Fish meal, protein 70%

Fish product or fishery byproduct obtained by processing whole or parts of fish. This type of fish meal contains 68-75% protein (as fed). Note: it is recommended to check the regulatory status of this product before using it for livestock feeding.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.2 100 % - 1.4 83.1 -97.8 795 2.1
Crude protein 69 74.8 % - 3.7 66.1 -74 109 3.8 57.4 -81 82
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.3 0 -1.1 15
Crude fat 9.1 9.8 % - 1.6 2.4 -13.8 416 1.8 2.5 -15.3 425
Ash 14 15.2 % - 3.1 5.8 -27.9 709 3.3 6 -33.8 715
Insoluble ash 0.4 0.5 % - 0.7 0.03 -4.6 33 0.8 0.03 -4.9 37
NDF 5.3 5.8 % - 2.4 2.6 3.1 -9 5
ADF 0.3 0.3 % - 0.2 0.3 0 -0.6 6
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.1 0.2 0 -0.3 6
Water insoluble cell walls 4.6 4.9 % -
Starch 0 0 % - 0 -0 2 0 -0 2
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4680 5080 kcal/kg - 290 4240 -4970 10 300 4370 -5560 17
Gross energy (MJ) 19.6 21.3 MJ/kg - 1.2 17.7 -20.8 10 1.3 18.3 -23.3 17
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 31.1 33.7 g/kg - 11.3 0.9 -76.7 447 12.2 0.9 -81.9 446
Phosphorus 22.9 24.8 g/kg - 4 13.4 -47.5 444 4.3 14.5 -50.9 440
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 2.1 2.3 g/kg - 0.6 1.2 -3.3 6 0.7 1.4 -3.5 12
Potassium 8.7 9.5 g/kg - 2.1 3.3 -72 52 2.2 4.7 -14.5 48
Sodium 9.19 9.97 g/kg - 2.75 2.6 -38.6 187 2.98 2.83 -21.41 172
Chlorine 14.3 15.5 g/kg - 5.6 1.9 -34 304 6 2.1 -37.4 294
Sulfur 6.7 7.3 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -199 -216 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 222 241 mEq/kg -
Manganese 12 13 mg/kg - 13 2 -33 14 14 2 -41 9
Zinc 95 103 mg/kg - 20 9 -381 20 21 75 -147 14
Copper 9 10 mg/kg - 2 4 -37 16 2 5 -12 10
Iron 289 314 mg/kg - 173 22 -715 29 187 90 -758 21
Selenium 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Cobalt 2 2 mg/kg - 0.1 -3 4 0.1 -4 4
Molybdenum 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Iodine 3 3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.09 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 -0.1 2 0.1-0.2 2
C14:0 myristic acid 4 4.3 g/kg 6 % FA 2.3 2.8-11.2 15
C16:0 palmitic acid 11.8 12.8 g/kg 17.8 % FA 4.7 10.3-28.2 15
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 4.8 5.2 g/kg 7.2 % FA 2.3 4.2-12.3 15
C18:0 stearic acid 2.4 2.6 g/kg 3.6 % FA 1.6 0.6-6.4 15
C18:1 oleic acid 8.1 8.8 g/kg 12.3 % FA 3.9 5.5-20.2 15
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.4 1.5 g/kg 2.1 % FA 1.3 0.7-4.5 6
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 -1.6 2 1.5-2.2 2
C18:4 stearidonic acid 1 1 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.7 -1.4 2 1-1.9 2
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.2 -0.3 2 0.3-0.4 2
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 4.4 4.8 g/kg 6.6 % FA 4.7 0.6-12.9 9
C20:4 arachidonic acid 1.6 1.7 g/kg 2.4 % FA 1.3 -2 2 2-2.8 2
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 6 6.5 g/kg 9 % FA 4 -8.8 2 5.9-12.1 2
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1 -0.2 2 0.2-0.4 2
C22:1 erucic acid 5.1 5.5 g/kg 7.7 % FA 6 0.4-16.9 8
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 1.7 1.9 g/kg 2.6 % FA 1.3 -2.5 2 1.9-3.4 2
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 4.4 4.7 g/kg 6.6 % FA 2.6 -6.8 2 3.9-9.3 2
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 6.6 7.2 g/kg 73 % fat 69-77 4
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 2 2.2 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 19.6 21.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 2.2 2.4 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 9.4 10.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.9 5.3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 416 451 µg/kg -
Niacin 103 111 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 15.2 16.5 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.4 0.5 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 4702 5099 mg/kg - 1 1
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.34 1.45 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.37 1.49 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 293 318 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 336 364 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 266 288 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.395 0.429 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3470 3760 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2350 2550 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2410 2610 kcal/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 95.7 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 46 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.3 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.9 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.36 1.48 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.4 1.52 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 274 297 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 318 345 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 286 310 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.28 1.39 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.3 1.41 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 320 346 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 361 391 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 237 257 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.16 1.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.14 1.24 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 320 347 g/kg - 306 -400 2
