Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated

Formaldehyde-treated byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), with partial reintroduction of the hulls. This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. It has been treated with formaldehyde to reduce the degradability of protein in the rumen, resulting in a higher availability of protein in the intestine. It should contain about 48% (as fed) of protein + oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88 100 % - 0.7 80.1 -96.3 9654 1.1
Crude protein 46.2 52.6 % - 1.1 41 -49 14070 1.1 43.8 -58.4 9722
Crude fibre 6 6.8 % - 0.6 5 -9.4 3826 0.7 4.8 -10.7 3328
Crude fat 1.5 1.8 % - 0.5 0.3 -4.8 8602 0.5 0.3 -5.5 7801
Ash 6.2 7.1 % - 0.6 4.9 -10 3134 0.6 5.7 -11.2 2899
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 0.4 0 -2.1 79 0.5 0 -2.4 72
NDF 12.5 14.2 % - 2.5 6.8 -17.3 162 2.9 6.6 -19.5 269
ADF 7.4 8.4 % - 2 6.5 -13 120 2.3 3.4 -14.8 238
Lignin 0.6 0.6 % - 0.3 0.09 -1.6 120 0.4 0.1 -1.8 213
Water insoluble cell walls 18.5 21 % - 1.3 13.2 -21.1 28 1.5 18.4 -25.2 31
Starch 5 5.7 % - 1.2 0.2 -8.7 368 1.4 0.2 -11.4 367
Starch, enzymatic method 1.6 1.9 % - 1 1.4 -2.7 4
Total sugars 8.1 9.2 % - 0.9 6.3 -10.8 201 1 7.2 -13.7 211
Gross energy (kcal) 4140 4710 kcal/kg - 140 3790 -4640 71 150 4060 -5390 136
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.7 MJ/kg - 0.6 15.9 -19.4 71 0.6 17 -22.6 136
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.8 g/kg - 0.8 1.4 -6.9 1800 0.9 1.6 -7.9 1729
Phosphorus 6.2 7.1 g/kg - 0.5 4.8 -7.3 123 0.6 4.4 -8.1 47
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.2 g/kg 60 % P 1.4 2.2 -6.6 4 1.6 2.4 -6.9 6 28-69 4
Magnesium 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 0.4 2.2 -3.8 21 0.4 2.5 -4.1 21
Potassium 20.9 23.8 g/kg - 1.3 14.8 -25.7 112 1.4 20.9 -28.6 76
Sodium 0.14 0.16 g/kg - 0.22 0 -1.3 348 0.25 0 -1.49 275
Chlorine 0.3 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0 -0.8 172 0.2 0.1 -0.9 95
Sulfur 4 4.5 g/kg - 0.2 3.9 -4.4 4 0.2 4.3 -4.9 5
Dietary cation-anion difference 286 325 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 534 607 mEq/kg -
Manganese 39 45 mg/kg - 11 23 -78 68 13 25 -88 66
Zinc 55 62 mg/kg - 34 27 -271 47 39 29 -303 43
Copper 17 19 mg/kg - 7 6 -54 47 7 7 -61 44
Iron 241 274 mg/kg - 146 12 -537 25 166 13 -617 18
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0 -0.4 4
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.01 -0.5 5 0.2 0.01 -0.6 5
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg - 3 -6 3 3 -7 3
Iodine 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0.01 5
C14:0 myristic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 0.3 0-1.1 14
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.3 1.5 g/kg 11.2 % FA 0.7 -1.9 4 2.2 9.6-20.8 22
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.01 -0.05 2 0.08 0-0.2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.2 -0.8 4 0.4 3.2-4.8 22
C18:1 oleic acid 2.7 3 g/kg 23.1 % FA 1.6 19.8-27.3 23
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.3 7.1 g/kg 54 % FA 2.9 42.9-58.2 22
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.8 1 g/kg 7.2 % FA 1 0.9 4.8-8.7 22
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.3 % FA 1 0.09 0.1-0.4 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1 0.04 0.1-0.2 6
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.3 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 % 75 % fat 1
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 4.3 4.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5.9 6.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2.9 3.3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5.9 6.7 mg/kg -
Niacin 38.8 44.1 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 15.9 18.1 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 2551 2899 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 20 20 IU/kg - 10 -40 2
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.11 1.27 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.13 1.28 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 292 332 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 334 380 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 70 80 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.375 0.426 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2930 3330 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1960 2230 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1980 2250 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12.3 14 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 32 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 47 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.4 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.13 1.29 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.15 1.31 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 268 304 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 312 354 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 93 106 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.22 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.22 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 320 364 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 360 410 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 43 49 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.19 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.04 1.18 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.17 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 342 389 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 396 450 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 379 430 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2800 3180 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.7 13.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.3 % 86-91.8 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.2 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 93 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 28 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 7 71-89 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.03 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.085 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 46 % 17 40-98 14
