Groundnut meal, oil 5-20%

Byproduct of oil manufacture obtained by extraction of groundnut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.). This product has a high content in residual oil and results from mechanical pressure only. Other names: groundnut cake, groundnut oil cake, peanut cake, peanut oil cake, peanut meal, peanut oil meal.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92 100 % - 4.6 79.2 -97.3 246 4.1
Crude protein 44.7 48.6 % - 4.8 32.7 -54.8 252 5.1 36.6 -59.9 257
Crude fibre 6.6 7.2 % - 2.3 2.7 -13.9 234 2.4 3.1 -15 239
Crude fat 9.3 10.1 % - 3.3 5 -18.9 227 3.6 5.3 -20.1 234
Ash 5.4 5.9 % - 1 2.3 -8.9 219 1.1 2.4 -9.7 230
Insoluble ash 0.8 0.9 % - 0.5 0 -2 109 0.6 0 -2.2 110
NDF 16.7 18.1 % - 2.7 9.3 -19.9 31 2.9 9.8 -21 34
ADF 9.3 10.1 % - 2.8 4.9 -13.9 35 3 5.2 -15 40
Lignin 2.8 3.1 % - 1.1 0.5 -4.5 32 1.2 0.5 -4.9 35
Starch 8.1 8.8 % - 1 1
Total sugars 9.6 10.4 % - 1.6 8.3 -11.7 4 1.8 9 -12.7 6
Gross energy (kcal) 4770 5190 kcal/kg - 410 4500 -5400 6 420 4520 -6190 12
Gross energy (MJ) 20 21.7 MJ/kg - 1.7 18.8 -22.6 6 1.8 18.9 -25.9 12
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.2 1.3 g/kg - 0.7 0.3 -4.3 134 0.8 0.3 -4.8 140
Phosphorus 5.9 6.5 g/kg - 0.8 4.3 -7.9 132 0.9 4.8 -8.7 137
Phytate phosphorus 3.6 3.9 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 3.1 3.4 g/kg - 0.3 2.5 -3.7 81 0.3 2.6 -4 86
Potassium 12.3 13.4 g/kg - 1.6 9 -16.2 86 1.7 5 -17.1 90
Sodium 0.14 0.15 g/kg - 0.1 0.02 -0.3 8 0.11 0.02 -0.33 11
Chlorine 0.9 1 g/kg -
Sulfur 3.2 3.5 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 94 102 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 295 321 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 44 mg/kg - 13 34 -57 10 14 23 -76 14
Zinc 57 62 mg/kg - 18 32 -63 10 19 35 -123 15
Copper 14 15 mg/kg - 3 11 -16 8 4 12 -23 13
Iron 767 833 mg/kg - 216 -1009 3
Selenium 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1
Cobalt 0.3 0.3 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 2 2 mg/kg - 1 -6 2
Iodine 0.5 0.5 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.07 0.08 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.1 7.8 g/kg 10.2 % FA 1 1 1
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.4 0.4 g/kg 0.5 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 1.7 1.8 g/kg 2.4 % FA 1 1 1
C18:1 oleic acid 32.8 35.6 g/kg 46.8 % FA 1 1 1
C18:2 linoleic acid 20.9 22.7 g/kg 29.8 % FA 1 1 1
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.6 0.6 g/kg 0.8 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 2.2 2.4 g/kg 3.1 % FA 1 1 1
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 1 1.1 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 2.7 2.9 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 1 1.1 g/kg 1.4 % FA
Fatty acids 7 7.6 g/kg 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin E 3 3 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 7 8 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 5 6 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 7 8 mg/kg - 1 1
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 166 180 mg/kg - 1 1
Pantothenic acid 47 51 mg/kg - 1 1
Folic acid 0.7 0.8 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Choline 1848 2009 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.23 1.34 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.23 1.34 per kg -
PDIA Systali 125 136 g/kg -
PDI Systali 174 189 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 219 238 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.266 0.289 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 3260 3550 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2160 2350 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2160 2350 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 13.7 14.8 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.1 9.8 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.1 9.8 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 83.6 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 85.2 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 69 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 63 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.4 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 4.9 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 7.9 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.3 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 7.4 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.26 1.37 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.26 1.37 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 105 115 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 156 170 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 238 258 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.18 1.28 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.16 1.27 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 153 166 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 200 217 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 191 208 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.15 1.25 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.12 1.22 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 147 160 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 311 338 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 193 210 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3120 3390 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.1 14.2 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 85 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 86.6 % 86.2-87.6 2
N digestibility ruminants - 79.1 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 90 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 71 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 16 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 80 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.105 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 % 1
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 23 % 1
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 66 % 1
