Alfalfa, dehydrated, protein 16-18% dry matter

Dehydrated aerial part of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), containing between 16% and 18% protein (in dry matter).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90.8 100 % - 1.8 86.9 -95.8 1555 1.6
Crude protein 15.4 17 % - 0.5 14.5 -16.5 1855 0.5 16 -18 1544
Crude fibre 27.4 30.2 % - 2 17.7 -35.3 1850 2.2 18.9 -38.1 1520
Crude fat 2.2 2.4 % - 0.5 1 -3.9 505 0.6 1.1 -4.3 526
Ash 10.9 12 % - 1.2 8 -18.6 656 1.4 9.1 -19.9 475
Insoluble ash 0.6 0.7 % - 0.4 0.1 -1.4 25 0.4 0.1 -1.5 21
NDF 42.1 46.4 % - 3.2 31.3 -54 601 3.5 34.1 -55.4 574
ADF 31 34.1 % - 2.7 8.6 -41.2 600 3 23.2 -42.2 567
Lignin 7.9 8.7 % - 1.2 3.3 -12.6 483 1.3 4.6 -13.9 459
Water insoluble cell walls 43 47.3 % - 1.2 40.8 -43.8 5
Starch 2.8 3.1 % - 0.8 0.5 -4.4 37 0.9 0.6 -4.9 37
Total sugars 4 4.4 % - 1 1.1 -6.2 24 1.1 1.2 -6.6 24
Gross energy (kcal) 4000 4410 kcal/kg - 120 3780 -4140 8 120 4150 -4540 19
Gross energy (MJ) 16.8 18.5 MJ/kg - 0.5 15.8 -17.3 8 0.5 17.4 -19 19
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 20.1 22.2 g/kg - 3.6 7.5 -31.7 1044 4 9.5 -34.7 1024
Phosphorus 2.3 2.5 g/kg - 0.3 1.4 -3.5 856 0.3 1.5 -3.9 839
Phytate phosphorus 0.1 0.1 g/kg 5 % P
Magnesium 1.8 2 g/kg - 0.5 1.1 -3.1 123 0.5 1.2 -3.6 123
Potassium 23.4 25.7 g/kg - 3.4 13 -33 115 3.7 17.8 -37.1 107
Sodium 0.34 0.38 g/kg - 0.45 0 -1.82 89 0.49 0 -2.1 80
Chlorine 5.2 5.7 g/kg - 2.2 0.4 -10.8 61 2.4 0.5 -11.5 45
Sulfur 5.7 6.3 g/kg - 1 3.4 -7.7 31 1.1 3.4 -8.6 32
Dietary cation-anion difference 110 121 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 468 515 mEq/kg -
Manganese 30 33 mg/kg - 17 2 -58 14 18 2 -66 16
Zinc 23 25 mg/kg - 8 6 -56 90 9 7 -61 88
Copper 6 6 mg/kg - 2 0.9 -11 83 2 1 -12 83
Iron 410 451 mg/kg - 199 102 -898 51 219 117 -1037 52
Selenium 0.1 0.2 mg/kg - 0.08 0 -0.4 33 0.09 0 -0.5 34
Cobalt 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 1
Molybdenum 0.3 0.3 mg/kg - 1
Iodine 0.4 0.5 mg/kg - 0.1 0.2 -0.8 33 0.2 0.2 -0.9 33
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C12:0 lauric acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 2 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 0.4-2.6 7
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.8 3.1 g/kg 25.6 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.4 % FA 0.7 0.2-1.9 7
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 3.8 % FA 1.2 1.3-4.8 7
C18:1 oleic acid 0.5 0.5 g/kg 4.4 % FA 2.4 4.1-11.7 7
C18:2 linoleic acid 2.1 2.4 g/kg 19.3 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 4.1 4.5 g/kg 37 % FA 8.8 25.7-51.4 7
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 3.6 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.08 0.08 g/kg 0.7 % FA 0.4 0-1.2 7
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 g/kg 50 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 55.1 60.8 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 123 135 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 20 22 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 12 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 286 315 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 24 26 µg/kg -
Niacin 41 45 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 31 34 mg/kg -
Folic acid 2 2 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Choline 1420 1565 mg/kg -
Xanthophylls 194 214 mg/kg - 77 30 -472 152 84 54 -508 64
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.66 0.73 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.59 0.65 per kg -
PDIA Systali 46 50 g/kg -
PDI Systali 88 97 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 14 16 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.348 0.383 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 1910 2100 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1170 1290 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1030 1140 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 8 8.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.9 5.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 4.3 4.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 60.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 57.8 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 60 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 52 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 6.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.8 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.4 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 1.9 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.69 0.76 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.61 0.67 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 41 45 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 85 93 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 18 20 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.62 0.68 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.54 0.59 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 52 57 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 94 103 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 7 7 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.64 0.7 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.56 0.61 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 51 56 g/kg - 4
PDIN INRA 2007 101 111 g/kg - 5 5 105 -117 6
PDIE INRA 2007 89 98 g/kg - 4
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 1880 2070 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 7.9 8.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 62 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 59.2 %
N digestibility ruminants - 67.7 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 75 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 63.8 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 57 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.09 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 50-71 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 % 25-54 3
