Soybean, whole, flaked

Flaked or rolled soybean seed (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Other name: flaked full-fat soybean.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 91 100 % - 3.3 84.3 -93.7 69 3
Crude protein 35.5 39 % - 1.8 31 -41.5 67 1.8 34.5 -45.5 65
Crude fibre 6.3 6.9 % - 1.4 3.8 -8.5 42 1.5 4.1 -9.4 42
Crude fat 18.2 20 % - 1.5 14.2 -21.4 53 1.5 15.4 -23.5 51
Ash 5.3 5.8 % - 0.4 4.6 -6.1 44 0.4 5.2 -6.8 44
NDF 13.1 14.4 % -
ADF 7.8 8.6 % -
Lignin 1 1.1 % - 1 1
Water insoluble cell walls 18.1 19.9 % -
Starch 8.3 9.1 % - 1.1 6.3 -9.8 7 1.2 6.9 -10.8 7
Total sugars 7.6 8.3 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 5020 5520 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 21 23.1 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.5 2.8 g/kg - 2.2 -2.9 4 2.4 -3.3 4
Phosphorus 6.1 6.8 g/kg - 5.4 -6.6 4 6.2 -7.4 4
Phytate phosphorus 3.7 4.1 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 2.3 2.6 g/kg -
Potassium 18.5 20.3 g/kg -
Sodium 0.86 0.95 g/kg -
Sulfur 2.9 3.2 g/kg -
Zinc 41 45 mg/kg -
Copper 35 39 mg/kg -
Iron 151 166 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 4 4 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 18.3 20.2 g/kg 10.5 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 6.6 7.3 g/kg 3.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 37.9 41.7 g/kg 21.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 92.8 102 g/kg 53.1 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 12.9 14.2 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Fatty acids 17.5 19.2 g/kg 96 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.36 1.5 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.38 1.51 per kg -
PDIA Systali 93 102 g/kg -
PDI Systali 140 154 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 162 178 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.12 0.132 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 3570 3930 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2400 2630 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2430 2670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 15 16.4 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 10 11 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.2 11.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 84 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 86 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 70 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 81 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.4 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.5 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.39 1.53 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.42 1.56 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 78 85 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 127 140 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 176 193 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.3 1.43 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.31 1.44 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 113 124 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 159 175 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 141 155 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.26 1.39 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.25 1.37 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 107 118 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 241 265 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 148 163 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3410 3740 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 14.3 15.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 87.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.3 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 88 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 85 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 69 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 19 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 77 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.11 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 82 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 40 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 64 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.114 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 78.2 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.5 4.9 g/kg 73 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.4 1.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.6 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.3 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83 %
Energy digestibility horse - 80.1 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.09 1.2 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 279 306 g/kg -
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 22.1 24.2 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N
Threonine 14.4 15.9 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N
Methionine 5.1 5.6 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N
Cystine 5.2 5.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 10.3 11.3 g/kg 2.9 g/16g N
Tryptophan 4.5 4.9 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N
Isoleucine 16.6 18.2 g/kg 4.7 g/16g N
Valine 17.1 18.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Leucine 26.7 29.4 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 18 19.7 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N
Tyrosine 12.6 13.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 30.6 33.6 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N
Histidine 9.7 10.7 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Arginine 25.9 28.5 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N
Alanine 15.1 16.6 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 39.4 43.3 g/kg 11.1 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 62.3 68.5 g/kg 17.6 g/16g N
Glycine 15.3 16.8 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Serine 18.9 20.8 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N
Proline 17.9 19.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N
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