Sunflower meal, oil < 5%, non dehulled

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of whole (non-dehulled) sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus L.). This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.9 100 % - 1.9 85.3 -96.7 3306 1.8
Crude protein 27.3 30.7 % - 1.6 21.5 -32 3961 1.8 23.6 -36 3292
Crude fibre 26.3 29.6 % - 1.7 20.2 -35.3 3815 1.9 22.5 -38.2 3176
Crude fat 1.9 2.1 % - 0.7 0.3 -4.9 2896 0.8 0.3 -5.6 2638
Ash 6 6.8 % - 0.5 4.9 -8.1 1020 0.5 5.4 -8.8 957
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 0.5 0.1 -1.9 16 0.5 0.07 -2.1 15
NDF 41.8 47 % - 3.8 25.4 -51.6 597 4.3 26.3 -58.5 599
ADF 30 33.8 % - 3 17.4 -38.7 596 3.4 18 -43.9 598
Lignin 10.2 11.4 % - 1.3 7 -13.3 467 1.4 6.8 -15.1 470
Water insoluble cell walls 46.5 52.3 % - 3.7 29.3 -51.9 33 4.1 40.2 -57.6 31
Starch 3.4 3.8 % - 1 0.1 -6.4 223 1.1 0.1 -7.4 220
Total sugars 5.3 6 % - 0.8 0.1 -7.2 175 0.9 3.6 -8.2 169
Gross energy (kcal) 4120 4630 kcal/kg - 130 4110 -4430 20 130 4250 -4920 35
Gross energy (MJ) 17.2 19.4 MJ/kg - 0.5 17.2 -18.5 20 0.5 17.8 -20.6 35
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.8 4.3 g/kg - 0.7 2.2 -7.1 748 0.8 2.5 -7.7 741
Phosphorus 9.7 10.9 g/kg - 1.3 3.5 -14.5 857 1.5 3.9 -16.2 848
Phytate phosphorus 8.3 9.3 g/kg 85 % P 1 6.2 -9.4 3
Magnesium 4.7 5.3 g/kg - 0.9 2.8 -5.8 15 1 3 -6.4 16
Potassium 14.1 15.8 g/kg - 2 8.8 -17 30 2.3 9.7 -18.8 22
Sodium 0.11 0.12 g/kg - 0.23 0 -2.05 167 0.26 0.01 -2.3 152
Chlorine 1.2 1.4 g/kg - 0.3 0.9 -1.8 23 0.4 1 -2.1 8
Sulfur 3.9 4.4 g/kg - 4.3 -4.5 3
Dietary cation-anion difference 89 100 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 331 373 mEq/kg -
Manganese 34 39 mg/kg - 16 7 -102 36 18 7 -113 26
Zinc 77 86 mg/kg - 8 56 -92 32 9 70 -120 22
Copper 30 34 mg/kg - 6 12 -77 31 6 14 -44 21
Iron 176 198 mg/kg - 65 89 -329 14 73 142 -361 6
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0 -0.9 4 0.2 -1 2
Cobalt 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 0.09 -0.2 2 0.1 -0.2 2
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg - 0.4 -0.9 2 0.4 -1 2
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0 -0.09 2 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 6.3 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.06 0.06 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 4.3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 2.9 3.2 g/kg 20.3 % FA 2.6 -3.5 2 2.9 -3.9 2 19.7-23.9 2
C18:2 linoleic acid 9.1 10.3 g/kg 64.9 % FA 9 -9.6 2 9.9 -10.6 2
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.04 0.05 g/kg 0.3 % FA
Fatty acids 1.4 1.6 g/kg 75 % fat 74-77 2
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 12 13 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 33 38 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 13 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 198 222 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 10 11 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Biotin 1 1 mg/kg -
Choline 2470 2778 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg - 1 0 -60 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.56 0.64 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.47 0.53 per kg -
PDIA Systali 55 62 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 95 106 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 133 150 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.349 0.392 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1670 1880 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 990 1120 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 830 930 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.2 4.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 3.5 3.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 53.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 52.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 76 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 51 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.59 0.66 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.49 0.56 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 48 53 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 88 99 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 140 158 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.52 0.59 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.42 0.47 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 67 76 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 106 119 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 121 136 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.57 0.64 per kg - 0.11 0.63 -0.93 5