PDIN INRA 2007 500 543 g/kg - 529 -557 2
PDIE INRA 2007 350 379 g/kg - 334 -420 2
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3140 3410 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.1 14.3 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 95.3 % 93-97.7 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 97.1 %
N digestibility ruminants - 81 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 % 8 31-57 8
Immediately degradable N (a) - 30 % 8 17-48 16
Potentially degradable N (b) - 41 % 24 15-120 16
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.061 h-1 0.062 0.006-0.21 16
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 47 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 % 8-29 4
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 36 % 21-57 4
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.126 h-1 0.05-0.21 4
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.3 %
Absorbable P ruminants 20.6 22.3 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 17.1 18.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1160 1257 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1251 1356 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 344 373 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 269 292 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.5 6 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 2 2.1 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 67.2 72.9 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.22 4.57 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.34 2.53 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.22 2.4 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.43 2.63 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.73 1.87 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 48 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 51 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 8.2 8.9 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 462 501 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 36 40 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3980 4320 kcal/kg - 3840 -4180 4 4210 -4580 4
ME growing pig (kcal) 3600 3900 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2310 2500 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3980 4320 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3590 3890 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2300 2490 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.7 18.2 MJ/kg - 16.1 -17.5 4 17.6 -19.2 4
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.7 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.1 16.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 15.1 16.3 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.7 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.7 10.5 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.7 18.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.7 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15 16.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.1 16.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.6 10.4 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.7 10.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 85 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85 %
N digestibility adult pig - 85 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 17.6 19.1 g/kg 77 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 17.6 19.1 g/kg 77 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3370 3660 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3370 3660 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.1 15.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14.2 15.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 14.2 15.4 MJ/kg - 1
AMEn broiler (MJ) 14.1 15.3 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 19.4 21.1 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 19.4 21.1 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 4560 4940 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 4060 4410 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 19.1 20.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 17 18.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 97.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 59.4 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3660 3960 kcal/kg - 3560 -4360 4 3920 -4910 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 15.4 16.7 MJ/kg - 14.9 -18.2 4 16.4 -20.6 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 15.3 16.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 78 % 71.8-88.4 4
N digestibility salmonids - 89.4 %
Digestible P salmonids 11.6 12.6 g/kg 51 % 8.2 -12.6 2 8.6 -14.2 2 32-90 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 52 56.4 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 4.4 40.3 -62.8 149 4.7 38.6 -69 136 0.6 5.7-9.4 156
Threonine 28.6 31 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 2.6 23.5 -34 124 2.8 21.3 -39 111 0.3 3.5-5.3 132
Methionine 19.2 20.8 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 3 13.7 -26.5 116 3.3 0.4 -28.7 104 0.3 1.6-3.7 125
Cystine 5.8 6.3 g/kg 0.8 g/16g N 0.9 4 -7.9 103 1 1.2 -10 88 0.1 0.5-1.4 109
Methionine + cystine 25 27.1 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 3.8 17.7 -32.4 103 4 1.6 -35.2 87 0.3 2.1-4.6 108
Tryptophan 7.1 7.7 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2 5.1 -10.2 65 2.1 3.7 -20.9 49 0.1 0.6-1.4 69
Isoleucine 29 31.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 3.5 21.5 -35.4 123 3.8 14 -39.2 112 0.4 2.3-5.3 133
Valine 34.3 37.2 g/kg 5 g/16g N 3.1 26.4 -45 122 3.3 28.2 -48.5 108 0.4 4-6.3 129
Leucine 49.5 53.7 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 4 36.3 -57.7 124 4.3 35.6 -63.6 110 0.5 5.1-8.2 131
Phenylalanine 26.8 29.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 2.2 21.1 -31.6 123 2.3 20.2 -34.8 111 0.3 3.2-4.7 132
Tyrosine 21.3 23.1 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 2.9 16.2 -29 84 3.1 10.4 -31.3 73 0.4 1.7-4.1 92
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 48.1 52.1 g/kg 7 g/16g N 4.3 37.9 -58.3 83 4.6 32.4 -62.7 70 0.5 5.6-8.2 89
Histidine 16.4 17.8 g/kg 2.4 g/16g N 4.5 10.4 -29.4 74 4.9 10.1 -31.8 62 0.7 1.5-4.2 83
Arginine 45 48.8 g/kg 6.5 g/16g N 10.9 31 -67.3 119 11.8 19.5 -72 106 1.3 3.2-9.5 127
Alanine 42.7 46.3 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 2.6 36 -51.3 121 2.8 37.8 -55.7 104 0.3 5.3-7.3 126
Aspartic acid 62.7 68 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 6.3 46.9 -78.1 124 6.7 45 -84.4 107 0.8 6.9-11.4 129
Glutamic acid 87.5 94.9 g/kg 12.7 g/16g N 7.6 72 -106 124 8.1 71.8 -115 107 0.9 10.1-15 129
Glycine 43.1 46.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 4.1 36.5 -73.6 123 4.4 28.4 -59.1 108 0.8 4.2-11.1 129
Serine 26.9 29.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 3 21 -32.7 124 3.2 12.4 -36.8 108 0.4 2.1-4.9 130
Proline 27.9 30.2 g/kg 4 g/16g N 3.4 24.5 -46 67 3.7 24 -49.6 51 0.5 3.5-6.5 73
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 49.4 53.5 g/kg 95 % 5.1 42.3 -53.8 5 5.5 45.6 -58.8 5 3 91-98 8
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 26.9 29.1 g/kg 94 % 1.9 25 -28.7 5 2 26.9 -31.8 5 5 86-98 8
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 18.2 19.7 g/kg 95 % 1.6 16.4 -20.2 5 1.7 17.6 -22.1 5 2 91-98 8
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 5 5.4 g/kg 86 % 0.5 4.7 -5.7 5 0.5 5.2 -6.3 5 10 67-95 8
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 23.2 25.1 g/kg 93 % 21.5 -24.2 4 23.2 -26.7 4 3 90-97 7
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.1 g/kg 92 % 4 86-97 7
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 27.3 29.6 g/kg 94 % 3 88-98 8
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 32 34.7 g/kg 93 % 1 31.9 -34.2 5 4 88-98 8
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 46.9 50.8 g/kg 95 % 1.4 46.5 -49.4 5 3 90-98 8
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 24.9 27 g/kg 93 % 1.7 23.2 -26.9 5 1.8 24.9 -29.4 5 4 85-97 8
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 19.9 21.5 g/kg 93 % 18.7 -22.5 4 20.2 -24.9 4 4 88-98 7
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 44.7 48.5 g/kg 93 % 41.9 -48.9 4 45.1 -53.8 4 3 89-97 7
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 15.1 16.4 g/kg 92 % 6.4 10.6 -24.6 5 6.9 11.5 -27.5 5 2 89-94 8
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 42.9 46.5 g/kg 95 % 3 93-98 8
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 40.2 43.5 g/kg 94 % 3.8 33.9 -41.7 5 4.1 36.5 -46.1 5 4 90-98 8
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 57.2 62 g/kg 91 % 3.9 50.8 -58.9 5 4.2 54.7 -65.2 5 4 86-95 8
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 82.6 89.5 g/kg 94 % 3.2 79.4 -86.5 5 3.3 86.8 -95.7 5 4 89-99 8
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 39.7 43 g/kg 92 % 3.5 35.7 -43.8 5 4 87-97 8
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 25 27.1 g/kg 93 % 1.7 22.5 -25.6 5 1.8 24.5 -28.4 5 5 83-98 8
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 26.4 28.6 g/kg 95 % 1.6 25.6 -28.9 5 1.7 28 -32 5 5 86-99 6
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 45.5 49.3 g/kg 88 % 1 83-92 3
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 25 27.1 g/kg 87 % 1 74-96 3
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.9 18.3 g/kg 88 % 1 81-93 3
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.3 g/kg 68 % 1 48-84 3
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 20.9 22.6 g/kg 84 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 6.4 6.9 g/kg 90 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 25 27.1 g/kg 86 % 1 79-90 3
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 28.6 31 g/kg 84 % 1 73-92 3
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 43.5 47.2 g/kg 88 % 1 81-94 3
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.9 24.9 g/kg 86 % 1 77-91 3
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.2 19.7 g/kg 85 % 1 76-93 3
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 41.1 44.6 g/kg 86 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.4 15.6 g/kg 88 % 1 80-93 3
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 39.6 42.9 g/kg 88 % 1 83-91 3
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 37.7 40.9 g/kg 88 % 1 80-95 3
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 48.8 52.9 g/kg 78 % 1 65-90 3
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 74.5 80.8 g/kg 85 % 1 74-92 3
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 33.6 36.4 g/kg 78 % 1 76-80 2
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.5 24.3 g/kg 84 % 1 71-91 3
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 23.2 25.1 g/kg 83 % 1 73-88 3
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