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 19 % 10 5-47 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 79 % 11 52-93 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.03 h-1 0.047 0.017-0.151 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.3 4.9 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.9 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.4 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1037 1178 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1122 1275 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 372 422 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 40 45 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 6.5 7.4 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.8 2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 71.7 81.5 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.64 4.14 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.93 2.19 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.82 2.07 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.07 2.35 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.45 1.64 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 69 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 75 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.3 8.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 424 482 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 6 7 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 0 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 0 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 0 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 0 % 1
N digestibility growing pig - 0 %
N digestibility adult pig - 0 % 1
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 0 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Available P broiler 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 0 %
Energy digestibility horse - 0 %
Horse Forage Unit 0 0 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 0 0 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg - 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg - 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 0 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 0 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 0 0 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 0 0 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 0 %
N digestibility salmonids - 0 %
Digestible P salmonids 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 28.8 32.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.4 24 -31.7 294 1.6 26.9 -35.9 101 0.2 5.3-7 212
Threonine 17.7 20.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.9 15.9 -21 171 1 16.9 -22.9 53 0.1 3.3-4.5 156
Methionine 6.6 7.5 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 4.5 -6.9 168 0.5 5.2 -7.7 52 0.06 1-1.5 155
Cystine 7.3 8.2 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.5 5.1 -8.6 163 0.6 6.1 -9.5 44 0.08 1.2-1.9 147
Methionine + cystine 13.9 15.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 10.2 -17 162 1.2 12.2 -18.5 44 0.1 2.3-3.6 147
Tryptophan 6.4 7.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 5.7 -7 123 0.4 6.3 -7.8 33 0.04 1.2-1.5 123
Isoleucine 21.1 24 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.5 17.1 -24.5 172 1.6 18.3 -27.2 55 0.2 3.6-5.2 158
Valine 22.3 25.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.3 19 -26.6 171 1.5 22 -29.5 53 0.2 4.4-5.6 156
Leucine 35.3 40.2 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1.6 30.1 -39.1 169 1.8 33.7 -43.4 53 0.2 7.1-8.3 156
Phenylalanine 23.4 26.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.1 20.4 -26 169 1.2 23.1 -28.9 53 0.1 4.5-5.6 156
Tyrosine 16.3 18.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.4 14.6 -18.9 122 1.5 15.2 -21 20 0.1 3.1-4.1 117
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 39.6 45.1 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 2.2 36.2 -44.6 119 2.5 40.1 -49.5 17 0.2 7.8-9.7 114
Histidine 12.4 14.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.7 9.9 -14 173 0.8 11.9 -15.5 55 0.1 2.3-3 158
Arginine 33.8 38.4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1.9 28.6 -38.5 169 2.1 32.2 -42.4 54 0.3 6.2-8.3 154
Alanine 20.1 22.9 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 1.7 17.6 -25.4 167 1.9 19.5 -28.6 48 0.2 3.7-5.6 151
Aspartic acid 52.2 59.3 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 2.9 44.3 -58.4 146 3.3 49.9 -62.9 48 0.4 9.6-12.8 139
Glutamic acid 82.5 93.8 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 4.2 72.2 -94.4 162 4.8 77.6 -97.9 44 0.5 15.2-18.9 147
Glycine 19.4 22 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.8 17.6 -22.6 166 0.9 19.4 -25.1 47 0.1 3.8-4.8 150
Serine 21.7 24.7 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.7 19.2 -27.9 162 2 19.3 -30.4 45 0.2 3.9-6 148
Proline 23 26.1 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.5 19.4 -26.7 155 1.7 22 -29.1 40 0.2 4.4-5.7 142
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 % 1
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