Oats

Oat grain (Avena sativa L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 87.6 100 % - 2.4 81.9 -93.1 819 2.3
Crude protein 9.4 10.8 % - 1.1 6.5 -13.4 956 1.3 7.7 -15.4 826
Crude fibre 11.6 13.2 % - 1.7 5.1 -17.3 865 2 5.9 -20.2 741
Crude fat 4.7 5.4 % - 0.8 2.5 -7 246 0.9 2.8 -7.8 223
Ash 2.5 2.9 % - 0.3 1.9 -3.8 180 0.4 2.2 -4.3 160
Insoluble ash 1 1.2 % - 0.5 0.3 -1.8 16 0.5 0.4 -2 16
NDF 31.4 35.8 % - 4.5 22.5 -42.8 190 5.1 23.6 -48.6 218
ADF 14.3 16.4 % - 2.7 8.7 -29.7 196 3 10 -32.2 223
Lignin 2.3 2.6 % - 0.8 0.8 -4.3 205 1 0.9 -5.5 224
Water insoluble cell walls 31.4 35.8 % - 3.4 21.4 -38.4 70 3.9 28 -44 59
Starch 36.8 42 % - 4.2 26.5 -52.4 462 4.7 30 -60.4 388
Total sugars 1.3 1.5 % - 0.4 0.1 -2.3 98 0.5 0.1 -2.7 99
Gross energy (kcal) 4070 4650 kcal/kg - 90 3840 -4220 48 60 4420 -4750 88
Gross energy (MJ) 17.1 19.5 MJ/kg - 0.4 16.1 -17.7 48 0.3 18.5 -19.9 88
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1 1.1 g/kg - 0.3 0.4 -2 264 0.4 0.5 -2.3 263
Phosphorus 3.1 3.6 g/kg - 0.4 2 -4.5 315 0.4 2.3 -4.9 310
Phytate phosphorus 1.7 2 g/kg 55 % P 0.3 1.4 -2.6 25 0.4 1.6 -3 25 9 37-76 25
Magnesium 0.9 1.1 g/kg - 0.1 0.7 -1.2 31 0.1 0.8 -1.3 31
Potassium 4.5 5.1 g/kg - 0.9 2.7 -5.9 34 1 3 -7 34
Sodium 0.12 0.13 g/kg - 0.08 0 -0.38 33 0.09 0 -0.42 33
Chlorine 0.8 0.9 g/kg - 0.2 0.4 -1.3 9 0.3 0.5 -1.5 8
Sulfur 1.6 1.8 g/kg - 0.2 1.3 -1.7 6 0.2 1.5 -2 6
Dietary cation-anion difference -1 -1 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 98 112 mEq/kg -
Manganese 41 47 mg/kg - 17 19 -83 25 19 22 -98 27
Zinc 24 27 mg/kg - 4 16 -34 28 5 18 -37 29
Copper 3 4 mg/kg - 1 0.8 -8 28 1 1 -9 28
Iron 96 109 mg/kg - 49 38 -172 11 56 45 -198 11
Selenium 0.2 0.2 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.08 0.1 mg/kg -
Molybdenum 0.8 0.9 mg/kg - 1 1
Iodine 0.1 0.1 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
C16:0 palmitic acid 7.1 8.1 g/kg 16.6 % FA 2.1 5.6 -10.8 7 2.4 6.5 -12.2 7 1.3 14.9-18.9 7
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.09 0.1 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.5 0.6 g/kg 1.2 % FA 0.3 0.3 -1.2 7 0.4 0.3 -1.4 7 0.4 0.7-1.8 7
C18:1 oleic acid 15.8 18.1 g/kg 37.1 % FA 6.2 12.7 -27.8 7 7.1 14.8 -31.4 7 2.9 35-43.4 7
C18:2 linoleic acid 16 18.3 g/kg 37.5 % FA 3.9 13 -24.8 7 4.5 15.1 -28 7 4.5 36.2-47 7
C18:3 linolenic acid 0.6 0.7 g/kg 1.5 % FA 0.2 0.3 -1.1 7 0.3 0.4 -1.2 7 0.3 1-1.9 7
Fatty acids 4.3 4.9 g/kg 90 % fat 4 86-95 5
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 2 2.3 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 12 14 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0.5 0.6 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 6 7 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 2 2 mg/kg - 1
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 5 5 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 17 19 mg/kg - 1
Pantothenic acid 8 9 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0.3 0.4 mg/kg -
Biotin 0.2 0.2 mg/kg - 1 1
Choline 975 1113 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Viscosity, real applied - 4.2 mL/g
Phytase activity 40 40 IU/kg - 10 -100 2 20 -120 3
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 0.87 1 per kg -
UFV Systali 0.83 0.95 per kg -
PDIA Systali 17 20 g/kg -
PDI Systali 64 73 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali -12 -14 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.272 0.31 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 2400 2740 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 1540 1750 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 1470 1670 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 10.1 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.4 7.3 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 6.1 7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 71.2 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 69.3 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 77 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 59 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 88 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 7 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 2.2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 5.1 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.7 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.3 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 0.89 1.02 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 0.86 0.98 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 15 17 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 63 72 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali -12 -14 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 0.83 0.95 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 0.78 0.89 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 21 24 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 66 75 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali -15 -17 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.85 0.97 per kg - 0.08 0.82 -1.01 5 0.09 0.93 -1.15 5
