Fish meal, protein 62%

Fish product or fishery byproduct obtained by processing whole or parts of fish. This type of fish meal contains 58-63% protein (as fed). Note: it is recommended to check the regulatory status of this product before using it for livestock feeding.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.3 100 % - 2.1 78.2 -98.9 1297 3.2
Crude protein 62.6 67.8 % - 3.3 58 -65.9 141 3.2 57.4 -76.3 97
Crude fibre 0 0 % - 0.7 0 -2.4 24 0.7 0 -2.6 30
Crude fat 9.5 10.3 % - 1.7 1.9 -16.7 701 1.9 2.1 -18 702
Ash 17.8 19.3 % - 3.1 6.7 -27.9 1223 3.3 7.3 -33.8 1233
Insoluble ash 0.5 0.6 % - 1.2 0.02 -5.3 101 1.3 0.02 -5.7 99
NDF 5.4 5.8 % - 2.4 2.6 3.1 -9 5
ADF 0.6 0.7 % - 0.7 0 -1.8 8
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % - 0.1 0.2 0 -0.3 6
Water insoluble cell walls 4.6 4.9 % -
Starch 0 0 % - 1
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 0 0 % - 1 1
Gross energy (kcal) 4450 4820 kcal/kg - 230 4260 -4810 17 220 4660 -5460 24
Gross energy (MJ) 18.6 20.2 MJ/kg - 1 17.8 -20.1 17 0.9 19.5 -22.9 24
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 44.8 48.6 g/kg - 12.3 16 -87.5 667 13.3 17.4 -93.9 667
Phosphorus 27.6 29.9 g/kg - 5 15.3 -51.5 713 5.3 16.3 -55.6 660
Phytate phosphorus 0 0 g/kg 0 % P
Magnesium 2.2 2.4 g/kg - 0.6 0.7 -4 20 0.6 0.8 -4.3 27
Potassium 7.6 8.2 g/kg - 2.7 0.5 -15.7 41 2.9 0.5 -14.5 36
Sodium 10.85 11.76 g/kg - 3.15 2.4 -20.2 276 3.4 2.69 -21.09 245
Chlorine 17 18.4 g/kg - 6.2 1.4 -34 493 6.7 1.5 -35.5 452
Sulfur 7.2 7.8 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference -262 -284 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 189 205 mEq/kg -
Manganese 18 20 mg/kg - 9 3 -37 28 10 3 -41 24
Zinc 99 107 mg/kg - 15 56 -381 31 17 74 -132 23
Copper 11 12 mg/kg - 21 3 -108 28 23 3 -115 22
Iron 374 405 mg/kg - 163 106 -715 39 176 115 -758 31
Selenium 0.4 0.4 mg/kg - 0.4 -0.5 2 0.4 -0.5 2
Cobalt 0.09 0.1 mg/kg - 2 0.09 -3 5 2 0.1 -4 5
Molybdenum 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Iodine 3 3 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 -0.1 2 0.1-0.2 2
C14:0 myristic acid 4.2 4.5 g/kg 6 % FA 4 -7.5 4 2.3 2.8-11.2 15
C16:0 palmitic acid 12.4 13.4 g/kg 17.8 % FA 12.5 -19.1 4 4.7 10.3-28.2 15
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 5 5.4 g/kg 7.2 % FA 4.2 -8.5 4 2.3 4.2-12.3 15
C18:0 stearic acid 2.5 2.7 g/kg 3.6 % FA 1.6 0.6-6.4 15
C18:1 oleic acid 8.5 9.2 g/kg 12.3 % FA 3.9 5.5-20.2 15
C18:2 linoleic acid 1.4 1.6 g/kg 2.1 % FA 1.3 -1.5 2 0.5 -1.6 4 1.3 0.7-4.5 6
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.9 % FA 1 -1.6 2 1.5-2.2 2
C18:4 stearidonic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.7 -1.4 2 1-1.9 2
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.2 -0.3 2 0.3-0.4 2
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 4.6 5 g/kg 6.6 % FA 4.7 0.6-12.9 9
C20:4 arachidonic acid 1.6 1.8 g/kg 2.4 % FA 1.3 -2 2 2-2.8 2
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 6.2 6.8 g/kg 9 % FA 4 -8.8 2 5.9-12.1 2
C22:0 behenic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.1 -0.2 2 0.2-0.4 2
C22:1 erucic acid 5.4 5.8 g/kg 7.7 % FA 6 0.4-16.9 8
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 1.8 2 g/kg 2.6 % FA 1.3 -2.5 2 1.9-3.4 2
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 4.6 5 g/kg 6.6 % FA 2.6 -6.8 2 3.9-9.3 2
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 6.9 7.5 g/kg 73 % fat 69-77 4
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 2 2.2 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 8.5 9.2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 1.7 1.8 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 9.1 9.9 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5.9 6.4 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B12 90.28 97.83 µg/kg -
Niacin 59.2 64.1 mg/kg - 1 1
Pantothenic acid 9.9 10.8 mg/kg - 1 1
Folic acid 0.4 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 4218 4571 mg/kg - 886 2800 -5350 9 954 3111 -6032 9
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.26 1.36 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.29 1.39 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 266 288 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 308 334 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 234 254 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.396 0.429 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3270 3550 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2210 2400 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2270 2460 kcal/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 50 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 46 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.7 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.5 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.5 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.7 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.28 1.39 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.32 1.43 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 248 269 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 292 316 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 252 273 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.21 1.31 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.23 1.33 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 290 314 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 331 359 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 208 225 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.1 1.19 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.08 1.17 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 290 315 g/kg - 1
