Cod liver oil

Oil extracted from the liver of cod fish (Gadus spp.). It has higher concentrations in vitamin D and A than regular fish oil.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 100 100 % -
Crude protein 0 0 % -
Crude fibre 0 0 % -
Crude fat 100 100 % -
Ash 0 0 % -
Insoluble ash 0 0 % -
NDF 0 0 % -
ADF 0 0 % -
Lignin 0 0 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 0 0 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 9380 9380 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 39.3 39.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.1 0.1 g/kg -
Phosphorus 0 0 g/kg -
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 0.01 0.01 g/kg -
Potassium 0 0 g/kg -
Sodium 0 0 g/kg -
Chlorine 0 0 g/kg -
Sulfur 0 0 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 0 0 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 0 0 mEq/kg -
Manganese 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Zinc 0.6 0.6 mg/kg -
Copper 0.07 0.07 mg/kg -
Iron 0.7 0.7 mg/kg -
Selenium 0 0 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0 0 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0 0 mg/kg -
Iodine 4 4 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 37 37 g/kg 3.7 % FA 1 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 130 130 g/kg 13 % FA 1 1 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 89 89 g/kg 8.9 % FA 1 1 1
C18:0 stearic acid 24 24 g/kg 2.4 % FA 1 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 243 243 g/kg 24.3 % FA 1 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 13 13 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1 1 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 5 5 g/kg 0.5 % FA 1 1 1
C18:4 stearidonic acid 9 9 g/kg 0.9 % FA 1 1 1
C20:0 arachidic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 113 113 g/kg 11.3 % FA 1 1 1
C20:4 arachidonic acid 11 11 g/kg 1.1 % FA 1 1 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 110 110 g/kg 11 % FA 1 1 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 46 46 g/kg 4.6 % FA 1 1 1
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 14 14 g/kg 1.4 % FA 1 1 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 108 108 g/kg 10.8 % FA 1 1 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 100 100 % 100 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 1000 1000 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 100 100 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 219 219 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 1.5 1.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 0 0 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Biotin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 0 0 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 3.61 3.61 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 3.94 3.94 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.246 0.246 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 8770 8770 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 6360 6360 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 6940 6940 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 36.7 36.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 26.6 26.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 29 29 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 88.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 99.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 3.58 3.58 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 3.89 3.89 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 3.47 3.47 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 3.75 3.75 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 0 0 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 2.73 2.73 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 2.73 2.73 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 2.78 2.78 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 2.78 2.78 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 0 0 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 7130 7130 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 90 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 88 %
N digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 0 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0 h-1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 0 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 0 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 90 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0 0 g/kg 0 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 0 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 3211 3211 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 3715 3715 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 -17 -17 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 15 15 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 0 0 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0 0 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 153 153 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 6.39 6.39 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 4.74 4.74 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 4.53 4.53 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 3.78 3.78 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.77 2.77 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 0 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 19.3 19.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 152 152 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -24 -24 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 8250 8250 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 8210 8210 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 7110 7110 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 8250 8250 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 8200 8200 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 7110 7110 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 34.5 34.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 34.4 34.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 34.5 34.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 34.3 34.3 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 29.8 29.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 88 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 88 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 0 %
N digestibility adult pig - 0 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 0 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 9190 9190 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 9100 9100 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 38.5 38.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 38.1 38.1 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Available P broiler 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 88 %
Energy digestibility horse - 88 %
Horse Forage Unit 2.96 2.96 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 0 0 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 7970 7970 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 7930 7930 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 33.4 33.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 33.2 33.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 85 %
N digestibility rabbit - 0 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 9000 9000 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 37.7 37.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 96 %
N digestibility salmonids - 0 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Threonine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Methionine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Cystine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Tryptophan 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Isoleucine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Valine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Leucine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Tyrosine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Histidine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Arginine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Alanine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Glycine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Serine 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Proline 0 0 g/kg 0 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 0 0 g/kg 0 %
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