Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter

Dehydrated aerial part of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), containing between 16% and 18% protein (in dry matter).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.8 100 % - 1 86.9 -95.8 1583 1.6
Crude protein 15.4 17 % - 0.5 14.5 -16.5 1889 0.5 16 -18 1571
Crude fibre 27.5 30.2 % - 2 17.7 -35.3 1884 2.2 18.9 -38.1 1547
Crude fat 2.2 2.4 % - 0.5 1 -3.9 505 0.6 1.1 -4.3 526
Ash 10.9 12 % - 1.2 8 -18.6 685 1.4 9.1 -19.9 498
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.6 % - 0.4 0.1 -1.4 25 0.4 0.1 -1.5 21
NDF 42.1 46.4 % - 3.2 31.3 -54 601 3.5 34.1 -55.4 574
ADF 31 34.2 % - 2.7 8.6 -41.2 600 3 23.2 -42.2 567
Lignin 7.9 8.7 % - 1.2 3.3 -12.6 483 1.3 4.6 -13.9 459
Water insoluble cell walls 43 47.4 % - 1.2 40.8 -43.8 5
Starch 2.8 3.1 % - 0.8 0.5 -4.4 37 0.9 0.6 -4.9 37
Starch, enzymatic method 0.09 0.1 % - 1
Total sugars 4 4.4 % - 1 1.1 -6.2 24 1.1 1.2 -6.6 24
Gross energy (kcal) 4010 4410 kcal/kg - 120 3780 -4140 8 120 4150 -4540 19
Gross energy (MJ) 16.8 18.5 MJ/kg - 0.5 15.8 -17.3 8 0.5 17.4 -19 19
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 20.3 22.3 g/kg - 3.6 7.5 -31.7 1044 4 9.5 -34.7 1024
Phosphorus 2.3 2.5 g/kg - 0.3 1.4 -3.5 856 0.3 1.5 -3.9 839
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.1 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.8 2 g/kg - 0.5 1.1 -3.1 123 0.5 1.2 -3.6 123
Potassium 23.5 25.9 g/kg - 3.4 13 -33 115 3.7 17.8 -37.1 107
Sodium 0.33 0.36 g/kg - 0.45 0 -1.82 89 0.49 0 -2.1 80
Chlorine 5.2 5.7 g/kg - 2.2 0.4 -10.8 61 2.4 0.5 -11.5 45
Sulfur 5.7 6.3 g/kg - 1 3.4 -7.7 31 1.1 3.4 -8.6 32
Dietary cation-anion difference 113 125 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 471 519 mEq/kg -
Manganese 30 33 mg/kg - 17 2 -58 14 18 2 -66 16
Zinc 23 25 mg/kg - 8 6 -56 90 9 7 -61 88
Copper 6 6 mg/kg - 2 0.9 -11 83 2 1 -12 83
Iron 410 451 mg/kg - 199 102 -898 51 219 117 -1037 52
Selenium 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 0.08 0 -0.4 33 0.09 0 -0.5 34
Cobalt 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.1 0.2 -0.8 33 0.2 0.2 -0.9 33
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.7 0.1-1.9 7
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.5 % FA 1.1 0.4-3.1 8
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.8 2 g/kg 16.6 % FA 3 13.3-21.3 8
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 1.3 % FA 1.2 0.2-3.8 8
C18:0 stearic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 2.8 % FA 1.1 1.3-4.8 8
C18:1 oleic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 7.6 % FA 2.8 3.4-11.7 8
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.2 3.6 g/kg 29.3 % FA 7.4 17.6-40 8
C18:3 linolenic acid 4 4.4 g/kg 35.8 % FA 8.3 25.7-51.4 8
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0.01 g/kg 0.04 % FA 1
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.09 0.09 g/kg 0.8 % FA 0.3 0.4-1.1 8
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.01 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.1 0-0.4 8
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0.04 % FA 0.07 0-0.2 8
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.07 % FA 0-0.2 3
C22:0 behenic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.9 % FA 0.7 0.3-2.3 8
C22:1 erucic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.09 % FA 0.1 0-0.4 8
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0.01 0.01 g/kg 0.07 % FA 0.2 0-0.5 8
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0.01 % FA 0.03 0-0.09 8
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 1 % FA 0.9 0-2.8 8
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 g/kg 50 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 55.1 60.8 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 123 135 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 20 22 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3.1 3.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 12.3 13.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 286 315 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 23.6 26 µg/kg -
Niacin 40.8 45 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 30.6 33.7 mg/kg -
Folic acid 1.5 1.7 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Choline 1421 1565 mg/kg -
Xanthophylls 193 213 mg/kg - 77 30 -472 152 84 54 -508 64
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.66 0.73 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.59 0.65 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 46 50 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 88 97 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 14 16 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.348 0.383 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1910 2100 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1170 1290 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1030 1140 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 8 8.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.9 5.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 4.3 4.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 60.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 57.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 52 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.69 0.75 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.61 0.67 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 41 45 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 85 93 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 18 20 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.62 0.68 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.54 0.59 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 52 57 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 94 103 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 6 7 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.64 0.7 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.64 0.7 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.56 0.61 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.56 0.61 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 51 56 g/kg - 4
PDIN INRA 2007 100 111 g/kg - 5 5 105 -117 6
PDIE INRA 2007 89 98 g/kg - 4
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1880 2070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 61.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 59.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 67.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 75 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 63.8 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 26 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 57 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.09 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 50-71 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 25-39 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 47 % 37-57 3
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1 0.035-0.119 3
