Oat groats

Oat grain (Avena sativa L.) from which the hulls have been removed.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 85.7 100 % - 1.1 83 -91.2 410 1
Crude protein 11.1 12.9 % - 1.5 8.7 -16.3 64 1.8 10.2 -17.9 62
Crude fibre 3.9 4.6 % - 0.9 1.8 -5.9 57 1.1 2 -6.9 57
Crude fat 2.6 3.1 % - 1.9 1 -7 46 2.2 1.2 -8.2 46
Ash 2.1 2.5 % - 0.3 1.4 -3.1 47 0.3 1.6 -3.5 48
NDF 11 12.8 % - 9.2 -11.3 4
ADF 4.6 5.4 % -
Lignin 1.6 1.9 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 21 24.5 % -
Starch 53 61.8 % - 1.6 49.6 -58.2 53 1.8 57.9 -65 52
Total sugars 1.4 1.6 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 3850 4500 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 16.1 18.8 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.4 -1.2 4 0.5 -1.3 3
Phosphorus 2.9 3.4 g/kg - 0.7 2.8 -4.5 5 3.1 -5 4
Phytate phosphorus 1.6 1.9 g/kg 55 % P
Magnesium 0.9 1 g/kg -
Potassium 3.7 4.3 g/kg -
Sodium 0.07 0.08 g/kg - 1 1
Chlorine 0.7 0.8 g/kg -
Sulfur 1.3 1.6 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -6 -7 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 78 91 mEq/kg -
Manganese 32 37 mg/kg - 1
Zinc 26 30 mg/kg - 1
Copper 3 3 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.9 4.6 g/kg 16.6 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 1.2 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 8.8 10.2 g/kg 37.1 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 8.9 10.4 g/kg 37.5 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 1.5 % FA 1
Fatty acids 2.4 2.8 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 13 15 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg -
Folic acid 1 1 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.8 0.9 mg/kg -
Choline 571 666 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 4.2 mL/g
Phytase activity 40 40 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1 1.16 per kg -
UFV Systali 1 1.16 per kg -
PDIA Systali 22 25 g/kg -
PDI Systali 72 83 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -5 -6 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.126 0.147 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2640 3080 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1750 2050 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1760 2050 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.1 12.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.3 8.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.4 8.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 83.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 80.6 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 88 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 75 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.9 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.01 1.18 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.02 1.19 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 19 22 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 71 82 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -4 -5 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.96 1.12 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.95 1.11 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 26 30 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 74 87 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -8 -9 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.98 1.14 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.97 1.13 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 20 23 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 70 82 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 78 91 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2630 3070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11 12.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 84.5 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82 %
N digestibility ruminants - 68.5 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 81 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 63 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 29 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 93 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 67 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 33 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.215 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 71.6 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.2 2.6 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3230 3770 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3120 3640 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2400 2800 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3300 3850 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3170 3700 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2440 2840 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.1 15.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10 11.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.8 16.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.3 15.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.2 11.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 83.8 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 85.6 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 86.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 88 %
N digestibility growing pig - 90.1 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 93.8 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 79 % 1
Crude fat digestibility pig - 50.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.9 1.1 g/kg 32 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2820 3290 kcal/kg - 1 1
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2680 3130 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11.8 13.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 11.2 13.1 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.6 0.7 g/kg 21 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.01 1.18 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 78 91 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3040 3550 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2930 3420 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.7 14.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.3 14.3 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 78.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 73 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4.6 5.4 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.7 3.9 -6.4 6 0.8 4.5 -7 7
Threonine 3.9 4.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.2 3.4-4.1 6
Methionine 1.9 2.3 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N 0.4 1.8 -3.1 7 0.5 2.2 -3.4 7 0.2 1.5-2.1 8
Cystine 3.5 4 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 0.3 2.8-3.7 6
Methionine + cystine 5.4 6.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 0.4 4.4-5.4 6
Tryptophan 1.4 1.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1.2 -2.2 4 1.1-1.5 4
Isoleucine 4.2 4.9 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.4 3.3-4.4 6
Valine 5.8 6.8 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 0.7 4.6-6.5 6
Leucine 8.2 9.5 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 0.9 8.1 -12.6 6 0.4 6.9-8 7
Phenylalanine 5.6 6.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.3 4.5-5.5 6
Tyrosine 4 4.6 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 3.3-3.9 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 9.6 11.2 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N 8.1-9.4 3
Histidine 2.4 2.8 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.1 2-2.4 6
Arginine 7.6 8.9 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 1.2 7.6 -11.7 5 1.5 8.5 -12.8 6 0.5 5.8-7.2 6
Alanine 5.2 6.1 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.3 4.3-5.1 6
Aspartic acid 9.6 11.2 g/kg 8.7 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 19.6 22.9 g/kg 17.7 g/16g N
Glycine 5.5 6.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.3 4.5-5.2 6
Serine 5.4 6.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 0.3 4.6-5.4 6
Proline 6.9 8 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 7.8 -10.4 4
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4.2 g/kg 79 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 80 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.6 1.9 g/kg 85 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.4 g/kg 85 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.3 g/kg 85 % 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.3 g/kg 82 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 4.1 g/kg 83 % 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.5 g/kg 81 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 6.7 7.9 g/kg 83 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.5 g/kg 83 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.9 g/kg 85 % 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 8 9.4 g/kg 84 % 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.3 g/kg 83 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.7 g/kg 86 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.7 g/kg 77 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 8 9.3 g/kg 83 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 17.1 20 g/kg 87 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 4.4 5.2 g/kg 80 % 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.3 g/kg 85 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.8 g/kg 90 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.1 3.6 g/kg 80 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2.1 g/kg 92 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 3 g/kg 73 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 5 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.3 g/kg 79 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.4 g/kg 90 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.1 6 g/kg 88 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.3 8.6 g/kg 90 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.2 6.1 g/kg 93 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 4 g/kg 86 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.7 10.1 g/kg 90 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.5 g/kg 89 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 8 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 5.2 g/kg 85 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7.9 9.2 g/kg 82 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 17.2 20.1 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.5 5.3 g/kg 82 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 5.1 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 6.3 g/kg 79 %
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