Groundnut meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of groundnut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. Other names: groundnut cake, groundnut oil cake, peanut cake, peanut oil cake, peanut meal, peanut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92 100 % - 2.7 79.2 -97.3 249 4.1
Crude protein 44.6 48.4 % - 4.9 32.7 -54.8 256 5.1 36.6 -59.9 265
Crude fibre 6.6 7.2 % - 2.3 2.7 -13.9 236 2.5 3.1 -15 245
Crude fat 9.3 10.1 % - 3.3 5 -18.9 231 3.5 5.3 -20.1 242
Ash 5.4 5.9 % - 1 2.3 -8.9 222 1.1 2.4 -9.7 238
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 0.5 0 -2 109 0.6 0 -2.2 110
NDF 16.7 18.2 % - 3 9.3 -22 32 3.2 9.8 -23.7 35
ADF 9.3 10.1 % - 3 4.9 -17 36 3.2 5.2 -18.3 41
Lignin 2.8 3.1 % - 1.2 0.5 -4.5 33 1.3 0.5 -4.9 36
Water insoluble cell walls 16 17.3 % -
Starch 8.1 8.8 % - 1 1
Starch, enzymatic method 4.8 5.3 % - 4.7 -5.8 2
Total sugars 9.6 10.4 % - 1.6 8.3 -11.7 4 1.8 9 -12.7 6
Gross energy (kcal) 4770 5180 kcal/kg - 400 4500 -5400 7 400 4520 -6190 13
Gross energy (MJ) 20 21.7 MJ/kg - 1.7 18.8 -22.6 7 1.7 18.9 -25.9 13
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.3 g/kg - 0.7 0.3 -4.3 134 0.8 0.3 -4.8 140
Phosphorus 5.9 6.5 g/kg - 0.8 4.3 -7.9 132 0.9 4.8 -8.7 137
Phytate phosphorus 3.6 3.9 g/kg 60 % P 1
Magnesium 3.1 3.4 g/kg - 0.3 2.5 -3.7 81 0.3 2.6 -4 86
Potassium 12.3 13.4 g/kg - 1.6 9 -16.2 86 1.7 5 -17.1 90
Sodium 0.14 0.15 g/kg - 0.1 0.02 -0.3 8 0.11 0.02 -0.33 11
Chlorine 0.9 1 g/kg -
Sulfur 3.2 3.5 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 94 102 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 295 321 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 44 mg/kg - 13 34 -57 10 14 23 -76 14
Zinc 57 62 mg/kg - 18 32 -63 10 19 35 -123 15
Copper 14 15 mg/kg - 3 11 -16 8 4 12 -23 13
Iron 767 833 mg/kg - 216 -1009 3
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg - 1 -6 2
Iodine 0.5 0.5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0.07 0.07 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0-0.2 2
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.09 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.04-0.2 2
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.4 8 g/kg 10.6 % FA 1 1 1.2 7.5-13.2 117
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.07-0.2 2
C18:0 stearic acid 2.3 2.5 g/kg 3.3 % FA 1 1 0.8 1.7-5.5 117
C18:1 oleic acid 33.9 36.9 g/kg 48.8 % FA 1 1 6.7 39.3-71.1 117
C18:2 linoleic acid 20.2 21.9 g/kg 29 % FA 1 1 4.9 17.7-36.9 117
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0-0.3 2
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 1.1 1.2 g/kg 1.6 % FA 1 1 0.4 0.5-2.5 117
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.8 0.9 g/kg 1.2 % FA 0.3 0-2.1 117
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0.1 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 2.3 2.5 g/kg 3.4 % FA 0.8 0-5.9 117
C22:1 erucic acid 0.9 1 g/kg 1.3 % FA 0.7 0.3-2.6 9
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 1.2 1.3 g/kg 1.7 % FA 0.3 0.5-2.5 116
Fatty acids 7 7.6 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 2.7 2.9 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 7.1 7.7 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 5.2 5.7 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 7.4 8 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 166 180 mg/kg - 1 1
Pantothenic acid 47 51.1 mg/kg - 1 1
Folic acid 0.7 0.8 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Choline 1848 2009 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.15 1.25 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.13 1.23 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 125 136 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 172 187 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 220 239 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.266 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3090 3360 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2020 2200 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1990 2160 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 13.7 14.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.1 9.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.1 9.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 79.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 81.3 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 69 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 63 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.4 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.4 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.18 1.28 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.16 1.27 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 105 114 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 154 168 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 239 260 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.1 1.19 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.07 1.16 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 152 165 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 198 215 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 192 209 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.15 1.25 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.08 1.18 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.12 1.22 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.04 1.13 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 147 160 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 310 337 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 190 207 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2980 3240 kcal/kg - 3180 -3380 2
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 12.5 13.6 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.1 14.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 81.1 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 82.7 %
N digestibility ruminants - 78.4 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 71 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.105 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 66 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.9 4.3 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.3 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1080 1174 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1140 1239 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 176 191 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 216 234 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 3.6 3.9 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.2 1.3 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 77 83.7 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 3.85 4.18 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.1 2.28 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 1.99 2.16 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.19 2.38 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.53 1.66 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 30 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 37 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 7.6 8.3 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 272 296 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 28 30 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3870 4200 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3590 3900 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 2390 2600 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3980 4320 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3670 3990 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2460 2680 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.2 17.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.2 17.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 15 16.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 15 16.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 10 10.9 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10 10.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.6 18.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.7 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.4 16.7 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.4 16.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.3 11.2 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.3 11.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 81.1 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 83.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 82.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 84.7 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85 %