UFV INRA 2007 0.47 0.53 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 59 66 g/kg - 1 21 52 -110 6
PDIN INRA 2007 176 198 g/kg - 1 25 172 -231 6
PDIE INRA 2007 93 105 g/kg - 1 20 102 -153 6
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1700 1920 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.1 8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 55 % 5.9 52.4-72.5 12
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 53.9 % 6.4 52.4-72.8 9
N digestibility ruminants - 71.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 84 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 55.7 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 77 % 12 44-90 16
Immediately degradable N (a) - 33 % 21 14-73 9
Potentially degradable N (b) - 60 % 21 23-79 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.16 h-1 0.137 0.059-0.477 9
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 % 12 46-83 13
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 22 % 13 18-63 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 46 % 14 22-74 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.105 h-1 0.07 0.006-0.255 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 66 %
Absorbable P ruminants 6.4 7.2 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.1 2.3 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.1 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.3 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2110 2370 kcal/kg - 230 2000 -2440 6 260 1930 -2700 7
ME growing pig (kcal) 1920 2160 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1090 1230 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (kcal) 2420 2720 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2180 2450 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1250 1400 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 8.8 9.9 MJ/kg - 1 8.4 -10.2 6 1.1 8.1 -11.3 7
ME growing pig (MJ) 8.1 9.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 4.6 5.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE adult pig (MJ) 10.1 11.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 9.1 10.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 5.2 5.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 51.2 % 5.2 41.1-56.5 7
Energy digestibility adult pig - 58.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 54.8 % 37.7-55 4
OM digestibility adult pig - 62 %
N digestibility growing pig - 69.4 % 4.2 66.6-79.3 8
N digestibility adult pig - 76.2 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 81 % 1.4 78.2-82.1 6
Crude fat digestibility pig - 4.1 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.8 2.1 g/kg 19 % 16-19 2
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1330 1500 kcal/kg - 1470 -1510 2
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1310 1470 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 5.6 6.3 MJ/kg - 6.2 -6.3 2
AMEn broiler (MJ) 5.5 6.2 MJ/kg - 1 1
Available P broiler 1.7 1.9 g/kg 17 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 69 %
Energy digestibility horse - 66.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.75 0.84 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 182 204 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2030 2280 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1780 2000 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.5 9.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.4 8.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 49.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 76.6 % 75.5-83 3
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 10 11.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 8.4 -13.8 68 1.1 9.2 -13.8 50 0.3 3-4.4 64
Threonine 9.9 11.2 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.9 8.7 -12.1 46 1 9.8 -13.6 30 0.2 3.4-4.1 44
Methionine 6.1 6.9 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.6 5.1 -7.6 47 0.6 6.3 -8.3 30 0.1 1.9-2.6 44
Cystine 4.6 5.2 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.7 3.4 -6.7 44 0.8 3.8 -7.4 28 0.2 1.3-2.2 42
Methionine + cystine 10.8 12.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.2 8.5 -14.1 43 1.3 10.3 -15.7 27 0.3 3.3-4.7 41
Tryptophan 3.5 4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.1 3.4 -4.3 23 0.1 3.8 -4 9 0.09 1.1-1.4 23
Isoleucine 11.1 12.5 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1 9.6 -13.5 46 1.1 11.2 -15.2 31 0.2 3.6-4.9 45
Valine 13.3 14.9 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 1.5 10.9 -17.5 46 1.6 12.3 -19.4 31 0.3 4.4-5.9 45
Leucine 16.6 18.7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 1.5 14.7 -21.3 44 1.7 16.4 -23.4 29 0.3 5.7-7.1 43
