Copra meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained after extraction from the dried kernels (copra) of the coconut fruit (Cocos nucifera L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. Other names: coconut meal, coconut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91.6 100 % - 3.5 83.1 -98 270 3.1
Crude protein 20.5 22.4 % - 1.6 14.9 -25.6 271 1.7 16.7 -27.4 293
Crude fibre 12.9 14.1 % - 2.6 7.3 -22.7 268 2.8 5.2 -23.2 279
Crude fat 9.2 10.1 % - 3 4.6 -19.2 171 3.2 5.2 -21.6 180
Ash 6.2 6.8 % - 0.8 4.5 -8.6 233 0.8 5.1 -11.9 257
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.4 % - 0.3 0.02 -0.8 17 0.4 0.02 -1.5 21
NDF 49.3 53.8 % - 5.4 41.4 -56.3 21 5.8 35.9 -62.3 39
ADF 25.5 27.8 % - 3.5 21.5 -28.7 17 3.7 23.2 -38.1 29
Lignin 5.9 6.4 % - 2.1 3.3 -12.5 108 2.3 2.8 -13.7 120
Water insoluble cell walls 39.8 43.4 % - 8.7 41.8 -63.6 5
Starch 0.3 0.4 % - 0.6 0 -1.4 5 0.7 0 -1.5 5
Total sugars 10.1 11.1 % - 1.9 7.2 -14.3 10 2.1 7.8 -15.8 11
Gross energy (kcal) 4420 4830 kcal/kg - 400 3940 -5130 18 430 4320 -5810 23
Gross energy (MJ) 18.5 20.2 MJ/kg - 1.7 16.5 -21.5 18 1.8 18.1 -24.3 23
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.3 g/kg - 0.7 0.4 -2.5 51 0.8 0.4 -4.5 57
Phosphorus 5.2 5.7 g/kg - 0.9 2.5 -6.7 53 1 2.7 -8.9 60
Phytate phosphorus 2.6 2.9 g/kg 50 % P 2.6 -3.3 2 45-56 2
Magnesium 2.8 3 g/kg - 0.4 1.8 -3.7 26 0.4 2 -4 28
Potassium 18 19.7 g/kg - 4 2.2 -22.5 27 4.3 2.4 -24.4 27
Sodium 0.4 0.44 g/kg - 0.27 0.06 -0.7 6 0.3 0.06 -0.77 6
Chlorine 6.2 6.7 g/kg - 6.7 -6.8 2
Sulfur 2.7 3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 135 148 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 305 333 mEq/kg -
Manganese 72 79 mg/kg - 33 37 -117 8 36 43 -128 8
Zinc 69 75 mg/kg - 47 41 -93 8 51 45 -214 10
Copper 30 33 mg/kg - 4 27 -40 9 5 26 -44 11
Iron 919 1004 mg/kg - 1039 553 -2793 3 1134 63 -2964 5
Cobalt 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.08 -0.3 3 0.09 -0.3 3
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg -
Iodine 1 1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 10.9 11.9 g/kg 13.1 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 38.6 42.2 g/kg 46.4 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 14.7 16.1 g/kg 17.7 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.4 8.1 g/kg 8.9 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 2.5 2.7 g/kg 3 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 5.4 5.9 g/kg 6.5 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.5 % FA
Fatty acids 8.3 9.1 g/kg 90 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 8 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.7 0.8 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 3 4 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4 5 mg/kg - 1 1
Niacin 28 30 mg/kg - 1 1
Pantothenic acid 6 7 mg/kg - 1 1
Folic acid 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.3 mg/kg -
Choline 1084 1184 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.98 1.07 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.94 1.03 per kg -
PDIA Systali 88 96 g/kg -
PDI Systali 134 146 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 22 24 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.201 0.22 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2680 2920 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1720 1880 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1660 1810 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 11.2 12.2 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 7.2 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 7 7.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 73.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 72.6 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 52 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 55 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.8 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.2 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 7.3 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1 1.1 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.97 1.06 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 78 86 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 126 137 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 30 33 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.93 1.02 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.89 0.97 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 100 109 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 145 158 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 10 11 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.94 1.03 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.89 0.97 per kg - 1 1
PDIA INRA 2007 101 110 g/kg - 22 74 -143 11
PDIN INRA 2007 154 168 g/kg - 13 128 -167 4 13 136 -184 11
PDIE INRA 2007 142 155 g/kg - 22 125 -193 11
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2620 2860 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11 12 MJ/kg - 1 1
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 74.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 73.9 % 1
N digestibility ruminants - 74.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 89 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 % 1
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 50 % 13 23-66 14
Immediately degradable N (a) - 19 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 69 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.05 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 57 % 46-64 4