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.09 h-1 1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 76.5 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.9 4.3 g/kg 66 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.7 0.7 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.4 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.4 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.6 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.8 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 3870 4210 kcal/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (kcal) 3590 3910 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 2400 2610 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 3980 4330 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 3680 4000 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2470 2680 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 16.2 17.6 MJ/kg - 1 1
ME growing pig (MJ) 15 16.4 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 10 10.9 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 16.7 18.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 15.4 16.7 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.3 11.2 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 81.1 % 1
Energy digestibility adult pig - 83.4 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 82.2 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 85 %
N digestibility growing pig - 85.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 86.7 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 77 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 71.5 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.8 1.9 g/kg 30 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3080 3350 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2980 3240 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.9 14 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12.5 13.6 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 0.6 0.6 g/kg 10 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 83 % 1
Energy digestibility horse - 79.6 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.99 1.08 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 365 397 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 3740 4060 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 3300 3590 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 15.6 17 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 13.8 15 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 78.3 %
N digestibility rabbit - 81.3 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 15.2 16.5 g/kg 3.4 g/16g N 2 10.4 -17.7 13 2.1 11.6 -18.8 13 0.4 2.7-4.2 13
Threonine 12.3 13.4 g/kg 2.8 g/16g N 1.4 10 -14.6 10 1.4 11.1 -15.8 12 0.3 2.6-3.7 12
Methionine 4.7 5.1 g/kg 1 g/16g N 0.8 3.7 -6.2 6 0.8 4.1 -6.6 8 0.2 0.9-1.4 8
Cystine 5.4 5.8 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N 4 -6.4 4 4.4 -7.2 4 0.9-1.4 4
Methionine + cystine 10.1 10.9 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 9 -12.1 4 9.9 -12.9 4 2-2.8 4
Tryptophan 4.6 5 g/kg 1 g/16g N 2.6 3.1 -9.8 7 2.9 3.2 -10.9 7 0.5 0.7-1.8 7
Isoleucine 14.6 15.9 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 1.2 13.6 -16.8 9 1.2 14.9 -18.7 11 0.2 2.9-3.8 11
Valine 17.8 19.4 g/kg 4 g/16g N 2.3 13.1 -21.5 10 2.5 14.6 -24 12 0.5 3.4-5.3 12
Leucine 28.5 31 g/kg 6.4 g/16g N 3.7 21.8 -34 10 3.9 24.3 -37.7 12 0.8 5.6-8.6 12
Phenylalanine 21.8 23.7 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 3.4 15.4 -26 9 3.7 17.2 -28.1 11 0.6 4-6.6 11
Tyrosine 16.1 17.5 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 3.9 11.4 -22.3 7 4.3 12.3 -24.9 8 0.8 2.9-5.1 8
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 37.9 41.2 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N 5.8 27.3 -47.6 8 6.2 30.4 -53 9 0.9 7.1-10.3 9
Histidine 10.3 11.2 g/kg 2.3 g/16g N 1.2 8.5 -11.8 9 1.2 9 -12.8 11 0.3 1.9-3 11
Arginine 51.3 55.8 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 5.6 46.1 -60 9 5.9 49.5 -66.3 11 0.7 11-13.4 11
Alanine 18.4 20 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 2.6 14 -23.2 7 2.8 15.6 -25.1 9 0.7 3.5-5.8 9
Aspartic acid 52.7 57.3 g/kg 11.8 g/16g N 8.3 39.6 -64.4 7 8.9 44.1 -71.7 8 1.7 10.2-16.2 8
Glutamic acid 86.1 93.6 g/kg 19.3 g/16g N 13.5 64.6 -111 7 14.4 71.9 -120 9 3.3 16.7-27.9 9
Glycine 25.7 28 g/kg 5.8 g/16g N 3.9 20 -32.8 7 4.1 22.3 -36.5 9 0.7 5.2-7.6 9
Serine 21.8 23.7 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 3.3 17.5 -26.3 7 3.6 19.2 -29.3 9 0.6 4.5-6.6 9
Proline 17 18.5 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 7 0 -19.8 6 7.6 0 -25 8 1.6 0-4.8 8
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.3 13.3 g/kg 81 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.7 g/kg 80 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.2 4.5 g/kg 89 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.9 4.2 g/kg 72 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 8 8.7 g/kg 80 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.4 g/kg 87 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 12.7 13.9 g/kg 87 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.7 17 g/kg 88 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 24.8 26.9 g/kg 87 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.9 21.6 g/kg 91 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 14.6 15.9 g/kg 91 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.5 37.5 g/kg 91 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 8.4 9.1 g/kg 81 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 46.2 50.2 g/kg 90 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 15.4 16.8 g/kg 84 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 45.8 49.8 g/kg 87 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 76.6 83.3 g/kg 89 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 19.3 21 g/kg 75 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 18.3 19.9 g/kg 84 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 14.8 16.1 g/kg 87 %
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