Bananas, immature, dried

Dried, immature fruits of the banana tree (Musa sp.). Starch is the main carbohydrate of immature bananas and is transformed into solubles sugars during ripening.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 90 100 % - 4 84.8 -94.6 6 6.2
Crude protein 4.2 4.7 % - 0.8 4 -5.2 6 0.9 2.9 -6.9 39
Crude fibre 3.2 3.6 % - 1.1 1.2 -3.9 6 1.2 1.1 -5.6 19
Crude fat 1.2 1.4 % - 0.5 1 -2.8 5 0.6 0.4 -3.2 26
Ash 4.2 4.6 % - 0.9 2.3 -5.1 5 1 2.6 -7 32
Insoluble ash 0.1 0.1 % - 1 0.08 0.04 -0.4 16
NDF 9.1 10.1 % - 1 1.7 6.8 -11.8 8
ADF 6 6.7 % - 1 1.4 5 -7.9 5
Lignin 3.2 3.6 % - 1 2.5 -4.7 2
Water insoluble cell walls 8.3 9.2 % -
Starch 65.3 72.5 % - 1 4.9 67.7 -83 8
Starch, enzymatic method 66.4 73.7 % - 1 65.8 -83.1 3
Total sugars 1.8 2 % - 0.4 0.5 1.4 -2.8 6
Gross energy (kcal) 3650 4050 kcal/kg - 1 4000 -4540 2
Gross energy (MJ) 15.3 17 MJ/kg - 1 16.7 -19 2
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 0.9 1 g/kg - 1.5 0.1 -7.5 21
Phosphorus 0.9 1 g/kg - 0.4 0.6 -1 3 0.5 0.6 -2.9 21
Phytate phosphorus 0.3 0.3 g/kg 33 % P
Magnesium 1.2 1.3 g/kg - 1 0.2 1.1 -1.8 14
Potassium 20.2 22.4 g/kg - 1 4.9 16.7 -36.4 15
Sodium 0.05 0.05 g/kg - 1
Chlorine 0.04 0.05 g/kg -
Sulfur 0 0 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 519 576 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 519 576 mEq/kg -
Manganese 5 6 mg/kg -
Zinc 6 6 mg/kg -
Copper 4 4 mg/kg -
Iron 11 12 mg/kg -
Selenium 0.04 0.04 mg/kg -
Iodine 0.03 0.03 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 2.8 3.1 g/kg 28.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 5.8 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.6 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 1.1 1.2 g/kg 11.4 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 3.3 3.7 g/kg 33.9 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.5 1.7 g/kg 15.8 % FA
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 1 1.1 % 80 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0.2 0.3 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.02 0.02 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 1.8 2 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2.4 2.7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 4.4 4.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 28 31.1 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 70 77.7 mg/kg -
Choline 196 218 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.96 1.06 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.96 1.07 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 12 13 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 63 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -65 -72 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.205 0.227 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2530 2810 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1690 1870 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1690 1880 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.6 11.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7 7.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 85.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 80.9 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 65 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 71 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.4 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.1 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 3.1 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.7 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.97 1.08 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.98 1.09 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 10 12 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 63 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -66 -74 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.93 1.03 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.92 1.03 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 14 15 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 63 70 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -65 -72 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.95 1.06 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.95 1.06 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.95 1.05 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 0.95 1.06 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 13 14 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 28 31 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 66 73 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2550 2840 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.7 11.9 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.7 11.9 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 86.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82.3 %
N digestibility ruminants - 50.1 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 80 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 66 % 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 75 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 59.8 %
Absorbable P ruminants 0.8 0.9 g/kg 90 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.5 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.6 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.8 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.8 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 954 1059 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1042 1157 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 59 65 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -61 -68 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 4.9 5.5 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.4 1.6 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 73.1 81.2 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.12 3.47 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.58 1.75 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.49 1.65 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.71 1.9 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.14 1.26 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.7 7.5 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 117 130 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -12 -13 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3310 3670 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 3230 3590 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2580 2870 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3350 3720 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3250 3610 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2600 2880 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 13.8 15.4 MJ/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 12.9 14.4 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 13.5 15 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 12.7 14.1 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.8 12 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.3 11.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 14 15.6 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 13.3 14.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 12.9 14.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 13.6 15.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.4 11.6 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.9 12.1 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 90.7 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 91.8 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 93.4 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 94.4 %
N digestibility growing pig - 73.5 %
N digestibility adult pig - 79.2 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 15.3 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.3 0.3 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.4 0.4 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2950 3280 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2950 3280 kcal/kg - 2880 -3050 2
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.5 13.9 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.4 13.7 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.5 13.9 MJ/kg - 12 -12.8 2
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.4 13.7 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.2 0.2 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.2 0.2 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 84.9 %
Energy digestibility horse - 81.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.03 1.14 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 28 32 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3000 3330 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2960 3290 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.5 13.9 MJ/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 12.5 13.9 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.3 13.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 12.4 13.8 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 82.2 %
N digestibility rabbit - 50.9 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1700 1890 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.1 7.9 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 46.6 %
N digestibility salmonids - 68 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 1.6 1.7 g/kg 3.7 g/16g N 1 1.1-7.3 2
Threonine 1.1 1.2 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 1 0.9-5.3 2
Methionine 0.2 0.3 g/kg 0.6 g/16g N 1 1
Cystine 0.3 0.3 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N 1 1
Methionine + cystine 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 1
Tryptophan 0.5 0.5 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Isoleucine 0.7 0.8 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 1 1
Valine 1.1 1.3 g/kg 2.7 g/16g N 1 1
Leucine 2 2.2 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N 1 1
Phenylalanine 0.9 1 g/kg 2.2 g/16g N 1 1
Tyrosine 0.5 0.5 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 1 0.5-3.3 2
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 1
Histidine 2.8 3.1 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1 0.7-6.9 2
Arginine 1.4 1.6 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 1 1.4-4.7 2
Alanine 1.5 1.6 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 1 1
Aspartic acid 5.4 6 g/kg 12.8 g/16g N 1 1
Glutamic acid 6.7 7.5 g/kg 16 g/16g N 1 1
Glycine 1.3 1.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1.6-4.1 2
Serine 1.3 1.5 g/kg 3.2 g/16g N 1 1
Proline 1.3 1.4 g/kg 3 g/16g N 1 1
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.5 g/kg 85 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1 g/kg 83 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 0.2 g/kg 88 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.2 0.3 g/kg 83 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.5 g/kg 85 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.5 g/kg 84 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 0.6 0.7 g/kg 85 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 85 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 0.8 0.9 g/kg 88 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.5 g/kg 87 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.4 g/kg 88 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.7 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 1.3 1.4 g/kg 91 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.4 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 4.6 5.1 g/kg 85 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6 6.7 g/kg 90 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.3 g/kg 84 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 1.2 1.3 g/kg 86 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 86 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.3 1.4 g/kg 83 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 80 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.2 g/kg 87 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.2 0.2 g/kg 75 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.5 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.4 g/kg 82 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.6 0.7 g/kg 83 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 83 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.8 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.8 0.9 g/kg 85 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.5 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.3 g/kg 85 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.3 2.6 g/kg 82 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.4 g/kg 86 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.2 1.4 g/kg 83 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.7 g/kg 79 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 5.9 6.5 g/kg 87 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 80 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 83 %
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