Soybean meal, oil < 5%, 48% protein + oil, formaldehyde-treated

Formaldehyde-treated byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), with partial reintroduction of the hulls. This product has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. It has been treated with formaldehyde to reduce the degradability of protein in the rumen, resulting in a higher availability of protein in the intestine. It should contain about 48% (as fed) of protein + oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88 100 % - 1.2 80.1 -95.5 9179 1.1
Crude protein 46.3 52.6 % - 1 41 -49 13520 1.1 45.1 -58.4 9252
Crude fibre 5.9 6.8 % - 0.6 5 -9.4 3584 0.7 4.8 -10.7 3094
Crude fat 1.6 1.8 % - 0.5 0.4 -4.8 8339 0.5 0.5 -5.5 7534
Ash 6.2 7 % - 0.5 5 -8.9 2910 0.6 5.7 -10.1 2671
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.5 % - 0.3 0.03 -1.2 53 0.4 0.06 -1.3 48
NDF 12.5 14.2 % - 2.5 6.8 -17.3 158 2.9 6.6 -19.5 264
ADF 7.4 8.4 % - 2 6.5 -13 117 2.3 3.4 -14.8 232
Lignin 0.6 0.6 % - 0.3 0.2 -1.6 119 0.4 0.1 -1.8 211
Water insoluble cell walls 18.4 20.9 % - 1.3 13.2 -21.1 28 1.5 18.4 -25.2 30
Starch 5 5.7 % - 1.2 0.2 -8.7 368 1.4 0.2 -11.4 367
Total sugars 8.1 9.2 % - 0.9 6.3 -10.8 201 1 7.2 -13.7 211
Gross energy (kcal) 4140 4710 kcal/kg - 140 3790 -4640 67 150 4060 -5390 131
Gross energy (MJ) 17.3 19.7 MJ/kg - 0.6 15.9 -19.4 67 0.6 17 -22.6 131
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 3.4 3.8 g/kg - 0.8 1.4 -6.9 1799 0.9 1.6 -7.9 1727
Phosphorus 6.2 7 g/kg - 0.4 4.8 -7.3 112 0.4 6.2 -8 44
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.2 g/kg 60 % P 1.4 2.2 -6.6 4 1.6 2.4 -6.9 6 28-69 4
Magnesium 2.7 3.1 g/kg - 0.4 2.2 -3.8 21 0.4 2.5 -4.1 21
Potassium 20.8 23.6 g/kg - 1.5 12.8 -25.7 253 1.7 16.8 -27.7 156
Sodium 0.13 0.14 g/kg - 0.22 0 -1.3 348 0.25 0 -1.49 275
Chlorine 0.3 0.3 g/kg - 0.2 0 -0.8 171 0.2 0.1 -0.9 94
Sulfur 4 4.6 g/kg - 0.2 3.9 -4.4 4 0.2 4.3 -4.9 5
Dietary cation-anion difference 280 318 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 531 603 mEq/kg -
Manganese 40 45 mg/kg - 11 23 -78 68 13 25 -88 66
Zinc 54 62 mg/kg - 34 27 -271 47 39 29 -303 43
Copper 17 19 mg/kg - 7 6 -54 47 7 7 -61 44
Iron 245 279 mg/kg - 149 12 -537 24 170 13 -617 17
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0 -0.4 4
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 0.2 0.01 -0.5 5 0.2 0.01 -0.6 5
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg - 3 -6 3 3 -7 3
Iodine 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.1 % FA 1 0.05-0.4 3
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.2 1.4 g/kg 10.5 % FA 0.7 -1.9 4
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.01 -0.05 2 0.05-0.3 3
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.2 -0.8 4 0.5 3.8-5 6
C18:1 oleic acid 2.5 2.9 g/kg 21.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 6.2 7 g/kg 53.1 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 7.4 % FA 1
Fatty acids 1.2 1.3 g/kg 75 % fat 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.12 1.28 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.14 1.29 per kg -
PDIA Systali 293 333 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 335 380 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 70 80 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.375 0.426 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2950 3350 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1970 2240 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2000 2270 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 12.3 14 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.3 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8.4 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 89.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 32 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 47 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.4 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.14 1.3 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.16 1.32 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 268 304 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 312 355 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 93 106 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.08 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.08 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 320 364 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 361 410 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 43 48 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.05 1.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.03 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 342 389 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 397 451 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 379 431 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2820 3200 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.8 13.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90.7 % 86-91.8 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.2 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 93 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 28 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 % 7 71-89 9
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.03 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.085 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 46 % 17 40-98 14
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 19 % 10 5-47 12
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 79 % 11 52-93 12
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.03 h-1 0.047 0.017-0.151 12
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 63.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.3 4.9 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.8 2.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.4 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 28.8 32.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.5 24 -31.7 252 1.7 26.9 -35.9 83 0.2 5.3-7 194
Threonine 17.7 20.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.9 15.9 -21 164 1 16.9 -22.9 49 0.1 3.3-4.5 152
Methionine 6.6 7.5 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 4.5 -6.9 161 0.5 5.2 -7.7 48 0.06 1-1.5 151
Cystine 7.3 8.3 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N 0.5 5.4 -8.6 156 0.5 6.4 -9.5 40 0.07 1.2-1.9 143
Methionine + cystine 13.9 15.7 g/kg 3 g/16g N 0.9 10.4 -17 154 1 12.4 -18.5 40 0.1 2.4-3.6 143
Tryptophan 6.4 7.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 5.7 -7 123 0.4 6.3 -7.8 33 0.04 1.2-1.5 123
Isoleucine 21.1 24 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1.5 17.1 -24.5 165 1.6 18.3 -27.2 51 0.2 3.6-5.2 154
Valine 22.3 25.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.3 19 -26.6 164 1.5 22 -29.5 49 0.2 4.5-5.6 152
Leucine 35.3 40.2 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 1.6 30.1 -39.1 162 1.8 33.7 -43.4 49 0.2 7.1-8.3 152
Phenylalanine 23.4 26.6 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 1.1 20.4 -26 162 1.3 23.1 -28.9 49 0.1 4.5-5.6 152
Tyrosine 16.3 18.5 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1.4 14.6 -18.9 122 1.5 15.2 -21 19 0.1 3.1-4.1 116
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 39.7 45.1 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1.6 36.2 -44.2 108 43.1 -47.1 4 0.2 8.3-9.3 101
Histidine 12.4 14.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.7 9.9 -14 166 0.8 11.9 -15.5 51 0.1 2.3-3 154
Arginine 33.8 38.4 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 1.9 28.6 -38.5 162 2.1 32.2 -42.4 50 0.3 6.2-8.3 150
Alanine 20.1 22.9 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 1.8 17.6 -25.4 160 2 19.5 -28.6 44 0.2 3.7-5.6 147
Aspartic acid 52.2 59.3 g/kg 11.3 g/16g N 2.8 44.3 -57.5 139 3.2 49.9 -62.9 44 0.4 9.6-12.8 135
Glutamic acid 82.6 93.8 g/kg 17.8 g/16g N 4.2 72.2 -94.4 155 4.7 77.6 -97.9 40 0.5 15.2-18.9 143
Glycine 19.4 22 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.9 17.6 -22.6 159 1 19.4 -25.1 43 0.1 3.8-4.8 146
Serine 21.7 24.6 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 1.6 19.2 -27.9 155 1.8 20.8 -30.4 41 0.2 4.1-6 144
Proline 23 26.2 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.3 19.4 -26.7 148 1.4 22 -27.7 36 0.2 4.4-5.6 138
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