Soybean protein concentrate, protein 70-90%

Protein concentrate obtained from defatted and ground soybean seeds (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) by the separation of soluble fractions, ash and non-nitrogenous compounds. Soybean concentrates with particularly high protein content are sometimes called soybean isolates or soy isolates.

Values

Main constituents
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Dry matter 92.7 100 % - 4.2 88.5 -95.6 14 3.7
Crude protein 77.5 83.5 % - 7.1 70.5 -88.7 16 7.3 75.1 -95.1 14
Crude fibre 1.2 1.3 % - 1.3 0.1 -3.7 8 1.4 0.1 -3.9 8
Crude fat 2.3 2.5 % - 1.8 0.5 -4.8 5 2 0.6 -5 5
Ash 4.3 4.6 % - 1.9 1.2 -7.1 8 2.1 1.3 -7.5 8
Insoluble ash 0.03 0.03 % - 1 1
NDF 5.2 5.6 % -
ADF 1.9 2 % -
Water insoluble cell walls 11.6 12.5 % -
Starch 4.6 5 % -
Total sugars 0.7 0.8 % -
Gross energy (kcal) 4880 5260 kcal/kg -
Gross energy (MJ) 20.4 22 MJ/kg -
Mineral elements
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Calcium 2.8 3 g/kg -
Phosphorus 6 6.5 g/kg - 2.9 -7.9 3 3.1 -8.3 3
Phytate phosphorus 3.6 3.9 g/kg 60 % P 1 1 1
Magnesium 1.9 2 g/kg - 1 1
Potassium 15.9 17.2 g/kg -
Sodium 2.56 2.76 g/kg - 1 1
Sulfur 4.4 4.8 g/kg - 1 1
Manganese 9 10 mg/kg - 1 1
Zinc 61 66 mg/kg - 1 1
Copper 15 16 mg/kg - 1 1
Iron 88 95 mg/kg - 1 1
Cobalt 0.1 0.1 mg/kg - 1 1
Fatty acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
C14:0 myristic acid 0.02 0.02 g/kg 0.1 % FA
C16:0 palmitic acid 1.8 2 g/kg 10.5 % FA
C16:1 palmitoleic acid 0.03 0.04 g/kg 0.2 % FA
C18:0 stearic acid 0.7 0.7 g/kg 3.8 % FA
C18:1 oleic acid 3.8 4 g/kg 21.7 % FA
C18:2 linoleic acid 9.2 9.9 g/kg 53.1 % FA
C18:3 linolenic acid 1.3 1.4 g/kg 7.4 % FA
Fatty acids 1.7 1.9 g/kg 75 % fat
Ruminants
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
UFL Systali 1.33 1.43 per kg -
UFV Systali 1.34 1.45 per kg -
PDIA Systali 257 277 g/kg -
PDI Systali 305 328 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance Systali 419 452 g/kg -
Fill Unit ruminants Systali 0.235 0.253 per kg -
ME ruminants Systali (kcal) 3480 3750 kcal/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (kcal) 2330 2520 kcal/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (kcal) 2360 2550 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants Systali (MJ) 14.6 15.7 MJ/kg -
NE lactation ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.8 10.5 MJ/kg -
NE meat production ruminants Systali (MJ) 9.9 10.7 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants Systali - 90.5 %
Energy digestibility ruminants Systali - 94.7 %
N degradability ruminants Systali - 65 %
Starch degradability ruminants Systali - 82 %
DM degradability ruminants Systali - 67 %
Lysine ruminants Systali - 6.8 % PDI
Threonine ruminants Systali - 4.2 % PDI
Methionine ruminants Systali - 1.5 % PDI
Isoleucine ruminants Systali - 4.7 % PDI
Valine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Leucine ruminants Systali - 8.6 % PDI
Phenylalanine ruminants Systali - 5.2 % PDI
Histidine ruminants Systali - 2.6 % PDI
Arginine ruminants Systali - 5.9 % PDI
UFL FL1 Systali 1.35 1.46 per kg -
UFV FL1 Systali 1.38 1.48 per kg -
PDIA FL1 Systali 215 232 g/kg -
PDI FL1 Systali 266 287 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL1 Systali 457 493 g/kg -
UFL FL4 Systali 1.27 1.37 per kg -
UFV FL4 Systali 1.28 1.38 per kg -
PDIA FL4 Systali 312 336 g/kg -
PDI FL4 Systali 357 385 g/kg -
Rumen protein balance FL4 Systali 366 395 g/kg -
UFL INRA 2007 1.2 1.29 per kg -
UFV INRA 2007 1.17 1.26 per kg -
PDIA INRA 2007 307 331 g/kg -
PDIN INRA 2007 569 613 g/kg -
PDIE INRA 2007 354 381 g/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (kcal) 3240 3490 kcal/kg -
ME ruminants INRA 2007 (MJ) 13.6 14.6 MJ/kg -
OM digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 91.9 %
Energy digestibility ruminants INRA 2007 - 96 %
N digestibility ruminants - 80.8 %
N digestibility, intestinal, ruminants - 96 %