UFV INRA 2007 0.8 0.92 per kg - 0.1 0.76 -1 5 0.11 0.86 -1.14 5
PDIA INRA 2007 16 18 g/kg - 2
PDIN INRA 2007 59 67 g/kg - 7 8 60 -83 6
PDIE INRA 2007 64 74 g/kg - 2
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2380 2720 kcal/kg - 200 1910 -2800 37 220 2310 -3250 37
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11.4 MJ/kg - 0.8 8 -11.7 37 0.9 9.7 -13.6 37
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 72.6 % 5.5 68-82 5
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 70.6 % 5.3 59.7-82.2 37
N digestibility ruminants - 59.4 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 79 % 1
NDF digestibility ruminants - 68 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 81 % 5 77-92 9
Immediately degradable N (a) - 63 % 1
Potentially degradable N (b) - 29 % 1
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.1 h-1 1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 93 % 1
Immediately degradable starch (a) - 67 % 1
Potentially degradable starch (b) - 33 % 1
Degradation rate of particles starch (c) - 0.215 h-1 1
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 62 % 57-72 4
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 50 % 44-65 2
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 26 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.05 h-1 0.02-0.07 2
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 74.9 %
Absorbable P ruminants 2.4 2.7 g/kg 75 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.5 0.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.1 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.1 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.8 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.2 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.9 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2670 3040 kcal/kg - 140 2530 -2830 5 160 2860 -3310 8
ME growing pig (kcal) 2570 2930 kcal/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (kcal) 1930 2200 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2830 3220 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2690 3070 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2010 2300 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 11.2 12.7 MJ/kg - 0.6 10.6 -11.9 5 0.7 12 -13.8 8
ME growing pig (MJ) 10.7 12.3 MJ/kg - 1 1
NE growing pig (MJ) 8.1 9.2 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.8 13.5 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 11.3 12.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 8.4 9.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 65.5 % 3.5 61-70 8
Energy digestibility adult pig - 69.3 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 69.1 % 67.4-71 2
OM digestibility adult pig - 73 %
N digestibility growing pig - 75.6 % 72.9-78.9 4
N digestibility adult pig - 85.5 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 76 % 4.8 67-81.2 10
Crude fat digestibility pig - 55.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1 1.1 g/kg 32 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2360 2700 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2240 2550 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 9.9 11.3 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 9.4 10.7 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 0.8 0.9 g/kg 24 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 71 %
Energy digestibility horse - 68.3 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.88 1 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 66 76 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2730 3110 kcal/kg - 1 2890 -3200 3
ME rabbit (kcal) 2640 3020 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 11.4 13 MJ/kg - 1 12.1 -13.4 3
ME rabbit (MJ) 11.1 12.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 66.9 %
N digestibility rabbit - 66.1 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 4 4.5 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N 0.7 3 -5.9 64 0.8 3.4 -6.6 65 0.3 3.6-5.1 68
Threonine 3.3 3.8 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 0.6 2.5 -4.7 35 0.7 2.8 -5.9 37 0.3 3-4.1 40
Methionine 1.7 2 g/kg 1.8 g/16g N 0.3 1 -2.5 34 0.4 1.2 -2.7 36 0.2 1.3-2.2 39
Cystine 3.1 3.6 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N 0.4 2.3 -3.9 29 0.5 2.5 -4.7 28 0.3 2.3-3.4 33
Methionine + cystine 4.9 5.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.7 3.5 -6.1 28 0.8 4 -7.3 27 0.4 3.9-5.3 32
Tryptophan 1.2 1.4 g/kg 1.3 g/16g N 0.2 1 -1.9 22 0.3 1.2 -2.1 21 0.1 1.1-1.5 26
Isoleucine 3.6 4.1 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N 0.7 2.9 -5.5 34 0.8 3 -6.2 37 0.3 3.1-4.5 40
Valine 5 5.7 g/kg 5.3 g/16g N 1.1 3.9 -7.3 34 1.2 4.5 -10 36 0.5 4.3-6.2 39
Leucine 6.9 7.9 g/kg 7.4 g/16g N 1.2 5.6 -9.9 33 1.4 5.9 -12.2 36 0.5 6.4-8.4 39
Phenylalanine 4.7 5.4 g/kg 5 g/16g N 0.9 3.8 -6.7 32 1 4 -8.6 35 0.4 4.4-5.8 38
