Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90%

Protein concentrate obtained from defatted and ground soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) by the separation of soluble fractions, ash and non-nitrogenous compounds. Soybean concentrates with particularly high protein content are sometimes called soybean isolates or soy isolates.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.7 100 % - 2.4 88.5 -95.6 14 3.7
Crude protein 78.3 84.4 % - 7.1 70.5 -88.7 16 7.3 75.1 -95.1 14
Crude fibre 1.2 1.3 % - 1.3 0.1 -3.7 8 1.4 0.1 -3.9 8
Crude fat 2.3 2.5 % - 1.8 0.5 -4.8 5 2 0.6 -5 5
Ash 4.3 4.6 % - 1.9 1.2 -7.1 8 2.1 1.3 -7.5 8
Insoluble ash 0.03 0.03 % - 1 1
NDF 5.2 5.6 % -
ADF 1.9 2 % -
Lignin 0.2 0.2 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 4.4 4.7 % -
Starch 4.6 5 % -
Starch, enzymatic method 0.2 0.2 % - 1 1
Total sugars 0.8 0.8 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4890 5280 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 20.5 22.1 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 1.5 1.6 g/kg - 1.1 -2.2 3 1.2 -2.3 3
Phosphorus 5.3 5.7 g/kg - 2.9 -7.9 3 3.1 -8.3 3
Phytate phosphorus 3.2 3.4 g/kg 60 % P 1 1 28-69 4
Magnesium 0.7 0.8 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 2.2 2.3 g/kg - 1.6 -2.8 2 1.7 -3 2
Sodium 2.56 2.76 g/kg - 1 1
Chlorine 0.1 0.2 g/kg -
Sulfur 11.8 12.7 g/kg - 1 1
Dietary cation-anion difference -576 -621 mEq/kg -
Electrolyte balance 163 176 mEq/kg -
Manganese 9 10 mg/kg - 1 1
Zinc 61 66 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 15 16 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 88 95 mg/kg - 1 1
Selenium 0.01 0.01 mg/kg -
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C6 + C8 + C10 fatty acids 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C12:0 lauric acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 0 0-0.01 5
C14:0 myristic acid 0.04 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.3 0-1.1 14
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.9 2.1 g/kg 11.2 % FA 2.2 9.6-20.8 22
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA 0.08 0-0.2 7
C18:0 stearic acid 0.7 0.7 g/kg 3.8 % FA 0.4 3.2-4.8 22
C18:1 oleic acid 4 4.3 g/kg 23.1 % FA 1.6 19.8-27.3 23
C18:2 linoleic acid 9.3 10.1 g/kg 54 % FA 2.9 42.9-58.2 22
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 7.2 % FA 0.9 4.8-8.7 22
C18:4 stearidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA
C20:0 arachidic acid 0.05 0.06 g/kg 0.3 % FA 0.09 0.1-0.4 11
C20:1 eicosenoic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.04 0.1-0.2 6
C20:4 arachidonic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:0 behenic acid 0.08 0.08 g/kg 0.5 % FA 0.4-0.5 2
C22:1 erucic acid 0.03 0.03 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0-0.3 2
C22:5 docosapentaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid 0 0 g/kg 0 % FA 1
C24:0 lignoceric acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA 0.2-0.2 2
Fatty acids 1.7 1.9 % 75 % fat
Vitamins and pigments
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Vitamin A 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin D 0 0 1000 IU/kg -
Vitamin E 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin K 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin B1 thiamin 17.6 19 mg/kg -
Vitamin B2 riboflavin 1 1.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B6 pyridoxine 1 1.1 mg/kg -
Vitamin B12 0 0 µg/kg -
Niacin 14.4 15.5 mg/kg -
Pantothenic acid 0.6 0.6 mg/kg -
Folic acid 0 0 mg/kg -
Vitamin C 0 0 mg/kg -
Choline 1909 2058 mg/kg -
Other parameters
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Phytase activity 0 0 IU/kg -
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL INRA 2018 1.32 1.43 per kg -
UFV INRA 2018 1.34 1.45 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2018 259 280 g/kg -
PDI INRA 2018 307 331 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance INRA 2018 425 458 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants INRA 2018 0.235 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 3480 3750 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2330 2510 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (kcal) 2360 2550 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 14.6 15.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.8 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants INRA 2018 (MJ) 9.9 10.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 90.4 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2018 - 94.6 %
N degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 65 %
DM degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 67 %
Starch degradability ruminants INRA 2018 - 82 %
Lysine ruminants INRA 2018 - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants INRA 2018 - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 4.6 % PDI
Valine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants INRA 2018 - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants INRA 2018 - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants INRA 2018 - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 INRA 2018 1.35 1.46 per kg -
UFV FL1 INRA 2018 1.37 1.48 per kg -
PDIA FL1 INRA 2018 217 235 g/kg -
PDI FL1 INRA 2018 268 289 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 INRA 2018 464 500 g/kg -
UFL FL4 INRA 2018 1.27 1.37 per kg -
UFV FL4 INRA 2018 1.28 1.38 per kg -
PDIA FL4 INRA 2018 316 340 g/kg -
PDI FL4 INRA 2018 360 388 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 INRA 2018 371 400 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.19 1.29 per kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.2 1.29 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.17 1.26 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.17 1.26 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 310 334 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 575 620 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 356 384 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3240 3490 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.6 14.6 MJ/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.5 14.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.8 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 96 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 96 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 49 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68 %
Absorbable P ruminants 3.7 4 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 0.8 0.9 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
VEM CVB 2018 1190 1283 per kg -
VEVI CVB 2018 1278 1378 per kg -
DVE CVB 1991 351 378 g/kg -
OEB CVB 1991 388 419 g/kg -
DVLYS CVB 1991 5.5 5.9 g/kg -
DVMET CVB 1991 1.6 1.7 g/kg -
TDN 1x ruminants NRC 2001 81.4 87.7 % -
DE 1x ruminants NRC 2001 4.49 4.84 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.46 2.65 Mcal/kg -
NE Lactation 4x ruminants NRC 2001 2.33 2.51 Mcal/kg -
NE Maintenance 3x ruminants NRC 2001 2.6 2.8 Mcal/kg -
NE Gain 3x ruminants NRC 2001 1.86 2.01 Mcal/kg -
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 25% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 34 %
Rumen Undegradable Protein (diet 50% concentrate) NRC 2001 - 42 %
EN Lactation ruminants GfE 8.4 9.1 MJ/kg -
nxP ruminants GfE 427 460 g/kg -
RNB ruminants GfE 57 61 g/kg -
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4540 4900 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4080 4400 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2440 2630 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4680 5050 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4200 4520 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2540 2740 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 19 20.5 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 17.1 18.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.2 11 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 19.6 21.1 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 17.6 18.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.6 11.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 92.8 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 95.7 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 91.7 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 94.9 %
N digestibility growing pig - 90 %
N digestibility adult pig - 91.1 %
N digestibility ileal standardised pig - 91.9 % 86-95.1 4
Crude fat digestibility pig - 49.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.7 1.8 g/kg 32 %
Digestible P pig (with phytase) 2.5 2.7 g/kg 48 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 3340 3600 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 3290 3540 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 14 15.1 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 13.8 14.8 MJ/kg -
Available P cockerel 1.2 1.2 g/kg 22 % P
Available P broiler 1.2 1.2 g/kg 22 % P
Horses
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
OM digestibility horse - 94.3 %
Energy digestibility horse - 90.5 %
Horse Forage Unit 1.01 1.09 per kg -
Rabbits
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE rabbit (kcal) 5190 5600 kcal/kg -
ME rabbit (kcal) 4770 5140 kcal/kg -
DE rabbit (MJ) 21.7 23.4 MJ/kg -
ME rabbit (MJ) 20 21.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility rabbit - 100 %
N digestibility rabbit - 44.1 %
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3460 3740 kcal/kg - 3200 -5070 3 3360 -5390 3
DE salmonids (MJ) 14.5 15.6 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 70.8 % 59.1-91.3 3
N digestibility salmonids - 89 % 83.5-90.9 4
Digestible P salmonids 1.8 1.9 g/kg 34 % 1 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 48.8 52.6 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 5.7 43.8 -57.4 6 46.8 -61.5 4 0.2 5.9-6.5 6
Threonine 27.8 30 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N 2.6 27.5 -35.4 7
Methionine 11 11.8 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 4.1 9 -19.4 7 4.4 9.6 -20.6 5 0.5 1.1-2.5 7
Cystine 13.2 14.2 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 24.1 26 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Tryptophan 11.9 12.9 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1
Isoleucine 34.9 37.6 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 6.3 31.6 -47.2 7 6.7 33.6 -50.6 5 0.4 4.1-5.3 7
Valine 37.8 40.8 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 5.5 33.5 -45.5 6 37 -47.6 4 0.3 4.7-5.5 6
Leucine 60.7 65.5 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 32.8 54.7 -142 7 35.3 63.2 -151 5 4 7.7-18.5 7
Phenylalanine 39.5 42.6 g/kg 5 g/16g N 5 36.1 -54.8 7 0.7 5-7.2 7
Tyrosine 27.2 29.4 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 66.8 72 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N
Histidine 20.4 22 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 4.7 17 -29.4 6 18.1 -31.5 4 0.4 2.2-3.3 6
Arginine 57.2 61.6 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 16.4 27.5 -66.1 7 17.6 29.2 -70.8 5 1.5 3.6-7.7 7
Alanine 33.5 36.2 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 16.9 30.2 -74.1 6 34.9 -78.7 4 2.1 4.2-9.7 6
Aspartic acid 89.8 96.9 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 2.2 6.6-12.2 5
Glutamic acid 142 153 g/kg 18.1 g/16g N 23.5 126 -188 6 144 -200 4 3.2 15.1-24.6 6
Glycine 31.7 34.2 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 6.1 22.6 -36.9 7 6.5 24 -39.5 5 0.5 3-4.3 7
Serine 31.3 33.7 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Proline 38.5 41.5 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 19.4 35.3 -87.9 7 20.9 41 -93.3 5
Pigs, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardised, pig 45.9 49.5 g/kg 94 % 89-98 4
Threonine, ileal standardised, pig 24.2 26.1 g/kg 87 % 78-94 4
Methionine, ileal standardised, pig 10 10.8 g/kg 92 % 89-93 4
Cystine, ileal standardised, pig 11.1 11.9 g/kg 84 % 74-94 4
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardised, pig 21.1 22.8 g/kg 87 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardised, pig 10.9 11.7 g/kg 91 % 83-95 4
Isoleucine, ileal standardised, pig 31.9 34.4 g/kg 91 % 87-94 4
Valine, ileal standardised, pig 34.2 36.9 g/kg 90 % 85-94 4
Leucine, ileal standardised, pig 55.7 60.1 g/kg 92 % 87-95 4
Phenylalanine, ileal standardised, pig 36.2 39.1 g/kg 92 % 84-96 4
Tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 25.7 27.7 g/kg 94 % 93-96 3
Phenylananine + tyrosine, ileal standardised, pig 61.9 66.8 g/kg 93 %
Histidine, ileal standardised, pig 19.3 20.8 g/kg 95 % 89-97 4
Arginine, ileal standardised, pig 55.2 59.5 g/kg 97 % 93-99 4
Alanine, ileal standardised, pig 29.9 32.2 g/kg 89 % 85-91 4
Aspartic acid, ileal standardised, pig 80.8 87.2 g/kg 90 % 85-96 4
Glutamic acid, ileal standardised, pig 133 143 g/kg 93 % 88-97 4
Glycine, ileal standardised, pig 28.9 31.2 g/kg 91 % 82-95 4
Serine, ileal standardised, pig 28.8 31 g/kg 92 % 86-96 4
Proline, ileal standardised, pig 33.1 35.7 g/kg 86 % 1
Poultry, amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine, ileal standardized, poultry 43.4 46.8 g/kg 89 %
Threonine, ileal standardized, poultry 23.6 25.5 g/kg 85 %
Methionine, ileal standardized, poultry 9.9 10.7 g/kg 90 %
Cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 11.6 12.5 g/kg 88 %
Methionine + cystine, ileal standardized, poultry 21.5 23.2 g/kg 89 %
Tryptophan, ileal standardized, poultry 10.5 11.3 g/kg 88 %
Isoleucine, ileal standardized, poultry 30 32.4 g/kg 86 %
Valine, ileal standardized, poultry 34 36.7 g/kg 90 %
Leucine, ileal standardized, poultry 54.1 58.3 g/kg 89 %
Phenylalanine, ileal standardized, poultry 34.4 37.1 g/kg 87 %
Tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 24 25.8 g/kg 88 %
Phenylalanine + tyrosine, ileal standardized, poultry 58.4 62.9 g/kg 87 %
Histidine, ileal standardized, poultry 17.8 19.2 g/kg 87 %
Arginine, ileal standardized, poultry 50.3 54.2 g/kg 88 %
Alanine, ileal standardized, poultry 29.5 31.8 g/kg 88 %
Aspartic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 79.1 85.2 g/kg 88 %
Glutamic acid, ileal standardized, poultry 125 135 g/kg 88 %
Glycine, ileal standardized, poultry 27.9 30.1 g/kg 88 %
Serine, ileal standardized, poultry 27.5 29.7 g/kg 88 %
Proline, ileal standardized, poultry 33.9 36.5 g/kg 88 %
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