Groundnut meal, oil < 5%, crude fibre < 9%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of groundnut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.). The relatively low fibre content is due to the limited amount of skins and shells. It has a low content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure followed by solvent extraction. Other names: peanut meal, peanut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 89.2 100 % - 3.1 79.9 -93.4 650 2.8
Crude protein 49.2 55.2 % - 3.4 41 -55.6 781 3.7 45.5 -62.8 654
Crude fibre 6.8 7.7 % - 1.1 4 -9 694 1.3 4.5 -10.3 603
Crude fat 2.4 2.7 % - 1.5 0.2 -5 282 1.7 0.2 -5.7 265
Ash 6.4 7.1 % - 1 4.2 -9.8 295 1.1 4.6 -10.6 281
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 0.8 0.1 -2.5 24 0.9 0.1 -2.8 24
NDF 16.7 18.7 % - 6.1 9.7 -33.3 28 6.9 10.7 -37.5 27
ADF 9.4 10.6 % - 2 5.3 -11.7 27 2.3 5.9 -14.8 25
Lignin 2.9 3.3 % - 1.1 0.4 -6.1 78 1.2 0.5 -6.7 77
Starch 6.9 7.7 % - 1.2 4.9 -11 52 1.4 5.5 -12 52
Total sugars 9.5 10.7 % - 1.3 7.3 -12.8 51 1.4 8.4 -14.4 51
Gross energy (kcal) 4320 4840 kcal/kg - 1
Gross energy (MJ) 18.1 20.3 MJ/kg - 1
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.7 1.9 g/kg - 0.7 0.1 -4.3 133 0.8 0.1 -4.8 135
Phosphorus 5.6 6.3 g/kg - 0.7 4 -7.7 136 0.7 4.6 -8.5 138
Phytate phosphorus 3.4 3.8 g/kg 60 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 3 3.4 g/kg - 0.3 3.3 -4.3 11
Potassium 12.7 14.2 g/kg - 1.5 10.9 -15.6 14 1.6 12.1 -17.6 14
Sodium 0.18 0.2 g/kg - 0.1 -0.25 2 0.11 -0.28 2
Chlorine 0.9 1 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 3.1 3.5 g/kg - 1
Dietary cation-anion difference 112 125 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 307 344 mEq/kg -
Manganese 45 50 mg/kg - 21 26 -93 10 23 29 -103 10
Zinc 56 63 mg/kg - 6 49 -64 9 6 54 -72 9
Copper 16 18 mg/kg - 2 12 -19 10 2 14 -21 10
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.8 2 g/kg 10.2 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.4 0.5 g/kg 2.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 8.4 9.4 g/kg 46.8 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.3 6 g/kg 29.8 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.1 0.2 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 3.1 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0.7 0.8 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 1.4 % FA
Fatty acids 1.8 2 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 3 3 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B1 thiamin 7 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 5 6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 7 8 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 161 180 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 46 51 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.7 0.8 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Choline 1791 2009 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.06 1.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.04 1.17 per kg -
PDIA Systali 144 161 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 191 214 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 253 284 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.258 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2830 3180 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1860 2090 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1840 2060 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 11.9 13.3 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.8 8.7 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.7 8.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 83.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 69 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 63 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.3 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 3.9 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.08 1.21 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.07 1.2 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 121 136 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 170 191 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 274 308 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.01 1.14 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.99 1.11 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 176 197 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 220 247 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 223 250 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.99 1.11 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.96 1.07 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 169 190 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 349 391 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 217 244 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2720 3050 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 11.4 12.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 84.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 79.5 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 94 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 71 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.105 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 66 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.7 4.2 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1 1.1 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.3 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.3 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3540 3960 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3230 3620 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2010 2250 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3640 4080 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3300 3710 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2070 2320 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 14.8 16.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.4 9.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.2 17.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.8 15.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.7 9.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 81.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 84.2 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 82.6 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 89.5 % 1