PDIN INRA 2007 454 492 g/kg - 1
PDIE INRA 2007 319 346 g/kg - 1
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2970 3210 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.4 13.5 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 95.3 % 93-97.7 3
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 95.4 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.9 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 85 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 0 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 51 % 8 31-55 10
Immediately degradable N (a) - 30 % 8 17-48 16
Potentially degradable N (b) - 41 % 24 15-120 16
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.061 h-1 0.062 0.006-0.21 16
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 47 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 % 8-29 4
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 36 % 21-57 4
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.126 h-1 0.05-0.21 4
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 24.9 27 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 24.7 26.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.4 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.4 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.5 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1094 1185 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1178 1276 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 313 339 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 241 261 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.4 5.8 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.9 2 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 64.7 70.1 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.98 4.31 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.19 2.37 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.07 2.24 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.27 2.46 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.6 1.74 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 48 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 51 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.7 8.4 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 424 459 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 32 35 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3780 4100 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3430 3710 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2230 2420 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3780 4100 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3420 3710 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2220 2400 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15.8 17.1 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 15.8 17.1 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.3 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 14.3 15.5 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 9.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.8 17.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 15.8 17.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.3 15.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 14.3 15.5 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 9.3 10.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 85 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 85 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 85 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85 %
N digestibility adult pig - 85 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 85 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 21.3 23.1 g/kg 77 % 1
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 21.3 23.1 g/kg 77 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3120 3380 kcal/kg - 3080 -3870 3 3380 -4410 3
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3120 3380 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13 14.1 MJ/kg - 12.9 -16.2 3
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 13 14.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13 14.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13 14.1 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 23.5 25.5 g/kg 85 % P
Available P broiler 23.5 25.5 g/kg 85 % P
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 4120 4460 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3500 3790 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 17.2 18.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 14.7 15.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 92.6 %
N digestibility rabbit - 82.7 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3670 3980 kcal/kg - 3250 -4470 4 3630 -4720 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 15.4 16.6 MJ/kg - 13.6 -18.7 4 15.2 -19.8 4
DE salmonids (MJ) 15.4 16.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 82.5 % 74.1-93 4
N digestibility salmonids - 87.5 % 86.6-89.4 4
Digestible P salmonids 10.6 11.5 g/kg 38 % 29-67 2
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 46.8 50.7 g/kg 7.5 g/16g N 6.1 26.8 -59.9 101 6.5 35.7 -69 91 0.9 4.2-9.7 100
Threonine 25.9 28.1 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 3.3 17.1 -34.4 84 3.6 18.6 -39 81 0.4 2.7-5.3 91
