Chicory pulp, dehydrated

Byproduct of the extraction of fructose and inuline from chicory roots (Cichorium intybus L.).

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 88.7 100 % - 0.8 87.5 -89.9 20 1.2
Crude protein 7.7 8.7 % - 0.5 6.8 -9 27 0.6 8.2 -10.3 20
Crude fibre 18.8 21.2 % - 1.3 16.6 -21.3 29 1.4 18.6 -23.5 20
Crude fat 1.6 1.7 % - 1.5 -1.6 4 1.7 -1.8 4
Ash 6.3 7.1 % - 0.8 5.2 -8.7 26 0.9 5.8 -9.6 20
Insoluble ash 2.4 2.7 % - 0.6 1.6 -3.5 11 0.7 1.8 -4 11
NDF 31.9 35.9 % - 29.3 -35.1 4 33.1 -39.4 3
ADF 24.9 28 % - 23.7 -26.8 4 26.8 -30.3 3
Lignin 15.5 17.5 % - 3.1 -23 4 7.4 -25.8 3
Water insoluble cell walls 31.1 35.1 % -
Starch 0 0 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0 0 % -
Total sugars 8.7 9.8 % - 1.2 6.4 -10.7 12 1.3 7.2 -12 11
Gross energy (kcal) 3670 4140 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 15.4 17.3 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 8.4 9.4 g/kg - 8.2 -8.4 2 9.3 -9.6 2
Phosphorus 1.4 1.6 g/kg - 1.3 -1.5 2 1.5 -1.7 2
Phytate phosphorus 0.8 1 g/kg 60 % P
Magnesium 2.5 2.8 g/kg -
Potassium 6 6.8 g/kg - 1 1
Sodium 0.39 0.44 g/kg - 1 1
Chlorine 0.6 0.7 g/kg -
Sulfur 0 0 g/kg -
Dietary cation-anion difference 154 174 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 154 174 mEq/kg -
Manganese 19 22 mg/kg -
Zinc 20 23 mg/kg - 20 -22 3
Copper 10 11 mg/kg -
Iron 28 31 mg/kg -
Selenium 0 0 mg/kg -
Iodine 0 0 mg/kg -
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C14:0 myristic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.6 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 3.1 3.5 g/kg 28.8 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.2 0.2 g/kg 1.4 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 0.3 0.4 g/kg 2.9 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 5.7 6.4 g/kg 52.7 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.2 1.4 g/kg 11.4 % FA
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:0 behenic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:1 erucic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
Fatty acids 1.1 1.2 % 70 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 0 0 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 0 0 mg/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 0.92 1.04 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 0.92 1.03 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 25 28 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 77 87 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 -53 -59 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.277 0.313 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2460 2770 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1620 1830 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 1610 1820 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 10.2 11.5 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.7 7.6 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 6.7 7.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 82.3 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 78.5 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 54 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 57 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 7.2 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.4 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.5 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.8 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.3 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.8 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 0.94 1.06 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 0.94 1.06 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 22 25 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 76 86 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 -51 -58 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 0.89 1 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 0.87 0.99 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 28 32 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 80 90 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 -57 -64 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.88 0.99 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 0.89 1 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.87 0.98 per kg - 1 1
UFV INRA 2007 0.86 0.97 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 28 32 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 49 56 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 88 99 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 2410 2720 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10 11.3 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 10.1 11.4 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 83.6 % 1
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 79.9 %
N digestibility ruminants - 59.2 % 1
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 70 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 83 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 52 % 8 34-65 18
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 0 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 60 %
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 62.1 %
Absorbable P ruminants 1 1.1 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 4.6 5.2 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 7.2 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.9 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.9 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 886 999 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 950 1071 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 76 86 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 -59 -66 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.8 6.6 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.9 2.1 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 49.4 55.7 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 2.17 2.45 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.97 1.09 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 0.9 1.02 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.03 1.16 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 0.53 0.6 Mcal/kg -