N digestibility adult pig - 90.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 77 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 41.7 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.7 1.9 g/kg 30 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2620 2940 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2600 2910 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 11 12.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 10.9 12.2 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 0.6 0.6 g/kg 10 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 86 %
Energy digestibility horse - 82.2 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.9 1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 406 455 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3510 3930 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3060 3430 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 14.7 16.5 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.8 14.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 81.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 76 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 16.1 18.1 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 2.5 12.1 -19.3 8 2.7 14.2 -21.6 6 0.5 2.4-3.5 7
Threonine 13.2 14.8 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N
Methionine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 1 g/16g N 0.7 3.8 -5.7 7 0.7 4.3 -6.4 5 0.07 0.9-1 6
Cystine 3.9 4.4 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 1.3 2.1 -5.4 5 2.4 -5.5 4 0.3 0.4-1.2 5
Methionine + cystine 8.8 9.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1.3-2.1 4
Tryptophan 5.7 6.4 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Isoleucine 15.8 17.7 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1.3 13.8 -17.1 6 1.4 15.4 -19.2 5 0.2 2.9-3.4 6
Valine 19.1 21.4 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 2.4 15.8 -21.9 6 2.6 17.7 -24.5 5 0.3 3.3-4.2 6
Leucine 30.7 34.4 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 2.7 24.6 -32.1 6 0.4 5.2-6.4 6
Phenylalanine 23.7 26.5 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 1.8 18.8 -25.4 6 0.4 4-5 6
Tyrosine 17.9 20 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 14.6 -19.9 4 16.3 -20.1 3 3.2-3.9 4
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 41.5 46.6 g/kg 8.4 g/16g N
Histidine 11 12.4 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.9 8.8 -11.5 6 0.2 1.8-2.4 6
Arginine 56.9 63.8 g/kg 11.6 g/16g N 0.7 10.1-11.8 5
Alanine 19.7 22.1 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 56.5 63.4 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 93.4 105 g/kg 19 g/16g N 10 72.5 -93.9 5 81.2 -106 4
Glycine 28 31.4 g/kg 5.7 g/16g N 2.5 22.1 -28.1 5 24.7 -31.4 4
Serine 23.5 26.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N
Proline 17.6 19.7 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 2.7 14.6 -21.8 5 16.3 -24.4 4 0.2 3.5-4.1 5
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 14.2 15.9 g/kg 88 % 87-89 2
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 11.7 13.2 g/kg 89 % 87-91 2
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4.5 5 g/kg 92 % 91-93 2
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.8 g/kg 88 % 3.4 -4.2 2 3.8 -4.7 2 86-89 2
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 7.9 8.8 g/kg 90 % 89-90 2
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 14.6 16.4 g/kg 92 % 12.5 -16 2 14.1 -17.9 2 91-94 2
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 17.5 19.7 g/kg 92 % 14.4 -20.3 2 16.1 -22.8 2 91-93 2
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 28.7 32.2 g/kg 94 % 22.7 -29 2 25.5 -32.5 2 92-95 2
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 22.4 25.1 g/kg 95 % 94-96 2
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 17 19.1 g/kg 95 % 95-96 2
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 39.4 44.2 g/kg 95 % 94-96 2
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 10 11.2 g/kg 90 % 89-92 2
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 55 61.7 g/kg 97 % 96-97 2
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 18.1 20.3 g/kg 92 % 90-93 2
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 52.5 58.9 g/kg 93 % 93-93 2
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 87.5 98.1 g/kg 94 % 93-94 2
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 22.9 25.6 g/kg 82 % 81-82 2
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 21.1 23.7 g/kg 90 % 90-90 2
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 16.3 18.3 g/kg 93 % 13.1 -20.8 2 14.7 -23.4 2 90-96 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.1 14.6 g/kg 81 % 1
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 11.8 g/kg 80 % 1
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.9 g/kg 89 % 1
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.1 g/kg 72 % 1
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 7.1 8 g/kg 81 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5 5.6 g/kg 87 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 13.8 15.4 g/kg 87 % 1
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.8 18.8 g/kg 88 % 1
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 26.7 29.9 g/kg 87 % 1
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.5 24.1 g/kg 91 % 1
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.3 18.2 g/kg 91 % 1
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 37.8 42.4 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.9 10 g/kg 81 % 1
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 51.2 57.4 g/kg 90 % 1
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.6 18.6 g/kg 84 % 1
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 49.2 55.2 g/kg 87 % 1
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 83.1 93.2 g/kg 89 % 1
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 21 23.5 g/kg 75 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.7 22.1 g/kg 84 % 1
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 15.3 17.2 g/kg 87 % 1
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