Methionine 16.6 18 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 3.5 8.3 -22.8 76 3.8 0.4 -23 75 0.4 1.3-3.4 84
Cystine 5.5 6 g/kg 0.9 g/16g N 1.3 3.9 -9 50 1.4 1.2 -10 47 0.2 0.5-1.4 55
Methionine + cystine 22.1 24 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 4.5 18.3 -30.7 51 4.9 1.6 -33 47 0.4 2.1-4.5 56
Tryptophan 6.1 6.6 g/kg 1 g/16g N 3.3 3.8 -8.8 21 3.6 3.7 -20.9 19 0.2 0.6-1.3 25
Isoleucine 25.6 27.7 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 4.2 10.8 -31.1 84 4.6 11.7 -36 83 0.6 1.8-5 93
Valine 31.1 33.8 g/kg 5 g/16g N 3.6 21 -41 83 3.8 22.8 -44.7 79 0.5 3.3-6.5 89
Leucine 44.8 48.5 g/kg 7.2 g/16g N 4.9 32 -55.4 83 5.2 34.8 -60.7 79 0.6 5-8.6 89
Phenylalanine 24.4 26.5 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 2.6 17.1 -29.6 81 2.8 18.6 -33 79 0.3 2.7-4.7 89
Tyrosine 18.8 20.4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 3.1 13.9 -25.1 68 3.4 10.4 -27 66 0.4 1.7-3.7 75
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 43.3 46.9 g/kg 6.9 g/16g N 4.8 34.4 -54.6 68 5.1 32.4 -60 65 0.6 5.6-8.2 74
Histidine 16.2 17.6 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 4.4 5.9 -27.3 53 4.8 7.5 -30 51 0.7 0.9-4.2 61
Arginine 37.4 40.5 g/kg 6 g/16g N 5.7 24.1 -52.3 80 6.1 19.5 -60 77 0.8 3.2-8.2 87
Alanine 39.8 43.1 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 3.8 26.7 -49 80 4 29 -53.7 73 0.5 4.2-7.8 84
Aspartic acid 57 61.8 g/kg 9.1 g/16g N 6.9 38.1 -74.1 81 7.3 41.2 -80.8 74 1 6.4-11.5 85
Glutamic acid 78 84.6 g/kg 12.5 g/16g N 8.8 54.8 -102 81 9.3 59.5 -112 74 1.1 8.6-15.8 85
Glycine 43.5 47.2 g/kg 7 g/16g N 6.2 25.4 -83.6 79 6.6 27.6 -70.1 74 1.3 4-12.9 84
Serine 24.3 26.3 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N 3.7 17.1 -43.1 79 4 12.4 -38 73 0.7 2.1-6.8 84
Proline 29 31.4 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 4.7 19.3 -51.1 37 5.1 21 -48.3 32 0.9 3-8 42
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 42.8 46.4 g/kg 91 % 28.4 -47 3 30.9 -52.7 3 5 85-98 6
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 23 24.9 g/kg 89 % 14.5 -27.4 3 15.7 -30.7 3 8 79-99 6
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 15.2 16.5 g/kg 92 % 10.1 -16.4 3 11 -18.3 3 5 86-98 6
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.7 5.1 g/kg 86 % 3.3 -6 3 3.6 -6.5 3 7 79-96 6
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 20 21.6 g/kg 90 % 5 86-97 5
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 5.2 5.7 g/kg 86 % 1 1 79-97 4
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 23.3 25.2 g/kg 91 % 14.9 -26.1 3 16.1 -28.7 3 5 85-98 6
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 28 30.4 g/kg 90 % 17.9 -31.3 3 19.4 -35 3 6 83-98 6
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 41 44.4 g/kg 92 % 27.3 -43.6 3 29.7 -48.9 3 6 85-98 6
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 22.2 24.1 g/kg 91 % 14.7 -23.8 3 16 -26.7 3 5 85-98 6
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 17.1 18.5 g/kg 91 % 11.8 -21.2 3 12.9 -23.8 3 6 84-98 6
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 39.3 42.6 g/kg 91 % 6 85-98 5
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 14.4 15.6 g/kg 89 % 11.3 -23.1 3 12.3 -26 3 6 82-95 6
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 34.5 37.4 g/kg 92 % 21.1 -38.8 3 23 -41.6 3 5 87-99 6
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 35.9 38.9 g/kg 90 % 22.5 -38.5 3 24.5 -43.1 3 6 84-99 6
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 48.8 52.9 g/kg 86 % 35.1 -53.3 3 38.1 -59.2 3 9 71-96 6
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 71.4 77.3 g/kg 91 % 47.5 -82.3 3 51.7 -88.3 3 5 85-98 6
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 37.6 40.8 g/kg 87 % 21.5 -48.3 3 23.4 -54.1 3 7 78-98 6
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 21.2 23 g/kg 87 % 14.6 -28.1 3 15.9 -30.1 3 8 77-98 6
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 26.1 28.3 g/kg 90 % 16.6 -28.7 3 18.1 -32.2 3 7 83-100 6
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 41.7 45.1 g/kg 89 % 87-92 3
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.3 24.2 g/kg 86 % 83-92 3
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.7 15.9 g/kg 88 % 85-93 3
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.4 g/kg 74 % 69-84 3
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.8 20.3 g/kg 85 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 5.5 5.9 g/kg 90 % 1
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 22.3 24.2 g/kg 87 % 85-90 3
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 27 29.2 g/kg 87 % 84-92 3
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 39.9 43.3 g/kg 89 % 87-94 3
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.4 23.2 g/kg 87 % 86-91 3
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 16.4 17.7 g/kg 87 % 83-93 3
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 37.7 40.9 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.3 15.5 g/kg 88 % 85-93 3
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 33.3 36.1 g/kg 89 % 88-91 3
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.9 37.9 g/kg 88 % 84-95 3
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 46 49.8 g/kg 81 % 75-90 3
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 68 73.7 g/kg 87 % 84-92 3
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.1 36.9 g/kg 78 % 1
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 20 21.6 g/kg 82 % 77-91 3
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 24.1 26.1 g/kg 83 % 78-88 2
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