N digestibility adult pig - 86.5 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 77 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.8 1.9 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.7 2.9 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3070 3340 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2970 3230 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.8 14 MJ/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.9 14 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.4 13.5 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.5 13.6 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.6 0.6 g/kg 10 % P
Available P broiler 0.6 0.6 g/kg 10 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 82.7 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 79.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.99 1.07 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 364 395 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3730 4050 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME rabbit (kcal) 3290 3580 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.6 17 MJ/kg - 1 1
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.6 17 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 78.2 % 1
N digestibility rabbit - 81.3 % 1
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3450 3750 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 14.4 15.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 72.3 %
N digestibility salmonids - 87.4 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 15.1 16.4 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 2 10.4 -17.7 13 2.1 11.6 -18.8 13 0.4 2.7-4.2 13
Threonine 12.3 13.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1.4 10 -14.6 10 1.4 11.1 -15.8 12 0.3 2.6-3.7 12
Methionine 4.7 5.1 g/kg 1.1 g/16g N 0.8 3.7 -6.2 6 0.8 4.1 -6.6 8 0.2 0.9-1.4 8
Cystine 5.4 5.8 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 4 -6.4 4 4.4 -7.2 4 0.9-1.4 4
Methionine + cystine 10.1 10.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 9 -12.1 4 9.9 -12.9 4 2-2.8 4
Tryptophan 4.6 5 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2.6 3.1 -9.8 7 2.9 3.2 -10.9 7 0.5 0.7-1.8 7
Isoleucine 14.6 15.8 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1.2 13.6 -16.8 9 1.2 14.9 -18.7 11 0.2 2.9-3.8 11
Valine 17.7 19.3 g/kg 4 g/16g N 2.3 13.1 -21.5 10 2.5 14.6 -24 12 0.5 3.4-5.3 12
Leucine 28.4 30.9 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 3.7 21.8 -34 10 3.9 24.3 -37.7 12 0.8 5.6-8.6 12
Phenylalanine 21.8 23.7 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 3.4 15.4 -26 9 3.7 17.2 -28.1 11 0.6 4-6.6 11
Tyrosine 16 17.4 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 3.9 11.4 -22.3 7 4.3 12.3 -24.9 8 0.8 2.9-5.1 8
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 37.8 41.1 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N 5.8 27.3 -47.6 8 6.2 30.4 -53 9 0.9 7.1-10.3 9
Histidine 10.3 11.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.2 8.5 -11.8 9 1.2 9 -12.8 11 0.3 1.9-3 11
Arginine 51.1 55.6 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 5.6 46.1 -60 9 5.9 49.5 -66.3 11 0.7 11-13.4 11
Alanine 18.3 19.9 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 2.6 14 -23.2 7 2.8 15.6 -25.1 9 0.7 3.5-5.8 9
Aspartic acid 52.5 57.1 g/kg 11.8 g/16g N 8.3 39.6 -64.4 7 8.9 44.1 -71.7 8 1.7 10.2-16.2 8
Glutamic acid 85.8 93.3 g/kg 19.3 g/16g N 13.5 64.6 -111 7 14.4 71.9 -120 9 3.3 16.7-27.9 9
Glycine 25.7 27.9 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 3.9 20 -32.8 7 4.1 22.3 -36.5 9 0.7 5.2-7.6 9
Serine 21.7 23.6 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 3.3 17.5 -26.3 7 3.6 19.2 -29.3 9 0.6 4.5-6.6 9
Proline 17 18.4 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 3.8 11.5 -19.8 5 4.1 12.8 -25 7 0.9 2.5-4.8 7
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 12.1 13.1 g/kg 80 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 9.7 10.5 g/kg 79 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 4 4.4 g/kg 85 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.5 g/kg 78 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 8.4 9.1 g/kg 81 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 3.7 4 g/kg 80 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 12 13.1 g/kg 82 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 14.4 15.7 g/kg 81 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 24 26.1 g/kg 85 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 18.6 20.2 g/kg 85 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 13.4 14.6 g/kg 84 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 32 34.8 g/kg 85 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 8.6 9.4 g/kg 84 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 45.5 49.5 g/kg 89 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 14.7 16 g/kg 80 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 42.8 46.5 g/kg 81 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 74.8 81.4 g/kg 87 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 20.2 22 g/kg 79 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 17.8 19.3 g/kg 82 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 14 15.2 g/kg 82 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.3 13.3 g/kg 81 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.7 g/kg 80 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.5 g/kg 89 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 72 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.2 9 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.3 g/kg 87 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.7 13.8 g/kg 87 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.6 17 g/kg 88 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.7 26.9 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.8 21.5 g/kg 91 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.6 15.8 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.4 37.4 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.3 9.1 g/kg 81 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 46 50 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.4 16.7 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 45.7 49.7 g/kg 87 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 76.4 83 g/kg 89 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.2 20.9 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.2 19.8 g/kg 84 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 14.8 16 g/kg 87 %
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