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.6 3.9 g/kg 68 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.7 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2430 2650 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2270 2480 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1570 1710 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2680 2930 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2470 2690 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1700 1850 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.5 10.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 6.6 7.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.2 12.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.3 11.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 7.1 7.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 54.9 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 60.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 58.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 64 %
N digestibility growing pig - 70.9 % 9.9 50.2-77.5 9
N digestibility adult pig - 78.3 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 64.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.8 g/kg 31 % 1
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1910 2090 kcal/kg - 1780 -2390 2
AMEn broiler (MJ) 8 8.7 MJ/kg - 7.5 -10 2
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 69 %
Energy digestibility horse - 66.9 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.69 0.76 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 140 153 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2580 2820 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 2430 2660 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 10.8 11.8 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (MJ) 10.2 11.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 58.4 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 56.9 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 5.5 6 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.5 4.7 -6.6 10 0.6 5.3 -7.2 10 0.2 2.3-3 10
Threonine 6.6 7.3 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 0.9 5.9 -8.4 6 1 6.3 -9.3 7 0.4 2.8-3.9 7
Methionine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.5 2.3 -3.7 6 0.5 2.6 -4.1 7 0.3 1-1.8 7
Cystine 2.8 3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.4 2.1 -3.2 4 0.4 2.4 -3.5 5 0.2 0.9-1.4 5
Methionine + cystine 5.6 6.1 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.7 4.4 -6.1 4 0.7 5 -6.8 5 0.4 2-2.9 5
Tryptophan 2.8 3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 2 -3.4 2 2.2 -3.7 2 1-1.3 2
Isoleucine 6.2 6.8 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 5.3 -8.1 5 1.1 5.7 -9 6 0.3 2.8-3.7 6
Valine 9.6 10.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.8 8.9 -10.5 5 0.9 9.9 -12 6 0.3 4.3-5.1 6
Leucine 12.6 13.8 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.8 11.6 -15.9 6 2 12.4 -17.6 7 0.6 5.7-7.3 7
Phenylalanine 8.3 9.1 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 1.1 7.8 -10.3 5 1.1 8.3 -11.4 6 0.4 3.8-4.7 6
Tyrosine 4.2 4.6 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.6 3.8 -5.4 5 0.7 4 -5.8 5 0.4 1.9-2.8 5
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 12.5 13.7 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 11.6 -14.1 4 12.4 -16.1 4 5.7-7.3 4
Histidine 4 4.4 g/kg 2 g/16g N 0.8 3.6 -5.7 5 0.9 3.8 -6.3 6 0.3 1.8-2.6 6
Arginine 21.7 23.7 g/kg 10.6 g/16g N 3.8 19.6 -30.5 5 4.1 21.8 -33.8 6 1.6 9.4-14.1 6
Alanine 8.1 8.8 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 1.1 8.7 -11.5 6 0.3 3.9-4.8 6
Aspartic acid 15.7 17.1 g/kg 7.6 g/16g N 2.3 15 -19.9 5 2.4 16.1 -22 6 0.6 7.4-9.2 6
Glutamic acid 37.3 40.7 g/kg 18.2 g/16g N 6.2 34.8 -46.7 5 6.7 37.1 -51.7 6 2 16.6-21.5 6
Glycine 8.4 9.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.8 8.2 -9.4 4 0.8 8.7 -10.7 5 0.1 4-4.3 5
Serine 9.2 10 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 1.4 8.4 -12 5 1.5 8.9 -13.3 6 0.5 4.1-5.5 6
Proline 7 7.6 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 6.9 -7.1 2 7.5 -7.9 3 3.4-3.6 3
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.6 g/kg 60 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.5 g/kg 62 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 68 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 62 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 65 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2 g/kg 67 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.7 g/kg 69 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.6 7.2 g/kg 69 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.7 9.5 g/kg 69 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.2 g/kg 68 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 65 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.4 9.1 g/kg 67 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.7 g/kg 62 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.4 16.8 g/kg 71 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 5.9 g/kg 67 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 9.7 10.6 g/kg 62 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 23.9 26.1 g/kg 64 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.4 5.9 g/kg 64 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.7 6.2 g/kg 62 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.3 g/kg 57 %
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