Phenylalanine 12 13.5 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.1 10.5 -14.9 44 1.2 11.7 -16.4 29 0.2 3.8-5 43
Tyrosine 6.4 7.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.2 4.7 -8.9 32 1.3 5.3 -9.8 19 0.3 1.8-2.9 33
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 18.4 20.7 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 2 16 -22.9 30 2.2 18 -25.4 17 0.4 5.7-7.7 30
Histidine 6.6 7.4 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 0.8 5.7 -9.2 43 0.9 6.3 -10 28 0.2 2.2-3 42
Arginine 21.9 24.6 g/kg 8 g/16g N 2.2 18 -28 42 2.4 21.3 -30.1 27 0.5 7.2-9.2 42
Alanine 11.7 13.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1 9.8 -14.3 40 1.1 11 -15.8 25 0.2 3.9-5 39
Aspartic acid 23.6 26.6 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1.9 21.1 -29 41 2.1 23.6 -32.6 26 0.3 8.1-9.3 40
Glutamic acid 51 57.4 g/kg 18.7 g/16g N 5.6 42.3 -68 42 6.3 47.4 -74.6 27 1.2 16.6-22.6 41
Glycine 15.4 17.4 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 1.3 13.4 -19.6 42 1.5 15 -21.5 27 0.3 5-6.5 42
Serine 11.4 12.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.9 10.3 -13.9 42 1 11.5 -15.4 27 0.2 3.8-4.7 41
Proline 11.3 12.8 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 1.4 8.8 -14.5 29 1.6 10.9 -16.1 14 0.4 3.3-5 28
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 8 9 g/kg 80 % 7 67-86 6
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 8.1 9.1 g/kg 82 % 8.9 -9.3 2 3 73-82 6
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.3 g/kg 92 % 5.4 -6.8 2 5.9 -7.4 2 3 84-92 6
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4.2 g/kg 81 % 3.1 -4.4 2 3.3 -4.8 2 7 64-82 6
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.6 g/kg 87 % 1 1 86-88 4
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3 3.4 g/kg 85 % 1 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 9.5 10.7 g/kg 86 % 4 78-88 6
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 11.1 12.5 g/kg 84 % 4 76-85 6
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 14.4 16.2 g/kg 87 % 4 78-89 6
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 10.8 12.1 g/kg 90 % 4 80-92 6
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.9 6.6 g/kg 92 % 5.9 -7.4 2 6.4 -8 2 7 77-98 6
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 16.6 18.7 g/kg 91 % 1 1 87-94 4
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.4 g/kg 86 % 6.1 -8 2 3 79-86 6
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 20.7 23.3 g/kg 95 % 22.7 -26.2 2 2 91-96 6
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 9.7 10.9 g/kg 83 % 3 77-84 6
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 20 22.5 g/kg 85 % 4 75-85 6
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 46.6 52.4 g/kg 91 % 3 86-93 6
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 12.6 g/kg 72 % 12.3 -13.8 2 2 68-74 6
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 9.4 10.5 g/kg 82 % 9 -10.2 2 9.8 -11 2 3 74-83 6
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 9.8 11.1 g/kg 87 % 1 1 87-90 4
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9.2 g/kg 82 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.6 8.5 g/kg 76 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.4 g/kg 92 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.8 g/kg 73 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 9 10.2 g/kg 84 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.6 g/kg 85 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.4 g/kg 83 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15.7 g/kg 84 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.4 11.7 g/kg 87 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.2 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.9 17.9 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 5.7 g/kg 77 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.9 22.4 g/kg 91 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.7 11 g/kg 83 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 18.9 21.3 g/kg 80 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 44.4 49.9 g/kg 87 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 11 12.3 g/kg 71 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.9 10 g/kg 78 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 10.7 12 g/kg 94 %
Origin France, ex factory
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.16 2.43 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 1.83 2.06 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 220 247 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0038 0.0043 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 3.23 3.63 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 1.66 1.87 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML