Grass, dehydrated

Dehydrated grass from undetermined species.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90 100 % - 4.7 84.1 -94 40 4.2
Crude protein 14.6 16.2 % - 3.4 4.2 -22.7 53 3.7 7.6 -25.5 92
Crude fibre 23.4 26 % - 3.1 17.2 -35.1 42 3.4 18.4 -35.2 82
Crude fat 3 3.4 % - 0.9 1.1 -4.7 20 1 1.2 -5.3 48
Ash 7.7 8.6 % - 1.8 4.2 -21.8 40 2 5.4 -13.5 77
Insoluble ash 2 2.2 % - 0.9 0.9 -3.5 5 1 1 -3.8 5
NDF 48.8 54.2 % - 5.6 42.8 -71.1 26 6.1 46 -73.5 67
ADF 27.6 30.7 % - 3.1 19.9 -37.8 36 3.3 23.1 -41.7 79
Lignin 3.3 3.7 % - 1.2 1.6 -7.9 34 1.3 1.8 -8.6 77
Starch 1.1 1.2 % - 0 -24 3 0 -2.4 3
Total sugars 9.1 10.1 % - 4.5 3.7 -17.9 7 5 4 -20.1 10
Gross energy (kcal) 4010 4460 kcal/kg - 200 3670 -4150 12 170 3820 -4600 32
Gross energy (MJ) 16.8 18.7 MJ/kg - 0.8 15.4 -17.4 12 0.7 16 -19.3 32
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 5.7 6.3 g/kg - 1.3 2 -10.5 42 1.4 2.2 -8.5 36
Phosphorus 2.4 2.7 g/kg - 0.5 1.3 -3.7 37 0.5 2 -4 31
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.1 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.6 1.7 g/kg - 0.3 0.9 -2.1 39 0.3 1.3 -2.3 33
Potassium 20.7 23 g/kg - 6.5 7.8 -39.4 40 7.2 8.5 -42.3 31
Sodium 1.68 1.87 g/kg - 1.53 0.1 -7.77 40 1.7 1 -9 31
Chlorine 5.1 5.7 g/kg - 1.9 1.7 -10.5 25
Sulfur 1 1.1 g/kg - 0.4 0.9 -2.4 25
Dietary cation-anion difference 396 441 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 460 511 mEq/kg -
Manganese 107 119 mg/kg - 17 27 -496 35 19 31 -125 26
Zinc 24 27 mg/kg - 7 14 -39 35 7 23 -52 26
Copper 6 6 mg/kg - 1 4 -9 35 1 6 -10 26
Iron 231 257 mg/kg - 154 46 -629 25
Selenium 0.07 0.07 mg/kg - 0.08 0 -0.3 30
Cobalt 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.4 0.02 -1 30
Molybdenum 1 1 mg/kg - 0.6 0.1 -2 25
Iodine 0.4 0.4 mg/kg - 0.5 0.09 -1 30 0.5 0.1 -1 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
C14:0 myristic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2 % FA 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.5 3.9 g/kg 23.5 % FA 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2 % FA 1
C18:0 stearic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 4.3 % FA 1
C18:1 oleic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 6 % FA 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.8 3.1 g/kg 18.6 % FA 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 6.2 6.8 g/kg 40.8 % FA 1
Fatty acids 1.5 1.7 g/kg 50 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 110 122 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 10 11 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 9 10 mg/kg -
Niacin 77 86 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 18 20 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Choline 1453 1615 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.83 0.92 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.78 0.87 per kg -
PDIA Systali 46 51 g/kg -
PDI Systali 93 103 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 2 2 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.356 0.396 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2300 2550 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1460 1620 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1380 1530 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.6 10.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.1 6.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 5.8 6.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 71.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 68.4 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 61 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 48 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.7 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.85 0.94 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.81 0.9 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 41 46 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 90 100 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 6 6 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.79 0.88 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.74 0.82 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 53 59 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 100 111 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -6 -7 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.79 0.88 per kg - 0.04 0.04 0.86 -1 16
UFV INRA 2007 0.74 0.82 per kg - 0.05 0.05 0.79 -0.95 16
PDIA INRA 2007 52 58 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 99 110 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 99 111 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2240 2490 kcal/kg - 200 1690 -2660 10 210 1840 -3080 42
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 9.4 10.4 MJ/kg - 0.9 7.1 -11.1 10 0.9 7.7 -12.9 42
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 73 % 2.8 71.2-82.6 32
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 69.7 % 5 50.7-78.3 42
N digestibility ruminants - 71.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 78 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 50 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 66.7 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.8 2 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 2.3 2.5 g/kg 40 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.8 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.1 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.6 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1520 1690 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1410 1570 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 840 930 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1860 2070 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1690 1880 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1010 1120 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 6.4 7.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 5.9 6.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 3.5 3.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 8.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.2 4.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 38 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 46.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 42.9 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 51 %