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 6.3 7.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 125 141 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE -8 -9 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 2380 2690 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 2250 2530 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 1350 1520 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 2810 3170 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 2570 2900 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 1620 1830 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 10 11.2 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 9.4 10.6 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 5.7 6.4 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 11.8 13.3 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 10.8 12.1 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 6.8 7.7 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 65 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 76.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 68.8 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 79.2 %
N digestibility growing pig - 48.2 %
N digestibility adult pig - 81.7 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 0.8 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 0.4 0.5 g/kg 30 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 0.6 0.7 g/kg 45 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 720 810 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 700 790 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 3 3.4 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 2.9 3.3 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 0.4 0.4 g/kg 25 % P
Available P broiler 0.4 0.4 g/kg 25 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 62.9 %
Energy digestibility horse - 60.8 %
Horse Forage Unit 0.64 0.72 per kg -
Digestible crude protein horse 34 38 g/kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 2050 2310 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 2000 2260 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 8.6 9.7 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 8.4 9.4 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 55.8 %
N digestibility rabbit - 38.2 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 1810 2040 kcal/kg -
DE salmonids (MJ) 7.6 8.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 49.3 %
N digestibility salmonids - 77.9 %
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Threonine 3 3.4 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Methionine 0.9 1 g/kg 1.2 g/16g N
Cystine 0.5 0.6 g/kg 0.7 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 1.5 1.6 g/kg 1.9 g/16g N
Tryptophan 1.3 1.4 g/kg 1.6 g/16g N
Isoleucine 3.1 3.5 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Valine 3.5 3.9 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N
Leucine 5.2 5.9 g/kg 6.8 g/16g N
Phenylalanine 3.3 3.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N
Tyrosine 2.3 2.6 g/kg 3 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 5.6 6.3 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N
Histidine 1.3 1.5 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Arginine 3.2 3.6 g/kg 4.2 g/16g N
Alanine 3.5 4 g/kg 4.6 g/16g N
Aspartic acid 7.4 8.3 g/kg 9.6 g/16g N
Glutamic acid 8.8 9.9 g/kg 11.4 g/16g N
Glycine 3 3.4 g/kg 3.9 g/16g N
Serine 2.9 3.3 g/kg 3.8 g/16g N
Proline 2.5 2.9 g/kg 3.3 g/16g N
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 69 %
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 2.1 2.4 g/kg 70 %
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 0.7 0.8 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 0.4 0.4 g/kg 67 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 1.1 1.2 g/kg 75 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 0.9 1 g/kg 71 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 2.3 2.6 g/kg 76 %
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 2.9 g/kg 74 %
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 4.1 4.6 g/kg 78 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.6 3 g/kg 80 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 1.8 2 g/kg 77 %
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 4.4 5 g/kg 79 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 1 1.1 g/kg 76 %
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 2.7 3.1 g/kg 85 %
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 2.5 2.9 g/kg 72 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 5.5 6.2 g/kg 75 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 7.2 8.1 g/kg 82 %
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 2 2.2 g/kg 66 %
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 2.2 2.4 g/kg 74 %
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 1.9 2.1 g/kg 74 %
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.8 g/kg 74 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 70 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.7 0.8 g/kg 80 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 0.4 0.4 g/kg 68 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.1 1.2 g/kg 76 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 0.9 1.1 g/kg 74 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.4 2.7 g/kg 76 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 75 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 4 4.5 g/kg 76 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 2.9 g/kg 78 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 1.7 1.9 g/kg 73 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 4.3 4.8 g/kg 76 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 1 1.1 g/kg 74 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.5 2.8 g/kg 78 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.6 3 g/kg 75 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 5.3 6 g/kg 72 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 6.9 7.8 g/kg 79 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.1 2.4 g/kg 71 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 2.2 2.4 g/kg 74 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 1.9 2.2 g/kg 75 %
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