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 47 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.075 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1.7 1.9 g/kg 74 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 6 6.7 g/kg 30 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.7 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 1740 1920 kcal/kg - 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 1630 1790 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 900 990 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2030 2240 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 1850 2040 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1050 1160 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 7.3 8 MJ/kg - 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 6.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 3.8 4.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 8.5 9.4 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 7.7 8.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 4.4 4.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 43.5 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 50.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 49.2 % 1
OM digestibility adult pig - 56 %
N digestibility growing pig - 32.7 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 44 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 15.4 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 1080 1190 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 4.5 5 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 2 2.2 g/kg 85 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 60 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 56.2 % 1
Horse Forage Unit 0.55 0.61 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 91 100 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 1740 1920 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 1630 1790 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 7.3 8 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 6.8 7.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 43.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 57.9 % 6.2 51.5-66.6 5
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1670 1840 kcal/kg - 1 1
DE salmonids (MJ) 7 7.7 MJ/kg - 1 1
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 43 % 1
N digestibility salmonids - 87 % 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 6.5 7.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.6 5.9 -7.7 6 0.6 6.9 -8.5 6 0.4 3.8-5 7
Threonine 5.6 6.1 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.3 3.6-4.3 6
Methionine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 1 g/16g N 0.6 1.2 -2.7 6 0.6 1.3 -2.9 6 0.3 0.8-1.6 7
Cystine 2 2.2 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 3.6 3.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 2.1 2.4 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 1 1 1
Isoleucine 5.9 6.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.9 5.4 -7.8 6 1 5.8 -8.4 6 0.6 3.3-4.9 7
Valine 9.3 10.3 g/kg 6.1 g/16g N 0.8 7.1 -9.7 6 0.9 7.7 -10.4 6 0.6 4.3-6.1 7
Leucine 10.5 11.5 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N 0.8 9.9 -12.1 5 0.9 11.1 -13 5 0.6 6.3-7.6 6
Phenylalanine 6.6 7.3 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 0.8 6.4 -8.5 7 0.9 6.9 -9.1 7 0.6 3.9-5.4 8
Tyrosine 4.4 4.8 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 4.3 -4.6 3 2.8-3.3 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 11 12.1 g/kg 7.1 g/16g N 11 -12.4 3 7.1-8 4
Histidine 2.1 2.3 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 1.6 -3.3 4 1.7 -3.7 4 0.4 1-2.1 5
Arginine 5.8 6.3 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 0.9 5 -7 6 1 5.3 -7.8 6 0.6 3.1-4.6 7
Alanine 7.4 8.2 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.6 6.1 -7.7 6 0.7 6.5 -8.3 6
Aspartic acid 15.8 17.4 g/kg 10.3 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 13.9 15.3 g/kg 9 g/16g N 0.9 12.6 -15.3 6 1 14.3 -16.6 6 0.5 8.2-9.3 7
Glycine 6.5 7.2 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.5 6.2 -7.5 6 0.6 6.9 -8.5 6 0.4 3.9-5 7
Serine 6.3 7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 0.6 6.1 -6.7 5 0.7 6.7 -8.4 5 0.4 3.8-4.8 6
Proline 6.3 6.9 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 6.7 -9.2 2 4-5.4 3
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 3.6 4 g/kg 55 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 3.5 3.9 g/kg 63 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 75 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 68 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 6.9 g/kg 67 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 7.5 8.3 g/kg 72 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 4.8 5.2 g/kg 72 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.2 g/kg 66 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 7.6 8.4 g/kg 69 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 57 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.7 g/kg 73 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 5.1 5.6 g/kg 68 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 11.7 12.9 g/kg 74 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 9.6 10.6 g/kg 69 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.6 g/kg 51 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 63 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 55 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 54 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 56 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 51 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.1 g/kg 53 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 52 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.2 3.5 g/kg 54 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.6 g/kg 54 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.6 6.1 g/kg 53 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 3.9 g/kg 53 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 53 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.4 g/kg 53 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 53 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.3 g/kg 52 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.6 g/kg 56 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 8.4 9.2 g/kg 53 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 7.5 8.3 g/kg 54 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4 g/kg 55 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 53 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.4 3.7 g/kg 54 %
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