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.7 1.9 g/kg 74 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6.1 6.7 g/kg 30 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.7 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 639 703 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 609 671 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 62 69 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 25 27 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3 3.3 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 0.9 1 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 47.3 52.1 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.17 2.39 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.95 1.05 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.89 0.98 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.01 1.11 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.5 0.56 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 38 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 43 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 4.5 5 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 135 149 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 3 3 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1710 1880 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1590 1760 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 880 970 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 1860 2050 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1690 1860 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 940 1040 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.3 8 MJ/kg - 1
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.2 7.9 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.7 7.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 3.8 4.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 3.7 4.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 8.5 9.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 7.8 8.6 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.1 7.8 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.4 4.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4 4.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 42.7 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 46.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 48.3 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 52 %
N digestibility growing pig - 32.7 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 38.4 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 15.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.7 0.8 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 1 1.1 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1080 1190 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 1060 1160 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.5 5 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.5 5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 4.4 4.9 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 2 2.2 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 2 2.2 g/kg 85 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 60.4 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 56.2 % 1
Horse Forage Unit 0.55 0.61 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 90 100 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1740 1910 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1630 1790 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.3 8 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.3 8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 6.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 6.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 43.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 57.8 % 6.2 51.5-66.6 5
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 2190 2410 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE salmonids (MJ) 7 7.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE salmonids (MJ) 9.2 10.1 MJ/kg - 1 1
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 43 % 1
N digestibility salmonids - 87 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 6.5 7.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.6 5.9 -7.7 6 0.6 6.9 -8.5 6 0.4 3.8-5 7
Threonine 5.6 6.1 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.3 3.6-4.3 6
Methionine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1 g/16g N 0.6 1.2 -2.7 6 0.6 1.3 -2.9 6 0.3 0.8-1.6 7
Cystine 2 2.2 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 2.1 2.4 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 5.9 6.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.9 5.4 -7.8 6 1 5.8 -8.4 6 0.6 3.3-4.9 7
Valine 9.3 10.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 0.8 7.1 -9.7 6 0.9 7.7 -10.4 6 0.6 4.3-6.1 7
Leucine 10.4 11.5 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 0.8 9.9 -12.1 5 0.9 11.1 -13 5 0.6 6.3-7.6 6
Phenylalanine 6.6 7.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.8 6.4 -8.5 7 0.9 6.9 -9.1 7 0.6 3.9-5.4 8
Tyrosine 4.4 4.8 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 4.3 -4.6 3 2.8-3.3 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 11 12.1 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 7.1-8 4
Histidine 2.1 2.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1.6 -3.3 4 1.7 -3.7 4 0.4 1-2.1 5
Arginine 5.7 6.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.9 5 -7 6 1 5.3 -7.8 6 0.6 3.1-4.6 7
Alanine 7.4 8.2 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.6 6.1 -7.7 6 0.7 6.5 -8.3 6
Aspartic acid 15.8 17.4 g/kg 10.3 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 13.9 15.3 g/kg 9 g/16g N 0.9 12.6 -15.3 6 1 14.3 -16.6 6 0.5 8.2-9.3 7
Glycine 6.5 7.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.5 6.2 -7.5 6 0.6 6.9 -8.5 6 0.4 3.9-5 7
Serine 6.3 7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.6 6.1 -6.7 5 0.7 6.7 -8.4 5 0.4 3.8-4.8 6
Proline 6.2 6.9 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 6.7 -9.2 2 4-5.4 3
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4 g/kg 55 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 3.8 g/kg 63 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 75 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.8 g/kg 35 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 52 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 46 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 68 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.9 g/kg 67 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.3 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.2 g/kg 72 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.2 g/kg 66 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.4 g/kg 69 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 57 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.6 g/kg 73 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.6 g/kg 68 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 11.7 12.9 g/kg 74 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.6 g/kg 69 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 51 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.3 g/kg 63 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 64 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 55 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 54 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 56 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 51 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 53 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 52 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.5 g/kg 54 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.5 g/kg 54 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 6.1 g/kg 53 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 3.9 g/kg 53 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.5 g/kg 53 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 53 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 53 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 52 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.6 g/kg 56 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.4 9.2 g/kg 53 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.2 g/kg 54 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 55 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.7 g/kg 53 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 54 %
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