NDF digestibility ruminants - 49 %
N degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 63 %
Immediately degradable N (a) - 13 %
Potentially degradable N (b) - 85 %
Degradation rate of particles N (c) - 0.085 h-1
Starch degradability, ruminants (k=0.06) - 80 %
DM degradability ruminants (k=0.06) - 67 %
Immediately degradable DM (a) - 26 %
Potentially degradable DM (b) - 71 %
Degradation rate of particles DM (c) - 0.08 h-1
Fatty acids digestibility ruminants - 68 %
Absorbable P ruminants 4.2 4.5 g/kg 70 % P
Absorbable Ca ruminants 1.5 1.6 g/kg 55 % Ca
Lysine ruminants INRA 2007 - 6.9 % PDIE
Threonine ruminants INRA 2007 - 4.5 % PDIE
Methionine ruminants INRA 2007 - 1.5 % PDIE
Isoleucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5 % PDIE
Valine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.3 % PDIE
Leucine ruminants INRA 2007 - 8.5 % PDIE
Phenylalanine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.2 % PDIE
Histidine ruminants INRA 2007 - 2.4 % PDIE
Arginine ruminants INRA 2007 - 5.7 % PDIE
Pigs
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE growing pig (kcal) 4550 4910 kcal/kg -
ME growing pig (kcal) 4080 4400 kcal/kg -
NE growing pig (kcal) 2460 2660 kcal/kg -
DE adult pig (kcal) 4690 5060 kcal/kg -
ME adult pig (kcal) 4200 4520 kcal/kg -
NE adult pig (kcal) 2550 2750 kcal/kg -
DE growing pig (MJ) 19.1 20.6 MJ/kg -
ME growing pig (MJ) 17.1 18.4 MJ/kg -
NE growing pig (MJ) 10.3 11.1 MJ/kg -
DE adult pig (MJ) 19.6 21.2 MJ/kg -
ME adult pig (MJ) 17.6 18.9 MJ/kg -
NE adult pig (MJ) 10.7 11.5 MJ/kg -
Energy digestibility growing pig - 93.3 %
Energy digestibility adult pig - 96.1 %
OM digestibility growing pig - 92.1 %
OM digestibility adult pig - 95 %
N digestibility growing pig - 95 %
N digestibility adult pig - 96 %
Crude fat digestibility pig - 49.4 %
Digestible P pig (no phytase) 1.9 2.1 g/kg 32 %
Poultry
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
AMEn cockerel (kcal) 2920 3140 kcal/kg -
AMEn broiler (kcal) 2870 3090 kcal/kg -
AMEn cockerel (MJ) 12.2 13.2 MJ/kg -
AMEn broiler (MJ) 12 12.9 MJ/kg -
Available P broiler 1.3 1.4 g/kg 22 % P
Fish
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
DE salmonids (kcal) 3460 3730 kcal/kg - 3200 -5070 3 3360 -5390 3
DE salmonids (MJ) 14.5 15.6 MJ/kg - 13.4 -21.2 3 14.1 -22.5 3
Energy digestibility, salmonids - 70.8 % 59.1-91.3 3
N digestibility salmonids - 89 % 83.5-90.9 4
Digestible P salmonids 2 2.2 g/kg 34 % 1 1
Amino acids
Parameter As fed On DM Unit Other Unit SD Range Count SD Range Count SD Range Count
Lysine 48.3 52 g/kg 6.2 g/16g N 5.7 43.8 -57.4 6 46.8 -61.5 4 0.2 5.9-6.5 6
Threonine 27.5 29.7 g/kg 3.6 g/16g N 2.6 27.5 -35.4 7
Methionine 10.8 11.7 g/kg 1.4 g/16g N 4.1 9 -19.4 7 4.4 9.6 -20.6 5 0.5 1.1-2.5 7
Cystine 13 14.1 g/kg 1.7 g/16g N
Methionine + cystine 23.9 25.7 g/kg 3.1 g/16g N
Tryptophan 11.7 12.7 g/kg 1.5 g/16g N 1
Isoleucine 34.6 37.3 g/kg 4.5 g/16g N 6.3 31.6 -47.2 7 6.7 33.6 -50.6 5 0.4 4.1-5.3 7
Valine 37.4 40.3 g/kg 4.8 g/16g N 5.5 33.5 -45.5 6 37 -47.6 4 0.3 4.7-5.5 6
Leucine 60.1 64.8 g/kg 7.8 g/16g N 32.8 54.7 -142 7 35.3 63.2 -151 5 4 7.7-18.5 7
Phenylalanine 39.1 42.2 g/kg 5.1 g/16g N 5 36.1 -54.8 7 0.7 5-7.2 7
Tyrosine 26.9 29.1 g/kg 3.5 g/16g N
Phenylalanine + tyrosine 66.1 71.2 g/kg 8.5 g/16g N
Histidine 20.2 21.8 g/kg 2.6 g/16g N 4.7 17 -29.4 6 18.1 -31.5 4 0.4 2.2-3.3 6
Arginine 56.6 61 g/kg 7.3 g/16g N 16.4 27.5 -66.1 7 17.6 29.2 -70.8 5 1.5 3.6-7.7 7
Alanine 33.2 35.7 g/kg 4.3 g/16g N 16.9 30.2 -74.1 6 34.9 -78.7 4 2.1 4.2-9.7 6
Aspartic acid 88.8 95.7 g/kg 11.5 g/16g N 15.5 50.5 -89.2 5 2.2 6.6-12.2 5
Glutamic acid 140 151 g/kg 18.1 g/16g N 23.5 126 -188 6 144 -200 4 3.2 15.1-24.6 6
Glycine 31.4 33.8 g/kg 4.1 g/16g N 6.1 22.6 -36.9 7 6.5 24 -39.5 5 0.5 3-4.3 7
Serine 31 33.4 g/kg 4 g/16g N
Proline 38.1 41.1 g/kg 4.9 g/16g N 19.4 35.3 -87.9 7 20.9 41 -93.3 5
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