N digestibility growing pig - 45.3 %
N digestibility adult pig - 59.1 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 28.9 %
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 61 %
Energy digestibility horse - 56.7 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.59 0.66 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 85 94 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1960 2180 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1840 2050 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.2 9.1 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 7.7 8.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 48.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 65.8 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 5.9 6.5 g/kg 4 g/16g N 2.5 3.7 -12.4 14 2.8 4 -13.9 13 0.8 3-5.7 14
Threonine 5.5 6.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 2.1 3.7 -10.7 14 2.3 4.1 -12 13 0.6 3.1-4.8 14
Methionine 2 2.3 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.7 1.5 -3.6 14 0.8 1.6 -4.1 13 0.2 1.2-1.7 14
Cystine 1.2 1.4 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 0.5 0.9 -2.4 14 0.5 1 -2.8 13 0.2 0.6-1.1 14
Methionine + cystine 3.3 3.6 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1.2 2.4 -6.1 14 1.3 2.6 -6.8 13 0.3 2-2.8 14
Tryptophan 2 2.2 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 0.7 1.2 -2.6 6 0.8 1.3 -2.8 5 0.3 1-1.5 6
Isoleucine 5.8 6.4 g/kg 4 g/16g N 2.1 3.7 -10.2 14 2.3 4.1 -11.4 13 0.6 3.1-4.9 14
Valine 7.3 8.1 g/kg 5 g/16g N 2.8 4.5 -13 14 3.1 4.9 -14.6 13 0.9 3.7-6.2 14
Leucine 9.7 10.7 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 4 6 -18.8 14 4.4 6.4 -21.1 13 1.3 4.8-8.6 14
Phenylalanine 6.3 7.1 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 2.6 3.7 -12.2 14 2.9 4.1 -13.7 13 0.9 3.1-5.8 14
Tyrosine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.6 1.8 -6.3 11 1.7 1.9 -6.9 11 0.6 1.5-3.5 11
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 9.7 10.7 g/kg 6.6 g/16g N 4 5.6 -18.3 11 4.4 6 -20.6 11 1.4 4.5-9 11
Histidine 3.2 3.5 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 2.6 1.4 -9.3 14 2.9 1.5 -10.5 13 1.2 1.1-4.6 14
Arginine 5.9 6.6 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 2.3 3.6 -10.9 14 2.6 3.8 -12.2 13 0.8 2.9-5.7 14
Alanine 7.8 8.7 g/kg 5.4 g/16g N 3.3 5.2 -15.9 14 3.6 5.7 -17.9 13 1 4.3-7 14
Aspartic acid 13.7 15.2 g/kg 9.4 g/16g N 4.3 9.4 -23.3 14 4.8 10.3 -26.3 13 1.3 7.8-11.2 14
Glutamic acid 14.2 15.8 g/kg 9.7 g/16g N 5.6 10.6 -27.1 14 6.2 11.3 -30.5 13 2 6.7-13.2 14
Glycine 6.5 7.2 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 2.4 4.3 -12.3 14 2.7 4.7 -13.9 13 0.7 3.6-5.6 14
Serine 5.5 6.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 1.8 3.8 -9.5 14 2 4.2 -10.7 13 0.5 3.1-4.6 14
Proline 7.6 8.4 g/kg 5.2 g/16g N 1.6 5.4 -11.3 6 0.6 4-5.9 6
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.1 g/kg 47 % 43-52 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.1 g/kg 51 % 42-59 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.4 g/kg 63 % 63-64 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.1 0.1 g/kg 8 % 6-9 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.5 g/kg 42 % 42-44 2
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 50 % 46-55 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 59 % 54-64 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4.1 g/kg 51 % 47-55 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.9 6.6 g/kg 61 % 56-66 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.3 g/kg 61 % 56-65 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 51 % 48-55 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 5.5 6.2 g/kg 57 % 54-62 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 54 % 42-65 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 3.9 g/kg 60 % 53-67 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.7 g/kg 54 % 49-59 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 8.8 9.8 g/kg 64 % 59-69 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 8.3 9.2 g/kg 58 % 55-62 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 40 % 31-49 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 47 % 42-51 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3 g/kg 46 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 44 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 47 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.6 g/kg 42 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 46 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 43 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 45 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 45 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.8 g/kg 44 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 44 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.6 g/kg 44 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.8 g/kg 44 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.4 1.6 g/kg 44 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 43 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 46 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.1 6.8 g/kg 44 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 7.2 g/kg 45 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 46 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.7 g/kg 44 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.8 g/kg 45 %
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