Tyrosine 3.4 3.9 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 0.7 2.4 -4.1 15 0.7 2.7 -5.1 16 0.5 2.3-4.1 20
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 8.1 9.2 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1.6 6.7 -10.2 11 1.8 7.1 -12.6 11 0.7 7.6-9.7 15
Histidine 2 2.3 g/kg 2.1 g/16g N 0.4 1.8 -3.3 29 0.5 1.8 -3.8 31 0.3 2-3.1 34
Arginine 6.3 7.2 g/kg 6.7 g/16g N 1.3 5.2 -9.9 33 1.5 5.7 -10.7 35 0.6 5.8-8.3 38
Alanine 4.5 5.1 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 0.7 3.7 -6.3 32 0.8 4.1 -7.1 35 0.4 4.4-5.8 37
Aspartic acid 8.2 9.3 g/kg 8.6 g/16g N 1.7 6.5 -11 30 1.9 6.5 -15.2 32 0.5 7.4-10.1 34
Glutamic acid 16.1 18.4 g/kg 17.1 g/16g N 3.8 14.4 -26.9 31 4.3 15.8 -33 34
Glycine 4.8 5.5 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 0.8 4.1 -7.4 33 0.9 4.5 -8.3 34 0.4 4.2-5.7 39
Serine 4.6 5.3 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 0.8 3.7 -7 33 0.9 3.8 -7.8 36 0.4 4.3-5.9 38
Proline 5.8 6.7 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 1.1 3.8 -6.4 16 1.3 4.3 -8.8 19 0.8 4.4-6.7 21
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.9 3.3 g/kg 73 % 1 1 6 60-82 10
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 69 % 1 1 6 57-75 10
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 1.4 1.6 g/kg 84 % 1 1 2 80-87 10
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 2.4 2.7 g/kg 75 % 1 1 3 68-80 10
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.3 g/kg 78 % 1 1 2 74-82 10
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1.1 g/kg 78 % 5 71-84 8
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.8 3.2 g/kg 79 % 1 1 5 71-84 10
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 3.8 4.4 g/kg 77 % 1 1 6 66-85 10
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.4 g/kg 81 % 1 1 5 73-88 10
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.9 4.5 g/kg 84 % 1 1 5 75-90 10
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3.1 g/kg 80 % 1 1 7 68-89 10
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 6.6 7.5 g/kg 82 % 1 1 5 73-90 10
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1.7 1.9 g/kg 83 % 1 1 5 74-89 10
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 5.6 6.3 g/kg 88 % 1 1 4 81-93 10
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 3.1 3.6 g/kg 69 % 1 1 6 58-76 10
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 6.2 7.1 g/kg 76 % 1 1 5 66-82 10
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 13.9 15.9 g/kg 86 % 1 1 4 79-90 10
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 3.3 3.8 g/kg 70 % 1 1 7 56-78 10
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 3.4 3.9 g/kg 74 % 1 1 4 67-80 10
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 4.2 4.8 g/kg 72 % 1 1 66-78 2
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.3 3.8 g/kg 84 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.8 g/kg 74 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.5 1.7 g/kg 86 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 67 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4.1 g/kg 74 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1 g/kg 73 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 3 3.4 g/kg 84 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.7 g/kg 82 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.8 6.7 g/kg 84 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.1 4.7 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.7 3.1 g/kg 80 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 6.8 7.8 g/kg 84 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.6 1.9 g/kg 83 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 6.1 g/kg 84 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.6 4.1 g/kg 79 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.2 7.1 g/kg 76 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 13.2 15.1 g/kg 82 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.7 4.2 g/kg 76 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 3.5 4 g/kg 76 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.9 g/kg 73 %
Origin France, conventional farming, ex field
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.78 3.17 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 3.04 3.47 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 503 574 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0125 0.0143 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 5.34 6.1 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 2.08 2.38 m²yr/kg -
Origin France, conventional farming, ex storage agency
Environmental impact
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Cumulative energy demand (non-renewable: fossil+nuclear) 2.96 3.38 MJ/kg -
Phosphorus consumption 3.04 3.47 g P/kg -
Climate change (ILCD) 512 585 g CO2eq/kg -
Acidification (ILCD) 0.0126 0.0144 mol H+eq/kg -
Eutrophication (CML baseline) 5.35 6.11 g PO4---eq/kg -
Land competition (CML non baseline) 2.08 2.38 m²yr/kg -
CSVXLSXXML