylalanine 12 13.5 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.2 10.5 -14.9 49 1.3 11.7 -16.4 34 0.2 3.8-5 48
Tyrosine 6.4 7.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.1 4.7 -8.9 37 1.3 5.3 -9.8 24 0.3 1.8-2.9 38
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 18.4 20.7 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 2 16 -23 33 2.3 18 -25.4 20 0.4 5.7-7.7 33
Histidine 6.6 7.4 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.8 5.7 -9.2 48 0.9 6.3 -10 33 0.2 2.2-3 47
Arginine 21.9 24.6 g/kg 8 g/16g N 2.1 18 -28 47 2.4 21.3 -30.1 32 0.5 7.2-9.2 47
Alanine 11.7 13.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.1 9.8 -14.3 45 1.2 11 -15.8 30 0.3 3.9-5.1 44
Aspartic acid 23.6 26.6 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1.8 21.1 -29 46 2 23.6 -32.6 31 0.3 8.1-9.3 45
Glutamic acid 51 57.4 g/kg 18.7 g/16g N 5.2 42.3 -68 47 5.9 47.4 -74.6 32 1.2 16.6-22.6 46
Glycine 15.4 17.4 g/kg 5.6 g/16g N 1.3 13.4 -19.6 47 1.4 15 -21.5 32 0.3 5-6.5 47
Serine 11.4 12.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.9 10.3 -13.9 47 1 11.4 -15.4 32 0.2 3.8-4.7 46
Proline 11.4 12.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.4 8.8 -14.5 34 1.6 10.9 -16.1 19 0.4 3.3-5 33
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.6 g/kg 76 % 1.3 7.6 -10.9 7 1.4 8.2 -12 7 7 67-86 11
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 7.3 8.2 g/kg 73 % 0.9 6.2 -8.5 7 1 6.7 -9.3 7 7 62-82 11
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 6 g/kg 86 % 0.8 4.4 -6.8 7 0.9 4.7 -7.4 7 5 77-92 11
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.7 g/kg 72 % 0.8 1.8 -4.4 7 0.9 1.9 -4.8 7 11 49-82 11
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 9.7 g/kg 80 % 1 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3 g/kg 75 % 0.3 2.1 -2.8 6 0.3 2.3 -3.1 6 6 69-85 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 8.7 9.8 g/kg 78 % 1.2 7.5 -10.8 7 1.4 8.1 -11.7 7 6 68-88 11
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 10.1 11.3 g/kg 76 % 1 9.6 -12 7 1.1 10.4 -13.1 7 6 66-85 11
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 13.2 14.8 g/kg 79 % 1.6 11.7 -16.3 7 1.8 13 -17.7 7 6 72-89 11
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 9.8 11.1 g/kg 82 % 1.5 7.9 -11.9 7 1.7 8.5 -12.9 7 6 72-92 11
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.5 6.2 g/kg 86 % 1 4 -7.4 7 1.1 4.5 -8 7 7 76-98 11
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 15.3 17.3 g/kg 84 % 1 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 5.3 6 g/kg 81 % 5 71-86 11
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 22.4 g/kg 91 % 1.9 18.1 -24.3 7 2.2 19.5 -26.2 7 3 87-96 11
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 8.9 10 g/kg 76 % 0.7 8.8 -10.7 7 0.8 9.5 -11.6 7 6 65-84 11
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 18.2 20.5 g/kg 77 % 2.5 15.6 -23.9 7 2.9 16.8 -25.8 7 7 63-85 11
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 43.6 49.1 g/kg 85 % 3.2 42.7 -53.1 7 3.5 46.2 -57.3 7 5 77-93 11
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 10 11.2 g/kg 65 % 1.4 8.5 -12.7 7 1.6 9.2 -13.8 7 8 54-74 11
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 8.4 9.4 g/kg 73 % 1.3 5.9 -10.2 7 1.4 6.4 -11 7 8 56-83 11
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 9.6 g/kg 76 % 2 5.3 -11.4 6 2.2 5.7 -12.3 6 14 51-90 9
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9.2 g/kg 82 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.5 g/kg 76 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.4 g/kg 92 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.8 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 10.2 g/kg 84 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.3 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.6 g/kg 85 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.4 g/kg 83 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15.7 g/kg 84 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.4 11.7 g/kg 87 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.2 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.9 17.9 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.7 g/kg 77 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.9 22.4 g/kg 91 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.8 11 g/kg 83 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 18.9 21.3 g/kg 80 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 44.4 49.9 g/kg 87 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.3 g/kg 71 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.9 10 g/kg 78 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 10.7 12 g/kg 94 %
Origin France, no dehulling, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.15 2.41 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.98 2.22 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 216 243 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0038 0.0043 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 16.37 18.4 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 0.0002 0.0002 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML