Maize flour, crude fibre 2-10%

Byproduct of flour or grits manufacture from maize grain (Zea mays L.), consisting principally of particles of endosperm with fragments of germs and outer skins.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.4 100 % - 3.5 83.2 -98.2 157 3.3
Crude protein 9.1 10.4 % - 0.8 6.6 -11.9 178 0.9 7.6 -12.6 155
Crude fibre 4.5 5.1 % - 1.1 2 -9.1 115 1.3 2.2 -9.8 90
Crude fat 6.8 7.7 % - 1.6 1.8 -10.5 146 1.8 2.1 -12.1 132
Ash 2.2 2.5 % - 0.7 0.8 -8.9 308 0.8 1 -10.1 319
Insoluble ash 0.08 0.09 % - 0.06 0 -0.1 11 0.07 0 -0.2 11
NDF 19.5 22.3 % - 5.7 12.3 -34.6 41 6.5 13.7 -40.4 50
ADF 5.4 6.1 % - 1.9 4 -14.2 45 2.2 4.5 -16.3 54
Lignin 0.9 1.1 % - 0.5 0.3 -2.3 49 0.6 0.3 -3.3 56
Water insoluble cell walls 22.2 25.4 % - 1 1
Starch 48.8 55.8 % - 6.2 31.8 -67.1 167 7 37.9 -75.7 150
Total sugars 2.4 2.8 % - 1.2 0.7 -5.3 30 1.3 0.8 -6 31
Gross energy (kcal) 4120 4710 kcal/kg - 200 4000 -4690 11 200 4560 -5280 12
Gross energy (MJ) 17.2 19.7 MJ/kg - 0.8 16.8 -19.6 11 0.8 19.1 -22.1 12
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 0.7 0.1 -2.6 44 0.8 0.1 -2.9 54
Phosphorus 4.4 5 g/kg - 1.3 2 -8 41 1.4 2.3 -9 51
Phytate phosphorus 3.3 3.7 g/kg 75 % P
Magnesium 1.8 2.1 g/kg - 0.4 1.2 -2.5 11 0.5 1.4 -2.8 21
Potassium 5.5 6.3 g/kg - 1.2 4 -7.2 10 1.3 4.6 -8.4 20
Sodium 0.06 0.07 g/kg - 0.08 0 -0.3 11 0.09 0 -0.34 21
Chlorine 0.6 0.7 g/kg - 0.3 0.4 -1.2 11 0.3 0 -1.4 21
Sulfur 1 1.1 g/kg - 0.09 0.9 -1.1 5 0.1 1 -1.3 15
Dietary cation-anion difference 64 73 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 126 145 mEq/kg -
Manganese 12 14 mg/kg - 4 9 -20 7 4 10 -23 17
Zinc 37 42 mg/kg - 6 27 -45 7 7 31 -53 17
Copper 2 3 mg/kg - 0.8 2 -5 7 1 1 -5 17
Iron 94 108 mg/kg - 26 66 -101 7 30 74 -182 17
Selenium 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0 0.09 -0.09 5 0 0.1 -0.1 5
Cobalt 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 0.2 0.09 -0.5 6 0.2 0.1 -0.6 6
Molybdenum 0.6 0.7 mg/kg - 0.7 0.8 0 -2 10
Iodine 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 0 0.09 -0.09 5 0 0.1 -0.1 5
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.08 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA 1 1 1
C16:0 palmitic acid 6.7 7.7 g/kg 10.5 % FA 0.6 10.2-11.8 6
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.4 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.8 % FA 0.2 1.4-1.9 6
C18:1 oleic acid 16.7 19.1 g/kg 26.1 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 37.9 43.4 g/kg 59.5 % FA 1.9 58.5-63 6
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.8 1 g/kg 1.3 % FA 0.2 0.5 -1 6 0.2 0.6 -1.2 6 0.3 1.3-2.1 6
Fatty acids 6.4 7.3 g/kg 94 % fat 0.9 93-96 5
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.11 1.27 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.13 1.29 per kg -
PDIA Systali 41 47 g/kg -
PDI Systali 87 100 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -42 -48 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.273 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2930 3350 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1960 2240 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1990 2270 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 12.2 14 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.2 9.4 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 8.3 9.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 84.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 82.5 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 47 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 68 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 57 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.1 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.6 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 9.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.13 1.3 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.15 1.32 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 38 43 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 86 98 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -41 -47 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.07 1.23 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.08 1.23 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 47 54 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 90 103 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -45 -51 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.08 1.24 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.23 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 48 55 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 68 78 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 82 94 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2890 3310 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.1 13.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85.7 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 83.8 %
N digestibility ruminants - 66.6 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 79 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 44 %
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.4 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.3 3.7 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.4 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 9.9 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3230 3700 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3140 3590 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2460 2810 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3490 4000 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3370 3850 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2620 3000 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.1 15 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.3 11.8 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14.6 16.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.1 16.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 11 12.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 78.4 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 84.9 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 81.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 88 %
N digestibility growing pig - 72.4 % 67-73 4
N digestibility adult pig - 89.9 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 67.2 % 59-85 4
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.9 1 g/kg 20 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2960 3390 kcal/kg - 150 2890 -3330 7 150 3250 -3740 7
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2890 3310 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.4 14.2 MJ/kg - 0.6 12.1 -13.9 7 0.6 13.6 -15.6 7
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.1 13.8 MJ/kg -
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 81 %
Energy digestibility horse - 77.7 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.03 1.18 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 61 69 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3190 3650 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3100 3550 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 13.3 15.3 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13 14.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 77.4 %
N digestibility rabbit - 66.6 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.5 4.1 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.6 2.9 -5.4 17 0.6 2.5 -5 16 0.7 2-4.7 18
Threonine 3.5 4 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 0.4 2.8 -4.2 11 0.4 3.3 -4.6 10 0.4 3.4-4.7 12
Methionine 1.6 1.9 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.2 1.4 -1.9 11 0.2 1.5 -2.2 10 0.2 1.4-2.2 12
Cystine 2 2.3 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 0.2 1.7 -2.2 9 0.2 1.9 -2.5 7 0.3 1.7-2.6 9
Methionine + cystine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 4 g/16g N 0.3 3.2 -3.9 9 0.3 3.6 -4.4 7 0.4 3.2-4.4 9
Tryptophan 0.6 0.7 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.1 3.5 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 0.4 2.8 -3.8 10 0.4 3.3 -4.4 9 0.5 2.7-4.3 11
Valine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 0.5 3.8 -5.5 10 0.5 4.7 -6.3 8 0.6 4.6-6.1 10
Leucine 9.6 10.9 g/kg 10.5 g/16g N 1.1 8.5 -11.5 10 1.2 9.5 -13.1 9 1.6 8.4-12.9 11
Phenylalanine 4 4.6 g/kg 4.4 g/16g N 0.4 3.8 -5.1 10 0.5 4.3-5.7 10
Tyrosine 3 3.4 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 0.3 2.8 -4.3 7 0.8 3-4.9 8
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 7 8 g/kg 7.7 g/16g N 0.3 6.6 -9.5 7 1.2 7.3-10.6 7
Histidine 2.8 3.2 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N 0.7 2.2 -3.7 10 0.8 1.6 -4.2 9 0.8 1.3-4.1 11
Arginine 5.3 6.1 g/kg 5.9 g/16g N 1 3.8 -7.1 10 1.2 4 -7.6 9 1.1 3.2-7.2 11
Alanine 6.3 7.2 g/kg 7 g/16g N 0.5 5.6 -7.8 10 0.5 7.1 -8.8 9 0.9 5.8-8.4 11
Aspartic acid 6.6 7.5 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 0.6 5.6 -9.2 10 0.6 6.4 -8.6 9 0.7 6.3-8.4 11
Glutamic acid 14.9 17.1 g/kg 16.4 g/16g N 2.3 13.5 -19.2 10 2.6 15.2 -22 9 2.7 14.7-21.8 11
Glycine 4.2 4.8 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 0.4 3.1 -4.9 10 0.4 3.6 -5.2 9 0.4 3.7-5.1 11
Serine 4.1 4.7 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 0.5 3.7 -5.2 10 0.6 4.2 -5.7 9 0.5 4-5.5 11
Proline 4.4 5.1 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 93 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.4 g/kg 85 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.8 g/kg 95 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.8 2 g/kg 89 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 92 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.5 0.6 g/kg 93 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.9 3.4 g/kg 95 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.7 g/kg 92 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.5 10.8 g/kg 99 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 92 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.8 3.2 g/kg 93 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.5 7.4 g/kg 92 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 92 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.9 5.6 g/kg 91 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 7.1 g/kg 98 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 5.9 6.8 g/kg 90 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 14.6 16.7 g/kg 98 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 88 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.8 4.3 g/kg 91 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.3 g/kg 84 %
CSVXLSXXML