Soybean, whole, toasted, flaked and expanded

Soybean seed (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) processed by mild toasting, flaking, expanding and pelleting.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.7 100 % - 0.8 86.6 -92.8 256 1.2
Crude protein 35.9 39.6 % - 1.2 33.3 -38.9 297 1.3 36.4 -43 252
Crude fibre 5.9 6.5 % - 1.1 3.8 -9.9 202 1.2 4.2 -11 176
Crude fat 20.7 22.8 % - 0.9 18.6 -23.4 99 0.9 20.5 -25.9 97
Ash 5 5.5 % - 0.3 4.4 -5.8 124 0.3 4.8 -6.6 114
Insoluble ash 0.09 0.09 % -
NDF 12.4 13.7 % -
ADF 7.3 8.1 % - 1 1
Lignin 0.9 1 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 17.7 19.5 % -
Starch 6.2 6.9 % - 1.6 3.3 -7.7 7 1.7 3.6 -8.4 7
Starch, enzymatic method 0.6 0.7 % -
Total sugars 7.4 8.2 % - 0.7 6.3 -8.3 7 0.7 6.9 -9.1 7
Gross energy (kcal) 5160 5690 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 21.6 23.8 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.8 3.1 g/kg - 0.8 1.8 -4.2 12 0.9 2 -4.6 12
Phosphorus 5.1 5.7 g/kg - 0.4 4.4 -6.2 20 0.5 4.9 -6.8 20
Phytate phosphorus 3.1 3.4 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 2.2 2.4 g/kg -
Potassium 17.7 19.5 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 0.03 0.03 g/kg - 0.03 0.01 -0.1 8 0.03 0.01 -0.11 8
Chlorine 0.3 0.3 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.9 3.2 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 269 296 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 448 494 mEq/kg -
Manganese 27 30 mg/kg -
Zinc 45 50 mg/kg -
Copper 13 15 mg/kg -
Iron 108 119 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0.01 5
C14:0 myristic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.3 0-1.1 14
C16:0 palmitic acid 22.3 24.6 g/kg 11.2 % FA 2.2 9.6-20.8 22
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 0-0.2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 7.5 8.3 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.4 3.2-4.8 22
C18:1 oleic acid 45.9 50.6 g/kg 23.1 % FA 1.6 19.8-27.3 23
C18:2 linoleic acid 107 118 g/kg 54 % FA 2.9 42.9-58.2 22
C18:3 linolenic acid 14.4 15.9 g/kg 7.2 % FA 0.9 4.8-8.7 22
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0.1-0.4 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.04 0.1-0.2 6
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.3 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 19.9 21.9 % 96 % fat 2 94-99 10
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 8.7 9.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 4.4 4.8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 7.7 8.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 2.3 2.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 10.8 11.9 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 4.8 5.3 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 47.1 52 mg/kg -
Choline 2182 2405 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.39 1.53 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.4 1.54 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 157 173 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 201 222 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 99 109 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.296 0.326 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3650 4020 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2440 2690 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2470 2720 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 15.4 16.9 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.3 11.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.4 11.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 82.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 85.4 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 59 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.42 1.56 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.44 1.59 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 139 153 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 185 203 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 117 129 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.33 1.46 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.33 1.46 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 180 198 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 222 245 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 76 84 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.28 1.42 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.29 1.43 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.27 1.39 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.28 1.41 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 183 201 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 270 298 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 213 235 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3470 3830 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 14.6 16.1 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 14.5 16 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 84.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 86.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 88 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 48 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.04 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 58 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 29 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 64 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.05 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.8 4.1 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.5 1.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1282 1414 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1384 1526 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 202 223 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 105 115 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.8 5.3 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.3 1.5 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 98.6 109 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.62 5.09 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.72 3 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.59 2.85 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.69 2.96 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.94 2.13 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 49 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 56 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 9.1 10 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 314 346 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 7 8 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3930 4330 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3700 4080 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2760 3040 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4300 4740 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4020 4440 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2960 3260 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.4 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.5 17.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 11.5 12.7 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 18 19.8 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 16.8 18.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 12.4 13.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 76.1 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 83.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 77.5 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 86.1 %
N digestibility growing pig - 84.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 90.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 83 % 73-88 3
Crude fat digestibility pig - 80 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.6 1.8 g/kg 32 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.5 2.7 g/kg 48 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3440 3790 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel, pelleted (kcal) 3660 4030 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3320 3660 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler, pelleted (kcal) 3540 3900 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.4 15.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.9 15.3 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 1.3 1.4 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83 %
Energy digestibility horse - 79.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.11 1.22 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 283 312 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 4090 4510 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3710 4090 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 17.1 18.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 15.5 17.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 79.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 87.4 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 4430 4890 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 18.6 20.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 85.9 %
N digestibility salmonids - 97.5 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 22.3 24.6 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 0.7 21.2 -23.2 6 1 0.2 5.9-6.5 6
Threonine 14.6 16.1 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.7 13.4 -15.5 6 1 0.3 3.7-4.5 6
Methionine 5.2 5.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.3 4.5 -5.5 6 1 0.1 1.3-1.6 6
Cystine 5.3 5.8 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 0.3 4.8 -5.7 6 1 0.1 1.3-1.7 6
Methionine + cystine 10.5 11.6 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N 0.6 9.3 -11.2 6 1 0.3 2.6-3.3 6
Tryptophan 4.6 5 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 16.8 18.5 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N 0.7 16.1 -17.8 6 1 0.3 4.3-5.2 6
Valine 17.3 19.1 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.4 16.9 -18.1 6 1 0.2 4.6-5.1 6
Leucine 27.1 29.9 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 1 0.3 7.4-8.2 6
Phenylalanine 18.2 20 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.5 18.1 -19.2 6 1 0.2 4.9-5.4 6
Tyrosine 12.8 14.1 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 31 34.1 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1 8.5-9.4 4
Histidine 9.8 10.8 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 0.4 8.6 -9.9 6 1 0.2 2.4-2.9 6
Arginine 26.3 29 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 0.8 25.5 -28.1 6 1 0.4 7.1-8.1 6
Alanine 15.3 16.9 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.4 15.1 -16.3 6 1 0.1 4.2-4.5 6
Aspartic acid 40 44.1 g/kg 11.1 g/16g N 1 0.4 11-12.1 6
Glutamic acid 63.2 69.7 g/kg 17.6 g/16g N 3 63.1 -71.4 6 1 1.3 17.2-20.7 6
Glycine 15.5 17.1 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.4 15 -16.2 6 1 0.1 4.2-4.5 6
Serine 19 21 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 0.7 17.4 -19.5 6 1 0.3 4.9-5.7 6
Proline 18.1 19.9 g/kg 5 g/16g N 1.1 16.5 -19.5 5 1 0.2 4.6-5.3 5
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 17.4 19.1 g/kg 78 % 1 1 1
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 10.8 12 g/kg 74 % 1 1 1
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 76 % 1 1 1
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 75 % 1 1 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7.9 8.7 g/kg 76 % 1 1 1
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4.1 g/kg 82 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 12.3 13.5 g/kg 73 % 1 1 1
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 12.5 13.7 g/kg 72 % 1 1 1
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 19.8 21.8 g/kg 73 % 1 1 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 13.5 14.9 g/kg 74 % 1 1 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 10 11 g/kg 78 % 1 1 1
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 23.5 25.9 g/kg 76 % 1 1 1
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 7.8 8.6 g/kg 79 % 1 1 1
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 21.1 23.3 g/kg 80 % 1 1 1
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 11 12.1 g/kg 72 % 1 1 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 30.4 33.5 g/kg 76 % 1 1 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 47.6 52.4 g/kg 75 % 1 1 1
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 11.2 12.3 g/kg 72 % 1 1 1
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 14.3 15.8 g/kg 75 % 1 1 1
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 13.6 15 g/kg 75 % 1 1 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 19 20.9 g/kg 85 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.2 12.4 g/kg 77 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.4 4.8 g/kg 84 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 68 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.8 g/kg 76 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.8 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.9 15.3 g/kg 83 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.2 15.7 g/kg 82 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.5 24.8 g/kg 83 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.3 16.8 g/kg 84 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.3 11.4 g/kg 81 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 25.6 28.2 g/kg 83 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9.1 g/kg 84 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.9 25.2 g/kg 87 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.4 13.7 g/kg 81 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 32.4 35.7 g/kg 81 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 53.1 58.6 g/kg 84 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 12 13.2 g/kg 77 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.4 17 g/kg 81 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 15 16.5 g/kg 83 %
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